Thanh Hóa

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Thanh Hóa City
Thành Phố Thanh Hóa
Lê Lợi statue
Lê Lợi statue
Nickname(s): Hạc Thành
Thanh Hóa City is located in Vietnam
Thanh Hóa City
Thanh Hóa City
Coordinates: 19°48′27″N 105°46′35″E / 19.80750°N 105.77639°E / 19.80750; 105.77639
Country  Vietnam
Province Thanh Hóa
Founded 1994
Government
 • Type Provincial Municipalities
 • Party Secretary Nguyễn Xuân Phi
 • People's Committee Chairman: Đào Trọng Quy
 • People's Council Chairman: Nguyễn Xuân Phi
Area
 • City 146.77 km2 (22.3 sq mi)
 • Urban 61,45 km2 (2,373 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • City 406,550
 • Density 2,820/km2 (7,300/sq mi)
Time zone UTC (UTC+7)
Area code(s) +84 (37)
Website http://thanhhoacity.gov.vn

Thanh Hóa City (About this sound listen) is the capital city of Thanh Hóa Province.[1] The city is situated in east of the province and beside noble Ma River (Sông Mã), about 150 km south of Hanoi and 1560 km north of Ho Chi Minh city. Thanh Hoa City became one of the most populous city in North Central Coast after expansion in 2012 with population of approximate 400.000. Thanh Hoa township had been upgraded to Thanh Hoa City in 1994 and has been center of economy, culture, education and entertainment of Thanh Hóa Province for a long time.

Overview[edit]

History[edit]

The Thanh Hóa (清化) town and region were an area of popular support for Lê Lợi and the Lê dynasty in the 1580s,[2] leading to the reestablishment of the southern court near the town following the withdrawal of Ming dynasty armies.[3] After 1945 the city was a stronghold of the Viet Cong. In January 1946 the Viet Cong transported all local cells of the VNQDD to the city.[4] During the Vietnam War, US strategic bombing destroyed much of the buildings and infrastructure, the whole city has been totally rebuilt since then.

Geography[edit]

Topography[edit]

Thanh Hoa city is located in centre of Thanh Hoa's plain with many scattered rocky mountains surround. There are two main mountains along the city: Hàm Rồng and Mật Sơn. Hàm Rồng mountain begins from Thiệu Dương commune, which is about 8 km from city centre, along the right bank of the Ma River to Hàm Rồng Thanh Hóa Bridge pier. Ham Rong moutain has 99 peaks and had become an entrench for air defensive in Operation Rolling Thunder. Ma River is the longest river flow through the city, meandering around Ham Rong mountain before flowing to South East Asian sea. In addition, there are 5 canals were dug in order to support for watering, drought and flooding.

Climate[edit]

Temperature[edit]

In region of tropical monsoon climate, Thanh Hoa city has four seasons with two distinctive hot and cold atmospheres in a year.

  • The hot season: Beginning in late spring to mid-autumn (April to mid-November), weather is extreme heat with sunny and sometime Foehn wind. The highest temperature may reach over 40 degrees Celsius. In this period, flood and drought occur frequently.
  • The cold season: Beginning in November to the end of March the following year. The atmosphere is mostly cloudy and dried with cold monsoon from Northeast direction. The lowest temperature may down to 5 degrees Celsius

Monsoon[edit]

Thanh Hoa city is located in coast region so it is effected by three seasonal winds, which are mainly referred to distinctive wind directions.

  • Northeast direction wind: Blowing from Serbia, and usually comes in January. The winds causes the coldest period of winter.
  • Foehn wind: Blowing from Bengal passing on Laos to North Central Coast Vietnam. Thus, it's called "Gió Lào" in Vietnamese referred to the wind from Laos direction. The wind occurs in summer, normally July or August and causes the hottest atmosphere in a year.
  • Southeast direction wind (Gió Nồm): Blowing from sea and occurring in Summer. At the heat of hot season, the winds brings fresh atmosphere to land and cool down temperature

Rainfall[edit]

Annual rainfall average is 1730 – 1980 mm.

Administrative Subdivision[edit]

By the time 2012, Thanh Hoa city had 12 inner wards and 6 outer communes. After expansion in February 2012, the city merged some subdivisions from other nearby districts and that extended total of urban subdivisions up to 37. Thanh Hoa city currently has 20 inner wards and 17 outer communes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Trando Letters of a Vietnamese Émigre -2010 Page 144 "The name of its city is Thanh Hóa City."
  2. ^ Keat Gin Ooi Southeast Asia: A Historical Encyclopedia, from Angkor Wat to East ... Volume 1 - Page 805 2004 "Mac efforts notwithstanding, many people went south to support the restoration of the Le dynasty in Thanh Hoa. Throughout the sixteenth century, Mac-Le animosity was played out on the battlefield."
  3. ^ Vietnam Insight Guides 2002 - Page 20 "The southern court is founded near Thanh Hoa. 1592: The death of Mac dynasty's last king, Mac Mau Hop, ends the war."
  4. ^ Van Dao Hoang Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dang: A Contemporary History of a National Struggle: 1927-1954 2008 Page 331 "Afterward, the VC transported all Party members and their weapons to Thanh Hóa city."