The district is one of the most Republican districts in the nation. Much of the territory now in the district began shaking off its Democratic roots far sooner than the rest of Texas. For instance, Barry Goldwater did very well in much of this area in 1964, and Midland itself last supported a Democrat for president in 1948. It was President George W. Bush's strongest district in the entire nation in the 2004 election.
While Democrats continued to hold most local offices here well into the 1980s and continued to represent parts of the region through the 1990s, today Republicans dominate every level of government, usually winning by well over 70 percent of the vote.
From 1903-2005 the district was based in central Texas and contained Waco.