The Adjustment Bureau
|The Adjustment Bureau|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||George Nolfi|
|Produced by||George Nolfi
Isa Dick Hackett
|Screenplay by||George Nolfi|
|Based on||"Adjustment Team"
by Philip K. Dick
|Music by||Thomas Newman|
|Editing by||Jay Rabinowitz|
|Studio||Media Rights Capital|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Running time||99 minutes|
The Adjustment Bureau is a 2011 American romantic science fiction thriller film loosely based on the Philip K. Dick short story, "Adjustment Team". The film was written and directed by George Nolfi and stars Matt Damon and Emily Blunt. The cast also includes Anthony Mackie, John Slattery, Michael Kelly, and Terence Stamp.
In 2006, Brooklyn Congressman David Norris unsuccessfully runs for the United States Senate. While rehearsing his concession speech, David meets Elise Sellas. Inspired by her, David delivers an unusually candid speech that is well-received, making him a favorite for the 2010 Senate race.
A month later, David prepares for a new job. At Madison Square Park, near David's home, Harry Mitchell receives an assignment from Richardson, his boss: ensure David spills coffee on his shirt by 7:05 AM so he misses his bus. Mitchell falls asleep and misses David, who encounters Elise on the bus and gets her phone number. David arrives at work to find his friend Charlie Traynor frozen in time and being examined by unfamiliar men in suits. David attempts to escape, but is incapacitated and taken to a warehouse. Richardson explains he and his men are from the Adjustment Bureau. They ensure people's lives proceed as determined by "the plan", a complex document Richardson attributes to "the Chairman". The Bureau confiscates and destroys the note that contains Elise's phone number, and David is warned that if he ever reveals the existence of the Bureau to anyone else, he will be "reset"—akin to being lobotomized—and that he is not meant to meet Elise again.
Later, after boarding a bus, David encounters Elise; he tells her he had spent three years riding that bus to work, hoping to see her again. He learns that she dances for Cedar Lake Contemporary Ballet. The Bureau tries to stop him from renewing their relationship by altering their schedules. David races across town, fighting the Bureau's abilities to "control his choices" to ensure he will meet Elise. During the chase the Bureau uses ordinary doorways to travel instantly to locations many blocks away. Senior official Thompson takes over David's adjustment and takes him to the warehouse, where David argues he has the right to choose his own path.
Thompson says humanity received free will after the height of the Roman Empire, but then brought the Dark Ages upon itself. The Bureau took control again and created the Renaissance and the Enlightenment, but when free will returned in 1910 it resulted in the world wars and the Cold War, again forcing the Bureau to retake control and eliminate free will. Thompson implies that without Elise's influence David might become President of the United States and benefit the world, and warns that if he stays with her, he will ruin both of their futures. Thompson causes Elise to sprain her ankle at a performance to demonstrate his power, and David abandons her at the hospital to save them from the fate Thompson described.
Eleven months later, Charlie tells David of Elise's imminent wedding as he campaigns again. Harry contacts David via secret meetings in the rain or near water, which prevents the Bureau from tracking them. Harry reveals that Thompson exaggerated the negative consequences of David and Elise's relationship, and teaches David how to use doors to teleport, and evade the Bureau's adjustments. Just before the wedding David reaches Elise, reveals the Bureau's existence to her, and shows her how he travels through doors. The Bureau pursues them across New York City. David decides to find the Chairman to end the chase; Elise wavers briefly, but accompanies David. They enter the Bureau's offices and evade its forces.
David and Elise find themselves trapped and surrounded on the observation deck of the GE Building. They mutually declare their love and kiss before David can be reset. When they let go of each other, the Bureau members have gone. Thompson appears but is interrupted by Harry, who shows him a revised plan from the Chairman: one that is blank starting with the current moment. After commending them for their devotion to each other, Harry tells the couple they are free to leave. The film concludes with David and Elise walking through the streets, as Harry speculates that the Chairman's plan may be to prepare humanity so it can write its own plans.
- Matt Damon as David Norris
- Emily Blunt as Elise Sellas
- Anthony Mackie as Harry Mitchell
- John Slattery as Richardson
- Michael Kelly as Charlie Traynor
- Terence Stamp as Thompson
- Donnie Keshawarz as Donaldson
- Anthony Ruivivar as McCrady
- David Bishins as Burdensky
- Jennifer Ehle as a bartender
- Jessica Lee Keller as Lauren, Elise's best friend
In early drafts, the character Norris was changed from a real-estate salesman, as in the short story, to an up-and-coming politician.
Media Rights Capital funded the film and then auctioned it to distributors, with Universal Studios putting in the winning bid for $62 million. Variety reported Damon's involvement on February 24, 2009, and Blunt's on July 14, 2009. The film was released on March 4, 2011.
Nolfi worked with John Toll as his cinematographer. Shots were planned in advance with storyboards, but changed often during shooting to fit the conditions of the day. The visual plan for the film was to keep the camerawork smooth using a dolly or crane and have controlled formal shots when the Adjustment Bureau was in full control, with things becoming more loose and using hand-held cameras when the story becomes less controlled.
The final scene on the "Top of the Rock" rooftop observation deck of the GE Building in Rockefeller Center was filmed four months after the rest of the film had completed shooting and has a different ending than the original.
[I]nitially I was going to show the chairman. The chairman was going to be in female form, too. Ultimately, while making the movie, I realized how important it was going to be for people to put their own beliefs in the end and not foreclose that. I don’t think the scene would have foreclosed peoples’ beliefs, but the more I could hint at it and the less explicit I could be about it, it wasn’t enough to hint about it in the dialog and have an actual person there acting it. I just had to not show the chairman, so I ended up not going that way.
More than two years later, another explanation was made public. In her 2013 memoir, Iranian American actress Shohreh Aghdashloo, the woman who portrayed the Chairman in the original ending, said Nolfi gave her an explanation that differs from what he had said in 2011, upon the film's release; he blamed Universal Pictures for the change to the ending:
I loved that role. As actors, we all know we're at the mercy of the editing table, but not to this extent, never had I experienced it. The director, George Nolfi, decided I should play God. Everything went great until I got a call from the director who was asking to have lunch with me. He was on the verge of crying. He said, the distribution company believes that you cannot play this role.
Some reviewers identified Abrahamic theological implications, such as an omnipotent and omniscient God, the concepts of free will and predestination, and elements from the descent to the underworld (a mytheme dating back at least to the story of Eurydice and Orpheus). Moreover, it has been said that the Chairman represents God, while his caseworkers are angels. The director of the film, George Nolfi, stated that the "intention of this film is to raise questions."
The film had its world premiere on February 14, 2011, at the Ziegfeld Theatre on 141 West 54th Street in New York City. Writer/director George Nolfi was in attendance along with the cast, including Matt Damon and Emily Blunt.
Critics generally gave the film positive reviews. Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a score of 72% based on 237 reviews, with an average rating of 6.6 out of 10. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three out of four stars, describing it as "a smart and good movie that could have been a great one, if it had been a little more daring. I suspect the filmmakers were reluctant to follow its implications too far."The New York Times called the film "a fast, sure film about finding and keeping love across time and space . . . [that] has brightened the season with a witty mix of science-fiction metaphysics and old-fashioned romance."
In its opening weekend in the United States (March 4–6, 2011), The Adjustment Bureau grossed $21,157,730, which was the second most of any film that weekend, behind Rango. Its total worldwide gross is $127,869,379 as of December 18, 2011[update].
- "The Adjustment Bureau". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
- The Adjustment Bureau at The Numbers.
- "Damon Set For The Adjustment Bureau". Empire. February 25, 2009. Retrieved July 28, 2009.
- Fleming, Michael (February 24, 2009). "Studios weigh star packages". Variety. Retrieved July 28, 2009.
- Fleming, Michael (July 14, 2009). "Emily Blunt boards 'Bureau'". Variety. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
- Kroll, Justin (October 12, 2009). "Ruivivar added to 'Adjustment Bureau'". Variety. Retrieved October 22, 2009.
- Graser, Marc (August 27, 2009). "Thesp makes 'Adjustment' for Universal". Variety. Retrieved September 25, 2009.
- "‘Adjustment Bureau’: The surreal feels real". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved 2007-10-18. "Are you angels?” he asks Richardson. “We’ve been called lots of things,” is the reply. “Think of us as case workers.”"
- "Matt Damon Defies God’s Insidious Bureaucracy in The Adjustment Bureau". D Magazine. Retrieved 2007-10-18. "You see, "the Chairman" (as the film calls the being responsible for managing the entire universe) has dispatched "case workers" to keep humanity moving according to his carefully choreographed plan."
- "Hey, that's Dan Bazile up on the silver screen!". All Over Albany. March 3, 2011. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
- McCarthy, Steve Todd (February 25, 2011). "Movie review: "The Adjustment Bureau"". Reuters.
- Kaufman, Amy (March 3, 2011). "Movie Projector: 'Rango' expected to shoot down the competition". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- "The Adjustment Bureau". Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- Weintraub, Steve (February 26, 2011). "Writer-Director George Nolfi Exclusive Interview The Adjustment Bureau". collider.com. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
- Williams, Ileana (March 9, 2011). "Ileana’s Movie Review: The Adjustment Bureau". mix949.com. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
- Giroux, Jack (March 3, 2011). "Interview: George Nolfi Talks ‘The Adjustment Bureau’". Film School Rejects. Retrieved 2013-12-01.
- Aghdashloo, Shohreh (2013). The Alley of Love and Yellow Jasmines. New York, NY: Harper. ISBN 9780062009807.
- Lacher, Irene (June 1, 2013). "Shohreh Aghdashloo, from Tehran to Hollywood". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-12-01.
- "The Adjustment Bureau". Catholic News Service. Retrieved 2007-10-18. "Though this is certainly not a film for young people—in addition to the quasi-theological issues underlying the story, David and Elise's liaison becomes physical prematurely—the metaphysical elements of the plot can be interpreted by mature viewers in a way that squares with Judeo-Christian faith."
- "Finally, an Action Thriller for Religious Thinkers". The Jewish Journal. Retrieved 2007-10-18. "Even rarer are those films that tackle theological dilemmas, like the age-old apparent contradiction of free will vs. determinism. Judaism, Christianity and Islam all believe in an all-powerful and all-knowing God who controls everything that happens in the World. What, then, is the role of our own decisions? Does man truly possess free will, or does he only have the "appearance" of free will? Did I truly decide of my own free will to marry my wife, or did God orchestrate a complex set of circumstances that forced my hand and caused me to fall in love with this wonderful woman in order to fulfill His unknowable Divine plan? This is precisely the theme of the new film, The Adjustment Bureau (Grace Films Media, now playing."
- "The Adjustment Bureau: Fate vs. Free Will, Matt Damon Style". The Christian Post. Retrieved 2007-10-18. "How much power exactly do the agents of fate hold over someone's life? Can free will ever win over fate? And is it free will or fate that orchestrates action? Such are the questions that come to mind throughout George Nolfi's newest film, "The Adjustment Bureau," based on the short story by Phillip K. Dick."
- "The Adjustment Bureau: Fate vs. Free Will, Matt Damon Style". The Christian Post. Retrieved 2007-10-18. "Free Will vs. Predestination: What's Matt Damon Got to Do with It? "It's not this or that," responded Detweiler. "Gamers understand this very well, this tension between predestination and free will. It seems like they may be able to live better with that tension.""
- Dargis, Manohla (March 3, 2011). "Creepy People With a Plan, and a Couple on the Run". NYT Critics' Pick. The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-07-12. "Mr. Nolfi...appears to have turned to the classics for guidance, specifically Orphée, Jean Cocteau's sublime 1949 version of the myth of Eurydice and Orpheus. From the costumes of Richardson's goggled henchmen to the way David tells Elise to hold onto him so that they can pass through otherworldly portals, Mr. Nolfi samples from Orphée to his advantage, adding a layer of pleasure for cinephiles while keeping the mood up."
- Falsani, Cathleen (March 8, 2011). "The Adjustment Bureau: Does God Change Our Minds, or Do We Change God's?". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2007-10-18. "The Chairman—i.e., God—has written the stories of our lives and the Big Story of the World."
- "The Adjustment Bureau: Fate vs. Free Will, Matt Damon Style". The Christian Post. Retrieved 2007-10-18. ""The intention of this film is to raise questions—that's what art should do," commented Nolfi about his soon-to-be released motion picture at an earlier Pasadena screening. And that, Mr. Nolfi, it definitely did."
- "Universal Pictures presents the World premiere of The Adjustment Bureau at Ziegfeld Theatre in New York City Monday, February 14, 2011". CNBC. February 8, 2011.[dead link]
- Gaul, Lou (June 20, 2011). "'Adjustment Bureau' arrives Tuesday on home video". Beaver County Times. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011.
- Arnold, T.K. (June 29, 2011). "'The Adjustment Bureau' Tops DVD, Blu-ray Sales Charts". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011.
- "The Adjustment Bureau (2011)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2011-03-22.
- Ebert, Roger (March 2, 2011). "The Adjustment Bureau". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
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- Official website
- 'Adjustment Bureau' Lawsuit – Media Rights Capital Fires Back With Own Court Action Deadline
- The Adjustment Bureau at the Internet Movie Database
- The Adjustment Bureau at AllMovie
- The Adjustment Bureau at Box Office Mojo
- The Adjustment Bureau at The Numbers
- The Adjustment Bureau at Rotten Tomatoes
- The Adjustment Bureau at Metacritic