Texarkana, Arkansas

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Texarkana, Arkansas
City
Texarkana federal building, including the post office and courthouse, straddling the Texas-Arkansas state line
Texarkana federal building, including the post office and courthouse, straddling the Texas-Arkansas state line
Nickname(s): The Arkansas Side, T-town, TK
Motto: Twice as Nice
Location in Miller County and the state of Arkansas
Location in Miller County and the state of Arkansas
Coordinates: 33°25′59″N 94°1′14″W / 33.43306°N 94.02056°W / 33.43306; -94.02056Coordinates: 33°25′59″N 94°1′14″W / 33.43306°N 94.02056°W / 33.43306; -94.02056
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Miller
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council Mayor N. Wayne Smith
Ruth Penney Davis
Laney J. Harris
Londell Williams
Chad Dowd
James Mike Jones
Sue Johnson
 • City Manager Harold Boldt
Area
 • Total 41.83 sq mi (108.35 km2)
 • Land 41.66 sq mi (107.89 km2)
 • Water 0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)
Elevation 361 ft (110 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 29,919
 • Density 718/sq mi (277.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 71854
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-68810
GNIS feature ID 0078542
Website www.txkusa.org
Municipal Auditorium is located in the City Hall complex in Texarkana, Arkansas.
The Texarkana Fire Department adjoins the Municipal Auditorium.
Highland Church of Christ at 1705 Highland Street in Texarkana, Arkansas

Texarkana is the largest city and the county seat of Miller County, Arkansas, United States.[1] It effectively functions as one half of a city which crosses a state line — the other half, the city of Texarkana, Texas, lies on the other side of State Line Avenue.

According to the 2010 census, the population of the city was 29,919,[2] ranking it as the state's 12th largest city, behind Hot Springs. The city, along with its Texas counterpart, forms the central city of the Metropolitan Statistical Area, encompassing all of Bowie County, Texas and Miller County, Arkansas. The combined population of the two Texarkana cities was 66,330 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Texarkana, Arkansas, is located at 33°25′59″N 94°1′14″W / 33.43306°N 94.02056°W / 33.43306; -94.02056 (33.433075, -94.020514)[3]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.9 square miles (108.4 km2). 41.7 square miles (107.9 km2) of it is land and 0.19 square miles (0.5 km2) of it (0.43%) is water.[2]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Texarkana has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,390
1890 3,528 153.8%
1900 4,914 39.3%
1910 5,655 15.1%
1920 8,257 46.0%
1930 10,764 30.4%
1940 11,821 9.8%
1950 15,875 34.3%
1960 19,788 24.6%
1970 21,682 9.6%
1980 21,459 −1.0%
1990 22,631 5.5%
2000 26,448 16.9%
2010 29,919 13.1%

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 26,448 people, 10,384 households, and 7,040 families residing in the city. The population density was 830.5 people per square mile (320.6/km²). There were 11,721 housing units at an average density of 368.1 per square mile (142.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 65.93% White, 31.00% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.78% of the population.

There were 10,384 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 18.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,343, and the median income for a family was $37,157. Males had a median income of $35,204 versus $21,731 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,130. About 17.2% of families and 21.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.0% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or above.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Arkansas Department of Correction operates the Texarkana Regional Correction Center in Texarkana.[6]

Arkansas residents whose permanent residence is within the city limits of Texarkana, Arkansas are exempt from Arkansas individual income taxes.[7]

The Federal Courthouse (which also holds the city's only post office) is located directly on the Arkansas-Texas state line and is the only federal office building to straddle a state line.

According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[5] the top employers in the city are:

  1. Red River Army Depot & tenants 7,200,
  2. Christus St. Michael Health Care 1,883,
  3. Cooper Tire & Rubber Company 1,700,
  4. Domtar 1,300,
  5. Wal-Mart 1,100,
  6. International Paper 925,
  7. Wadley Regional Medical Center 850,
  8. Texarkana Independent School District 795,
  9. Texarkana Arkansas School District 785,
  10. Southern Refrigerated Transport 750

Transportation[edit]

Education[edit]

Public education for elementary and secondary school students is provided by two school districts:

Private education opportunities include:

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Texarkana city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 16, 2014. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ Climate Summary for Texarkana, Arkansas
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Facilities." Arkansas Department of Correction. Retrieved on June 28, 2010.
  7. ^ "State of Arkansas Department of Finance and Administration Texarkana Exemption Letter." . Retrieved on March 26, 2011.
  8. ^ "History of Texarkana: Did You Know?". Texarkana Arkansas School District. Retrieved 5 November 2012. 
  9. ^ "Benjamin Marcus Bogard (1868–1951)". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved August 2, 2013. 
  10. ^ Baseball-reference.com: Brad Cherry
  11. ^ Mike Cherry, QB
  12. ^ "Representative Prissy Hickerson's Political Summary". votesmart.org. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Biography of the Honorable Jimmy Hickey, Jr., Arkansas State Senator". arkleg.state.ar.us. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  14. ^ Mike Huckabee, From Hope to Higher Ground, New York: Center Street Publishers, 2007, p. 5

External links[edit]