Map of Sindh with Tharparkar District highlighted
|• Total||19,638 km2 (7,582 sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Tharparkar District (Sindhi: ضلعو ٿرپارڪر,Urdu: ضِلع تهرپاركر), is one of twenty three districts of Sindh province in Pakistan. It is headquartered at Mithi. It has the lowest Human Development Index of all districts in Sindh.
Languages and demography
Dhatki also known as Thari, which is a Rajasthani language, is common language, which is also the majority language of neighboring Umerkot district. However Sindhi and Urdu are also widely spoken. One of the main tribe in Tharparkar district is Meghwar Scheduled Castes The population can be divided into three main classes, Rajputs, which include Muslim and Hindu tribes and aboriginal tribes. The large number of aboriginal Bhils are also settled in a huge population in Tharparkar district. Many nomadic Sindhi tribe inhabit the region. Thakurs mostly left Tharparkar and migrated in India after independence of Pakistan.
According to 1998 census, Muslims constitute 64.42% of the population and Hindus 35.58% At the time of independence of Pakistan in 1947, the Hindus were 80% while the Muslims were 20% of the population. The significant number of Hindus migrated to India during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 and Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 wars when Indian army occupied parts of the Tharparkar District.
Mithi is a tehsil of Tharparkar District, and town Mithi is district headquarters as well as commercial hub of district. Agriculture, handicrafts and live stock are key business activities. The population of Mithi town is increasing rapidly because of its commercial attraction.
Nagarparkar is a tehsil of district Tharparkar that borders Indian states of Rajasthan and Gujarat from three sides. The area was part of historical Jain and Hindu mythologies and have beyond twenty archeological sites.