Tetrahydromethanopterin

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Tetrahydromethanopterin
Tetrahydromethanopterin.svg
Identifiers
PubChem 5462234
ChemSpider 4573696 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C
30
H
45
N
6
O
16
P
Molar mass 776.682661
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Tetrahydromethanopterin (THMPT, H
4
MPT
) is a coenzyme in methanogenesis. It is the carrier of the C1 group as it is reduced to the methyl level, before transferring to the coenzyme M.[1]

Tetrahydrosarcinapterin (THSPT, H
4
SPT
) is a modified form of THMPT, wherein a glutamyl group linked to the 2-hydroxyglutaric acid terminus.

THMPT is the main platform for C1 transformations[edit]

N-Formylmethanofuran donates the C1 group to the N5 site of the pterin to give the formyl- THMPT.[2] The formyl group subsequently condenses intramolecularly to give methenyl- THMPT+
, which is then reduced to methylene- THMPT.[3] Methylene- MPT is subsequently converted, using coenzyme F420 as the electron source, to methyl- THMPT, catalyzed by F420-dependent methylene- THMPT reductase. Methyl- THMPT is the methyl donor to coenzyme M, a conversion mediated by methyl- THMPT:coenzyme M methyl-transferase.[1]

Comparison with tetrahydrofolic acid[edit]

THMPT is related to the better known tetrahydrofolic acid (THFA, H
4
FA
). The most important difference between THMPT and THFA is that THFA has an electron-withdrawing carbonyl group on the phenyl ring. As a consequence, methenyl- THMPT is more difficult to reduce than methenyl- THFA. Reduction is effected by a so-called iron-sulfur cluster free hydrogenase.[3] The cumbersome name distinguishes this hydrogenase from the so-called Fe-only hydrogenases that do contain Fe-S cluster.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Thauer RK (September 1998). "Biochemistry of methanogenesis: a tribute to Marjory Stephenson. 1998 Marjory Stephenson Prize Lecture". Microbiology 144 (Pt 9): 2377–406. doi:10.1099/00221287-144-9-2377. PMID 9782487. 
  2. ^ Acharya P, Warkentin E, Ermler U, Thauer RK, Shima S (March 2006). "The structure of formylmethanofuran: tetrahydromethanopterin formyltransferase in complex with its coenzymes". J. Mol. Biol. 357 (3): 870–9. doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2006.01.015. PMID 16466742. 
  3. ^ a b Korbas M, Vogt S, Meyer-Klaucke W, et al. (October 2006). "The iron-sulfur cluster-free hydrogenase (Hmd) is a metalloenzyme with a novel iron binding motif". J. Biol. Chem. 281 (41): 30804–13. doi:10.1074/jbc.M605306200. PMID 16887798.