|Standard model of particle physics|
A tetraquark, in particle physics, is a hypothetical exotic meson composed of four valence quarks. In principle, a tetraquark state may be allowed in quantum chromodynamics, the modern theory of strong interactions. Any established tetraquark state would be an example of an exotic hadron which lies outside the quark model classification.
In 2003 a particle temporarily called X(3872), by the Belle experiment in Japan, was proposed to be a tetraquark candidate, as originally theorized. The name X is a temporary name, indicating that there are still some questions about its properties to be tested. The number following is the mass of the particle in MeV/c2.
In 2007, Belle announced the observation of the Z(4430) state, a ccdu tetraquark candidate. In 2014, the Large Hadron Collider experiment LHCb confirmed this resonance with a significance of over 13.9σ. There are also indications that the Y(4660), also discovered by Belle in 2007, could be a tetraquark state.
In 2010, two physicists from DESY and a physicist from Quaid-i-Azam University re-analyzed former experimental data and announced that, in connection with the ϒ(5S) meson (a form of bottomonium), a well-defined tetraquark resonance exists.
- D. Harris (13 April 2008). "The charming case of X(3872)". Symmetry Magazine. Retrieved 2009-12-17.
- L. Maiani, F. Piccinini, V. Riquer and A.D. Polosa (2005). "Diquark-antidiquarks with hidden or open charm and the nature of X(3872)". Physical Review D 71: 014028. arXiv:hep-ph/0412098. Bibcode:2005PhRvD..71a4028M. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.71.014028.
- "LHCb confirms existence of exotic hadrons".
- LHCb collaboration, LHCb; Aaij, R.; Adeva, B.; Adinolfi, M.; Affolder, A.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Albrecht, J.; Alessio, F. et al. (2014). "Observation of the resonant character of the Z(4430)− state". arXiv:1404.1903v1 [hep-ex].
- G. Cotugno, R. Faccini, A.D. Polosa and C. Sabelli (2010). "Charmed Baryonium". Physical Review Letters 104 (13): 132005. arXiv:0911.2178. Bibcode:2010PhRvL.104m2005C. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.132005.
- Anne Minard (2009-03-18). "New Particle Throws Monkeywrench in Particle Physics". Universetoday.com. Retrieved 2014-04-12.
- "Evidence grows for tetraquarks". physicsworld.com. Retrieved 2014-04-12.
- A. Ali, C. Hambrock, M.J. Aslam; Hambrock; Aslam (2010). "Tetraquark Interpretation of the BELLE Data on the Anomalous Υ(1S)π+π- and Υ(2S)π+π- Production near the Υ(5S) Resonance". Physical Review Letters 104 (16): 162001. arXiv:0912.5016. Bibcode:2010PhRvL.104p2001A. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.162001.
- "Physics - New Particle Hints at Four-Quark Matter". Physics.aps.org. 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2014-04-12.
- Eric Swanson (2013). "Viewpoint: New Particle Hints at Four-Quark Matter". Physics 69 (6). Bibcode:2013PhyOJ...6...69S. doi:10.1103/Physics.6.69.
- The Belle experiment (press release[dead link])
- O'Luanaigh, Cian. "LHCb confirms existence of exotic hadrons". cern.ch. Geneva, Switzerland: CERN. Retrieved 2014-04-12.
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