|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||331.63 g mol−1|
|Density||3.42 g mL−1|
94 °C, 367.6 K, 202 °F
190 °C, 462.8 K, 373 °F
|Vapor pressure||5.33 kPa (at 96.3 °C)|
|Dipole moment||0 D|
|Std enthalpy of
|26.0–32.8 kJ mol−1|
|Std enthalpy of
|−426.2–−419.6 kJ mol−1|
|Specific heat capacity, C||145.9 J K−1 mol−1|
|GHS signal word||DANGER|
|GHS hazard statements||H302, H315, H318, H335|
|GHS precautionary statements||P261, P280, P305+351+338|
|EU classification||Xi N|
|R-phrases||R37/38, R41, R52/53|
| (what is: / ?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Tetrabromomethane has two polymorphs: crystalline II or β below 46.9 °C (320.0 K) and crystalline I or α above 46.9 °C. Monoclinic polymorph has space group C2/c with lattice constants: a = 20.9, b = 12.1, c = 21.2 (.10−1 nm), β = 110.5°. Bond energy of C-Br is 235 kJ.mol−1.
The high temperature α phase is known as a plastic crystal phase. Roughly speaking, the CBr4 are situated on the corners of the cubic unit cell as well as on the centers of its faces in an fcc arrangement. It was thought in the past that the molecules could rotate more or less freely (a 'rotor phase'), so that on a time average they would look like spheres. Recent work  has shown, however, that the molecules are restricted to only 6 possible orientations (Frenkel disorder). Moreover, they cannot take these orientations entirely independently from each other because in some cases the bromine atoms of neighboring molecules would point at each other leading to impossibly short distances. This rules out certain orientational combinations when two neighbor molecules are considered. Even for the remaining combinations displacive changes occur that better accommodate neighbor to neighbor distances. The combination of censored Frenkel disorder and displacive disorder implies a considerable amount of disorder inside the crystal which leads to highly structured sheets of diffuse scattered intensity in X-ray diffraction. In fact, it is the structure in the diffuse intensity that provides the information about the details of the structure.
It is used as a solvent for greases, waxes and oils, in plastic and rubber industry for blowing and vulcanization, further for polymerization, as a sedative and as an intermediate in manufacturing agrochemicals. Due to its non-flammability it is used as an ingredient in fire resistant chemicals. It is also used for separating minerals because of its high density.
- "carbon tetrabromide - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2005. Identification. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
- "Carbon compounds: carbon tetrabromide". Retrieved 22 February 2013.
- F. Brezina, J. Mollin, R. Pastorek, Z. Sindelar. Chemicke tabulky anorganickych sloucenin (Chemical tables of inorganic compounds). SNTL, 1986.
- N. N. Greenwood, A. Earnshaw. Chemie prvku (Chemistry of the Elements). Informatorium, Prague, 1993.
- Coupled orientational and displacive degrees of freedom in the high-temperature plastic phase of the carbon tetrabromide α-CBr4 Jacob C. W. Folmer, Ray L. Withers, T. R. Welberry, and James D. Martin. Physical Review B 77 in press
- International Chemical Safety Card 0474
- NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards 0106
- MSDS at SIRI.org