Tharabha Gate

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The Tharabha Gate

The Tharabha Gate (Burmese: သရပါ တံခါး, IPA: [θəɹəbà dəɡá]; also spelled Sarabha or Tharaba) is the only surviving gate of Bagan (Pagan). The gate is located to the east of the old city. Although the Burmese chronicles assert that the city of Bagan was fortified in 849 CE, radiocarbon dating of evidence dates the foundation of the main walls to c. 1020 CE.[1] If the city was fortified in the 9th century as the chronicles assert, the fortifications must have been built with less durable materials like mud.

Tharaba Gate in 1890s

The present-day gate consists of two brick-walled shrines, each opposing one another, of two guardian nats, named Min Mahagiri and Hnamadawgyi (Shwemyethna), who allegedly were executed by order of a king.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Aung-Thwin (2005): 38
  2. ^ Pictorial Guide to Pagan

References[edit]

  • Pictorial Guide to Pagan. Rangoon: Ministry of Culture. 1975 [1955]. 
  • Aung-Thwin, Michael (2005). The mists of Rāmañña: The Legend that was Lower Burma (illustrated ed.). Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN 9780824828868.