Texas Capitol Vietnam Veterans Monument

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This maquette of the Texas Capitol Vietnam Veterans Monument is on display at the Institute of Texan Cultures Museum in San Antonio through the month of August.[1] On display with the maquette is the Texas Vietnam Heroes Exhibit.

The Texas Capitol Vietnam Veterans Monument, designed by New Mexico artist Duke Sundt,[2] is a tribute to all Texans who served in the Vietnam War and a memorial to the 3,417 who died.[3][4] Ground was broken on March 25, 2013 on the northeast side of the Capitol in Austin, Texas.[5] The monument was dedicated on March 29, 2014.[6]

History of the monument[edit]

Texas State Representative Wayne Smith and State Senator Juan "Chuy" Hinojosa met with fellow Vietnam Veterans in December 2005, each donating $1,000 to form a nonprofit organization that would finance a monument commemorating Texans who served in the Vietnam War. Other members of the Texas Capitol Vietnam Veterans Monument Committee included Robert Floyd, John Miterko, Terry B. Burkett, Alan Erwin, Phil Price, Kerry Orr, Don Dorsey, Kinnan Golemon, Richard McBride, and Michael Wright.[7] Lady Bird Johnson, wife of former President Lyndon Baines Johnson, served as Honorary Co-Chair.[8] The legislators co-authored House Concurrent Resolution 36 - 79th Texas Legislature.[9][10] The monument is being paid for by donations from individuals, corporations and veteran organizations, along with a $500,000 matching grant from the Texas Historical Commission.[11]

Rationale[edit]

Nearly 60,000 Americans died in the Vietnam War,[12] and 3,417 of them were from Texas.[13] At a reading of the names of fallen veterans held in the Lady Bird Johnson Auditorium at the LBJ Library, newspaper reporter and Vietnam war correspondent Joe Galloway explained the purpose of the Texas Vietnam Veterans Monument is to "encourage hometowns across America to go all out to welcome Vietnam veterans--the welcome they didn't get 50 years ago."[14] Sculptor Duke Sundt explains that "there are a number of monuments on the grounds of the state Capitol that represent different groups, but there is no monument for the Texas Vietnam Veterans. To me, they deserve that. This is as much for the ones who are alive as much as the ones who didn't make it."[15]

Design[edit]

The monument will be a 14-foot-tall bronze sculpture featuring five seven-foot tall infantry figures in patrol positions situated atop an eight-sided base.[16] Designed to represent the diversity of Texas Vietnam Veterans, the figures will be Hispanic-American, African-American, Asian, Native-American, and Caucasian.[17] Entombed within the monument will be 3,417 handcrafted dog tags, representing each of the Texas veterans who died in Vietnam.[18] The estimated cost of the monument is $1.5 million.[19]

The Texas Vietnam Heroes Exhibit[edit]

The Texas Vietnam Heroes Exhibit is a visual representation of the 3,417 Texans who did not survive to come home from Vietnam. It was designed by Excalibur Exhibits and consists of hand-embossed dog tags featuring the name, rank, branch of service, and date of loss and home of record for each veteran.[20] A second dog tag bearing duplicate information will be entombed in the Monument on the Texas Capitol grounds.[21] The exhibit opened to the public at the LBJ Library in Austin, Texas on March 24, 2013. On the same day, a reading of the names of all 3,417 veterans was held in the Lady Bird Johnson Auditorium at the LBJ Library, and ground was broken at the Texas State Capitol.[22] The exhibit will travel from Austin to San Antonio, Lubbock, Houston, Fort Worth and Beaumont while the monument is being constructed.[23] Excalibur Exhibits received two Crystal awards by the American Marketing Association for the design and construction of the Texas Vietnam Heroes Exhibit in the categories of Fixed Installation and Nonprofit/Cause.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Texas Vietnam Heroes Exhibit Begins Tour of Texas". Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Vander Meer, Sharon (March 2000). "Cowboy Sculptor Enjoys the Ride". New Mexico Magazine: 66. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  3. ^ "Texas Capitol Vietnam Veterans Monument". Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "About the Monument". Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  5. ^ Beach, Patrick. "Officials break ground for Vietnam veterans monument at Texas Capitol". Austin American Statesman. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "About the Monument". Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "TCVVM Committee". Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  8. ^ Del Bosque, Melissa. "Senator Juan Hinojosa, Rep. Wayne Smith Present First Donated Funds to Build Vietnam Memorial on Capitol Grounds". The Senate of Texas. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  9. ^ "Smith honors Texas heroes at Texas Capitol Vietnam Veterans Monument ceremony". The Pasadena Citizen. 
  10. ^ "HCR 36". Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  11. ^ Dorsey, Don. "Texas Capitol Vietnam Veterans Monument Foundry Work Begins". TexVet. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  12. ^ "Statistics about the Vietnam War". History.com. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  13. ^ "Texas Vietnam Heroes Exhibit". Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  14. ^ Covo, Angela. "Texas honors Vietnam Vets". La Prensa. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  15. ^ Sundt, Duke. "Artist Duke Sundt: Why the Texas Capitol Vietnam Veterans Monument Matters". Vietnam Artist. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  16. ^ "The Figures". Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  17. ^ Wiggins, Mark. "Vietnam veterans lead monument groundbreaking". Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  18. ^ "Ground Broken on Texas Vietnam Veterans Monument". Arts of War on the Web. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  19. ^ Hadley, Robin. "Vietnam Veterans Memorial Proposed for Capitol Grounds". Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  20. ^ "Texas Vietnam Heroes Exhibit". Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  21. ^ "Texas Vietnam Heroes exhibit opens next month at Institute". Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  22. ^ "Groundbreaking Ceremonies for Monument Honoring Texas Vietnam War Veterans". Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  23. ^ "Texas Vietnam Heroes Exhibit Begins Tour of Texas". Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  24. ^ "Excalibur Exhibits Win Two AMA Crystal Awards for Texas Vietnam Veterans War Memorial". Retrieved 24 July 2013.