Texas's 8th congressional district

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"TX-8" redirects here. TX-8 may also refer to Texas State Highway 8.
Texas's 8th congressional district
Texas's 8th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Texas's 8th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Kevin Brady (RThe Woodlands)
Cook PVI R+26 (2012)

Texas District 8 of the United States House of Representatives is a Congressional district that includes Montgomery County and Walker County. It includes much of the northern outlying areas of metro Houston. The current Representative from District 8 is Kevin Brady and has been since 1997. For the 2014 election cycle Craig McMichael, a veteran of the Marine Corp, and network engineer had challenged and lost to incumbent Kevin Brady in the Republican Primary. In the 2014 General Election, Brady will face off against the Libertarian Party candidate, Ken Petty of Spring, Texas, who won his nomination in the Libertarian District Convention. No Democrat is running.

History of Texas's 8th District[edit]

Texas received an eighth congressional district through reapportionment in 1881 as a result of population growth reflected in the 1880 Census and in 1883, James Francis Miller, a Democrat, was elected its first representative. From 1882-1892 the district was located in South Central Texas between Houston and San Antonio and was represented by Democrats. After 1893, the district was located in North Texas and was represented by a Republican representative from Fort Worth and then a Democrat from Weatherford. After the redistricting of 1902, the district shifted to Southeast Texas and the area outside of Houston and was represented by Congressmen from Huntsville, Hempstead and Richmond. From 1910-1966, the 8th district comprised all of Harris County and the city of Houston.

The district was redrawn mid-decade in 1966 after the Supreme Court ruled in Wesberry v. Sanders two years earlier that congressional district populations had to be equal or close to equal in population. As a result, Houston was split between the 7th, 8th and 9th districts. For the next 17 years, the 8th was anchored by northern Houston.

By the 1970s, the 8th district was beginning to move away from its traditional Democratic roots, and in 1980 it elected a Republican congressman, Jack Fields, over liberal seven-term incumbent Bob Eckhardt. After the 1980 Census, the 8th district was pushed further north to include conservative areas of northern Harris County (such as Fields' home in Humble) as well as the wealthier portions of Montgomery County, The 8th district's borders changed drastically in the 1990s round of redistricting, which was orchestrated by the Democratic-controlled state legislature as well as then-Congressman Martin Frost, the senior Democrat in the congressional delegation. The new 8th district was designed to pack in as many Republicans as possible and was described by some critics as the "dumbbell district" because of its strange shape. The western half of the district contained parts of Waller, Austin, and Washington counties, as well as much of Brazos County, which is home to the conservative bastion Texas A&M University. The eastern half of the district took in nearly all of now-heavily Republican Montgomery County, as well as Republican areas in northern Harris County. The two halves were joined together by a narrow tendril in Waller County. Fields continued to represent the district until his retirement in 1996, when he was succeeded by fellow Republican Kevin Brady.

The 8th district was made somewhat more compact after the 2000 census, taking in nearly all of Montgomery County and most of northern Harris County. However, it changed dramatically during the 2003 redistricting plan engineered by then-House Majority Leader Tom DeLay, a Republican from Texas's 22nd district. DeLay wanted to dislodge 4-term Democratic Congressman Jim Turner from the neighboring 2nd district, who represented a district located in East Texas that was predominantly rural and had begun moving away from its Democratic roots (Bush received 63% of the vote there in 2000). Brady's 8th district lost most of its share of Houston, instead absorbing nearly all of the southern portion of the old 2nd district. Although geographically the new 8th was more Turner's district than Brady's, half its population came from Brady's base in Montgomery County, which has as many people as the rest of the district combined. The new 8th district was so heavily Republican (Bush would have carried it in 2000 with 69% of the vote) that Turner declined to run for reelection. Brady has been reelected from this district four times with only nominal opposition.

2012 redistricting[edit]

Due to redistricting in 2012, Texas's 8th district lost its entire eastern half, with Orange, Newton, Jasper, Tyler, Hardin, Polk, and Liberty counties being removed from the district. Counties added include all of Trinity, Houston, Grimes, Madison, and the southern half of Leon County.[1]

Representatives[edit]

District borders are periodically redrawn and some District residences may no longer be in the 8th District.

Representative Party Term District Residence Note
District created March 4, 1883
James Francis Miller Democratic March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1887 Gonzales Declined renomination
Littleton W. Moore Democratic March 4, 1887 – March 3, 1893 La Grange
Charles K. Bell Democratic March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1897 Fort Worth
Samuel W.T. Lanham Democratic March 4, 1897 – January 15, 1903 Weatherford Resigned after being elected Governor
Vacant January 15, 1903 – March 4, 1903
Thomas Henry Ball Democratic March 4, 1903 – November 16, 1903 Huntsville Redistricted from the 1st district
Resigned
Vacant November 16, 1903 – November 17, 1903
John M. Pinckney Democratic November 17, 1903 – April 24, 1905 Hempstead Died
Vacant April 24, 1905 – December 4, 1905
John M. Moore Democratic December 4, 1905 – March 3, 1913 Richmond
Joe H. Eagle Democratic March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1921 Houston
Daniel E. Garrett Democratic March 4, 1921 – December 13, 1932 Houston Died
Vacant December 13, 1932 – January 28, 1933
Joe H. Eagle Democratic January 28, 1933 – January 3, 1937 Houston
Albert Thomas Democratic January 3, 1937 – February 15, 1966 Houston Died
Vacant February 15, 1966 – March 26, 1966
Lera Millard Thomas Democratic March 26, 1966 – January 3, 1967 Houston Did not seek nomination
Bob Eckhardt Democratic January 3, 1967 – January 3, 1981 Houston Lost re-election to Jack Fields
Jack Fields Republican January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1997 Humble Retired
Kevin Brady Republican January 3, 1997 – present The Woodlands Incumbent

Election results[edit]

US House election, 2010: Texas District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Brady 161,257 79.5 +6.9
Democratic Kent Hargett 36,566 18.0 -6.8
Libertarian Bruce West 4,975 2.5 -0.1
US House election, 2008: Texas District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Brady 207,128 72.56 +5.3
Democratic Kent Hargett 70,758 24.78 -7.9
Libertarian Brian Stevens 7,565 2.65 +1.2
US House election, 2006: Texas District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Brady 105,665 67.27 -1.63
Democratic James "Jim" Wright 51,393 32.72 +3.02
US House election, 2004: Texas District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Brady 179,599 68.9 -24.2
Democratic James Wright 77,324 29.7 +29.7
Libertarian Paul Hansen 3,705 1.4 -5.4

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2007 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "DistrictViewer - Texas Legislative Council". Gis1.tlc.state.tx.us. Retrieved 2012-05-29. 
  • Craig McMichael for Congress. [1]
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

Coordinates: 30°50′00″N 95°32′37″W / 30.83333°N 95.54361°W / 30.83333; -95.54361