Tetrapleura tetraptera

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Tetrapleura tetraptera
Tetrapleura tetraptera (Prekese).jpg
Tetrapleura tetraptera (Prekese)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Tetrapleura
Species: T. tetraptera
Binomial name
Tetrapleura tetraptera

Tetrapleura tetraptera is a species of flowering plant in the pea family native to Western Africa.[1] The plant is called Prekese (or, more correctly, Prɛkɛsɛ) in the Twi language of Ghana.[2]

The tree has many uses. Its sweet fragrance is highly valued, its fruit is used to spice dishes such as Banga soup, and its bark is used for medicinal purposes. The major constituents are tannins, flavonoids and starch.[citation needed]

In West Africa, the plant Tetrapleura tetraptera (locally known as Aridan) is used as a spice, a medicine and as a dietary supplement rich in vitamins.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Margaret Steentoft, Flowering plants in West Africa, Cambridge University Press, 1988, ISBN 978-0-521-26192-0, ... aidan tree (Tetrapleura tetraptera) fruits are similarly useful, the seeds being rich in oil ... 
  2. ^ Paul Osei-Tutu, Kwabena Nketiah, Boateng Kyereh, Mercy Owusu-Ansah, Joseph Faniyan, Hidden forestry revealed: Characteristics, constraints and opportunities for small and medium forest enterprises in Ghana, IIED, ISBN 978-1-84369-454-0, ... Prekese (Tetrapluera tetraptera) – prekese tea bags, syrup as medicine and spices ... 
  3. ^ Thomas E. Kyei, Jean Marie Allman, Our days dwindle: memories of my childhood days in Asante, Heinemann, 2001, ISBN 978-0-325-07042-1, ... Prekese The tree bore large fruits, bits of which were used as spice in soups. The pungent scent of its fruit earned for it the ... ("Prekese, the insuppressible, whose presence permeates houses as he touches at its outskirts ... 
  4. ^ Herbert M. Cole, Doran H. Ross, The arts of Ghana, Museum of Cultural History, University of California, 1977, ... A plant with a strong, sweet scent (prekese) is the fourth umbrella subject. It signifies that the chief's presence ... The Asante call it "prekese the sweet scenter, whose odor is felt in all houses when it starts from the end of town" ...