Shaikh Dr Thaika Shuaib
July 29, 1930 |
Kilakarai, Tamil Nadu, India
|Region||South India, Sri Lanka, UAE, Far East|
|School/tradition||Sunni, Shafi’i, Qadiri (Sufi)|
|Main interests||Arabic, Arwi, Tamil, Aqidah, Fiqh, Tafsir, Tasawwuf, History|
Thaika Shuaib (born July 29, 1930) is a South Indian Islamic scholar, spiritual guide, and author. In May 1994, he became the first Tamil Muslim to receive the National Award for “Outstanding Arabic Scholar”. In 2013, he was listed in The 500 Most Influential Muslims.
Shuaib was born in Kilakarai, South India. He comes from a family of Islamic scholars who have taught the Islamic sciences for centuries. His father, Thaika Ahmad Abdul Qadir (d. 1976) was a scholar and spiritual guide. His grandfather, Shahul Hamid (d. 1921) was a scholar and missionary. His granduncle was the ascetic and poet Abdul Qadir (d. 1913), and his great-grandfather was the renewer Sayyid Muhammad (d. 1316), widely known as "Imam al-‘Arus" or "Mappillai Lebbai Alim". Amongst Shuaib’s predecessors is the founder of the Arusiyyah Seminary, Sadaqatullah al-Qahiri. 
Shuaib’s father took care of his upbringing at the Arusiyyah Seminary, and he was both his teacher and spiritual master. His father gave him several ijazah, or certificates of authority to teach Islamic law. After completing the traditional curriculum, he sat with the scholars of Al-Baqiyat As-Salihat Seminary and Jamalia Arabic College in South India, and Darul Uloom Deoband and Jamia Millia Islamia in North India.
He read Arabic and Persian at the University of Ceylon (Peradeniya). His research of the Arwi (South India and Sri Lanka) region earned him a M. A. and then a Ph.D. from the Columbia Pacific University.
Shuaib received training from his father in Sufism, until he attained qualification as a murshid and the rank of a spiritual master in the Sufi tradition. He inherited the mantle of the Arusiyya branch of the Qadiriyya tariqa. He further received authorisation from Abdul Karim al-Kasnazani. 
Shuaib is a part of the traditional family business of trading in precious gems and stones.
Shuaib’s primary research focus was history of Islam and Muslims in the Arwi region (modern day South India and Sri Lanka). His findings were the bedrock for his master’s thesis and research doctorate which culminated in the publishing of the 880-page work, “Arabic, Arwi and Persian in Sarandib and Tamil Nadu — A study of the Contributions of Sri Lanka and Tamil Nadu to Arabic, Arwi, Persian and Urdu Languages, Literature and Education”. The book was released by the Presidents of 3 SAARC countries in their respective official residences viz. India, Sri Lanka and Maldives.
The book recorded the history and contributions of Arwi (Tamil-speaking) Muslims to Islamic literature, education, propagation and spirituality through Arabic, Arwi, Persian and Urdu. It shed light on their cultural, political and social activities and achievements in their respective countries and abroad. It also featured a critical commentary of the Mawlid composition of Imam al-‘Arus Sayyid Muhammad b. Ahmad Lebbai entitled, “Minhat al-Sarandīb fī Madh al-Habīb”.
In 2013, Shuaib was listed in The 500 Most Influential Muslims by Georgetown University’s Prince Alwaleed Bin-Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding and the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre of Jordan.
- "Shaikh (Dr.) Tayka Shu’ayb". Tariqah al-’Arusiyyah al-Qadiriyyah. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- "Ark of Guidance - Birth and Family". Thaika Shuaib. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- "Ark of Guidance - Lineage and Forefathers". Thaika Shuaib. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- "Ark of Guidance – Education and Learning". Thaika Shuaib. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- "Ark of Guidance – Initiation and Pedigree". Thaika Shuaib. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- "Ark of Guidance – Teaching and Propagation". Thaika Shuaib. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- "Ark of Guidance – Research and Thesis". Thaika Shuaib. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- "Ark of Guidance – Awards and Felicitations". Thaika Shuaib. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- "Sheikh Dr Thaika Shuaib". The Muslim 500. November 2013. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
"Ark of Guidance: A Biographical Sketch of Shaikh Dr Thaika Shuaib". Retrieved November 18, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thaika Shuaib.|