Texas's 22nd congressional district

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Texas's 22nd congressional district
Texas's 22nd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Texas's 22nd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Pete Olson (RSugar Land)
Population (2000) 651,619
Median income $57,932
Ethnicity 71.3% White, 9.4% Black, 8.0% Asian, 20.3% Hispanic, 0.4% Native American, 0.6% other
Cook PVI R+15 (2012)

Texas's 22nd congressional district of the United States House of Representatives covers a south-central portion of the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. It includes the cities of Rosenberg as well as portions of Missouri City and Pearland, in Fort Bend, Harris, and Brazoria counties. Since the 2004 elections, the district has also included the Johnson Space Center. In 2006, 52% of poll respondents identified themselves as Republicans, 32% as Democrats, and 16% as independents.[1]

The district is represented by Pete Olson.

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
District created January 3, 1959
No image.svg Robert R. Casey Democratic January 3, 1959 –
January 22, 1976
First elected in 1958
Re-elected in 1960
Re-elected in 1962
Re-elected in 1964
Re-elected in 1966
Re-elected in 1968
Re-elected in 1970
Re-elected in 1972
Re-elected in 1974
Resigned to become commissioner to the United States Maritime Commission
Vacant January 22, 1976 –
April 3, 1976
Ron paul.jpg Ron Paul Republican April 3, 1976 –
January 3, 1977
Elected to finish Casey's term
Lost re-election
Robert Gammage Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1979
First elected in 1976
Lost re-election
Ron Paul, official Congressional photo portrait, 2007.jpg Ron Paul Republican January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1985
Re-elected in 1978
Re-elected in 1980
Re-elected in 1982
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
TomDeLay.jpg Tom DeLay Republican January 3, 1985 –
June 9, 2006
First elected in 1984
Re-elected in 1986
Re-elected in 1988
Re-elected in 1990
Re-elected in 1992
Re-elected in 1994
Re-elected in 1996
Re-elected in 1998
Re-elected in 2000
Re-elected in 2002
Re-elected in 2004
Resigned
Vacant June 9, 2006 –
November 13, 2006
Sekula Gibbs.jpg Shelley Sekula-Gibbs Republican November 13, 2006 –
January 3, 2007
Elected to finish DeLay's term in 2006
Lost re-election
Nick Lampson, official 110th Congress photo portrait, color.jpg Nick Lampson Democratic January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2009
Elected in 2006
Lost re-election
Rep. Pete Olson.jpg Pete Olson Republican January 3, 2009 –
present
First elected in 2008
Re-elected in 2010
Re-elected in 2012

Recent elections[edit]

1974[edit]

Incumbent Democrat Robert R. Casey defeated ob/gyn Ron Paul, a delegate to the Texas Republican convention; Democrats won 1974 heavily.

1976 special[edit]

When President Gerald Ford appointed Casey to head the Federal Maritime Commission, Paul won a 1976 special election to fill the empty seat, against Democrat Robert Gammage; Paul was sworn in on April 3. Paul had decided to enter politics on August 15, 1971, when President Richard Nixon closed the "gold window" by implementing the U.S. dollar's complete departure from the gold standard.[2]

Paul was the first Republican elected from the area since Reconstruction, and the first from the state since Bill Guill was elected from the 14th congressional district in 1950. He led the Texas Reagan delegation at the national Republican convention.[3] His successful campaign against Gammage surprised local Democrats, who had expected to retain the seat easily following the Watergate scandal of President Richard Nixon. Gammage underestimated Paul's support among local women.[4]

1976 general[edit]

Gammage defeated Paul some months later in the general election, by fewer than 300 votes (0.2%).

1978[edit]

Paul defeated Gammage in a 1978 rematch.

1980[edit]

Paul won a new term in 1980.

1982[edit]

Paul won a new term in 1982.

1984[edit]

In 1984, Paul chose to run for the U.S. Senate instead of re-election to the House.[5] He was succeeded by former state representative Tom DeLay.[6]

2004[edit]

U.S. House election, 2004: Texas District 22
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Tom DeLay 150,386 55.2 -8.0
Democratic Richard Morrison 112,034 41.1 +6.0
Independent Michael Fjetland 5,314 1.9 +1.9
Libertarian Tom Morrison 4,886 1.8 +0.8
Majority 38,352 14.1
Turnout 272,620
Republican hold Swing -7.0

2006 special[edit]

On January 2, 2006, Nick Lampson, a Jefferson County tax assessor-collector, filed as a Democrat to challenge incumbent Tom DeLay for the 2006 general election. Lampson had represented the adjacent ninth district until DeLay engineered the 2003 Texas redistricting, after which Lampson lost his seat to Republican Ted Poe in 2004.

DeLay won the Republican primary on March 7, 2006, taking 62% of the vote in the four-way race.[7] It was DeLay's weakest showing in a primary election, which prompted questions about whether he could win the general election. On April 3, 2006, three days after his former aide Tony Rudy pleaded guilty to various charges of corruption relating to the Jack Abramoff scandal, DeLay announced that he would withdraw from the race.[8][9]

Under Texas law, it was too late for the Republican Party to select another candidate for the 2006 general election. DeLay announced on August 8, 2006 that he would withdraw in order to allow the party to organize a campaign for a write-in candidate. Texas Governor Rick Perry announced on August 29, 2006 that a special election would take place for the remainder of DeLay's term (November 2006 to January 2007).

The Texas Republican Party supported Houston City Councilwoman Shelley Sekula-Gibbs as their write-in candidate.[10] Lampson chose not to run in the special election. Sekula-Gibbs won and was sworn in on November 13, 2006. She represented the district for the remaining few weeks of the 109th United States Congress. Sekula-Gibbs promised to fix health care, taxes, and immigration.

2006 general[edit]

Due to DeLay's late announcement, no Republican was listed on the ballot for the two-year term that began in January 2007.[11]

The special election was held concurrently with the general election on November 7, 2006. Voters cast votes twice on that date, once for the special election, once for the general election. This arrangement ensured that Sekula-Gibbs's name appeared on a November 7 ballot.

Lampson won the general election, and was sworn in on January 4, 2007.

U.S. House election, 2006: Texas District 22[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Nick Lampson 71,122 50.8 +9.7
Republican Shelley Sekula-Gibbs (write-in) 59,914 42.8 -12.4
Libertarian Bob Smither 8,482 6.1 +4.2
Republican Don Richardson (write-in) 408 0.3
Independent Joe Reasbeck (write-in) 86 0.1
Majority 11,208 8.0 -6.1
Turnout 140,012
Democratic gain from Republican Swing

2008[edit]

In addition to Sekula-Gibbs, the following candidates ran in the Republican primary:

  • Pete Olson, who won the primary. Former Navy pilot and former Senate liaison officer. Assistant to Phil Gramm. Chief of staff for Senator John Cornyn from 2002 to 2007.
  • Kevyn Bazzy, Army Reservist. Graduate of the University of Houston who served in Iraq as a civilian intelligence officer for U.S. Central Command in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
  • Cynthia Dunbar, graduate of Regent University School of Law, former director of governmental affairs for Fort Bend County Precinct 3, and member of the Texas State Board of Education District 10.[13]
  • Dean Hrbacek, former councilman and mayor of Sugar Land. A business attorney, board certified in tax law by the Texas Board of Legal Specialization, and a Certified Public Accountant.
  • Brian Klock, naval reserve commander. President of the Greater Houston Council of the Navy League and former president of the Military Officers Association of America, Houston Chapter. Formerly financial advisor with Merrill Lynch. Twice deployed to the Balkans in support of Naval and Marine forces, and recalled to duty after the September 11, 2001, attacks to support U.S. forces in Operation Enduring Freedom.
  • John Manlove, former councilman and mayor of Pasadena, who resigned to run for Congress. Businessman and former missionary to Latin America.
  • Ryan Rowley, computer professional, NASA and Department of Defense contractor, oil industry consultant, and military veteran.
  • James D. Squier, Harris County Family District Court Judge for 20 years.
  • Robert Talton, state representative since 1992. Former police officer, prosecutor, city attorney, municipal court judge, and attorney in private practice.

Pete Olson and Nick Lampson faced each other in 2008 general election, along with John Wieder, Libertarian, Vietnam veteran, retired businessman, and community volunteer.

Pete Olson won the general election on November 4, 2008, and was sworn into office in January 2009.

2010[edit]

In 2010, Olson defeated Kesha Rogers, a LaRouche Movement supporter, in the general election on November 2, 2010.[14]

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2007 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Meck, Kristen (October 30, 2006). "Write-in for DeLay spot has a shot". Houston Chronicle. 
  2. ^ Gwynne, Sam C. (October 1, 2001). "Dr. No". Texas Monthly. Retrieved October 23, 2007. 
  3. ^ "The Ron Paul Story" (YouTube). Retrieved June 14, 2007. 
  4. ^ Goodwyn, Wade (October 7, 2007). "Paul Has Long Drawn Support from Unlikely Places". the '08 Candidates' First Campaign (National Public Radio). Retrieved October 23, 2007. 
  5. ^ Rudin, Ken (July 26, 2007). "Ron Paul, George and Ringo". Political Junkie (National Public Radio). 
  6. ^ "Members and leaders of the Texas Legislature". Legislative Reference Library of Texas. Retrieved July 8, 2007. 
  7. ^ "2006 Republican Party Primary Election". Texas Secretary of State. 
  8. ^ Aulds, T.J (April 4, 2006). "Tom DeLay to step down". Galveston County Daily News. 
  9. ^ Bash, Dana (April 3, 2006). "Sources: DeLay to leave House re-election race". CNN. Retrieved April 19, 2006. 
  10. ^ Lozano, Juan A (August 18, 2006). "Texas GOP Back Houston Councilwoman: Texas Republicans back Houston councilwoman as write-in nominee over DeLay". CBS News. Archived from the original on February 11, 2008. Retrieved May 3, 2008. 
  11. ^ "Races with Candidates with Addresses Report: 2006 General Election" (PDF). Texas Secretary of State. November 7, 2006. Retrieved May 3, 2008. 
  12. ^ "2006 General November Elections: Unofficial Election Results". Texas Secretary of State. November 8, 2006. 
  13. ^ "Biography of Cynthia Dunbar". 
  14. ^ "District 22 Dems go for Rogers". Retrieved March 3, 2010. 

Coordinates: 29°30′39″N 95°40′39″W / 29.51083°N 95.67750°W / 29.51083; -95.67750