Texas's 4th congressional district

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"TX-4" redirects here. TX-4 may also refer to Texas State Highway 4.
Texas's 4th congressional district
Texas's 4th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Texas's 4th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Ralph Hall (RRockwall)
Population (2000) 651,619
Median income $38,276
Ethnicity 83.0% White, 10.4% Black, 0.6% Asian, 7.9% Hispanic, 0.8% Native American, 0.2% other
Cook PVI R+21 (2012)

Texas District 4 of the United States House of Representatives is a Congressional district that serves an area that includes some counties along the Red River north of the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex, including semi-rural Rockwall County and the large non-urbanized portion of Collin County. It also includes counties in East Texas such as Rains County. As of the 2000 census, District 4 represents 651,620 people who are predominantly Caucasian (80.8%) and middle-class (median family income is US$46,086, compared to $50,046 nationwide).

Texas has had at least four congressional districts since the state was readmitted to the Union after the Civil War. The district's current seat dates from 1903; only four men have represented it since then.

Once a reliably Democratic district, the district swung rapidly into the Republican column as Dallas' suburbs spilled into the western portion of the district. In fact, it has not supported a Democrat for president since 1964. For many years, it was based in Tyler, but a controversial 2003 redistricting orchestrated by then-House Majority Leader Tom DeLay drew it and neighboring Longview out of District 4 and into neighboring District 1 which made District 1 significantly more Republican.

Ralph Hall, the current dean of the Texas congressional delegation, has represented the district since 1981. Originally a Democrat, he became a Republican in 2004. Congressman Ralph Hall has been a fence rider for many years, voting in large part with the Democratic party, and as needed with the Republican Party when his vote did not matter. He had been rumored as a party switcher for some time, and many experts believed his district was almost certain to be taken over by a Republican anyway once he retired. In 1996 a conservative Republican candidate Jerry Ray Hall, ran against Congressman Ralph Hall, and to the surprise of conservative Republicans, Senator Phil Gramm endorsed Congressman Ralph Hall,a Democrat at the time. The Republican Senator campaigned with the Democratic Congressman throughout the district. This enraged the Republican Women's groups. The Women Republican's demanded Senator Phil Gramm's retirement because of his endorsement of a Democrat against Jerry Ray Hall the Republican nominee. Wendy Gramm was involved in the Enron Scandal which also contributed to Senator Phil Gramm's demise. Before and after his party switch, Congressman Hall has proven to be in the middle of the road.

The district's best-known congressman was Sam Rayburn, the longtime Speaker of the House.

President Dwight D. Eisenhower was born in the fourth district.

Even as late as 1996, Bill Clinton carried 10 of the 16 counties currently in this district.

2012 redistricting[edit]

After the 2012 redistricting process, a large portion of Collin County had been removed, and replaced with the portion of Cass County that had been in Texas's 1st congressional district, all of Marion County, and a large portion of Upshur County.[1]

Election results from recent presidential races[edit]

Year Result
2000 Bush 66 - 34%
2004 Bush 70 - 29%
2008 McCain 69 - 30%

List of representatives[edit]

The district was created in 1869, one of two new districts that Texas gained after the 1860 Census, but was not filled due to the Civil War and Reconstruction.

Name Party Years Electoral history
American Civil War/Reconstruction
No image.svg Edward Degener Republican March 31, 1870 –
March 3, 1871
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
John Hancock (Texas).jpg John Hancock Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1875
Redistricted to the 5th district
No image.svg Roger Q. Mills Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1883
Redistricted from the At-large district;
Redistricted to the 9th district
No image.svg David B. Culberson Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1897
Redistricted from the 2nd district
No image.svg John W. Cranford Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
Died
Vacant March 3, 1899 –
March 4, 1899
No image.svg John Levi Sheppard Democratic March 4, 1899 –
October 11, 1902
Died
Vacant October 11, 1902 –
November 15, 1902
Sheppard morris.jpg Morris Sheppard Democratic November 15, 1902 –
March 3, 1903
Redistricted to the 1st district
No image.svg Choice B. Randell Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1913
Redistricted from the 5th district
Sam Rayburn2.jpg Sam Rayburn Democratic March 4, 1913 –
November 16, 1961
Died
Vacant November 16, 1961 –
January 30, 1962
Ray Roberts 1979 congressional photo.jpg Ray Roberts Democratic January 30, 1962 –
January 3, 1981
Retired
Ralph Hall, official photo portrait, color.jpg Ralph Hall Democratic January 3, 1981 –
January 5, 2004
First elected in 1980
Changed party in 2004
Lost renomination
Republican January 5, 2004 –
Present

Recent elections[edit]

2004[edit]

US House election, 2004: Texas District 4[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ralph Hall 182,866 68.2%
Democratic Jim Nickerson 81,585 30.4%
Libertarian Kevin D. Anderson 3,491 1.3%
Totals 267,942 %
Republican hold

2006[edit]

US House election, 2006: Texas District 4[3]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ralph Hall 106,495 64.43%
Democratic Glenn Melancon 55,278 33.34%
Libertarian Kurt G. Helm 3,496 2.11%
Totals 165,269 %
Republican hold

2008[edit]

US House election, 2008: Texas District 4[4]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ralph Hall 206,906 68.79%
Democratic Glenn Melancon 88,067 29.28%
Libertarian Fred Annett 5,771 1.91%
Totals 300,744 %
Republican hold

2010[edit]

US House election, 2010: Texas District 4[5]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ralph Hall 136,338 73.18%
Democratic VaLinda Hathcox 40,975 21.99%
Libertarian Jim D. Prindle 4,729 2.53%
Independent Shane Shepard 4,224 2.27%
Totals 186,286 %
Republican hold

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2007 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://gis1.tlc.state.tx.us/
  2. ^ Office of the Secretary of State (November 2, 2004). "Race Summary Report". 1992 - Current Election History. Texas Secretary of State. Retrieved March 26, 2012. 
  3. ^ Office of the Secretary of State (November 7, 2006). "Race Summary Report". 1992 - Current Election History. Texas Secretary of State. Retrieved March 26, 2012. 
  4. ^ Office of the Secretary of State (November 4, 2008). "Race Summary Report". 1992 - Current Election History. Texas Secretary of State. Retrieved March 26, 2012. 
  5. ^ Office of the Secretary of State (November 2, 2010). "Race Summary Report". 1992 - Current Election History. Texas Secretary of State. Retrieved March 26, 2012. 

Coordinates: 33°18′19″N 95°25′17″W / 33.30528°N 95.42139°W / 33.30528; -95.42139