|Extinct||marginalized by Classical Arabic from the 7th century|
|South Arabian alphabet|
Thamudic (الثمودية in Arabic) is an Old North Arabian dialect known from pre-Islamic inscriptions scattered across the Arabian desert and the Sinai. Dating to between the 4th century BC and the 3rd or 4th century AD, they were incorrectly named after the Thamud people, with whom they are not directly associated.
The classification of Thamudic language and its relation to the Arabic language have been problematic for a long time, which divided scholars and researchers into two groups.
One group suggests that the relation between Thamudic and Arabic is the same relation between Anglo-Saxon and English, while the majority group suggests that Thamudic language can be classified as "Proto-Arabic".
- Lipinski, Edward (2001). Semitic Languages: Outlines of a Comparative Grammar (2nd ed. ed.). Leuven: Orientalia Lovanensia Analecta. p. 75.
- Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History - Pre-Islamic Period Inscriptions - Thamudic
- Article from the Departmental Journal published by the Arab Writers Union in Damascus (in Arabic)
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