Texas State Highway 71

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State Highway 71 marker

State Highway 71
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length: 253.199 mi[1] (407.484 km)
Existed: 1926 – present
Major junctions
West end: US 87.svgUS 377.svg US 87/US 377 near Brady
 

US 281.svg US 281
US 290.svg US 290 in Austin
I-35.svg I-35 in Austin
US 183.svg US 183 in Austin
US 77.svg US 77
US 90.svg US 90 in Columbus
I-10.svg I-10 in Columbus
Alt plate.svg
US 90.svg Alt. US 90

US 59.svg US 59
East end: Texas 35.svg SH 35 at Blessing
Location
Counties: McCulloch, Mason, San Saba, Llano, Burnet, Blanco, Travis, Bastrop, Fayette, Colorado, Wharton, Matagorda
Highway system
SH 70 SH 72

State Highway 71 or SH 71 is a Texas state highway that runs 253 miles (407 km). The northern terminus is at US 87 and US 377 south of Brady and its southern terminus is at SH 35 near Blessing. This highway is designated the "10th Mountain Division Highway" from SH 95 to Interstate 35.

History[edit]

SH 71 was originally designated in 1926 from Austin to Columbus, absorbing SH 3D in the process. By 1928, SH 71 had extended to Matagorda Bay. In 1935, U.S. Highway 290 was codesignated along the stretch from Austin to Bastrop, dropping SH 71 from this section completely by 1939. In 1951, this section was restored when US 290 was rerouted farther north. Late in 1965, the highway was extended to its current designation over the cancelled Ranch to Market Road 93 and Ranch to Market Road 734.

Austin[edit]

Through Austin, SH 71 is known as Ben White Boulevard and is one of Austin's newest freeways. Sections have opened regularly since 1996, when the first section west of Interstate 35 was opened. A 5-level stack was recently[when?] completed at Interstate 35, and the freeway east of Interstate 35 to Austin-Bergstrom International Airport was recently completed.

Major displacements of commercial properties were required to build the Austin expansions. Most of the freeway had a 150 ft (46 m) wide right-of-way which was expanded to 300+ feet (91m+), and the western segment, which opened in 1998, was built on an 80 ft (24 m) right-of-way. The section at the western end required many more business displacements. The new freeway features depressed sections, elevated sections, and partial stack interchanges.

Business routes[edit]

Texas Business 71-E.svg

SH 71 has two business routes.

Business State Highway 71-E is a business loop that runs through La Grange. The road was designated as Business SH 71-E in 1991 upon completion of a bypass around the city.[2]

Business State Highway 71-F (formerly Loop 329) is a business loop that runs through Columbus. The city was bypassed in 1982 and the original route was designated as Loop 329. The road was redesignated as Business SH 71-F in 1991.[3][4]


Junction list[edit]

County Location Mile km Destinations Notes
McCulloch Brady US 87 / US 377 – Brady, Mason
  FM 2309 north – Brady
  FM 1851 – Voca
  FM 1851 south – Voca
  FM 3293 west
Mason Fredonia RM 386 south – Mason SH 71 briefly enters San Saba County just east of here
Pontotoc RM 501 east – Cherokee
Llano   SH 29 west – Mason West end of SH 29 overlap
Llano SH 16 north / SH 29 east – San Saba, Burnet East end of SH 29 overlap; west end of SH 16 overlap
RM 152 west – Castell
SH 16 south – Fredericksburg East end of SH 16 overlap
  FM 2333 east – Sunrise Beach Village
  RM 962 east – Round Mountain
  RM 2831 north
  RM 2147 east – Horseshoe Bay, Cottonwood Shores
Burnet Marble Falls US 281 – Marble Falls, Johnson City Interchange
Travis   FM 2332 north (Pace Bend Road) – Briarcliff
Bee Cave RM 3238 west (Hamilton Pool Road)
RM 620 north – Lakeway, Round Rock
RM 2244 east – West Lake Hills
Austin US 290 west – Dripping Springs, Johnson City West end of US 290 overlap
Joe Tanner Lane West end of freeway
Industrial Oaks Boulevard, Monterey Oaks Boulevard
Loop 1 (MoPac Expressway)
Brodie Lane – Sunset Valley Eastbound exit part of Loop 1 exit
West Gate Boulevard Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Loop 343 north (Lamar Boulevard) / Loop 360 north (Capital of Texas Highway)
FM 2304 (Manchaca Road) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
First Street
Loop 275 (Congress Avenue) – State Capitol
I-35 / US 290 east – Waco, San Antonio East end of US 290 overlap
Woodward Street, Todd Lane, Burleson Road
Montopolis Road
Riverside Drive
US 183 – Lampasas, Lockhart East end of freeway
Spirit of Texas Drive – Austin-Bergstrom International Airport Interchange; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Cardinal Loop, Presidential Boulevard – Austin-Bergstrom International Airport, Del Valle Interchange
FM 973 north – Manor West end of FM 973 overlap
FM 973 south – Mustang Ridge East end of FM 973 overlap
SH 45 Toll north / SH 130 Toll north – Waco Interchange; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
SH 45 Toll / SH 130 Toll – Waco, San Antonio
Bastrop   SH 21 west – San Marcos Interchange; west end of SH 21 overlap
  FM 20 south / FM 969 north – Lockhart, Webberville West end of expressway
Bastrop SH 304 south – Gonzalez
Loop 150 east / Hasler Boulevard – Bastrop, Bastrop State Park East end of expressway
SH 21 east / SH 95 north – Caldwell, Elgin East end of SH 21 overlap; west end of SH 95 overlap
Loop 150 west – Bastrop, Bastrop State Park
  SH 95 south / FM 153 east / Loop 230 east – Smithville, Flatonia, Winchester Interchange; east end of SH 95 overlap
Smithville Colorado Street (County Road 319) Interchange
Loop 230 west – Smithville Interchange
Fayette   Loop 543 east – West Point
  FM 154 – West Point, Muldoon
  Loop 543 west – West Point
  Loop 220 east – Plum
  Loop 220 west – Plum
 
Bus. SH 71 east – La Grange
West end of freeway
La Grange US 77 / Von Minden Street – Giddings, Schulenburg
SH 159 – Bellville, La Grange
 
Bus. SH 71 west – La Grange
East end of freeway
  FM 955 north – Fayetteville
Ellinger FM 2503 north
Colorado Hillcrest FM 1890 west (Shaws Bend Road)
 
Bus. SH 71 east – Columbus
Interchange
Columbus Round House Road Interchange
US 90 – Weimar, Sealy Interchange; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
  I-10 west – San Antonio Interchange; west end of I-10 overlap; no eastbound entrance
Columbus
I-10 east / Bus. SH 71 west – Houston, Columbus
East end of I-10 overlap
Altair
Alt. US 90 – Hallettsville, Eagle Lake
  FM 1693 west
Garwood FM 950 east – Matthews
  FM 333 west
Wharton   FM 1160 south – Louise
  FM 961 east – Wharton
  FM 2546 – Jones Creek
  FM 2546 north – Jones Creek
  FM 1300 west
El Campo FM 2765 (Loop Street)
FM 653 south (Wharton Street)

Bus. US 59 – Pierce, Louise
FM 1163 south (2nd Street)
FM 653 north (Wharton Street)
US 59 – Wharton, Ganado Future I-69
  FM 2674 south
Danevang FM 441 north – Hillje
Matagorda   FM 1468 east – Markham
Midfield SH 111 west / FM 2431 east – Edna, Markham
  FM 456 east
Blessing SH 35 – Bay City, Palacios
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ Texas Department of Transportation, [1]
  2. ^ Texas Department of Transportation, Highway Designation File - Business State Highway 71-E
  3. ^ Texas Department of Transportation, Highway Designation File - State Highway Loop 329
  4. ^ Texas Department of Transportation, Highway Designation File - Business State Highway 71-F