Tezpur

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Tezpur
তেজপুৰ
Town
Sunset at Ganesh Ghat near The Brahmaputra, Tezpur
Sunset at Ganesh Ghat near The Brahmaputra, Tezpur
Nickname(s): City of Eternal Romance
Tezpur is located in Assam
Tezpur
Tezpur
Coordinates: 26°38′N 92°48′E / 26.63°N 92.8°E / 26.63; 92.8Coordinates: 26°38′N 92°48′E / 26.63°N 92.8°E / 26.63; 92.8
Country India
State Assam
District Sonitpur
Elevation 48 m (157 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 58,559
Languages
 • Official Assamese
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website sonitpur.nic.in

Tezpur (Pron: tezˈpʊə) (Assamese: তেজপুৰ) is a city and the administrative headquarters and municipal board of Sonitpur district in the state of Assam in northeastern India. Tezpur is an ancient city on the banks of the river Brahmaputra and is the largest of the north bank towns with a population exceeding 100,000 . It is situated 175 kilometres (109 mi) north east of Guwahati, considered to be the "Cultural Capital of Assam".

Geography[edit]

The town is situated beside the Brahmaputra River.

The rivers in and around Tezpur are fast flowing, especially from the Himalayas foothills.[citation needed] [clarification needed] Tezpur has a number of small hillocks, so that flooding doesn't occur during the monsoons.[citation needed][clarification needed]

Climate[edit]

Tezpur has mild winters and hot summers.[clarification needed] The humidity is high during the summer.[clarification needed] Rainfall is high.[clarification needed]

Government[edit]

Tezpur is part of Tezpur (Lok Sabha constituency).[2]

Etymology[edit]

The name Tezpur is derived from the Sanskrit words 'Teza' (meaning blood) and 'Pura' (meaning town or city). Legend has it that the original name of this place was 'Sonitpur' ("sonit" in Sanskrit also means blood!) but when the battle between Krishna's army and Banasura's army fought for the rescue of Aniruddha (who was the grandson of Lord Krishna, according to legend) there was so much bloodshed that the whole place was stained in red. This led to the name of the place becoming Tezpur.

History[edit]

Historical ruins from the 8th and 9th centuries dot the surrounding areas of the city. The ruins of Bamuni Hills are the most famous. They bear resemblance to the Gupta period art. Accordingly there are plenty of myths as well. The ruins of Da Parbatia are an example of the architecture around the 4th Century AD.

A bas-relief displaying a historical incident at Kankalata Udyan, Tezpur

Modern Tezpur was founded by the British colonial administration in 1835 as the headquarters of Darrang district. During World War II, Tezpur received large numbers of refugees fleeing from Burma, particularly the corps of Anglo-Burmese and Anglo-Indian nurses. After independence of India in 1947, it remained the headquarters of Darrang district. During the Sino-Indian War of 1962 the Chinese army advanced to the Tawang city, Arunachal Pradesh. The town was evacuated. The jails were opened and the prisoners released.[citation needed]

In 1983 a part of the district was carved out to form a separate district, Darrang. Tezpur was made the headquarters of the new district of Sonitpur.[citation needed]

Tezpur Balipara Light Railway: The existing MG (1,000 millimetres (39 in)) rail line is the oldest on the North Bank, descending from the Tezpur Balipara Light Railway built in 1885 to carry tea from upcountry estates to the then riverport of Tezpur.[citation needed]

Rock inscriptions: In 1897, Sir Edward Albert Gait discovered a copper inscription in Tezpur the deciphering of which provided information regarding the Ahom rulers.[citation needed] He referenced the nine line inscription of Harjjar Varma in his ‘’A History of Assam’’. The inscription, dating to 829 A.D., is the first historical record of Assam. The inscription was found engraved on a massive stone some 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) away from Tezpur town situated near Rudrapad Temple.[citation needed]

Hazara Pukhuri: A king of the dynasty Harjjar Varma excavated a large pond in 70 acres (280,000 m2) of land, later came to be known as Hajara Pukhuri (Harjjara Pukhuri).[citation needed]

Christian cemetery: The cemetery dates to the 17th century. It contains the graveyard of Alexander Bruce, founder of the Tea Industry in India and also of various Europeans who died here before independence.[citation needed]

Power station: The Electric first power station in this part of India was established at Tezpur by the Britishers at 1913.[citation needed]

Jonaki :The First Cinema Hall of North East India established by Jyoti Prasad Agarwala in 1935.[citation needed]

Chitraban :The First film studio of North East India established by Jyoti Prasad Agarwala in 1934.[citation needed]

The Twin lakes Bor Pukhuri and the Padum Pukhuri in the heart of the city memorialize King Bana and his daughter Usha.[citation needed]

Cultural Heritage[edit]

Bishnu Rabha Smriti Udyan
Bishnu Rabha's Cremation spot at Tezpur

Tezpur is considered to be the cultural capital of Assamese culture. Being from the core Assamese cultural region, several notables including Dr. Bhupen Hazarika, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala (1903–51), Kalaguru Bishnu Prasad Rabha (1909–69), and Phani Sarma (1909–70), were from Tezpur.

Local dances[edit]

Economy[edit]

The economy of Tezpur is dependent on its Tea Gardens. There are many tea gardens surrounding the town of Tezpur. The surrounding tea gardens and agriculture contribute to the local economy. Presently Tezpur is a commercial, administrative and educational centre. It also houses a major base of the Indian Army and Airforce (Salonibari). The population is largely heterogeneous. Assamese, Bengali, Nepali, Bihari, Marwari communities form the majority. People from various tribes such as the tea-tribes (brought in by the colonial planters as indentured labourers from the Chhotanagpur plateau region), Bodos, Mishings etc. have also made it their home. Like other places in Assam, the issue of illegal migration from Bangladesh adds religious spice to the regular political debates and name-calling.[original research?] Passing through Tezpur, at Dadhara the Jyoti-Bishnu khelpathar is an important attraction. The fields are used for various cultural events.

Education and Research[edit]

Tezpur University

Tezpur University is a Central university offering courses in mathematics, humanities, sciences, nano technology, food technology, bioelectronics, information technology, engineering, business and tourism. Tezpur also has Indian statistical institute. The Assam Valley School, situated at around 15 km from Tezpur is a very high standard residential school established by Williamson Magor Group. The school was ranked as the 7th best boarding-school in the country in a survey by an independent magazine. The school and the town came to national prominence for education in 2009 with former Head Boy, Gaurav Agarwal, topping the country in the Class XII board examinations conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations.[3][4][5]

Other schools viz. Kendriya Vidyalaya No.1, Kendriya Vidyalaya No.2,Kendriya Vidyalaya central university tezpur, Army Public School, Don Bosco High School, Sacred Heart High School, St. Joseph's Convent High School, Govt Boys Higher Secondary School, Govt Girls Higher Secondary School, Bengali Boys' H S School, Bengali Girls' High School, Guru Nanak Model School, Tezpur Academy, Tezpur Gurukul, Children's Paradise School, Maharishi high School, Asom Jatiya Vidyalaya and Carmel Residential School are the leading institutes of education in the town of Tezpur.

University

  • Tezpur University
  • KKH State Open University (Study Centre)
  • Indira Gandhi National Open University (Study Centre)

Colleges

Schools

  • Tezpur Government Higher Secondary School (one of the oldest in the state)
  • Tezpur Government Girls' Multipurpose Higher Secondary School
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya No.2, Air Force Stn, Tezpur
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya No.1, Solmara, Tezpur
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya Central University, Tezpur
  • Army Public School, Tezpur
  • St. Joseph's Convent High School, Tezpur
  • Don Bosco High School, Tezpur
  • Guru Nanak English School, Tezpur
  • Sacred Heart School, Tezpur
  • Children's Paradise School, Tezpur

Other Institutes

  • LGBRIMH (Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi Regional Institute of Mental Health)
  • Tezpur Medical College
  • NERIWALM (North Eastern Regional Institute of Water and Land Management)
  • North East Education (an authorized study center of Mahatma Gandhi University)
  • Third Eye College (Study centre of Sikkim Manipal University)
  • DOEACC Centre (Formerly CEDTI)
  • DRL (Defence Research Laboratory)
  • ISI ( Indian Statistical Institute)
  • New NIIT Mission Chariali Centre, Tezpur
  • JKTI (Joshi's Kohinoor Technical Institute)

Media and communications[edit]

Local Newspaper:

All India Radio has a local station in Tezpur which transmits various programs of mass interest.

Tourist Attractions[edit]

Local areas/sites of interest[edit]

  • Agnigarh - Also Usha-Aniruddha Udyan
  • Bhairabi Temple - Durga shrine also known as Maithan or Bhairabi Devalaya
  • Hanuman Mandir - temple of hanuman near the Bhairabi Temple
Stone statue of Lord Hanuman in Hanuman Mandir, Tezpur
Agnigarh Hill, Tezpur

Transport[edit]

The Kolia Bhomora Bridge, over the Brahmaputra, was opened in 1987 and is 3,015 metres (3,297 yd) long.

Tezpur is located 190 kilometres (120 mi) from Dispur, the capital of Assam, and is well connected by road, rail and air transport. There are direct flights from Kolkata three times a week to Tezpur Airport, 8 kilometres (5 mi) from the city centre, and there is a daily bus service from Guwahati, 180 kilometres (110 mi) away, operated by both government and tourist buses. From Tezpur, tourist vehicles are available for hire for the nearby destinations of Bhalukpong and the Kaziranga National Park.

In 1987 the Kolia Bhomora Setu, over the Brahmaputra, was inaugurated connecting Tezpur to the southern district of Nagaon. The bridge is the longest over the river, spans a total length of 3,015 metres (3,297 yd), and has become a tourist attraction.[6] The nearest railway station of Tezpur is the Dekargaon railway station.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=306544
  2. ^ "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Assam. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-06. 
  3. ^ "Dibrugarh boy earns laurels". The Assam Tribune (Guwahati, India). 23 May 2009. 
  4. ^ "14th founders’ day of Assam Valley School concludes". The Assam Tribune (Guwahati, India). 19 Nov 2009. 
  5. ^ "Women power in ICSE feat". The Telegraph (Calcutta, India). 22 May 2009. 
  6. ^ "Kolia Bhomora". Akash Pratim Baruah's website. Archived from the original on 2009-10-25. Retrieved 5 May 2007. 

External links[edit]