Texas Southern University
|Texas Southern University|
|Motto||"Excellence in Achievement"|
|Established||March 7, 1927|
|Provost||Sunny E. Ohia|
|Location||Houston, Texas (USA)
|Campus||Urban, 150-acre (0.61 km2)|
|Former names||Wiley College Extension (1925–1927)
Houston Colored Junior College (1927–1934)
Houston College for Negroes (1934–1947)
Texas State University for Negroes (1947–1951)
|Colors||Maroon and Gray
|Athletics||National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Football Championship Subdivision|
|Nickname||The Maroon and Gray Tigers|
|Affiliations||Southwestern Athletic Conference|
Texas Southern University (shortened to Texas Southern or simply TSU) is a historically black university (HBCU) located in Houston, Texas, United States, accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.
The University was established in 1927 as the Houston Colored Junior College. It developed through its private college phase as the four-year Houston Colored College. On March 3, 1947, the state declared this to be the first state university in Houston; it was renamed Texas State University for Negroes. In 1951, the name changed to Texas Southern University.
Texas Southern University is one of the largest and most comprehensive HBCUs in the nation. TSU is one of only four independent public universities in Texas (those not affiliated with any of Texas' six public university systems) and the only HBCU in Texas recognized as one of America's Top Colleges by Forbes magazine. TSU is the leading producer of college degrees to African Americans and Hispanics in Texas and ranks fourth (4th) in the nation in doctoral and professional degrees conferred to African Americans. The University is a member-school of the Thurgood Marshall College Fund.
- 1 History
- 2 Campus
- 2.1 University Museum
- 2.2 Leonard H.O. Spearman Technology Building
- 2.3 Jesse H. Jones School of Business
- 2.4 Barbara Jordan–Mickey Leland School of Public Affairs
- 2.5 School of Science and Technology
- 2.6 Thurgood Marshall School of Law
- 2.7 College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences
- 2.8 Sterling Student Life Center
- 2.9 Granville M. Sawyer Auditorium
- 2.10 Newman Hall
- 2.11 Tiger Walk
- 2.12 Residential facilities
- 2.13 Postal services
- 2.14 Athletic facilities
- 3 Academics
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Student activities
- 6 Notable Texas Southern University Alumni
- 7 References
- 8 External links
On March 7, 1927 the Houston Independent School District school board resolved to establish junior colleges for each race, as the state was racially segregated in all public facilities. The resolution created Houston Junior College (later became the University of Houston) and Houston Colored Junior College. The Houston Colored Junior College first held classes at Jack Yates High School during the evenings. It later changed its name to Houston College for Negroes.
In February 1946, Heman Marion Sweatt, an African-American man, applied to the University of Texas School of Law. He was denied admission because of race, and subsequently filed suit in Sweatt v. Painter (1950). The state had no law school for African Americans. Instead of granting Sweatt a writ of mandamus to attend the University of Texas, the trial court granted a continuance for six months to allow the state time to create a law school for blacks.
As a result, the state founded Texas Southern University under Senate Bill 140 by the Fiftieth Texas Legislature on March 3, 1947 as a state university to be located in Houston. Originally named Texas State University for Negroes, the school was established to serve African Americans in Texas and offer them fields of study comparable to those available to white Texans. The state took over the Houston Independent School District (HISD)-run Houston College for Negroes as a basis for the new university. At the time, Houston College moved to the present site (adjacent to the University of Houston), which was donated by Hugh Roy Cullen. It had one permanent building and an existing faculty and students. The new university was charged with teaching "pharmacy, dentistry, arts and sciences, journalism education, literature, law, medicine and other professional courses." The legislature stipulated that "these courses shall be equivalent to those offered at other institutions of this type supported by the State of Texas."
Given the differences in facilities and intangibles, such as the distance of the new school from Austin, the University of Texas School of Law,and other law students, the United States Supreme Court ruled the new facility did not satisfy "separate but equal" provisions. It ruled that African Americans must also be admitted to the University of Texas Law School at Austin. SeeSweatt v. Painter (1950).
Opened in 2000, the 11,000-square-foot (1,000 m2) exhibition space displays a variety of historical and contemporary art. The museum is the permanent home of the Web of Life, a twenty-six-foot mural by John T. Biggers.
Leonard H.O. Spearman Technology Building
In 2014, TSU unveiled a $31 million 108,000-square-foot structure named after the school's fifth president. In addition to having 35 state-of-the-art labs, the facility is home to a new Tier 1 University Transportation Center, the Center for Transportation Training and Research, and the new National Science Foundation Center for Research on Complex Networks. The departments of Aviation Science and Technology, Computer Science, Engineering Technology, Industrial Technology, Physics, and Transportation Studies academic programs are housed in the building.
Jesse H. Jones School of Business
Jesse H. Jones (JHJ) School of Business is one of 11 colleges and schools at Texas Southern University. The Jesse H. Jones School of Business is accredited by the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB)  and been named one of the "Best 300 Business Schools" by the Princeton Review. The Jesse H. Jones School of Business currently has bachelor's degree majors in Accounting, Finance, Management, Management Information Systems, and Marketing with master's degree majors in Masters of Business Administraion (MBA) and Executive Masters of Business Administraion (eMBA). The Jesse H. Jones School of Business has approximately 1,600 students enrolled in undergraduate and graduate studies. In addition to the Princeton Review recognition, JHJ was recognized as one of the nation’s “Best Business Schools” by the U.S. News & World Report. and its eMBA program ranks fifth (5th) in the nation by Business MBA.
Barbara Jordan–Mickey Leland School of Public Affairs
An extensive set of curricular offerings is provided through the Barbara Jordan-Mickey Leland School of Public Affairs, which offers courses in Administration of Justice (AJ), Political Science (POLS), Public Affairs (PA), Military Science (MSCI), and Urban Planning & Environmental Policy (UPEP). Four undergraduate degrees and seven graduate/professional degrees are offered. The school houses two doctoral programs known for high standards of teaching and research currently awarding PhD degrees: Doctor of Administration of Justice and Doctor of Urban Planning and Environmental Policy. Students of the school have gone on to serve in important positions of practice, research and leadership in the Houston area community and beyond. Sociologist Robert D. Bullard currently is Dean of the school.
School of Science and Technology
One of the newer facilities on the campus, this building is home to several scholastic programs, such as the Houston Louis Stokes Alliance Minority Program (H-LSAMP) and the Thomas Freeman Honors College. It also houses several research programs, such as the NASA University Research Center for Bio-Nanotechnology and Environmental Research (NASA URC C-BER), Maritime Transportation Studies and Research, as well as the STEM research program. The College of Science and Technology offers extensive research opportunities through various centers, partnerships and collaborations. TSU’s NASA University Research Center (C-BER) addresses important human health concerns related to manned exploration of space. Programs such as TSU’s NASA University Research Center (C-BER) and participation in The Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority Preparation Program (LSAMP) support undergraduate, graduate and faculty development while helping to increase the number of US citizens receiving degrees in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) fields.
Thurgood Marshall School of Law
The Thurgood Marshall School of Law (TMSL) is one of only four public law schools in Texas. It has been ranked as the most diverse law school in the nation by U.S. News & World Report. TMSL is accredited by the American Bar Association (ABA) and has approximately 600 students.
College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences
The College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences (COPHS) have approximately 800 students and is ranked #80 in the nation by U. S. News and World Report. COPHS has the distinction of being one of the nation’s leading producers of minority health professionals. For the past half‑century, the College has produced nearly one‑third of the Black pharmacists practicing nationwide. TSU has also been a leading producer of Black medical technologists and respiratory therapists.
Sterling Student Life Center
Centrally located on the Tiger Walk, the Ernest S. Sterling Student Life Center (SSLC) is the nucleus of campus life at TSU. It provides cultural, social, recreational, educational and religious programs and services for students, faculty, staff, alumni and guests, as it creates constructive leisure and educational activities. The Student Center is home to the TSU Bookstore, Student Government Association (SGA), University Program Council (UPC), Herald Newspaper, Tiger Yearbook, Cafeteria, Office of Campus Organizations, TSU Cheerleaders, Student Activities administrative offices and Office of Events.
Granville M. Sawyer Auditorium
Recently renovated, the Sawyer Auditorium is Texas Southern University’s historical landmark. Sawyer Auditorium features split level seating for up to 1,800 guests for hosting university sponsored events. It also has an adjacent drama playhouse.
Constructed in 1969 and recognized as an innovative landmark in campus design. Housing the Texas Southern University campus ministry, the building blends three activity areas. The worship, library and social functions all revolve around a central, sky-lit interior. Flexibility is achieved with moveable furniture and rolling barn doors. The plaza draws students inside through a welcoming, residential-scaled entry. Designed by, then, Houston architect Clovis Heimsath.
The Tiger Walk (affectionately named by alumni, students, and faculty/staff) is the maroon and gray paved center street on campus where most of TSU outdoor social activities are held and students socialize.
The school has apartments and two residence halls for first-year students.
- Lanier East Hall, for male students
- Lanier West Hall, for female students
- The Urban Academic Village, co-ed
Other housing options include:
- Apartments with utilities included
- University Courtyard Apartments
- Tierwester Oaks
- Savoy Apartments
- The United States Postal Service Texas Southern Post Office is located on campus at 3100 Cleburne Street, 77004-4575.
- BBVA Compass Stadium - The $95 million brand new 22,000 seat stadium in East Downtown is the new permanent home of Tiger Football as of Fall 2012.
- Health and Physical Education Arena (H&PE Arena) - an 8,100 seat athletic arena (largest arena in the SWAC). It is home to the annual graduation ceremonies, Tiger Basketball, Lady Tiger Basketball and Volleyball.
- TSU Recreation and Wellness Center - State-of-the-art multi-purpose athletic facility that features three basketball courts, an indoor track, swimming pool, weight room, exercise studios, lounge areas (equipped with Satellite TVs), and a health conscious food court. Only TSU students and employees are eligible for annual membership.
- Alexander Durley Stadium - The 5,500 seat stadium is the home of TSU soccer games and the annual TSU Relays.
As of Fall 2010, Texas Southern University offers college courses in partnership with Lone Star College at its new campus in northwest Houston. And thanks to a new partnership with the City of Houston and Houston Public Library, Texas Southern will offer fine arts classes as well as theatre and dance performances in the historic Deluxe Theater in Houston’s Fifth Ward district which the city is currently renovating.
Texas Southern University currently comprises 11 schools and colleges along with several scholastic and research programs:
- The Barbara Jordan-Mickey Leland School of Public Affairs: Mickey Leland Center, Barbara Jordan Institute, Emergency Management Program
- The College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences: RCMI Institute for Biomedical and Health Disparities Research, Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Center for Human Performance and Material Science, Center of Excellence in Health Disparities Research: Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke
- The Thurgood Marshall School of Law: Earl Carl Institute for Legal and Social Justice,Center for Legal Pedagogy, Institute for International and Immigration Law (IIIL), Center for Government
- The College of Education
- The College of Continuing Education
- The College of Science and Technology: National Transportation Security Center of Excellence for Petro-Chemical Transportation (NTSCOE-P), Center for Transportation Training and Research (CTTR), TSU NASA University Research Center for Bionanotechnology and Environmental Research (TSU NASA C-BER), Innovative Transportation Research Institute (ITRI), Houston National Summer Transportation Institute (HNSTI), Research Center in Minority Institution (RCMI) Computational Core: Advanced Computational Simulation Center, Research Center in Minority Institution (RCMI) Computational Core: Data Analysis and Visualization Center, NASA C-BER Fellows Program, NASA C-BER Scholars Program, Houston Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority Participation (H-LSAMP) Program, Science & Engineering Summer Program, Science Technology and Enhancement Program (STEP), Maritime Transportation Management and Security Program
- The Jesse H. Jones School of Business (AACSB accredited): Economic Development Center, Gerald B. Smith Center for Entrepreneurship and Executive Development, JPMorgan Chase Center for Financial Education, Kase Lawal Center for Global Trade
- The Graduate School
- The School of Communication: The Center for the Radio, Television and Print Media Professional Studies
- The College of Liberal Arts and Behavioral Sciences (COLAB): The Thomas F. Freeman Center for Forensic Excellence
- The Thomas F. Freeman Honors College  (formerly the Frederick Douglass Honors Program)
Texas Southern University's main library is the Robert J. Terry Library. The Brown Foundation re-invested in TSU with a two-year $1.2 million commitment to the Robert J. Terry (RJT) Library to improve its Urban Learning Center. The Urban Learning Center is an integral part of a new era of initiatives at Texas Southern and will provide critical support to the currently planned Academic Village. The new improvements will enhance the ability of the RJT Library to address the literary and academic needs of TSU students.
The Thurgood Marshall School of Law building also houses an extensive library.
As of 2012, the student body is 82% Black, 6% Hispanic, 5% Asian, 4% International, 3% White, and <1% Other. The top three state origins of the U.S. students following Texas are California, Louisiana, and Georgia. And the top three country origins of the international students are Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, and China.
The air is filled as our voices ring
|Words and Music by C.A. Tolbert|
Texas Southern's marching band the Ocean of Soul has won numerous awards and performed at Super Bowls, The Stellar Awards., and Houston Texans games. The 100+ member band has well-known alumni such as Grammy award-winning jazz saxophonist Kirk Whalum. The Ocean of Soul is complemented by The Motion of the Ocean, a high-energy, innovative all-female dance team that has been featured on America's Best Dance Crew.
Texas Southern sports teams participate in NCAA Division I (Championship Subdivision for football) in the Southwestern Athletic Conference (SWAC). Texas Southern is part of the Western Division in SWAC divisional sports.
Men's varsity sports include baseball, basketball, football, golf, and track and field. Women's varsity sports include basketball, bowling, cross country, golf, soccer, softball, track and field, and volleyball.
In October 2012, the NCAA found Texas Southern University guilty of massive violations in 13 sports over a seven-year period from 2005 to 2012. The most serious violations occurred within the football and men's basketball programs, involving academic fraud, illicit benefits given to student athletes, lying on the part of coaches, and lying to the NCAA about previously self-imposed sanctions.
Prior to the NCAA's verdict, the school had taken numerous corrective measures—including the April 2011 firing of football coach Johnnie Cole (2010 SWAC Football Coach of the Year) and vacating every game that the Tiger football team had won from 2006 to 2010 - including the 2010 SWAC Championship, their first championship in 42 years.
The NCAA banned TSU's football team from the 2013 and 2014 postseason.
KTSU 90.9 FM
In addition to serving as a training unit for TSU students, the station was also established to serve the University at the program level as well as the community by presenting various types of TSU athletic, educational, cultural and social programs to a primarily listening area within a 10-mile (16 km) radius of the University. A 1973 survey indicated that radio was generally the preferred source of information of African Americans, particularly those with less than a high school education. By the late 1970s, the station had secured an ample audience and programming increased in scope. At the same time, the station increased its power range from 10 watts to 18,500 watts. According to the Arbitron Rating Service (ARS), KTSU has an audience of 244,700 listeners and is number one over all of Houston/Galveston stations for its Sunday format and its Friday format of Golden Oldies.
Notable Texas Southern University Alumni
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- www.tsu.edu – Official TSU website
- www.tsulaw.edu – Official Thurgood Marshall School of Law website
- www.umusetsu.org - Official University Museum website
- www.tsuball.com – Official TSU Athletics website
- tsu.bncollege.com - Official TSU Merchandise website
- www.tsunaa.com – Official TSU National Alumni Association website
- Texas Southern University from the Handbook of Texas Online