Théâtre National Populaire
|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (August 2011)|
|People's National Theater|
The People's National Theater, place-Lazare Goujon
|Native name||Théâtre national populaire|
|Other names||Palais du travail|
The Théâtre national populaire (french for People's National Theater) is a theatre now at Villeurbanne, France. It was founded in 1920 by Firmin Gémier in Paris. The theater's policy is to deliver quality entertainment accessible to the general public.
The TNP is one of the first theaters in France with a clear development strategy. The public is invited to attend meetings and the theatre implements a communication policy based on working with associations and committees. Even though it is criticized for not attracting blue collar workers, the TNP is a model for many other theaters in the French provinces.
Today, the TNP has a company of ten resident actors and the building is currently being completely renovated.
The Théâtre National Populaire (TNP) was founded in 1920 in Paris at the Palais de Chaillot by Firmin Gémier. During the Second World War activity was suspended and the building was occupied by the United Nations.
In 1951 Jean Vilar was appointed head of the new theater by Jeanne Laurent. The theatre reopened at Suresnes pending the return to the Palais de Chaillot. Vilar thought of the theatre as a public service, and gave it a new image. Under his leadership the theatre offered quality performances shown at prices and times to suit the general public. The TNP attracted a group of brilliant young actors, including Gérard Philipe. Productions from this time include Le Cid and Der Prinz von Homburg by Heinrich von Kleist. Vilar hired the young composer Maurice Jarre as music director. Jarre scored 36 plays including the famous Lorenzaccio.
In 1963, Georges Wilson succeeded Vilar and created a second room devoted to contemporary writers.
In 1972 the French Minister of Cultural Affairs (Jacques Duhamel) decided to move the TNP to Villeurbanne, near Lyon. Specifically, to the Théâtre de la Cité, founded by Roger Planchon in 1957. Patrice Chéreau, Robert Gilbert and Roger Planchon took over leadship of the organisation.
In 1986, Georges Lavaudant replaced Patrice Chéreau and shared the leadership with Roger Planchon until 1996. Then in 2002, the current director, Christian Schiaretti left the Comedy of Reims to lead the TNP.
Morvan Lebesque Le Théâtre National Populaire in Le Point LII Mars 1957, Souillac (Lot), Mulhouse
- Théâtre National Populaire official website (French only)