Texas State Highway 35

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State Highway 35 marker

State Highway 35
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length: 206.5 mi[1] (332.3 km)
Existed: 1919 – present
Major junctions
West end: I-37.svgUS 181.svg I-37/US 181 near Corpus Christi
 

US 87.svg US 87

I-610.svg I-610
East end: I-45.svg I-45 in Houston
Highway system
I-35W SH 36
Loop 4 Spur 5 Spur 6

State Highway 35, or SH 35, is a largely north–south highway in southeastern and southern Texas between Houston, junction of I-45 on the southeast side of the city and Corpus Christi, where it terminates at I-37.

SH 35 takes a generally north–south route from Houston to Angleton, junction SH 288, and then roughly parallels the inlets of the Gulf of Mexico in a roughly northeast-southwest course through a low, flat coastal plain. To the south and west of Palacios it gives vistas of several inlets of the Gulf of Mexico, becoming one of the more scenic routes of southern Texas.

At Gregory it meets and joins U.S. Highway 181, which coincide to their mutual terminus over a causeway and bridge over Corpus Christi Bay, meeting I-37 and SH 286 at a freeway interchange.

Only in its southernmost part near Corpus Christi is State Highway 35 a freeway, although significant stretches of it are divided highway. It is not to be confused with Interstate 35, which it never meets. It is not the shortest or quickest route between Houston and Corpus Christi, which consists largely of US 59 and US 77.

Future of SH 35[edit]

Texas Spur 5.svg

In Houston, SH 35 is Telephone Road and Reveille Street from its northern terminus at Interstate 45. An upgrade of the facility (in a slightly different corridor) to freeway standards is planned, tentatively named the Alvin Freeway. As of 2006, only 1.3 miles (approximately 2 km) had been built, under the sign Spur 5 (constructed between 1996–99; officially opened September 1999; designated 1998). However, the mainlanes extend less than half a mile south of Interstate 45 adjacent to the campus of the University of Houston.

Texas Loop 5.svg

It should be noted that the number has been previously used for Loop 5, which was designated in 1939 from US 81 through Kyle to US 81.[1] In 1950, the section along Burleson St was cancelled and the rest along Center St became Spur 5. In 1952, Spur 5 was cancelled and transferred to FM 150(now RM 150). In 1958, another route, also called Spur 5, was designated from FM 1406 and SH 124 to Interstate 10. In 1962, The section of the Spur 5 from FM 1406 to SH 73 became a rerouting of SH 124. In 1988. Spur 5 was cancelled and mileage was transferred to FM 1663. The current route was designated in 1998.

An overlap of Highway 35 with the Gulf Freeway was also constructed in the 1980s. This portion extends from Spur 5 to Dowling Street, a distance of about 1.6 miles (2.6 km). This section contains three elevated lanes in each direction (briefly four southbound lanes near the southern terminus). This overlap section is 22 lanes wide, including mainlanes, feeder roads, and a reversible HOV lane.[2]

Once built, the Alvin Freeway is planned to follow a corridor near Mykawa Road from the terminus to Beltway 8 before returning to its normal undivided state.

History[edit]

Historic SH 35

SH 35 was originally proposed in 1919 as a route from Paris to Houston. In 1926 the northern half of the highway had been redesignated as SH 49, with the new northern end now going east to the Louisiana border. By 1938, it had been extended southwest along cancelled SH 58 and SH 57, ending in Corpus Christi. In 1942, the section north of Houston was removed when it was renumbered as U.S. Highway 59.

Historic SH 35A

SH 35A was a proposed spur route off SH 35, with a route splitting off at Livingston, and travelling south via Liberty and Devers to Anahuac. By 1926, the section between Devers and Anahuac renumbered as SH 61. By 1928, the Livingston to Liberty section was renumbered as SH 132. In 1933, that became a portion of SH 146.

Junction List[edit]

County Location Junction Notes
Nueces Corpus Christi I-37.svgUS 181.svg I-37/US 181San Antonio South end of US 181 overlap
Tancahua Street Southbound exit only
Bridge over Industrial Canal
Burleson Street No northbound entrance
Beach Avenue No southbound entrance
Bridge over Nueces Bay and Corpus Christi Bay
San Patricio Portland Industrial Point Pier
Frontage Road Southbound exit and entrance
FM 893 west / Bay View Boulevard – Odem Northbound exit and southbound enrance
FM 2986 north – Gregory
Frontage Road Southbound exit and entrance
FM 3239 west No southbound entrance
Frontage Road Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Gregory US 181.svg north – Sinton, Beeville North end of US 181 overlap
SH 361 south / Spur 202 west – Ingleside, Port Aransas, Gregory
North end of freeway
FM 3512 south – Ingleside
Aransas Pass
Bus. SH 35-L north – Aransas Pass, Rockport
Interchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance
FM 1069 – Ingleside Interchange; no northbound exit
Aransas SH 188 – Sinton Interchange
Rockport FM 1069 (Market Street) Interchange
FM 2165 (Pearl Street) – Rockport Interchange
FM 3036 west
Fulton
Bus. SH 35-L south – Rockport
FM 1781 south
Bridge over Copano Bay and Aransas Bay
Lamar PR 13Goose Island State Park
Refugio FM 774 – Refugio, Austwell
FM 1684 east
SH 239 south – Austwell South end of SH 239 overlap
Tivoli SH 239 north – Goliad North end of SH 239 overlap
Bridge over the Guadalupe River
Calhoun SH 185 – Victoria
FM 1679 north
FM 2235 south
FM 2541 east
FM 2433
Port Lavaca US 87 – Victoria, Port Lavaca
FM 1090 (Virginia Street)
SH 238 south – Port Lavaca, Seadrift
Bridge over Lavaca Bay
Point Comfort FM 1593 north – Lolita
FM 2143 east
Jackson SH 172 – Ganado
Bridge over Carancahua Bay
FM 1862 north
Matagorda Palacios
Bus. SH 35 north – Palacios

Bus. SH 35 south – Palacios
FM 2853 north
FM 521 north – Brazoria
FM 2853 south
Blessing FM 616 west – La Ward
SH 71 north – El Campo
FM 459 east
FM 1095 south
FM 1468 – Markham
Bay City SH 60 – Matagorda, Wharton
FM 2668 south
FM 457 – Caney
Van Vleck FM 2540 south – Caney
FM 1728 north – Pledger
Brazoria FM 524 north – Danciger
FM 524 south – Sweeny
FM 1459 – Sweeny

Bus. SH 35 north – West Columbia
FM 1301 west – Pledger
West Columbia SH 36 – Freeport

Bus. SH 35 south – West Columbia
FM 2852 north
Bailey's Prairie FM 521 south – Brazoria South end of FM 521 overlap
FM 521 north – Chenango North end of FM 521 overlap
Angleton SH 288Houston, Freeport

Bus. SH 288 – Chenango, Clute
FM 523 – Freeport
Spur 28 south – Danbury
Alvin FM 2403 south

Bus. SH 35 north – Alvin
Interchange
SH 6 – Cypress, La Marque Interchange
FM 517 east – Dickinson
FM 528 north – Friendswood

Bus. SH 35 south – Alvin
Interchange
Pearland FM 518 – League City
Harris Houston Beltway 8 (Sam Houston Tollway)
Hobby Airport Interchange
I-610 (South Loop Freeway) to SH 225 – Pasadena, La Porte Interchange
I-45 north (Gulf Freeway) – Downtown Interchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance
North end of SH 35; Spur 5 begins

US 90 Alt. (Old Spanish Trail)
South end of freeway
University Drive, Wheeler Avenue – University of Houston Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Elgin Street Southbound exit only
I-45 north / Scott Street – Downtown Northbound exit and southbound entrance

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Texas Department of Transportation, [1]
  2. ^ Chapter 4, The Spokes, p. 163 Houston Freeways, Erik Slotboom.