Texas Special

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Texas Special
Texas Special Heralds.png
The Heralds of the Katy and the Frisco as they appeared on Texas Special Locomotives
Overview
First service 1915
Last service July 1, 1965 (1965-07-01)
Technical
Track owner(s) Missouri Kansas Texas Railroad/St. Louis-San Francisco Railway

The Texas Special was a named passenger train operated jointly by the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad (also known as the MKT or the Katy) and the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway (the Frisco). It was the flagship of both these lines, operating between St. Louis, Missouri, and San Antonio, Texas, from 1915 until 1959, after which time the Katy changed the northern destination from St Louis to Kansas City after the Frisco discontinued service from St. Louis.

History[edit]

Steam Era[edit]

Postcard of the train from 1919.

In 1915 the Katy began operating the Texas Special from St. Louis to San Antonio via North Jefferson City, Missouri; Parsons, Kansas; McAlester, Oklahoma; Dallas, Fort Worth, and Austin, Texas. This was done to augment the existing Katy Flyer and Katy Limited trains.

Effective March 4, 1917, the Texas Special operated over Frisco line from St. Louis through Springfield, Missouri, to Vinita, Oklahoma, where it met Katy lines. When the Texas Special changed lines in Vinita, it changed crews as well. In the early days of joint operations, down the Katy line in Muskogee, Oklahoma, the locomotive was changed also.

The joint operation created one of the shortest routes connecting Texas financial centers with those in the East. In light of this success the two railroads inaugurated a second train, named the Bluebonnet on December 11, 1927; it operated until May 1, 1948, serving the same route.

Throughout the 1940s the Texas Special consisted of "heavyweight" passenger cars pulled by Katy Pacific 4-6-2s, Frisco Northern 4-8-4s, or Frisco Mountain 4-8-2s.

Streamlined Diesel[edit]

Postcard from the 1948 inaugural run of the streamlined Texas Special.
The Texas Special at right, with the Meteor, both with the same paint schemes and diesel locomotives.

In 1947 the Texas Special was upgraded to a diesel powered streamliner. Katy and Frisco outfitted two complete 14 car trains with EMD E7 locomotives and Pullman rolling stock. Each train had seven sleepers, three coaches, a coach-buffet-lounge car, a diner, a combination RPO-baggage car, and an observation car (sleeper-lounge-observation car or buffet-lounge-observation car). In the early years of the streamlined Texas Special all these cars were bright red with shining corrugated aluminum side panels. The locomotives were painted to match.

With two sets of equipment, the train could run daily from both St. Louis and San Antonio, departing one city in the afternoon and arriving in the other the following afternoon. Katy took the diesels off the train in Waco for servicing and again used a Pacific class 4-6-2 steam locomotive, usually their Pacific 383, to take the train into San Antonio.

The Texas Special proved to be so popular that the two railroads soon had to purchase additional equipment. Two ALCO PA-1 diesels were purchased by MKT in 1949. In some cases, older rail cars were repainted to match the distinctive Texas Special look. Soon it was not unusual for the Texas Special to run with 20 cars instead of the original 14. According to a historical pamphlet published by the MKT railroad in 1970, by 1950 the Texas Special was regarded as one of the most profitable streamliners in America.[1] At the height of its popularity the Texas Special also offered through passenger service to New York City with through 14-4 sleeping cars, via the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR).

In the mid-1950s the Katy was taken over by a conglomerate whose focus was freight train profits; they showed little interest in properly maintaining the track and equipment to operate a comfortable passenger streamliner. Trains would run late and passengers soon were finding alternative transportation. By 1959 conditions had deteriorated so much on the Katy lines that Frisco pulled out of the venture. This meant Katy had to move the northern terminus of the Texas Special from St. Louis to Kansas City, Missouri. In 1964 Texas Special service was discontinued south of Dallas, Texas. The last Texas Special ran on July 1, 1965.[2]

Frisco purchased the E7 locomotives and Pullman cars for the Texas Special at the same time as they purchased ones for the Meteor, so the two trains shared the distinctive red and silver look. Frisco bought sets of named cars for each train.

Named cars[edit]

Named trains frequently had named Texas Special cars after famous individuals or cities. Not all cars were named, but the ones that were bore their names prominently on their side panels. Here is a list of the named cars of the Texas Special.

Car Name No. Railroad Type Made Notes
Rock Hill 250 SLSF Baggage, 30’ Mail 1947  
Alexander Doniphan 650 SLSF 36-seat Diner 1947  
Anson B. Jones 1000 MKT Baggage, 30’ Mail 1947  
Sam Houston 1100 MKT 36-seat Diner 1947  
Edward Burleson 1200 MKT 56-seat divided Coach 1947  
David G. Burnet 1201 MKT 56-seat divided Coach 1947  
J. Pickney Henderson 1202 MKT 56-seat divided Coach 1947 *1
J. Pickney Henderson 1202R MKT 72-seat Coach Pullman Stainless Steel Demonstrator 1954 *1
Garland 1203 MKT 64-seat Divided Coach 1955  
Pryor 1204 MKT 64-seat Divided Coach 1955  
New Braunfels 1205 MKT 64-seat Divided Coach 1955  
McAlester 1206 MKT 64-seat Divided Coach 1955  
Denton 1207 MKT 64-seat Divided Coach 1955  
Olivette 1250 SLSF 56-seat divided Coach 1947  
Pasadena Hills 1251 SLSF 56-seat divided Coach 1947  
Baden 1252 SLSF 56-seat divided Coach 1947  
Picardy Lane 1259 SLSF 64-seat Divided Coach 1955  
Mirabeau B. Lamar 1300 MKT 26-seat Coach, Buffet, 25-seat Lounge 1947  
Temple 1301 MKT 32-seat Coach, Buffet, 27-seat Lounge 1955  
Joseph Pulitzer 1350 SLSF 2 Bedroom, 1 Drawing Room, Buffet, 23-seat Lounge, RE Observation 1947  
Stephen F. Austin 1400 MKT 2 Bedroom, 1 Drawing Room, Buffet, 23-seat Lounge, RE Observation 1947  
Pierre Laclede 1450 SLSF 14 Roomette, 4 Bedroom Sleeper 1947  
Thomas Hart Benton (politician) 1451 SLSF 14 Roomette, 4 Bedroom Sleeper 1947  
Henry Shaw 1452 SLSF 14 Roomette, 4 Bedroom Sleeper 1947  
Francis P. Blair 1453 SLSF 14 Roomette, 4 Bedroom Sleeper 1947  
Auguste Choteau 1454 SLSF 14 Roomette, 4 Bedroom Sleeper 1947 *2
George G. Vest 1455 SLSF 14 Roomette, 4 Bedroom Sleeper 1947  
Eugene Field 1456 SLSF 14 Roomette, 4 Bedroom Sleeper 1947  
James W. Fannin 1500 MKT 14 Roomette, 4 Bedroom Sleeper 1947  
Benjamin R. Milam 1501 MKT 14 Roomette, 4 Bedroom Sleeper 1947  
William B. Travis 1502 MKT 14 Roomette, 4 Bedroom Sleeper 1947  
David Crockett 1503 MKT 14 Roomette, 4 Bedroom Sleeper 1947  
James Bowie 1504 MKT 14 Roomette, 4 Bedroom Sleeper 1947  
James B. Bonham 1505 MKT 14 Roomette, 4 Bedroom Sleeper 1947  
Amon B. King 1506 MKT 14 Roomette, 4 Bedroom Sleeper 1947  
Sterling Price 1650 SLSF 26-seat Coach, Buffet, 25-seat Lounge 1947  
*1 1202R replaced 1202, which had been wrecked in an accident in 1953.
*2 "Choteau" is a common misspelling of Chouteau. The name appears on the car manifest as "Auguste Choteau" for Rene Aguste Choteau. It is unknown at the time of this writing if the typo was on manifest or misspelled on the side of the car itself.
Note: Some model train manufacturers have put the names "Lonestar" and "Cheri Neil" on the side panels of Texas Special cars. At the time of this writing no references to the existence of actual Texas Special cars with these names have been found.
The tail sign or drumhead which adorned the end of Texas Special observation cars

Note: Williams Electric Trains put the name Lonestar on many of its Texas Special passenger cars.

In popular culture[edit]

  • The Texas Special is a popular prototype in Model Railroading. Texas Special trains have been produced by:
  • Hallmark Models, Inc., a model train manufacturer has produced E7 diesels in red and silver without lettering, so that modelers can customize them for either a Texas Special or Meteor train.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Schafer (2002), 126.
  2. ^ Schafer (2002), 126.

References[edit]

External links[edit]