The 5th Dimension
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|The 5th Dimension|
The 5th Dimension in 1969.
Back row: Townson and McLemore.
Front row: LaRue, Davis, and McCoo.
|Origin||Los Angeles, California, U.S.|
|Genres||R&B, pop, soul, sunshine pop|
(until 1975 in original incarnation)
|Labels||Soul City, Imperial, Bell Records, Arista, ABC Records, Motown|
|Past members||Marilyn McCoo
Billy Davis, Jr.
See: Membership section for detailed listing
Originally known as The Hi-Fi's, the group changed its name to The 5th Dimension in late 1966 and was best-known during the late 1960s and early 1970s for popularizing the hits "Up, Up and Away", "Stoned Soul Picnic", "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In", "Wedding Bell Blues", "One Less Bell to Answer", "(Last Night) I Didn't Get to Sleep at All", and The Magic Garden LP.
The five original members were Billy Davis, Jr., Florence LaRue, Marilyn McCoo, Lamonte McLemore, and Ron Townson. They have recorded for several different labels over their long careers. Their first work appeared on the Soul City label, which was started by Imperial Records/United Artists Records recording artist Johnny Rivers. The group would later record for Bell/Arista Records, ABC Records, and Motown Records.
Some of the songwriters popularized by The 5th Dimension went on to careers of their own, especially Ashford & Simpson, who wrote "California Soul". The group is also notable for having more success with the songs of Laura Nyro than Nyro did herself, particularly with "Stoned Soul Picnic", "Sweet Blindness", "Wedding Bell Blues", "Blowin' Away", and "Save the Country". The group also covered music by well known songwriters such as the song "One Less Bell to Answer", written by Burt Bacharach and Hal David and the songs and music of Jimmy Webb, who penned their hit "Up, Up and Away", including an entire recording of Webb songs called The Magic Garden.
In the early 1960s, Lamonte McLemore and Marilyn McCoo, a former beauty pageant winner, got together with two other friends from Los Angeles, Harry Elston and Floyd Butler, to form a group called the Hi-Fis. In 1963, they sang at local clubs while taking lessons from a vocal coach. In 1964, they came to the attention of Ray Charles, who took them on tour with him the following year. He produced a single by the group, "Lonesome Mood", a jazz-type song that gained local attention. However, internal disagreements caused Butler and Elston to go their own way, eventually leading to their organizing the Friends of Distinction.
McLemore sought to form another group and started looking for members to join him and McCoo. One was Florence LaRue, who had received training as a youngster in singing, dancing, and violin; and who also won the talent portion at Miss Bronze California (as McCoo had the year prior). About the same time LaRue was approached to join the group, McLemore recruited an old friend of his, Ron Townson, who at age six had started singing in choirs and gospel groups in his hometown of St. Louis. His grandmother fostered his career by arranging for private voice and acting lessons as he grew up. In his teens, he toured with Dorothy Dandridge and Nat King Cole, joined the Wings Over Jordan Gospel Singers for a while, and also played a small part in the film Porgy and Bess. He demonstrated his skill as a classical artist by placing third in the Metropolitan Opera auditions held in St. Louis. After finishing high school, he worked his way through Lincoln University by conducting the school and church choir. After graduating, he organized his own 25-member gospel choir.
McLemore's cousin, Billy Davis, Jr., started singing in gospel choirs at an early age. He later saved enough money to buy a cocktail lounge in St. Louis, which he used as a base for experimenting with various musical groups. When he was asked to join his cousin's new group, he immediately said yes.
The members began rehearsing as the Versatiles in early 1966 and auditioned for Marc Gordon, who headed Motown's Los Angeles office. Although the group's demo tape was rejected by Motown, Gordon agreed to manage them and brought them to the attention of Johnny Rivers, who had just started his own label, Soul City Records. Their first Soul City single, "I'll Be Lovin' You Forever", was a flop.
In 1965 The Mamas & the Papas' first single, lead member John Phillips' "Go Where You Wanna Go", failed to open the foursome's chart career. Undaunted, The 5th Dimension covered the same song virtually note-for-note (except for the last verse's upward modulation), and their early 1967 version climbed into the top 20 on both R&B and pop stations and peaked at #16 on the Hot 100, opening the fivesome's chart career.
The budding young songwriter Jimmy Webb supplied the group with their breakthrough hit, "Up, Up and Away", a mid-1967 #7 hit that won five Grammy Awards. The following year, the group scored major hit singles with Laura Nyro's songs "Stoned Soul Picnic" (U.S. #3) and "Sweet Blindness" (U.S. #13). The group received a gold record for their album Stoned Soul Picnic.
That album also included "California Soul", which peaked at #25 in February 1969. Weeks later the group's success broke wide open, with "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In" from the musical Hair topping the Hot 100 in April and May, and another Nyro song, "Wedding Bell Blues", doing the same in November. Their cover of Neil Sedaka's "Workin' On A Groovy Thing" went to #20 in-between. Those four singles kept the group on the Hot 100 all but four weeks in 1969.
Later top 20 hits included 1970's "One Less Bell to Answer" (U.S. #2), 1971's "Love's Lines, Angles and Rhymes" (U.S. #19) and "Never My Love" (U.S. #12), 1972's "(Last Night) I Didn't Get to Sleep at All" (U.S. #8) and "If I Could Reach You" (U.S. #10). The group also had seven other top 40 hits, the last being 1973's "Living Together, Growing Together" (U.S. #32) from the film Lost Horizon.
The 5th Dimension performed "Sweet Blindness" on Frank Sinatra's 1968 TV special "Sinatra Does His Thing" and sang "Workin' On A Groovy Thing" and "Wedding Bell Blues" on Woody Allen's "The Woody Allen Special" in 1969. They introduced "Puppet Man" and "One Less Bell To Answer" as guests in the It Takes a Thief episode "To Sing a Song of Murder" in 1970; the latter song used as a plot device in which the song's closing notes was used to set off a bomb in an assassination attempt.
The 5th Dimension appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show twice in 1969. The group performed and sang a medley consisting of "What the World Needs Now Is Love" and the Beatles' "All You Need Is Love" on February 23, 1969 and performed and sang "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In" on May 18, 1969, the day after the medley fell from the Hot 100 summit. That same year the group appeared on the British show This Is Tom Jones, singing "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In" and "Got My Mojo Workin' ".
"The 5th Dimension: An Odyssey In The Cosmic Universe Of Peter Max", a television special, aired on CBS on May 21, 1970.
During the last season of The Ed Sullivan Show, Sullivan dedicated the entire February 21, 1971 episode to the fifth anniversary of The 5th Dimension. The group opened the show with "Love's Lines, Angles And Rhymes" and later joined Connie Stevens for "Puppet Man". The group came back for the last 15 minutes of the show and sang their hits "Up, Up and Away", "One Less Bell to Answer", "Stoned Soul Picnic", "Wedding Bell Blues", and finished up with "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In". This appearance would be the group's last on Sullivan.
"The 5th Dimension Traveling Sunshine Show", a television special, aired on August 18, 1971.
In 1975, McCoo and Davis, who had married on 26 July 1969, left the group to do both collective and individual projects. They went on to have success as a duo with "Your Love" and the chart topper "You Don't Have to Be a Star (To Be in My Show)". McCoo also served a stint as the host of the TV show Solid Gold. The remaining trio carried on with new members, and nearly had a hit in 1976 with the LaRue-sung "Love Hangover"; however, Motown issued Diana Ross' original version shortly after the 5th Dimension's hit the charts, and hers soared to the top of the charts. The group signed with Motown not long after, releasing two albums in 1978. R&B singer Lou Courtney was in the group briefly in 1978 and 1979, Joyce Wright joined in 1979, and Phyllis Battle joined in 1988.
Reunion and departure
The original quintet reunited in 1990 and 1991 for a tour. Townson briefly left the group to try a solo career, but soon returned, as the group eventually resigned itself to the nostalgia circuit. In 1995, the quintet of LaRue, Townson, McLemore, Battle, and Greg Walker recorded a new album, In the House, for Click Records. In 1998, Willie Williams replaced Townson, who died in 2001 due to diabetes-related kidney failure. Battle departed in 2002, to be replaced by Van Jewell. McLemore retired from the group in March 2006.
McCoo and Davis continue to tour separately as their own act. As of April 2009[update], the group is actively touring as "The 5th Dimension featuring Florence LaRue", led by LaRue with Willie Williams, Leonard Tucker, Patrice Morris, and Floyd Smith.
In October 2011 McCoo and Davis featured on the Cliff Richard album Soulicious, also appearing live on stage in the tour of the same name, reprising several of their hits as well as dueting with Richard.
||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: The table is messy and doesn't meet Wiki standards. Make it a timeline and it'll be much clearer. (February 2013)|
- Marilyn McCoo (born September 30, 1943, Jersey City, New Jersey)
- Florence LaRue (born February 4, 1944, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
- Billy Davis, Jr. (born June 26, 1938, St. Louis, Missouri)
- Lamonte McLemore (born September 17, 1939, St. Louis, Missouri )
- Ronald L. "Ron" Townson (born January 20, 1933, St. Louis, Missouri - died 2 August 2001, of kidney failure, Las Vegas, Nevada)
McCoo and Davis left the group in November 1975. Since then, other members have included:
- Eloise Laws (McCoo replacement) 1975
- Danny Beard (Davis replacement) 1975–1978
- Marjorie Barnes (McCoo replacement) 1976–1977
- Terri Bryant (McCoo replacement) 1978–1979
- Mic Bell (Townson replacement) 1978–1979
- Lou Courtney (Davis replacement) 1978–1979
- Pat Bass (McCoo replacement) 1979
- Tanya Boyd (McCoo replacement) 1979
- Joyce Wright Pierce (McCoo replacement) 1979–1986 and 1987
- Michael Procter (Davis replacement) 1979–1988
- Ron Townson 1979-1997
- Estrelita (McCoo replacement) 1986
- Phyllis Battle (McCoo replacement) 1988–2001
- Eugene Barry-Hill (Davis replacement) 1989–1992
- Greg Walker (Davis replacement) 1993–2006
- Willie Williams (Townson replacement) 1998–present
- Van Jewell (McCoo replacement) 2002, 2005
- Julie Delgado (McCoo replacement) 2002–2005
- Jamila Ajibade (McCoo replacement) 2005–2006 and 2007–2008
- Leonard Tucker (Davis replacement) 2006–present
- Valerie Davis (McCoo replacement) 2006–2007
- Jennifer Leigh Warren (McCoo replacement) 2007
- Gwyn Foxx (McCoo replacement) December 2007
- Michael Mishaw (McLemore replacement) 2006–2008
- Patrice Morris (McCoo replacement) 2008–present
- Floyd Smith (McLemore replacement) 2009–present
|Original lineup||Florence LaRue||Marilyn McCoo||Billy Davis, Jr.||LaMonte McLemore||Ron Townson|
|1966-75||Florence LaRue||Marilyn McCoo||Billy Davis, Jr.||LaMonte McLemore||Ron Townson|
|1975||Eloise Laws||Danny Beard|
|1978-79||Lou Courtney||Mic Bell|
Joyce Wright Pierce
|1980-86||Joyce Wright Pierce||Ron Townson|
|1987||Joyce Wright Pierce|
|1989-92||Eugene Barry Hill|
|2006-07||Valerie Davis||Leonard Tucker||Michael Mishaw|
|2007||Jennifer Lee Warren/
|Year||Song||US||US AC||US R&B||CAN||UK||B-side||Album|
|1966||"Go Where You Wanna Go"||16||-||-||9||-||"Too Poor to Die"||Up, Up and Away|
|1967||"Another Day, Another Heartache"||45||-||-||-||-||"Rosecrans Blvd."|
|"Up, Up and Away"||7||9||-||18||-||"Which Way to Nowhere"|
|"Paper Cup"||34||-||-||17||-||"Poor Side of Town"||The Magic Garden|
|1968||"Carpet Man"||29||-||-||3||-||"The Magic Garden"|
|"Stoned Soul Picnic"||3||-||2||5||-||"The Sailboat Song"||Stoned Soul Picnic|
|"Sweet Blindness"||13||-||45||15||-||"Bobbie's Blues (Who Do You Think Of?)"|
|"California Soul"||25||-||49||-||-||"It'll Never Be the Same Again"|
|1969||"Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In"||1||1||6||1||11||"Don'tcha Hear Me Callin' to Ya?"||The Age of Aquarius|
|"Workin' On a Groovy Thing"||20||9||15||17||-||"Broken Wing Bird"|
|"Wedding Bell Blues"||1||1||23||3||16||"Lovin' Stew"|
|"Blowing Away"||21||7||-||24||-||"Skinny Man"|
|1970||"A Change Is Gonna Come/People Got to Be Free"||60||-||-||-||-||"The Declaration"||Portrait|
|"The Declaration"||64||35||-||-||-||B-side of above|
|"The Girls' Song"||43||6||-||-||-||"It'll Never Be the Same Again"||The Magic Garden|
|"Puppet Man"||24||31||-||-||-||"A Love Like Ours"||Portrait|
|"Save the Country"||27||10||-||24||-||"Dimension 5"|
|"On the Beach (In the Summertime)"||54||12||-||-||-||"This Is Your Life"|
|"One Less Bell to Answer"||2||1||4||3||-||"Feelin' Alright?"||Portrait|
|1971||"Love's Lines, Angles and Rhymes"||19||6||-||28||-||"The Singer"||Love's Lines, Angles and Rhymes|
|"Light Sings"||44||12||-||-||-||"Viva! (Viva Tirado)"|
|"Never My Love" (live)||12||1||45||21||-||"A Love Like Ours"||Live!!|
|"Together Let's Find Love" (live)||37||8||22||-||-||"I Just Wanta Be Your Friend"|
|1972||"(Last Night) I Didn't Get to Sleep at All"||8||2||28||5||-||"The River Witch"||Individually & Collectively|
|"If I Could Reach You"||10||1||-||13||-||"Tomorrow Belongs to the Children"|
|1973||"Living Together, Growing Together"||32||5||-||-||-||"What Do I Need to Be Me"||Living Together, Growing Together|
|"Everything's Been Changed"||70||18||-||-||-||"There Never Was a Day"|
|"Ashes to Ashes"||52||7||54||-||-||"The Singer"|
|"Flashback"||82||30||75||-||-||"Diggin' for a Livin'"|
|1975||"No Love In the Room"||105||11||-||-||-||"I Don't Know How to Look for Love"||Soul & Inspiration|
|1976||"Love Hangover"||80||-||39||-||-||"Will You Be There"|
- Up, Up and Away (1967) - US #8
- The Magic Garden (1967) - US #105
- Stoned Soul Picnic (1968) - US #21
- The Age of Aquarius (1969) - US #2
- Portrait (1970) - US #20
- The 5th Dimension/Greatest Hits (1970) - US #5
- Love Garden (1970) 
- The July 5th Album (1970) - US #63
- Love's Lines, Angles and Rhymes (1971) - US #17
- Reflections (1971) - US #112
- The 5th Dimension/Live!! (1971) - US #32
- Individually & Collectively (1972) - US #58
- Greatest Hits on Earth (1972) - US #14
- Living Together, Growing Together (1973) - US #108
- Soul & Inspiration (1974) - US #202
- Earthbound (1975) - US #136
- Star Dancing (1978)
- High On Sunshine (1978)
- The Very Best Of 5th Dimension (1982)
- In the House (1995)
- The Very Best Of The 5th Dimension (1999)
- Live! Plus Rare Studio Recordings (2001) - Original title was Home Cookin (1976)
- Fantasy (2004) - Original title was The 5th Dimension Now (1984)
- 2003: The 5th Dimension Travelling Sunshine Show with Dionne Warwick, Merle Haggard, and The Carpenters
- Roxon, Lillian (1972). Lillian Roxon's Rock Encyclopedia (2nd ed.). New York: Grosset and Dunlop, Universal Library Edition. pp. 181–182. ISBN 0-448-00255-8.
- "Florence LaRue & The 5th Dimension A Brief Biography". Retrieved 2009-04-25.
- "The 5th Dimension - Inductees - The Vocal Group Hall of Fame Foundation". Vocal Group Hall of Fame Foundation. Retrieved 2009-03-31.
- "St. Louis Walk of Fame - The 5th Dimension". St. Louis Walk of Fame. Retrieved 20 March 2010.
- "LaMonte McLemore". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 199. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- 5th Dimension, The* - Love Garden (Vinyl, LP) at Discogs. Discogs.com. Retrieved on 2012-11-10.
- VIEW DVD Listing
- The Encyclopedia of Pop, Rock & Soul (Revised edition) - Irwin Stambler ©1989 St. Martin's Press, New York
- All Music Guide to Soul (article by Steve Huey) ©2003 Backbeat Books San Francisco
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to The 5th Dimension.|
- Current Official Site
- Album Review of The Magic Garden
- The 5th Dimension at AllMusic
- The 5th Dimension Vocal Group Hall of Fame Page
- The 5th Dimension at Wenig-LaMonica Associates
- Ultimate Band List page
- The 5th Dimension Traveling Sunshine Show (1971)