Tetragonia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tetragonia
Tetragonia tetragonioides habit.jpg
Tetragonia tetragonoides
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Aizoaceae
Genus: Tetragonia
L.
Species

About 50-60 species, including:
Tetragonia angustifolia
Tetragonia arbuscula
Tetragonia copiapina
Tetragonia coronata
Tetragonia cristata
Tetragonia crystallina
Tetragonia decumbens
Tetragonia diptera
Tetragonia eremaea
Tetragonia espinosae
Tetragonia fruticosa
Tetragonia herbacea
Tetragonia implexicoma
Tetragonia macrocarpa
Tetragonia maritima
Tetragonia ovata
Tetragonia moore
Tetragonia nigrescens
Tetragonia pedunculata
Tetragonia tetragonoides
Tetragonia trigyna
Tetragonia vestita

Tetragonia is a genus of 50–60 species of flowering plants in the family Aizoaceae, native to temperate and subtropical regions mostly of the Southern Hemisphere, in New Zealand, Australia, southern Africa and South America.

Description[edit]

Plants of the Tetragonia genus are herbs or small shrubs. Leaves are alternate and succulent, with flowers typically yellow and small . Fruit are initially succulent but become dry and woody with age. The genus name comes from "tetragonus", meaning "four-angled" and referring to the shape of the plants' fruits.[1]

Human use and cultivation[edit]

The best known species of Tetragonia is the leafy vegetable food crop, Tetragonia tetragonioides ("New Zealand spinach"). New Zealand spinach is widely cultivated as a summer leafy vegetable.

Some of the other species are also eaten locally, such as Tetragonia decumbens ("Dune spinach") which is a local delicacy in its native southern Africa.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beadle, N.C.W., Part II, Students Flora of North Eastern New South Wales, University of New England, 1972, ISBN 0-85834-040-2.
  2. ^ http://www.plantzafrica.com/planttuv/tetragondec.htm