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Common TheBus livery.
|Service area||Honolulu County, Hawaiʻi|
|Service type||Public transportation|
|Hubs||9 (Ala Moana, Alapai, Hawaii Kai, Kalihi, Kapolei, Mililani, Wahiawa, Waianae, Waipahu)|
|Daily ridership||239,400 (FY 2012-2013 weekday average, includes TheHandi-Van paratransit service)|
|Fuel type||Diesel, Diesel-electric hybrid|
|Operator||Oʻahu Transit Services, Inc.|
|Chief executive||J. Rodger Morton|
TheBus is the public bus transportation service on the island of O'ahu, Hawai'i, in the United States. As of fiscal year 2012-2013, TheBus has a ridership of approximately 75.5 million boardings annually on its fleet of 518 buses, providing daily service on 110 routes. TheBus is privately managed by Oʻahu Transit Services Inc., which operates the system under a public-private partnership with the City and County of Honolulu Department of Transportation Services.
TheBus' origin was The Honolulu Rapid Transit and Land Company, which operated buses and trolley lines mostly in the Honolulu district, while most outlying areas were serviced by competing bus companies. Honolulu Rapid Transit (HRT) was founded on June 6, 1898, the same day that Hawaii was annexed by the United States. HRT started streetcar operations in Honolulu in 1901.[page needed] HRT operated streetcars from 1901–1941, motor buses continually from 1925 onward, and trolley buses from 1937-1957. Various issues caused its failure, including a series of strikes by union workers and reports of a hostile takeover of the company by its new owner Harry Weinberg in 1955, after he began buying up other properties in Hawaii.
By the 1960s, HRT management was associated with constant strikes that at times left passengers without bus service for more than 60 days (a 67-day strike in 1967, followed by a 60-day strike in 1970). The City & County of Honolulu considered acquiring HRT and its competitors, as more cities in the United States were taking over operations of privately owned bus companies. So on September 14, 1970, and under the guidance of then-Mayor of Honolulu Frank Fasi, the city established Mass Transit Lines (MTL) Limited, a management firm and forerunner to The Oahu Transit Services, to oversee operations. After careful negotiations the city would purchase HRT (and its competitors serving the other portions of O'ahu) for $2 million for a down payment along with an additional $1 million to buy new buses. Fasi later went to Dallas, Texas and bought 50 ex-Dallas Transit System 1964-built GM air-conditioned New Looks (TDH5303), followed by adding 17 new New Looks (T6H5307A) from GM's Pontiac, Michigan plant. On February 25, 1971, the city council officially approved a contract for MTL to take over operations. Several days later, on March 1, HRT was renamed TheBus.
With the exception of 17 newly built buses, the 50 ex-Dallas buses were renumbered 550-599 and ran in DTS colors as shown. The DTS colors were similar to the old HRT colors so the Dallas buses didn't look totally out of place. After its transition from HRT to TheBus, MTL decided to give the system a more friendlier modification, where in addition to changing the paint scheme, it also relaxed the standard uniforms by replacing them with the current short-sleeve shirts featuring TheBus logo, buses, and slogans. Fasi introduced the "new-identity apparel" in 1974, hoping to change the bus' stodgy, old image to a fresher, more fun one that would help lure more drivers out of their cars. These uniforms, which are updated every 2–3 years, have also known to become collectors' items.
The success of TheBus and its business model has been well received by residents, tourists and the transit industry. Ridership for TheBus has grown from 30 million passengers per year to approximately 71 million. TheBus is now the 20th most utilized transit system in the country, the 13th most utilized bus fleet, and the sixth highest transit ridership in the country per-capita. TheBus also has the lowest cost per passenger mile of any system and one of the lowest cost per boarding passengers in the industry.
Despite its success, TheBus also had its share of setbacks. In August 2003, a strike by union workers left Honolulu without bus service for nearly a month. This move and its settlement the following September coincided with the City Council approving a fare increase to $2 and other increases in rates and pass fees, in part to fund the city's promise to the Teamsters not to cut service and employees. By 2006, ridership and profits rebounded thanks to the implementation of programs geared toward college students who commute to school and work, and rising gas prices.
In 2009, ridership for TheBus dipped slightly by 2 percent due to its July 2009 decision to increase its fares to $2.25 (it was raised to $2.50 starting in July 2010), lower gas prices, and a rising unemployment rate. But overall, Honolulu has had relatively high bus ridership. In 2008, 5.6 percent of Hawai'i commuters used public transportation, while 66.8 percent drove to work alone, according to U.S. Census Bureau figures.
On September 29, 2009, Oahu Transit Services and the City & County of Honolulu announced plans to build an intermodal transit center that will be located at TheBus' facilities at Middle Street. The $8.2 million project, called The Middle Street Intermodal Center, whose location will take up a large portion of the Middle Street-Kamehameha Highway intersection, was scheduled to open in October 2010, but was been delayed until November 14, 2011, when the terminal opened. The newly expanded facility incorporates TheBus, HandiVan, bicycles, cars, walking and the future light rail line, that, once completed, will include a bridge and walkway for passengers who want to make connections to the rail line's Middle Street station from the transit center. In addition, the center will also have a 1000-car parking facility, an enclosed transit layover bay for waiting passengers, an electronic information billboard, a customer service center, two restroom buildings, a utility building, and security office.
America's Best Transit System
Since its inception, TheBus has been the only mass transit system to be recognized twice by the American Public Transportation Association as America's Best Transit System for 1994–1995 and 2000–2001, beating other transit systems.
Safety and security issues
One of the most popular fares used on TheBus is the monthly passes. However, there have been reports of passengers acquiring counterfeit passes to get on the buses. These incidents have occurred along the most heavily used streets (mostly Dillingham Boulevard and Hotel Street), neighborhoods (Kalihi, Chinatown/Downtown, Waikiki, and Manoa being the most targeted) and transit centers (around Ala Moana Center, Waipahu, Kapiolei and Waikele). The only way passengers and operators can determine if a bus pass is counterfeit: Fake ones have a raised silver strip along the card's lower section, while the strips in the real ones are incorporated into the plastic card. Anyone caught using a fake bus pass will be asked to turn over the card and to leave TheBus. The violations are misdemeanors, and those found guilty face up to a year in jail and a fine of up to $2,000. It is recommended that passengers buy the legitimate passes at Satellite city halls, TheBus Main office, or authorized dealers like Foodland, Times Supermarkets, 7-Eleven, and ABC Stores.
In May 2010, TheBus began making more changes in order to improve service system-wide. One of the major changes included the installing of security cameras in its fleet in an effort to deter criminal activity on board the coaches, which includes assaults and graffiti. It also installed a GPS system that will allow passengers who are waiting for a certain route to arrive at the stop to track its whereabouts via cellular phone devices and to cut down on complaints from riders on how late the buses arrive.
Prior to the City & County taking over the HRT in 1971, outdoor advertising was allowed on the exterior of the buses. However since the transfer of ownership the advertising has been restricted to the interior of the fleet, even though there was never a restriction or ban on placing ads on the exterior of the buses, a move that the Outdoor Circle (a group that is opposed to outdoor advertising in Hawaii) actively supports. On December 4, 2013, Mayor Kirk Caldwell announced a plan to place ads on the outside of the buses again in an effort to generate money to help fund more revenue, restore routes that were cut, prevent fare increases, and improve the system's infrastructure. If the deal is approved by the City Council, outdoor advertising on TheBus could happen by the second quarter of 2014. The move would only be restricted to the buses only because they are moving vehicles; since state law bans non-moving outdoor advertising, they will not be placed at bus stop locations, transfer stations, benches, or shelters.
In popular culture
Due to its low cost and wide coverage, TheBus is a very popular means of travel by high school students. The fact that free school bus routes are not provided for the majority of Honolulu's students, as they are in many other parts in the United States, also contributes to high usage of TheBus among high school students. Because of this popularity, and the fact it was developed during Fasi's tenure as mayor of Honolulu, it received the nickname "Uncle Fasi's Limousine Service," which is usually shortened to "Uncle Fasi's" or "Fasi's Limo". (Q:"How are you getting to the prom?" A:"Fasi's Limo!").
TheBus operates the following:
- 62 standard routes, including 15 spur routes.
- 3 limited-stop, all-day express routes (Routes A, C, and E).
- 1 limited-stop weekday-only route (Route 1L).
- 1 limited-stop weekday rush hour route (Route 2L)
- 32 morning and afternoon express routes (3 servicing daily), 26 to and from Downtown Honolulu, Waikīkī, and UH-Mānoa (Routes 80, 80A, 80B, 81, 82, 83, 84, 84A, 85,85A, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 96, 97, 98, 98A, 101, 102, 103, W1,W2, and W3) and 6 serving Pearl Harbor (PH1-6 formerly 93A,83A,86A,86, and95).
- 4 Community Access routes (Routes 414, 501, 503, and 504)
- Community Access routes provide additional paratransit services on request, including route deviations.
In March 2012, TheBus announced that it would merge, eliminate or adjust several bus routes. The new changes would take place in June 3, 2012 and August 19, 2012.
Adult and youth fares
Youth fares apply to passengers ages 6 through 17.
|Fare Type||Cash||Monthly Pass||Annual Pass|
Senior fares apply to passengers 65 years and older. TheBus Senior Card allows for a reduced cash fare with the option of buying a sticker that additionally provides free rides for one month. The Senior Card itself expires 4 years from date of purchase. A U.S. Medicare card can be used in lieu of the Senior Card for the reduced fare.
|Cash Fare (w/Senior Card or valid U.S. Medicare card)||$1.00|
|Monthly Pass Sticker (requires Senior Card)||$5.00|
Disabled passengers can purchase a disability pass for reduced cash fares. A U.S. Medicare card can be used in lieu of the disability pass for the reduced fare. Fare structure is otherwise identical to that for senior fares (with the disability pass in lieu of the Senior Card.)
- The Discovery Pass allows for unlimited rides over 4 consecutive days.
- The U-Pass is a special reduced-price pass available to students at participating colleges. Cost and valid dates vary depending on the semester and college for which the pass is purchased. TheBus U-Pass page
- Any passenger paying a cash fare may request a transfer from the driver when boarding. The transfer allows for one additional ride for free within 2 hours of receipt.
- Previously, TheBus also offered a special Football Express service which took fans to University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa Warrior football games, with rides from various points on Oʻahu to Aloha Stadium. The Football Express, which cost $3 for one-way and $6 for round-trip fares, was terminated in 2008 due to a new Federal Transit Administration regulation which prohibited the charter service.
|Transfer||Free (with cash fare)|
TheHandi-Van is the paratransit supplement to TheBus, and provides shared-ride services to disabled passengers unable to use TheBus. Registration is required, and each ride must be reserved in advance. The fleet includes 160 buses.
As of fiscal year 2012-2013, there are 518 buses in the fleet, including 111 articulated buses, 374 40' buses, and 33 buses that are less the 40's in length. 15.4% of the fleet are hybrid models, with an average overall fleet age of 9.1 years for all buses currently in service. All buses in TheBus fleet have Hawaii State License Plates numbers matching the assigned bus number, and are equipped with automatic stop annunciators. The voice played on the annunciators is provided by songwriter and Hawaiian language scholar Puakea Nogelmeier.
Waipahu Transit Center
BROWN/YELLOW COLOR VEHICLES IN FLEET
40 foot 2012 Gillig Advantage (267) running on Route 54 Eastbound to Alapai Transit Center
Hybrid 60 foot articulated 2010 New Flyer DE60LFR (179) running on Route 97
40 foot 2010 NovaBus LFS (206) running on Route 53 taking a break at the Ala Moana Transit Center before starting its Westbound route
60 foot articulated 2000 New Flyer D60LF (98) running on Route 2
40 foot 1997 Gillig Phantom (318) running on Route 6
60 foot articulated 2003 New Flyer D60LF (128) Route E Eastbound to Alapai Transit Center. This bus has been repainted along with some other buses including the 2002 model(s) from the Rainbow Colors.
2010 40 foot NovaBus LFS (241) running on Route 432 taking a break at Waipahu Transit Center before starting its Westbound route.
RAINBOW COLOR VEHICLES IN FLEET
2002 Gillig Phantom (837) running on Route 52
60 foot articulated 2002 New Flyer D60LF (111) running on Route C taking a break at the Ala Moana Transit Center before starting its Westbound route to Makaha
40 foot 2002 Gillig Phantom (843) running on Route 55 going Westbound to the North Shore/Kaneohe
- City and County of Honolulu department of Transit Services/Oahu Transit Services (Fiscal Year 2012-2013). "TheBus Fast Facts" (PDF). City and County of Honolulu department of Transit Services/Oahu Transit Services. p. 2.
- "Transit Centers". TheBus/Oahu Transit Services.
- Streetcar Days in Honolulu: Breezing Through Paradise by Mckinnon Simpson and John Brizdle, 2000, JLB Press, Honolulu, HI
- Ian Lind (May 22, 2002). "Weinberg's Legacy: The unassailable $2 billion Weinberg Foundation now wants $75 million of taxpayer money". Honolulu Weekly. Retrieved November 16, 2010.
- "Rutledge Unionism". Hawaii.edu. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
- "The History of Today: February 25". Honolulu Advertiser. February 25, 2006. Retrieved 2009-10-11.
- "Hawaii Eyes Tourist-Tax Subsidy". Spokane Daily Chronicle. 4 September 1970.
- Adamski, Mary (August 24, 2003). "1971 Strike Prompted City to Create Public Fleet". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
- "The History of Today: March 1". Honolulu Advertiser. March 1, 2006. Retrieved 2009-10-11.
- [dead link]
- Mike Leidemann (February 9, 2009). "Learn Honolulu's history from a bus driver's shirt". Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2009-10-11.
- "Oahu Transit Services Incorporated Hawaii TheBus transportation success since County Honolulu elist Hawaii Directory". Elisthawaii.com. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
- Howard Dicus (August 26, 2003). "TheBus is on strike". Pacific Business News. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
- Howard Dicus (September 25, 2003). "Tentative settlement in Honolulu bus strike". Pacific Business News. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
- Harold Nedd (August 25, 2006). "More riders and higher fares make TheBus a $40M business". Pacific Business News. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
- Hao, Sean (February 15, 2010). "Cheaper gas, fewer jobs reduce Hawaii's public transit ridership". Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2011-01-13.
- Pang, Gordon Y.K. (September 29, 2009). "Ground broken for new transit facility". Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2011-01-13.
- Lee, Venus (July 21, 2005). "TheBus thrived under manager’s leadership". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved 2007-10-27.
- Pang, Gordon Y.K. (May 12, 2010). "Fake passes plague TheBus". Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2011-01-13.
- TOC Opposes Bill Authorizing Billboards On Buses from The Outdoor Circle (December 5, 2013)
- "Honolulu mayor proposes adding advertising to sides of city buses" from Pacific Business News (December 4, 2013)
- "Caldwell makes pitch for ads on city buses" from KITV (January 16, 2014)
- Tonouchi, Lee A. (2005). Da Kine Dictionary. Bess Press. p. 92. ISBN 1-57306-136-0.
- "Bus Service Route Changes, Official Web Site for The City and County of Honolulu". .honolulu.gov. 2012-08-06. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
- Nalea J. Ko (August 26, 2008). "Football Express buses sidelined". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved 2009-06-08.
- "Handi-Van Rider's Guide, Official Web Site for The City and County of Honolulu". Retrieved 2008-07-07.
- Blair, Chad (February–March 2007). "Found in Translation". Hana Hou! (Honolulu: Hana Hou!) 10 (1). Retrieved 2009-01-13.
Media related to TheBus (Honolulu) at Wikimedia Commons
- City & County of Honolulu Department of Transportation Services
- TheBus Routes and Timetables