Thalia geniculata

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For other uses, see Arrowroot (disambiguation).
fire-flag or arrowroot
Thalia geniculata.JPG
Thalia geniculata.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Marantaceae
Genus: Thalia
Species: T. geniculata
Binomial name
Thalia geniculata
L., Sp. Pl., 2: 1193, 1753
Synonyms[1]
  • Maranta arundinacea Billb. ex Beurl. nom. illeg.
  • Maranta flexuosa C.Presl
  • Maranta geniculata (L.) Lam.
  • Renealmia erecta (Vell.) D.Dietr. nom. illeg.
  • Renealmia geniculata (L.) D.Dietr.
  • Thalia altissima Klotzsch. nom. inval.
  • Thalia angustifolia C.Wright ex Griseb.
  • Thalia caerulea Ridl.
  • Thalia dipetala Gagnep.
  • Thalia divaricata Chapm.
  • Thalia erecta Vell.
  • Thalia schumanniana De Wild.
  • Thalia trichocalyx Gagnep.
  • Thalia welwitschii Ridl.

Thalia geniculata, arrowroot,[2] fire-flag,[2] is a plant species widespread across tropical Africa and much of the Americas.

Thalia geniculata is native to a large region in Africa, from Senegal in the west to Sudan in the east, south to Zimbabwe and Angola. It is also considered native to Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, most of South America, as well as the southeastern United States (Puerto Rico, Florida, Louisiana, Alabama and southern Georgia).[1]>[3]

The larvae of Stolidoptera tachasara, Xylophanes hannemanni and Sphenarches anisodactylus have been recorded feeding on Thalia geniculata.

Chemistry[edit]

Rosmarinic acid can be found in plants in the family Marantaceae such as Thalia geniculata.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". 
  2. ^ a b "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". 
  3. ^ Biota of North America Program, map, Thalia geniculata
  4. ^ Occurrence of rosmarinic acid, chlorogenic acid and rutin in Marantaceae species. Yana Abdullah, Bernd Schneider and Maike Petersen, Phytochemistry Letters, 12 December 2008, Volume 1, Issue 4, Pages 199–203, doi:10.1016/j.phytol.2008.09.010

External links[edit]