Texas Army National Guard
|Texas Army National Guard|
Joint Forces Headquarters Texas Army National Guard distinctive insignia
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Branch||United States Army|
|Type||ARNG Headquarters Command|
|Part of||Texas National Guard|
|Commanding General||MG William "Len" Smith|
The Texas Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army, the United States National Guard and the Texas Military Forces (along with the Texas Air National Guard and the Texas State Guard). Nationwide, the Army National Guard comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau.
Texas Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Texas Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Texas.
The Texas Army National Guard is composed of approximately 19,000 soldiers, and maintains 117 armories in 102 communities.
Major subordinate commands
- 36th Infantry Division
- Medical Command
- Office of the State Surgeon
- Recruiting and Retention Battalion
- State Army Aviation Office
- 136th Regiment (CA) (RTI)
- Army Ground Safety Office
- Training Centers Command
- 71st Theatre Information Operations Group
- 176th Engineer Brigade
On 1 September 2009, the Texas Army National Guard activated the 1st Battalion (Airborne), 143rd Infantry Regiment, the only Airborne infantry battalion in the Army National Guard. The unit includes a battalion headquarters and headquarters company (HHC), 3 rifle companies (Cos A, B, and C), a weapons company (Co D), and a forward support company (FSC). Most elements of the battalion will be located in Texas, with Co B in Alaska and Co C in Rhode Island. Rather than converting an existing TX ARNG unit, the battalion is being built from the ground up.  According to the US Army Center of Military History, "1st Battalion, 143d Infantry Regiment is a separate infantry battalion." As such, it is not subordinate to other commands in the state, although it may be attached for administrative purposes.
National Guard units can be mobilized at any time by presidential order to supplement regular armed forces, and upon declaration of a state of emergency by the governor of the state in which they serve. Unlike Army Reserve members, National Guard members cannot be mobilized individually (except through voluntary transfers and Temporary DutY assignments TDY), but only as part of their respective units. However, there has been a significant amount of individual activations to support military operations (2001-?); the legality of this policy is a major issue within the National Guard.
Federal active duty callups
For much of the final decades of the 20th century, National Guard personnel typically served "One weekend a month, two weeks a year", with a portion working for the Guard in a full-time capacity. The current forces formation plans of the US Army call for the typical National Guard unit (or National Guardsman) to serve one year of active duty for every three years of service. More specifically, current Department of Defense policy is that no Guardsman will be involuntarily activated for a total of more than 24 months (cumulative) in one six year enlistment period (this policy is due to change 1 August 2007, the new policy states that soldiers will be given 24 months between deployments of no more than 24 months, individual states have differing policies).
State duties include disaster relief, emergency preparedness, security assistance to state law enforcement agencies, and some aspects of border security. The Governor can activate the National Guard components under his control for state active duty in Texas, and in support of adjacent states.
|This section requires expansion. (June 2008)|
The Texas Army National Guard has its roots in the Texas Militia formed by Sam Houston during the Texas Revolution of 1835 - 1836.
The 49th Armored Division was ordered to active federal service in October 1961 at Dallas and reverted to state control in August 1962. The 49th was deactivated in 1968 and re-organized into three separate brigades, the 36th Infantry Brigade, 71st Infantry Brigade and 72nd. The division was reactivated on 1 November 1973, with its headquarters at Camp Mabry, Austin, Texas.
McGrath says the 36th Bde insignia with star was authorized for wear from 10 May 1967 - 1 November 1973, but never worn, because the brigade at the time was designated 71st. The 36th Airborne Brigade was active from 1973 to 1980, and disbanded 1980. It was reconstituted as a divisional formation (36th Brigade, 50th Armored Division) from 1988-92. In 1992 it became the 36th Brigade of the 49th Armored Division based at Houston, TX. It seems likely to have been active between 1992 and May 2004 when the 49th Armoured Division became the 36th Infantry Division.
- Submitted by: CW3 Rodney Hammack (2009-09-16). "36th Infantry Division - TXARNG". Agd.state.tx.us. Retrieved 2011-12-28.
- McGrath, 'The Brigade,' 233. Patch can be seen at http://www.usarmypatches.com/Infantry.htm
- Bibliography of Texas Army National Guard History compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History
- Texas National Guard homepage
- Texas National Guard, accessed 28 Nov 2006
- GlobalSecurity.org Texas Army National Guard, accessed 28 Nov 2006
- Unit Designations in the Army Modular Force, accessed 23 Nov 2006