Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra Chakravarty (Bengali: ঠাকুর অনুকূলচন্দ্র) (14 September 1888 – 27 January 1969), born Anukulchandra Chakravarty, was an Indian guru, and the founder of the Satsang ashram at Deoghar. He is devotedly referred to as Sri Sri Thakur by his followers. His devotees are known as Satsangees. His disciples believe he was an Avatar or incarnation of God and they regard him as Purusottam (divine man).
Anukulchandra was born on 14 September 1888 in a Brahmin family, in the village of Himaitpur, in the Pabna District of East Bengal (now Bangladesh) in Undivided India. His father was Sri Sivachandra Chakravarty (Shandilya Gotra Kanyakubja Brahmin) and his mother was Manomohini Devi. Both his parents were extremely devotional.
From early childhood, Anukulchandra was devoted to his mother, and accepted her as his guru. His mother Manomohini Devi was a follower of Huzur Maharaj of Dayalbagh, Radhaswami Satsang of Agra and she initiated Anukulchandra into the sect (known as 'Dikhsha') on his behalf.
As a young boy, he was a student of Pabna Institution. After finishing school in Pabna, he came to Kolkata to study medicine. He completed his studies, went back to his village and started practising as a physician. During this time, he motivated a group of youths to form a religious band and with drums, cymbals and other instruments they started singing Bengali devotional songs known as Kirtan.
When he was around 24–26 years old, he started going into a trance while singing Kirtan. During this state, he spoke in an assortment of known and unknown languages and on various subjects, including who he really was and other topics of philosophical interest. Initially the lack of proper scribes resulted in most sayings not being recorded. Later, when his name gained fame, educated people started visiting him and they wrote down whatever they could understand and grasp amid this flurry of messages. This era of Kirtan and trance lasted only for a few years and he returned to normalcy. His utterances of only 72 days were later collected and published in a book called Punyapunthi (Verses in Trance). This is also the time when he grew a group of followers and they started calling him as 'Sri Sri Thakur' or God. He started visiting neighbourhood villages to spread his words and people gathered to see him. Soon an institution evolved around him and took the shape of a religious organisation.
Anukulchandra was initiated (called 'Dikhsha') by his mother on behalf of Huzur Maharaj of Radhaswami Satsang, Dayalbagh, Agra. But he had been showing tremendous spiritual signs right from his advent. He used to do 'Kirton'/Naam-Kirton ("Hare Rama- Hare Krishna"). Sometimes during this, he would go into a trance. His utterances during these trances known as “messages” were later collected and published in a book called Punyapunthi. It was at this time that he started being addressed as “Thakur”. Mother Mata Monmohini Devi was deeply inclined to spiritualism namely prayer to the Almighty and her meditation. She was initiated by Huzur Maharaj of Dayalbagh, Radhaswami Satsang of Agra. Her spiritualism consolidated in her initiator Huzur Maharaj Ji through whom she used to taste the nectar of Heaven almost in her everyday life. In 1946 Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra Chakravarty went to Deoghar in Bihar and an ashram came up there as well. He had proclaimed that unless the human society adopts the marriage rules of Varnashram, there will be no peace in the world and all development work will prove to be futile. He did not return to Pabna after the partition of India, but continued to live in Deoghar, where he left his mortal frame on 26 January 1969.
Philosophy and teachings
According to Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra Chakravarty, the purpose of one's life is Istavriti, to attain mastery over every aspect of one's life, character and everything, so one becomes like a dew-drop reflecting the light of the sun of one's life – The Supreme Father, the Lord of all Lords. The pillars of life and growth, according to him, are Jajan, Jaajan, Ishtabhriti, Swastayani and Sadachar. The way to ensure that good souls tread the world, as he stressed, are: Diksha (Initiation), Shiksha (Education) and Vivaha (marriage) done according to the way of the natural laws of the Supreme Father. He gives detailed instruction in his books and verses as to how to conduct oneself in life.
Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra Chakravarty was a strong advocate of 'Varna' or caste system of Hinduism. His idea was 'Varna', or the cultural groupings, helps to indicate the biological and hereditary qualities of a person. He wanted his disciples to maintain the distinctiveness of groupings in a homogeneous way, so that the cultural traits which any particular 'Varna' represents are maintained in an identifiable way. He insisted that If his disciples want the society to improve, then the first step is to follow the principles of good progeny. He had urged his disciples to literally fight it out, if any breach of marriage as per 'Varna' does take place in the society. Eugenics is one of the most important areas on which Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra Chakravarty has laid emphasis from the point of view of having a better society, more evolved human being and a peaceful conjugal life. If mentioned that if one wants to breed qualitatively better persons in the society then it is important that proper matching between male and female is done at the time of marriage. Principles of biology and eugenics need to be followed for having progeny, who would bring about the best out of parents. Selection of partners at the time of marriage plays a very important role. Compatibility from the point of view of health, family tradition, age, educational attainment, aptitudes and the hereditary family groups (i.e., Varna) all these need to be carefully seen before choosing partners. He had also spoken in favour of polygamy for men. He had advised his male disciples that the first marriage of a man should be in his own caste (Savarna Marriage), then he can marry females of the lower caste (Anulom Asavarna marriage/ Hypergamous marriage). The former is to preserve the original genetic stock of the lineage, and the subsequent ones to breed new bio-diversities. But he warned against Hypogamous (Pratiloma) marriages, where the girl is from higher caste, as Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra Chakravarty said, "inferior sperm destroys the nodules of a superior ovum". (Source needed) He opined that progeny of such marriages are distorted by birth and these people, however brilliant, are anti-existence, anti-life, and can not be cured.
A religious organisation evolved around him which set up schools, charitable hospitals, engineering workshops, a publishing house, and a printing press. A letter written to one of his disciples, Atulchandra, was published as a book named—Satyanusaran ("The Pursuit of Truth"). No other writing of his is known. However, conversations of various people with Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra Chakravarty were recorded, and his sayings were compiled. His message relating to the well-being of mankind were published in various volumes in English and Bengali. Among these compilations are:
- Narir Neeti
- Narie Pathe
- Pather Kodi
- Chalar Sathi
- Adarsh Binayak
- Alochana Prasanga
- The Message
- Vigayn Vibhuti
- Katha Prasange
- Nana Prasange
- Vivah Vidhayana
Books on Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra Chakravarty
The major biographies of Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra Chakravarty's are:
- Ocean In a Tea Cup by Ray Hauserman in English
- Jemon Taakey Dekhi by Srinath in Bengali
- Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra by Sri Satishchandra Jowardar
- Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra by Sri Rabindranath Ray
- Dayal Thakur by Sri Narayan Prasad[note 1]
- Leelavitan by DR.Niranjan Mishra in Oriya.Parts [1–10]published,11–12 parts to be publishedin 2014
- Answer to the Quest by Ray Hauserman in English
- The Guiding light:by Krishnalal Chatterji in English
- "Divya sundar" "Parampremmaya" "Dharam Rajniti" by Kumar Krishna Bhattacharya.
- Written in Hindi, translated to English as Benign Lord by Sri Arun Ganguly and Mr. Kerry Brace. Also translated to Bengali by Sri Ramashankar Trivedi with same title, Dayal Thakur. Another biography exists although not from Satsang Publication—Ray Hauserman's Ocean In a Tea-Cup: Story of Sree Sree Thakur Anukulchandra.