Texas Medical Center
|Texas Medical Center|
|Motto||World Leaders In Patient Care, Research, Education, and Prevention since 1945|
|President and Chief Executive Officer||Robert C. Robbins, M.D.|
The Texas Medical Center is the largest medical center in the world with one of the highest densities of clinical facilities for patient care, basic science, and translational research. Located in Greater Houston, the center contains 50 medicine-related institutions, including 15 hospitals and two specialty institutions, two medical schools, four nursing schools, and schools of dentistry, public health, pharmacy, and other health-related practices. All 50 institutions are not-for-profit. The center exceeds one thousand acres (or 1.562 square mile) in size.[better source needed] Some member institutions are located outside of the city of Houston. The Center is where one of the first and largest air ambulance services was created and where one of the first successful inter-institutional transplant programs was developed. More heart surgeries are performed in Texas Medical Center than anywhere else in the world.
The Texas Medical Center receives 160,000 daily visitors and over seven million annual patient visits, including over 18,000 international patients. In 2011, the center employed over 106,000 people, including 20,000 physicians, scientists, researchers and other advanced degree professionals in the life sciences.
Founding and Early Years
The Texas Medical Center was established in 1945 in part with funds endowed to the M.D. Anderson Foundation by businessman Monroe Dunaway Anderson, who began the foundation two years prior to his death in 1939 to help keep his business partnership, Anderson, Clayton & Co, from dissolving due to estate taxes in the event of his death. Anderson funded the foundation with $300,000, and left an additional $19 million in his estate, making the M.D. Anderson Foundation the largest charitable fund ever created in Texas. The fund's first gift was a check of $1,000 to the Junior League Eye Fund for eyeglasses. In 1941, the Texas State Legislature granted funds to the University of Texas for the purpose of starting a cancer research hospital. On the conditions that the hospital be established in Houston and be named after its founder, the M.D. Anderson Foundation matched the state's gift to the university by supplying funds and land.
President Roosevelt approved the purchase of 118 acres (0.478 km2) from the Hermann Estate in 1944 for the construction of a 1,000-bed naval hospital in Houston. The hospital, later renamed the Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, opened in 1946 and became a teaching facility for the Baylor College of Medicine. Also in 1946, several projects were approved for inclusion in the Texas Medical Center including: Hermann Hospital (whose campus was pre-existing in the district, having been built in the 1920s), St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital (now known as St. Luke's Hospital), The Methodist Hospital, The Shriners Crippled Children's' Hospital (now known as Shriners Hospitals for Children), and the Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library. The M.D. Anderson Hospital for Cancer Research of the University of Texas began construction in 1953. Texas Children's Hospital admitted its first patient in 1954.
During the late 1950s, the Texas Institute for Rehabilitation and Research opened. The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute at Houston added the Gimbel Research Wing. Texas Woman's University Nursing Program began instruction.
In 1962, the Texas Heart Institute was chartered and became affiliated with St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital and Texas Children's Hospital. The Ben Taub General Hospital of the Harris County Hospital District (now known as Harris Health System) opened in 1963.
The TMC Library provides access to thousands of current digital books and journals and it's McGovern Center for Historical Collections and Research Center houses rare medical books dating back to the 1500s and historical manuscripts such as the McGovern Collection on the History of Medicine, the Menninger Collection of Psychiatry and Psychoanalysis and the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission which recorded the after-effect of the bombs dropped in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Recent History and Developments
In 1993, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center began a $248.6-million expansion project which constructed an inpatient pavilion with 512 beds, two research buildings, an outpatient clinic building, a faculty office building and a patient-family hotel. From 2005 to present, the George and Cynthia Mitchell Basic Sciences Research Building, the Ambulatory Clinical Building, the Cancer Prevention Center and a new research building on the South Campus opened. The for profit Proton Therapy Center, the largest facility in the United States where proton therapy is used to treat cancer, opened in July 2006.
The Memorial Hermann Healthcare System constructed the six-floor, 165,000-square-foot (15,300 m2) Memorial Hermann Heart & Vascular Institute. Also recently completed is the 30-story Memorial Hermann Medical Plaza, which is now the largest medical office building in the Texas Medical Center. At night, it is recognizable by its unique rainbow lantern. The new construction is part of the system's city-wide "Century Project" initiative.
Texas Children's Hospital announced the largest investment and program expansion ever by a single pediatric organization. The $1.5 billion four-year initiative is targeted for completion in 2010 and focuses on research and accessibility. Major projects include the development of the neurological research institute ($215,000,000), the formation of a maternity center ($575,000,000), and the expansion of existing research facilities ($120,000,000). Texas Children's is embarking on the development of one of the largest pediatric hospitals in a suburban setting ($220,000,000). The remainder of the expenditures is earmarked for new equipment and information systems.
In 2010, the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, including the John Sealy Hospital, became the 49th member of the Texas Medical Center and the first member-institution located outside of the City of Houston.
Texas Medical Center–West Campus which will serve residents of greater west Houston and adjacent areas opened in January, 2011. Representing an initial investment of more than half a billion dollars and almost 1.2 million square feet of healthcare development, the first two facilities to open in the new campus are Texas Children’s Hospital and The Methodist Hospital West Houston. Texas Children’s West Campus is among the nation’s largest suburban pediatric hospitals.
Texas Medical Center Institutions
11% of the Texas Medical Center employees live in specific areas in northern Brazoria County and southwestern Harris County. 42% of TMC employees live in specific areas in Brazoria, Fort Bend, and Harris counties. Pearland, Texas a suburb in northern Brazoria County contains the most TMC workers.
In a 2006 update to its 50 year master plan, the Texas Medical Center group states "TMC Faces Issues Similar to Large Cities" and compared its urban cityscape to that of the Chicago Loop in Chicago and Lower Manhattan in New York City.
The Texas Medical Center system is headquartered at the John P. McGovern Campus.
The area is served by Metro bus service and the "Red Line" of the METRORail light rail system. Three METRORail stations are located near the center: (TMC Transit Center, Dryden/TMC Station, and Memorial Hermann Hospital/Houston Zoo Station).
The Houston Fire Department Station 33 Medical Center, a part of Fire District 21, is near the Texas Medical Center at 7100 Fannin at South Braeswood. The original Firehouse 33 was one of the last stations to be housed in an original volunteer fire station. The original Station 33 was the city hall/fire station of Braeswood. The City of Houston annexed the area in 1950. The current Fire Station 33 opened one block from the original station in August 2004. The city relinquished its ownership of the original fire station.
Established in November 2000, Texas Medical Center Orchestra is one of very few orchestras in the United States and the world with its origin in the health professions. Members of the orchestra include physicians, dentists, nurses, medical students, biomedical scientists, social workers and other allied health professionals. The mission of the orchestra is to "provide a fellowship in both music and medicine for its members, to contribute culturally to the community and to help raise funds for medical and other local charities through its concerts".
METRO stop in the Texas Medical Center area
- Facts & Figures | Houston, Texas USA. Texas Medical Center. Retrieved on 2013-09-06.
- The World’s Largest Medical Center is Now Among the Most Energy Efficient | Department of Energy. Energy.gov (2011-05-18). Retrieved on 2013-09-06.
- 10 Most Prestigious Medical Centers in the World. Masters in Health Care (2011-04-17). Retrieved on 2013-09-06.
- "TMC Member Institutions". Retrieved 2013-08-28.
- [dead link]
- Kappes, Hayley. "UTMB partners with Texas Medical Center". Galveston Daily News. Retrieved 2010-05-13.
- "UTMB Joins Texas Medical Center: UTMB Is About 50 Miles Away From Texas Medical Center". KPRC Click2Houston. Retrieved 2010-05-13.
- "Texas Medical Center – About the Texas Medical Center". Retrieved 14 FEB 2009.
- "2010_FactsAndFigures_FA.pdf". Retrieved 2010-12-30.
- MDAnderson.org Biography of M.D. Anderson
- Juan A. Lozano (16 JUL 2006). "M.D. Anderson opens new proton therapy center". Associated Press. Retrieved 14 FEB 2009. Unknown parameter
- [dead link]
- Texas Children's Hospital Vision 2010. Retrieved 2009-04-03
- Wollam, Allison. "UTMB becomes TMC member institution." Houston Business Journal. Tuesday March 2, 2010. Retrieved on March 12, 2010.
- "Texas Medical Center-West Campus Opens". Texas Medical Center. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
- Shriners Hospitals for Children — Galveston joins the Med Center | MedBlog | a Chron.com blog. Blog.chron.com (2012-01-04). Retrieved on 2013-09-06.
- "A 50 Year Master Plan 2006 Update." Texas Medical Center. 2006. 3 (6/34). Retrieved on January 17, 2010.
- "A 50 Year Master Plan 2006 Update." Texas Medical Center. 2006. 2 (5/34). Retrieved on January 17, 2010.
- "About the Texas Medical Center." Texas Medical Center. Retrieved on June 20, 2009.
- "Post Office Location – MEDICAL CENTER." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on June 20, 2009.
- "Fire Stations." City of Houston. Retrieved on May 8, 2010.
- "Fire Station 33." City of Houston. Retrieved on May 8, 2010.
- Crime Statistics for South Central Patrol Division. Houstontx.gov. Retrieved on 2013-09-06.
- "What the Doctor Ordered: A Community Orchestra Gives Back to the Community". National Endowment of the Arts. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
- "Texas Medical Center Orchestra". Retrieved 2011-10-24.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Texas Medical Center.|
- Texas Medical Center Homepage
- Texas Medical Center Maps and Driving Directions
- Texas Medical Center from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Texas Medical Center News Homepage