Tetrastigma

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tetrastigma
Starr 000530-1267 Tetrastigma pubinerve.jpg
Tetrastigma pubinerve
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Vitales
Family: Vitaceae
Genus: Tetrastigma
(Miq.) Planch.[1]

Tetrastigma is a genus of plants in the grape family, Vitaceae. The plants are vines that climb with tendrils and have palmately compound leaves. The species are found in subtropical and tropical regions of Asia, Malesia, and Australia, where they grow in primary rainforest, gallery forest and monsoon forest and moister woodland. Species of this genus are notable as being the sole hosts of parasitic plants in the family Rafflesiaceae, one of which, Rafflesia arnoldii, produces the largest flower in the world. [2]

Within the Vitaceae, Tetrastigma is most closely related to Cayratia and Cyphostemma.[3]

Selected species[edit]

List sources : [4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^  GRIN (April 3, 2006). "Tetrastigma information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved June 18, 2011. 
  2. ^ Forest Department, Sarawak
  3. ^ Soejima, A.; Wen, J. (2006). "Phylogenetic analysis of the grape family (Vitaceae) based on three chloroplast markers". American Journal of Botany 93 (2): 278–87. doi:10.3732/ajb.93.2.278. PMID 21646189 
  4. ^ GRIN. "Species in GRIN for genus Tetrastigma". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved June 18, 2011. 
  5. ^  "Name - Tetrastigma nitens (F.Muell.) Planch.". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved June 18, 2011.