Texas A&M University Corps of Cadets

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Corps of Cadets' "Corps Stack"

The Texas A&M University Corps of Cadets (often The Fightin' Texas Aggie Corps of Cadets, The Corps of Cadets, or simply the Corps) is a student military organization at Texas A&M University. Established with the University in 1876, it is the oldest student organization on campus.

Approximately 42 percent of the members of the Cadet Corps receive a commission in the United States Armed Forces upon graduation; when off-campus commissioning sources are included, such as the Marine Corps Platoon Leaders Class, that percentage climbs to over 50 percent. Under federal law, Texas A&M University is one of six U.S. colleges that are classified as senior military colleges. Though students at Texas A&M are technically not required to participate in the Corps, the majority of incoming students are excused by the University Administration and the Commandant.[1] Those who elect to join the Corps must participate in mandatory Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) courses and training for the first two years, but these are optional for junior and senior year cadets. Juniors and seniors who do not have military contracts to receive commissions, but who wish to remain members of the Cadet Corps, are classified as "Drill & Ceremonies" (D&C) cadets and are required to attend leadership classes taught by the Commandant's Office.

History[edit]

The Corps of Cadets was founded in 1876 with the creation of The Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, which was established as an all-male military college. Texas A&M remained a primarily all-male military institution with mandatory membership in the Cadet Corps until 1964, when the school also began admitting women, and 1965 when Corps membership became voluntary.[2][3] Members of the Cadet Corps have served in every conflict fought by the United States since the Spanish-American War. During World War II, Texas A&M produced 20,229 Aggies who served in combat. Of those, 14,123 were commissioned as officers, more than the combined total of the United States Naval Academy and the United States Military Academy during the same timeframe.[4] Over 250 Aggies have served as Generals or Flag Officers,[5] while eight former students have been awarded the highest United States military award, the Medal of Honor:[6][7][8]

Horace S. Carswell, Jr., class of 1938
Thomas W. Fowler, class of 1943
William G. Harrell, class of 1943
Lloyd H. Hughes, class of 1943
George D. Keathley, class of 1937
Turney W. Leonard, class of 1942
Eli L. Whiteley, class of 1941
Clarence E. Sasser, class of 1972

Early years[edit]

Edwin Jackson Kyle, the namesake of Kyle Field, in 1890 wearing his cadet uniform

For the school's first thirty-one years, through the 1907–08 academic year, the Cadet Corps was organized into one battalion consisting of two to four companies, designated companies "A", "B", "C", and "D". Early on, these were designated "Infantry" companies, but the Commandant ensured that Artillery training was included in the military instruction. The Aggie Band was organized in 1894 as a permanent institution within the Corps. In 1908, with enrollment over 570, a second battalion was added. As enrollment climbed, the Cadet Corps continued to grow to multiple battalions, each with two to four companies, and the Corps became divided into multiple regiments.

The academic year 1916–17 saw the division of the Corps into two regiments. The following year, the two regiments had a total of six battalions composed of eighteen companies and a battery of field artillery. In 1918, enrollment surged to 1,284, almost a fifty percent increase over the previous year. In the 1919–20 school year, a Signal Corps battalion and a Mounted Cavalry battalion (later called a "cavalry squadron") with one cavalry troop were added. An Air Service squadron with one company-sized "flight" was added in the 1920–21 school year.[9]

In the fall of 1923, the Cadet Corps, with a total of 2,091 cadets in twenty-three individual units, became divided between the Infantry Regiment and the Composite Regiment. The Composite Regiment included the Cavalry, Field Artillery, Air Service and Signal Corps units. The Air Corps Squadron (formerly Air Service Squadron) was phased out at the end of the 1927–28 school year. In the fall of 1928, with enrollment at 2,770 cadets, an Engineer Battalion was added, and the following year a third regiment was formed out of the expanded Field Artillery Battalion. A fourth battalion, the Coast Artillery, was added to the Composite Regiment in the fall of 1933.[10]

Corps Formation outside of Old Main, circa 1920

The Cadet Corps enrollment hit a peak of 2,770 in 1928, but the Great Depression took its toll, and by the fall of 1932 enrollment had fallen to 2,001. But as the Depression waned and the U.S. involvement in the war became imminent, enrollment climbed back to a pre-War total of over 6,500 in the fall of 1941. In 1935, swelling enrollment forced the formation of an Engineer Regiment and a Cavalry Regiment. With these two new regiments, added to the Infantry, Field Artillery and Composite regiments, the Cadet Corps, for the first time in its history, now had a total of 5 regiments, encompassing thirty-two individual units (companies, batteries and troops). That same year, a Chemical Warfare Service Company was added to the Composite Regiment, and the following year a second company warranted the formation of a Chemical Warfare Service Battalion. A sixth regiment, the Coast Artillery Regiment, was added in 1937. In 1939, the Band had grown to the point that it was now divided into two units, the Infantry and Artillery Bands.[11]

In the fall of 1942, as citizens of Texas responded to America's need for military officers, the number of individual military units in the Cadet Corps hit an all-time high with a total of seven regiments of seventeen battalions comprising sixty companies, batteries, and troops, including the Band. The Cadet Corps at Texas A&M sent over 20,229 former cadets into World War II, 14,123 of them as commissioned officers, more than the combined totals of both military academies. By February 1943 enrollment dropped to less than 4,000 as Cadets left school to serve in the U.S. military. The 1944–45 school year saw enrollment drop to as low as 1,600 and the depletion of cadets forced the reorganization of the Corps down to only two regiments (Infantry and Composite) consisting of a total of only 17 companies, batteries and troops, including the two Band units. In 1943, the U.S. Army declared the Mounted Cavalry obsolete, although Cavalry units continued at Texas A&M as mechanized units until the end of the 1949–50 academic year.[12]

Post-World War II[edit]

World War II and the demands of the U.S. military took their toll on enrollment. But, with the end of the war, as enrollment surged in the fall of 1946, Texas A&M gained the use of Bryan Air Force Base, which was being closed, and converted a number of its buildings into dormitories. In 1947, all entering freshmen, approximately 1,500, were assigned to the Bryan Air Force Base "Annex" which became essentially a freshman campus. The Cadet Corps reorganized again to accommodate these unusual conditions.[13]

The 1947–48 Cadet Corps consisted of five regiments, a Headquarters Group, and the Band during that academic year. The five regiments (a combined Infantry and Veterans regiment, an Artillery regiment, a combined Air Force and Cavalry regiment, a combined Engineer and Composite regiment, and the "Training Regiment" consisting of nine companies of freshmen), the Headquarters Group and the Band were composed of a total of 35 individual military units.[14]

The 1951–52 academic year saw the organization of the Cadet Corps at is largest in terms of number of individual units. Sixty-six units (companies, batteries and squadrons) were divided among 8 regiments (Infantry, Artillery, Armor/Engineers, First Air Force Wing, 2nd Air Force Wing, Composite Regiment, Seventh Regiment and the Eighth Freshman Training Regiment) consisting of 21 battalions and the Band.[15]

During this post-war era and into the 1950s, the various units of the Corps continued to be identified by their military branch. The traditional branches (Infantry, Field Artillery, Cavalry, Engineers, Coast Artillery, Quartermaster, Ordnance, Signal Corps, Armor, Chemical Corps, Transportation, Army Security, and Army Air Force) continued to be represented. But the strength of air power and the rise of the importance of the U.S. Air Force during this era was evident in the organization of the Cadet Corps as Army Air Corps units became Air Force flights (later squadrons). Veterans companies and flights were formed to separate these older veterans from younger cadets. Beginning in 1948 athletes were organized into their own batteries (later companies) to accommodate special team practice schedules.[16]

That same year, 1948, the Freshman Regiment added a Band Company and four Air Force flights for a total of 12 units. The Eighth Freshman Training Regiment was moved to the main campus in the Fall of 1950, and by 1951, it consisted of a total of 15 freshman companies, batteries and squadrons, each with a branch designation, attached to which was a Senior Battalion of four companies of cadet Seniors. During the 1953–54 school year, over one-third of the 57 Corps units, a total of 21, consisted of Freshmen. The following year, freshmen were incorporated back into the other Corps units.[17]

The 1954–55 school year, saw the Cadet Corps begin to take on the organization (two Army regiments and two Air Force wings, and the Band) that is familiar to most former cadets today. The Band, which in 1939 had divided itself into an Infantry company and an Artillery Battery (Field Artillery Band in 1940), dropped those branch designations in 1947 in favor of the two designations Maroon Band and White Band.[18]

The first unit logos, which later evolved into the now common unit names, began to appear among the Air Force units in the 1955–56 Aggieland yearbook. A few of the Army units began to follow suit in the 1957-58 Aggieland. But, in the 1959–60 academic year, with the complete reorganization of the First and Second Brigades and the official abandonment of the Army Branch designations, the units in the two Army Brigades began to adopt unit nicknames and mascots, or "outfit logos," in earnest.[19]

President Barack Obama shakes hands with Cadets during a visit to the campus in October 2009.

During the Vietnam War era, the Cadet Corps was composed of two to three Army Brigades, two to three Air Force Wings, and the Band. Each brigade was composed of two or three battalions of three to five companies each, and each Wing was composed of two groups of three to six squadrons each. During this period the Corps was composed of as many as 40 individual companies and squadrons, including the Band.[20]

The Corps welcomed their first female members in the fall of 1974. At the time, the women were segregated into a special unit, known as W-1, and suffered harassment from many of their male counterparts.[21][22] Women were initially prohibited from serving in leadership positions or in the more elite Corps units such as the Band and the Ross Volunteers. These groups were opened to female participation in fall of 1985, following a federal court decision in a class-action lawsuit filed by a female cadet; five years later, female-only units were eliminated.[21]

Today, the Cadet Corps is a coeducational institution,[23] and twenty of its thirty-two "outfits" are gender-integrated.[6] Over 2,200 students, including over 160 women are members of the Corps, and, although this is only a small percentage of the overall student population, the Corps remains a highly visible presence on campus, a reminder of the school's origins as an all-male military college.[6][21] Cadets are very active in many campus organizations and are renowned for their school spirit, often called "Keepers of the Spirit."[24]

All military branches are represented in the organization of the Cadet Corps today. It is now composed of three Air Force Wings, three Army Brigades, and two Navy and Marine Regiments, as well as The Fightin' Texas Aggie Band whose members may be affiliated with any military branch.[25]

Rank[edit]

The rank structure of the Cadet Corps is generally based on the Army ROTC cadet rank structure. Today, the ranks are divided by class and, unlike at some other military schools, at Texas A&M a cadet can never be demoted such that a person of a lower class outranks him/her, although this has not always been true. Up through the early 1950s many senior and junior cadets held private rank, although they were accorded privileges and respect commensurate with their class rather than by their rank. Unlike most of the personnel in the U.S. Armed Forces, the rank is always a piece of metal approximately 1 square inch in size affixed to the uniform much like a tie tack, but is never cloth rank sewn onto the fabric.[25]

Freshmen are considered cadet privates and, as such, wear no rank, just a brass "A.M.U." symbolizing their affiliation with Texas A&M University. Sophomores hold the ranks of cadet private first class or cadet corporal. Juniors are given cadet NCO rank (Sergeant through Sergeant Major of the Corps) and seniors are cadet officers (from Cadet 2nd Lieutenant through Cadet Colonel of the Corps).[25]

The highest-ranking member of the Corps is Reveille VIII, the school's official mascot. The female American collie is the "First Lady" of Texas A&M and is present at all Texas A&M football games and also attends other A&M functions.[26] Reveille is now cared for by a sophomore cadet from Company E-2, whose position in the Corps is the Mascot Corporal. By decree from the US Army after World War II, Reveille holds the honorary rank of Cadet General. As there officially isn't a rank of Cadet General, and there has never been such a rank at any military school, cadets must create the rank insignia (five diamonds) themselves. To create this rank each year, cadets combine cadet lieutenant colonel insignia (two diamonds) with a cadet colonel insignia (three diamonds) and carefully place them together, creating a five diamond insignia.[25]

Insignia TAMU-01-Cadet-GEN.JPG TAMU-02-Cadet-COC.JPG TAMU-03-Cadet-COL.JPG TAMU-04-Cadet-LTC.JPG TAMU-05-Cadet-MAJ.JPG TAMU-06-Cadet-CPT.JPG TAMU-07-Cadet-1LT.JPG TAMU-08-Cadet-2LT.JPG
Rank Cadet General1 Cadet Colonel of the Corps Cadet Colonel Cadet Lieutenant Colonel Cadet Major Cadet Captain Cadet 1st Lieutenant Cadet 2nd Lieutenant
Insignia TAMU-09-Cadet-CSM.JPG TAMU-10-Cadet-SGM.JPG TAMU-11-Cadet-1SG.JPG TAMU-12-Cadet-MSG.JPG TAMU-13-Cadet-SFC.JPG TAMU-14-Cadet-SSG.JPG TAMU-15-Cadet-SGT.JPG TAMU-16-Cadet-CPL.JPG TAMU-17-Cadet-PFC.JPG NONE
Rank Cadet Sergeant Major of the Corps Cadet Sergeant Major Cadet First Sergeant Cadet Master Sergeant Cadet Sergeant First Class Cadet Staff Sergeant Cadet Sergeant Cadet Corporal Cadet Private First Class Cadet Private
1Honorary title only held by Reveille

Class system[edit]

As a member of the Corps, a cadet climbs through four classes of seniority. The current Corps of Cadets uniform is unique among military schools, bearing a close resemblance to the US Army uniforms from after World War I to World War II. There are slight differences in the uniform worn by each class year, noted below, including the Senior Boots, calf-skin riding boots hearkening back to the US Army officer's uniform of World War I. All cadets wear the same basic Corps uniform regardless of service affiliation.[27]

Freshmen[edit]

Fish Review fall of 2006

Freshman cadets are called "fish". The first year, the "fish year" is analogous to the experiences of the Rooks at Norwich University, Knobs at The Citadel, Rats of the Virginia Tech Corps of Cadets, Rats at the Virginia Military Institute, Frogs at North Georgia College, Doolies at the United States Air Force Academy, or Plebes at any of the other U.S. Federal Service Academies.

A fish is easily recognized by the fact that the garrison cap (aka bider or biter) is plain and not embellished with any braid, or by the black cotton belt. The freshman bider is worn with a deep tuck in the back, which forms a "peak" reminiscent of a fish tail. Freshmen and sophomores are also required to wear metal taps on the heels of their shoes; this facilitates marching in step.[4]

Corps "fish" are not known by their first name and the term "fish" is applied in its stead. In this use, the word "fish" is always written in lowercase letters. Thus, John Smith would become "fish Smith." Corps freshmen introduce themselves to other members of the Corps by a formalized procedure known as "Whipping Out," during which fish introduce themselves with "Howdy! fish [cadet's Last Name] is my name Sir/Ma'am!" The upperclassman shakes the fish's hand and responds by giving his/her name. The freshman then requests the hometown and academic major of the upperclassman. From that point on, the freshman is expected to remember the name, hometown, and major of the upperclassman at any future meeting. If an upperclassmen is toying with the fish, tradition permits the upperclassman to give false information.[4]

As the academic year progresses, some upperclassmen from units other than the freshman's own will begin to "drop handles" with fish, meaning the upperclassman has granted the fish permission to use his or her first name and speak more informally. Freshmen are still under obligation to obey orders, even from upperclassmen who have "dropped handles" with them.

Questions from upperclassmen are generally answered with one of the five fish answers, "Yes, Sir/Ma'am!" "No, Sir/Ma'am!" "No Excuse, Sir/Ma'am!" "(Class Year), Sir/Ma'am!" or (said very quickly): "Sir/Ma'am, not being informed to the highest degree of accuracy I hesitate to articulate for fear that I may deviate from the true course of rectitude. In short Sir/Ma'am, I am a very dumb fish, and do not know, Sir/Ma'am!" Additionally, every fish is also required to know the answers to a wide number of questions including, "What's for chow?", "How many days until Final Review?", and a long list of Texas A&M University history, or "Campusology," questions.

A fish is not privileged to live in a "room," therefore, their residence in the dorm is called a "hole." Likewise, the "roommate" in their dorm is called an "Ol' Lady," though this term is often used throughout a cadet's Corps career. Furthermore, fish are instructed that they are not allowed to want, think, like, or feel. Other cadets in the unit that are in the same class year are known as "fish buddies". Corps fish sit a mandatory "Evening Study Time" (EST - recently replaced CQ) during the school week after evening chow. This allows a period of quiet uninterrupted study each night. Also, as per A&M tradition, fish are not permitted to walk on the grass on campus nor on the square tiles marking the perimeter and inner ring of the Quad.[4]

March to the Brazos

Sophomores[edit]

The sophomore year is a busy and hectic second year in the Corps. In The Corps they are known as "Pissheads," several stories circulate as to the origin of the name. According to legend, the name is derived from an incident in the mid-1900s when a group of freshmen urinated on the heads of several sophomores they had grown tired of. A more recent story credits the nickname to Aggie Bonfire, when sophomores would work on the lower levels of the stack, and the upperclassmen above them would relieve themselves. However, the name predates the stacked bonfire, and it is generally accepted that the name simply refers to the normal demeanor of sophomores in keeping the freshman class in line. A sophomore's primary duty in the Corps is to train and drill the freshmen for Final Review in May, and the sophomore is graded by the performance of the freshmen.

Sophomores can be distinguished by the black braids on their garrison cap, their nylon black belt and also their stern demeanor. Much like drill sergeants, the sophomores are responsible for seeing that the fish adapt and excel in Corps life.

Juniors[edit]

As a junior, the cadet is called a "sergebutt" or more commonly just a butt. The nickname is a result of the serge material used to make the uniform trousers. When cadets wore college issue cotton khaki, it was a junior privilege to purchase tailor made serge uniforms which were easier to maintain and required less ironing. The Corps junior, wearing a white braid on their garrison cap and a white cotton belt, often finds this to be the most productive and engaging year in the Cadet Corps. The junior class runs the daily operations of the Corps. Juniors hold the rank of cadet sergeant through cadet sergeant major, depending on the position attained.

US Secretary of Defense Robert Gates (wearing senior boots) along with senior cadets at the Pentagon give the "Gig 'em"

Seniors[edit]

Senior cadets are often referred to as "zips" (short for "zipperheads"), referring to the black and gold "zipper" braid on the garrison cap. A senior may also be referred to as an "elephant," which derives from the senior class Elephant Walk tradition held the week before the last regularly scheduled football game of the year. Seniors hold cadet officer rank, from Cadet 2nd Lieutenant to Cadet Colonel of the Corps.

Senior cadets, like all seniors at Texas A&M, may also order an Aggie Ring, the symbol of the university and one's graduating class.

A senior cadet is easily recognized by the distinctive brown calf-skin leather boots, known as senior boots, sabre, and gold braid on the garrison cap. Seniors are the only class allowed to wear their bider without a break or fold in the top seam.

Senior boots

Senior boots[edit]

Within the Texas A&M Corps of Cadets, seniors are given the privilege to wear distinctive brown leather boots, known as "senior boots." These boots are one of the most visible and recognizable institutions of the Aggie Corps, and remain one of the lasting images of Texas A&M University.[28]

The tradition of senior boots came about in 1914, when the Corps of Cadets changed uniforms from the West Point style. The seniors wanted a way to differentiate themselves from the other classes, so they began wearing riding boots, which evolved into the senior boots worn today. By 1925, the boot style was integrated into the official cadet uniform, as a "knee-height English riding boot, of a light brown or tan." Lucchese's bootery in San Antonio became the main supplier of boots.[28]

By 1932, competition closer to campus sprang up. Joseph Holick, founder of the Fightin' Texas Aggie Band, opened Holick's that year, and his competition soon included Victor's, Russell's, and others. The average price for a pair of boots in 1932 was $32.50.[28] During World War II, due to the leather diversion to the war effort, Aggie seniors had to buy or inherit their boots from former cadets. By 1977, the price had risen to $200. Today, senior boots are normally ordered during freshman year and cost nearly $1,200 but 85% of seniors in the Corps still purchase them. Those that don't purchase them for financial reasons are loaned a pair for their senior year by the Corps of Cadets.[29]

To assist in removing their boots, seniors are allowed to yell "I need a fish!" at which point all available freshmen in the senior's outfit will race—and sometimes fight—to assist.[30]

Uniforms[edit]

A variety of uniforms are issued to a cadet, including summer and winter versions of daily uniforms, dress uniforms and field uniforms. The "Uniform of the Day" depends on the weather. For special occasions and events, the uniform is specified in the Field Order or invitation for the event. Special Corps units have special uniforms, such as the Ross Volunteers, the Fish Drill Team and Parson's Mounted Cavalry.[25]

Uniform components[edit]

Category Name Nickname Description
Headgear Garrison cap Bider or biter Tan/dark tan cover. Cadets who are on scholarship and have completed set criteria may attach an ROTC-specific brass emblem to the front. Seniors have an alternating black and gold braid with no dent or peak in the back. Juniors have a white braid with a slight peak in the back. Sophomores have a black braid with a noticeable peak, while freshman have no braid and a significant peak.
Campaign cover Howdy Hat, Smokey-the-Bear Hat, Drill Sergeant Hat Dark Green, with Corps Stack and class color braid (seniors wear a gold braid). This can be worn with any uniform in place of the Garrison Cap or BDU cover.
Service cover Dark green crown and brass Corps Stack with tan band (gold for seniors), brown visor and strap. The visor and strap are often “marbleized” with black shoe polish to maintain a shiny finish. Seniors wear a gold band to represent cadet officer rank.
Army Combat Uniform cover Rank is centered on the crown
Shirts Class B Summer Short sleeve tan shirt with two breast pockets and a seam with three points pointed downward on the back. The major unit crest is placed on the shoulderboards. Citation cords are worn over the wearer’s left shoulder. Corps brass/Band Lyres is worn on the wearer’s left collar and rank is work on the right. ROTC and Specialty badges, marksmanship ribbons, and rack ribbons are worn over the left breast pocket while a nametag and a replacement badge are worn on the right pocket. Presidential Citations are also worn above the right pocket. Patches indicating ROTC affiliation are worn on the upper left arm and a TAMU patch is worn on the left. Worn with a white T-shirt underneath.
Class A Summer Long sleeve version of the Class B Summer shirt. All decorations are the same as the Class B Summer shirt. Sometimes worn with a black tie.
Midnights Dark green version of the Class A Summer shirt. All decorations are the same as the Class B Summer shirt with the exception of ribbons, which may be hanging ribbons. Worn with a tan tie. Only Juniors and Seniors are allowed to wear Midnights.
Class C Army Combat Uniform (ACU) Camouflage long-sleeved blouse with rank centered on chest. Worn with a sand colored T-shirt. Contract upper class cadets may also wear the utility uniform of their service when attending their weekly ROTC classes (Army Combat Uniform for Army contract seniors, Flight Uniforms for Air Force contract seniors with flight status, or Digital Utilities for Navy & Marine cadets).
Class D PT Gear Unit-specific t-shirt or grey/maroon Corps sweatshirt with Corps Logo, worn primarily during physical training activities.
Jackets Black Jackets A Black jacket. Rank is displayed on the shoulder boards.
Raingear A dark tan overcoat used in inclement weather and can be worn over any uniform.
Letterman's sweater White sweater with maroon trim or a maroon sweater indicating Juniors and Seniors who have participated in varsity sports (to include Band members and Yell leaders) Members of the fish Drill Team earn a letter sweater and may wear it as Sophomores.
Pants Summer Slacks made from the same color & material as the Summer shirts. Seniors pants are actually jodhpurs made in the same color and material.
Winter Darker than and heavier slacks than the summer pants. Seniors pants are jodhpurs made in the same color and material.
Class C Army Combat Uniform trousers
Class D PT gear Grey or black shorts or grey Corps sweatpants, worn primarily during physical training activities.
Footwear Black low-quarter shoes These are not permitted to be patent leather. They are worn with black socks. Women may wear neutral-color hose when wearing a skirt.
Combat boots Tan combat boots that conform with U.S. military regulations. They are worn with green/gray boot socks.
Senior boots These cavalry riding boots are a privilege reserved for seniors. Most seniors purchase them from one of several local companies; they can also be rented from the Corps Museum, or in some cases, seniors wear the boots a family member wore before them.
Belts and Buckles Freshman belt Black cotton with standard army-issue brass buckle.
Sophomore Belt Black nylon with flat, two-clamp, no tab brass buckle.
Junior Belt White cotton with flat, two-clamp, no tab brass buckle with the Corps Stack.
Senior Belt White nylon with flat, two-clamp, no tab brass buckle with the Army Crest. Seniors in the Navy ROTC may wear ship and unit buckles for non-inspection daily wear.
Other Sam Browne Belt A wide calfskin belt with matching shoulder strap connected by brass pins, buckles, and hooks used for carrying a sabre. A silver, double-braided chain and hook connects to the scabbard of the sabre. Optional for use with a sabre. May be worn without a sabre for formal events when weapons are inappropriate (such as the commander of a funeral detail while in a church). Typically this item is reserved for seniors serving in a command capacity.
White cotton gloves Worn for formal functions. A rubberized gripping surface on the outer surface of the palms are authorized only for those carrying sabres, guidons, flags, or bugles.

Uniform combinations[edit]

A senior cadet in his midnight uniform wearing hanging medals and Service Cover
  • Class C — BDU/ACU
All class years through 2011 - BDU cap, BDU blouse and trousers with Corps brass and brass rank, black combat boots
All classes 2012 on — ACU cap, ACU blouse and trousers with velcro rank centered on chest, tan roughout combat boots
  • Class B Summer
Tan garrison cap, Class B Summer shirt, Black Jacket(optional), Summer Pants, Black Low-quarter shoes/Senior boots
  • Class A Summer
Tan garrison cap, Class A summer shirt, black jacket(optional), summer pants, black low-quarter shoes/senior boots
  • Class Midnights
Dark tan garrison cap or service hat, midnight shirt, winter pants, black low-quarter shoes/senior boots

Corps life[edit]

Today, cadets no longer occupy all of the student housing on campus. The Corps is housed only in the dorms located in what is now called "the Corps dorms," or "the Corps area" on the Quadrangle, a.k.a. "the Quad". They are divided into companies, batteries, and squadrons, which range from 20 to 110 cadets and serve as the basic units of the Corps of Cadets. These units are aligned by ROTC affiliation under two Navy/Marine Regiments, three Air Force Wings, three Army Brigades, a mixed military affiliation Task Force, and the Combined Band.

There are normally two Corps formations each day—one in the morning and one in the evening to observe the raising and lowering of the American Flag before marching to Duncan Dining Hall for chow. Individual fish in each unit serve as 'Whistle Jocks" to announce the approach of formations, the Uniform of the Day, and the menu for the next meal.

In addition to normal college classes, cadets participate in daily Corps activities. These can range from intramural sport events, helping the local community, to a 2,600-member formation Corps run around campus.

"The Quad" located on the south side of campus

Current Corps structure[edit]

Cadets lowering the American Flag at the Academic Building Plaza
Army
First Brigade Second Brigade Third Brigade
A-2 Peacekeepers * # D-2 Dogs Animal A-1 *
Battlin' B-1 * # E-1 Jocks # B-2 Patriots
F-2 Foxes # Red Eye I-1 * C-1 Cobras *
L-1 Hellraisin' Rebels Kayo K-1 Spider D-1
Navy and Marines
First Regiment Second Regiment
C-2 Cocks E-2 Mascot Company
Killer K-2 # H-1 Rough Riders
Trident P-2 * N-1 Knights * #
Spartan S-1 * # Finest First F-1 *
Air Force
First Wing Second Wing Third Wing
Hustlin' 1 * Outlaw 8 * # Gator 2 *
Thunderbird 3 * Talon 12 * # Titan 20 *
Challenger 17 Falcon 16 * # Nighthawk 23 *
Phantom 18 * Hellcat 21 * #
Joint Service
Task Force Combined Band
Delta Company * Artillery Band Infantry Band
Viper V-1 * A-Battery Noblemen * A-Company Wolfpack *
Parsons Mounted Cavalry * B-Battery Wildmen * B-Company Street Fighters *
C-Battery Marksmen * C-Company Crusaders *

Key: * = Gender Integrated Unit, # = Technical Unit

Note that "Company A-1" or "Squadron 2," for example, would be the official designations of the outfits in the Corps. The nicknames of the outfits are included because they are an integral part of the tradition and heritage of the Corps.

A-2 is a unit for cadets who are pursuing degrees in the school of architecture, or plan to enter graduate school.

C-1 is a unit for cadets who are pursuing degrees in the school of agriculture.

Sq. 18 is the "frog" outfit for out-of-cycle cadets who will be completing their entire freshman year in one semester.

V-1 is a unit for prior service members, varsity athletes, off-campus and married students.

D-Co is a unit for veterans who have been deployed at least once.

E-2 is the unit responsible for taking care of Reveille, Texas A&M's mascot.

Special units[edit]

The following are special units within the Corps of which cadets can additionally be members (for example a cadet in D-2 could be a member of the Ross Volunteers, but not the Band).

Ross Volunteers[edit]

The Ross Volunteers perform a rifleman's salute as candles are lit for the deceased at the 2007 Aggie Muster at Reed Arena

The Ross Volunteer Company is the official Honor Guard for the Governor of the state of Texas, and, aside from the Cadet Corps itself, is the oldest student organization in the state of Texas. Started in 1887, the organization was named Scott Volunteers for the President of Texas A&M. In 1898, the company was renamed for Texas A&M President Lawrence Sullivan Ross. The company lives by the creed, "Soldier, Statesman, Knightly Gentleman."[citation needed]

The company is composed of junior and senior cadets. Cadets are chosen on a basis of honor, humility, and character. Each fall, approximately 72 junior cadets are selected into the company by the RV seniors. A critical voting process, undisclosed to outside sources, is conducted to select the new junior inductees. Once the juniors are inducted into the company, it is composed of those newly selected juniors, 35 seniors holding leadership positions, and the remaining senior members. All senior RV members are continually welcomed at practices, events, and socials.[citation needed]

Today, the RV uniform is a distinctive white uniform, with yellow trim. Officers in the RV Company (Commanding Officer, Executive Officer, Administrative Officer, Operations Officer, and three Platoon Leaders) as well as one Non-Commissioned Officer (1st Sergeant) wear a silk red sash around the waist of the white uniform. The RV Company performs a 3-volley, 21-gun salute at the traditional Silver Taps ceremony and at the annual campus Muster event. In addition, the RV Company marches in several parades each year including the Rex Parade on Mardi Gras in New Orleans, Louisiana. The RVs serve as the honor guard of Rex, the king of Mardi Gras. Other duties include Texas Gubernatorial events, funerals, weddings, and campus events.[citation needed]

Color Guard[edit]

The first thing seen from afar during reviews, the Color Guard represents the Corps' devotion to loyalty, pride, and patriotism. This special unit consists of a commanding officer, an executive officer, and flagbearers/guards for Corps staff and every major unit except the Band.[citation needed]

Rudder's Rangers[edit]

Rudder's Rangers is named for James Earl Rudder, commander of the 2nd Ranger Battalion that stormed the beaches at Normandy. Upon retirement from the military, Rudder became the 16th president of Texas A&M University.

Rudder's Rangers trains volunteer Army ROTC cadets and prepares them to take part in some of the Army's special training schools, such as Airborne School, Air Assault School, and eventually Ranger School. This training happens over a year long process, during which cadets participate in a winter field training exercise at Fort Hood and compete in Texas A&M's Best Ranger Competition. Cadets meeting the requirements are awarded a pin to wear on their uniform.

Fish Drill Team[edit]

This all-freshman precision rifle drill team represents Texas A&M and its Corps of Cadets in competition with other colleges at military drill meets around the nation. The team has been a part of Corps life for more than 60 years and has won several national championships. Participation involves daily rifle drill instruction and practice. As with all other Corps activities, poor academic performance results in suspension from participation.

Fish Drill Team class of 2014 Marches into Kyle Field

The team began when the freshman were moved from the main campus to deal with the overcrowding and hazing issues that followed World War II and the return of war veterans to the A&M campus. The freshman were moved to the Riverside Campus Annex and lived in the dorms of the retired Bryan Air Force Base twelve miles from campus. They were bussed to class each day, but primarily lived in isolation from the rest of the Corps. Out of boredom, the freshman organized themselves into the Freshman Drill Team and made their debut performance among the jeers and laughter of their upperclassmen. By the end of the performance however, the team received a standing ovation.

The Fish Drill Team is open to any freshman in the Corps who is willing to accept the challenges of being on the team. At the beginning of each season, the team consists of about 300 Fish Drill Team candidates. However, by the end of the first semester the number of candidates has usually dwindled down to about 40. The Fish Drill Team competes in precision drill competitions around the United States each year and represents the Corps of Cadets and Texas A&M. They have won numerous national championships, including five consecutive national titles at the National Cherry Blossom Festival in Washington, D.C. from 1968 to 1972, when the drill meet portion was discontinued.

With the absence of a national drill meet, the Fish Drill Team continued winning. The team won 16 consecutive Texas State Champion titles. In 1997, the team was put on hiatus for four years due to leadership concerns and issues. The team was reinstated in the spring of 2002 with the Class of 2005. However, the Class of 2006 was the first team to compete since reinstatement, taking 2nd place at the national competition. Since then the Fish Drill Team has won national titles in every meet, except 2009 when the team placed 2nd, including their most recent win at the 2014 Mardi Gras Drill Meet hosted by Tulane University NROTC.[31][32]

SEAL Platoon[edit]

A team of cadets that prepares cadets to become Navy SEALs, Navy EOD technicians or Navy Diving Officers.[33]

Marine Corps Recon Company[edit]

A team of cadets that prepares cadets for the successful completion of the Marine Corps Basic Reconnaissance Course, allowing them to become Force Recon or Recon Battalion members.[33]

Corps Center Guard[edit]

This is a historical unit that strives to preserve the history of the Corps. They run the Sanders Corps of Cadets Center and give tours on a daily basis. As a tribute to the past of A&M, members often wear old uniforms of the Corps.

Parson's Mounted Cavalry[edit]

A member of Parson's Mounted Cavalry guarding The Spirit of '02 before a home football game

Parson's Mounted Cavalry preserves the tradition of the cavalry at Texas A&M. The mounted unit was formed in the spring of 1973 to preserve the traditions of the Texas A&M Cavalry of the 1920s and 1930s. The unit also represents the university at parades, agricultural and equestrian events throughout Texas. It is named after Colonel Thomas R. Parsons, a former Commandant of Cadets. “The Cav” marches with the Corps at all home football games.

This special unit also maintains and keeps the "Spirit of '02". This field gun was found in the fall of 1974 at a bonfire cut site near Easterwood Airport. The 'cannon' is fired during all home football games and midnight yell practice. Legend has it that the gun was the run away that tumbled over a ridge in the film We've Never Been Licked. Through the dedication and hard work of John Gunter '79 and financing from the Association of Former Students, a limber/caisson was found on a ranch near Georgetown, Texas, wheels made in Oklahoma City, and original McClellan tack was obtained.[34]

Gen. O.R. Simpson Honor Society[edit]

Cadets need to have a cumulative 3.4 GPR in order to join. Members foster new ideas of academic achievement, leadership and character in the Corps of Cadets and promotion of scholastic excellence through academic related projects which include tutor assistance and operation of a study lounge for all cadets.

Pathfinders[edit]

An orienteering and land navigation unit. They compete each year in land navigation and orienteering events. Pathfinders is also the base of training for Aggies who attempt the German Armed Forces Proficiency Badge.[35]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. TITLE 10, Subtitle A, PART III, CHAPTER 103
  2. ^ http://www.aggiecorps.org/about-the-corps/our-history.html[dead link]
  3. ^ They accepted applications from women in fall 1963; this was also the year that the A&M College of Texas became Texas A&M University.
  4. ^ a b c d "Texas A&M Standard". 2007-02-27. Archived from the original on 2007-02-03. Retrieved 2007-02-27. 
  5. ^ Adams Jr., John A. (2001). Keepers of the Spirit. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 1-58544-127-9. 
  6. ^ a b c Hopgood, Maj. Gen. M.T. "Ted" (2001). "Corps is dedicated to training tomorrow's leaders". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  7. ^ List of Texas A&M University people#Government and politics
  8. ^ http://tamutimes.tamu.edu/2013/10/08/texas-am-to-add-medal-of-honor-recipient-to-hall-of-honor-in-november/
  9. ^ Adams, op. cit.
  10. ^ Adams, op. cit.
  11. ^ Adams, op. cit.
  12. ^ Adams, op. cit.
  13. ^ Adams, op. cit.
  14. ^ Adams, op. cit.
  15. ^ Adams, op. cit.
  16. ^ Adams, op. cit.
  17. ^ Adams, op. cit.
  18. ^ Adams, op. cit.
  19. ^ Adams, op. cit.
  20. ^ Adams, op. cit.
  21. ^ a b c Nauman, Brett (September 10, 2004). "Women Joined Corps 30 Years Ago". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. Archived from the original on 2007-10-16. Retrieved 2009-02-16. 
  22. ^ Korzenewski, Claire-Jean (September 2004). "The First Women to Join the Cadets". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  23. ^ "USC Title 10,2009. Military colleges: female students". United States Code. Legal Information Institute, Cornell Law School. 2007-01-03. Retrieved 2009-02-16. 
  24. ^ Adams, op. cit.
  25. ^ a b c d e "The Standard" (PDF). Texas A&M Corps of Cadets. Archived from the original on 2007-02-03. Retrieved 2007-03-15. 
  26. ^ "Reveille". Texas A&M University. Retrieved 2007-08-01. 
  27. ^ "Wearing the Uniform with the Pride of an Aggie...". Corps of Cadets. 2007-02-08. Archived from the original on 2007-01-28. Retrieved 2009-02-16. 
  28. ^ a b c "Senior Boots — Texas Aggie Traditions". Texas A&M University: Corps of Cadets. 2000-05-21. Retrieved 2009-02-16. 
  29. ^ "True friend, proud American". The Bryan — College Station Eagle. 2004-12-02. Archived from the original on 2005-08-30. Retrieved 2009-02-16. 
  30. ^ Hunnicut, Jonathan '06 (2005-03-08). "Frequently Asked Questions – Corps Dictionary". B-Battery Wild Men. Archived from the original on 2007-12-15. Retrieved 2009-02-16. 
  31. ^ http://www.fishdrillteam.com/history.html
  32. ^ It is worth noting that the competition in 2006 was canceled due to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita
  33. ^ a b "NROTC Special Units". Texas A&M Naval ROTC. Texas A&M University. Retrieved 2008-12-01. 
  34. ^ Parsons Mounted Cavalry[dead link]
  35. ^ 2006 Aggieland Primer - Page 49

External links[edit]