Thai eggplant

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Solanum virginianum
Solanum Xanthocarpum.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum
Species: S. virginianum
Binomial name
Solanum virginianum
L., 1753
Synonyms
  • Solanum surattense Burm. f.
  • Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad.

The Thai eggplant or yellow-fruit nightshade (Solanum virginianum L., Thai: มะเขือ, makhuea pro) is used in Southeast Asian cuisines. It is also cultivated in Sri Lanka and used in Sri Lankan cuisine. The most common eggplants in Thai cooking are the round white or green ones about the size of a golf ball. Common cultivar types in Thailand are Thai Purple, Thai Green, Thai Yellow, and Thai White.

Thai eggplants

Thai eggplants are essential ingredients in Thai curry dishes. In Kaeng tai pla,[1] green[2] and red curry, Thai eggplants are quartered and cooked in the curry sauce where they become softer and absorb the flavor of the sauce.

In many Thai restaurants in the United States, Thai eggplants are usually replaced by the available eggplants in that country or by green peas.[3]

According to Ayurveda it is used for treating bronchitis, asthma, fever, lumbago, piles (specially bleeding piles), thirst, urinary and heart disease.

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