Home Video Channel
|Home Video Channel|
|Owned by||Home Video Channel Ltd|
The Adult Channel 
In the January 1992 the company started a porn channel called "The Adult Channel", a satellite delivered subscription service that features cable version adult movies. The Adult Channel, broadcast four hours a day commencing at midnight, and was available to approximately 2 million cable households and approximately 4 million (DTH) satellite households in the United Kingdom. The Adult Channel is also was available to DTH satellite households throughout Continental Europe and had subscribers in over 40 countries. The Home Video Channel continued to operate during the evening with exclusive movie service featuring action and horror during the pre-midnight. The two services were offered to cable operators as a seamless 8:00 P.M. to 4:00 A.M. programming service at a package price.
In 1995 the station transmittions was moved from the Astra 1B Satellite to the then new Astra 1D. Unfortunately channels used frequencies that were not available on the original Sky receivers due to being outside the original BSS band, Sky issued viewers with frequency shifters ("ADX Plus Channel Expanders"), comprising small boxes the size of a cigarette packet with a single switch and an on/off LED. When connected between the dish and the receiver (and powered by the receiver) these allowed viewers to switch manually between the Astra 1A and Astra 1D frequency bands - precisely 250 MHz.
By 1997 the Adult Channel has lost subscribers and its market share in the UK, Several factors were believed to be contributed to this decline, including the launch of two competing porn channels in 1995 and increased piracy, along with the The channel also using an Astra 1D satellite transponder . In an effort to address these issues in 1998, the company restructured HVC's management and instituted a change in its transponder, to allow it to broadcast on British Sky Broadcasting Limited ("Sky") satellite from August 1998. The changes were successful, as the number of subscribers increased, and the cost of the new transponder was less expensive. The Adult Channel followed on from the SCi-Fi and The History Channel, two widely distributed networks. HVC also switched to the Sky encryption technology in October 1997 to curtail signal piracy. and also increased The Adult Channel's programming budget for 1998 with an added emphasis on European programming. The Company has also increased HVC's advertising budget and reallocated it to the UK DTH market in an effort to regain lost market share ıġ
Spice International 
In 1994 The Home Video Channel Limited ("HVC")was acquired by Spice Entertainment Companies, Inc. Spice expanded its distribution of The Adult Channel throughout the rest of Europe, when it increased its authorized agents throughout Western Europe who distribute DTH subscriptions to The Adult Channel through sales of "smart cards." HVC entered into an agency agreement with Nuevas Estructuras Televisivas who hasd secured affiliation agreements for The Adult Channel in over thirty Spanish cable systems. The Adult Channel was also carried on the Canal Digital AS platform which serves subscribers in Scandinavia, Canal Plus digital platform serving subscribers in the Benelux countries and in Germany via Deutsche Telekom who had 16 million cable homes user. In Eastern Europe, securing carriage in cable systems located in Russia, Lithuania, Estonia and Slovenia. However, one of our more promising programming arrangements was with Metromedia which operated cable systems in Rumania and Russia. Several of the Rumanian cable systems have ceased distribution of The Adult Channel as a result of the devaluation of the Rumanian currency 
Playboy TV 
In May 1995 it was announced Playboy would start a new UK Television station, in partnership with Flextech 51%, and BSkyB30%. PEI Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Christie Hefner said, "Two years ago, we began selling blocks of programming to existing cable services overseas. The establishment of an overseas Playboy network was a logical step for us in our strategy for growth and we are pleased to be involved in this venture with such respected partners as TCI, Flextech and BSkyB." David Chance, deputy managing director of BSkyB, and Roger Luard, managing director of Flextech plc, jointly said, "Playboy has a strong brand name worldwide and has a successful adult-oriented television channel in the United States that appeals to both men and women. Our research shows there is a strong demand for the channel, with its wide variety of high quality programming in the UK and Benelux countries". Playboy TV UK started on the 1 November 1995. In December 1998 Home Video Channel acquired the 81% interest in Playboy TV UK/Benelux,from Flextech and British Sky Broadcasting Limited, further to the deal HVC and playboy merged. Playboy said that Home Video Channel will pay approximately U.S dollars 9 million for the 81% interest and that timing of the payments will be based on the network's future cash flows. Playboy TV and HVC will continue to be delivered on Sky's satellite platform as well as via cable.
Playboy Entertainment Group President Anthony J. Lynn said: "Our international Playboy TV networks offer us enormous opportunities for growth. We have seen the success of Playboy TV in the United States and the profit and margin potential that accrues once the network reaches breakeven. While we look forward to continuing our relationship with Flextech and BSkyB, this acquisition will give us a valuable asset that will be of increasing importance to us going forward. With the pending acquisition of Spice, we plan to offer Playboy TV and a complementary movie service combining HVC and Spice. The economies of scale that the merger offers, combined with the ability to market attractive options to consumers, should improve our growth and profitability potential. On 1 May 1999 HVC/The Adult Channel package ceased transmission with the The Adult Channel only carrying on afterwards
In February 2005 the channel was fined by Ofcom for broadcasting "Sandy Babe Abroad" a hardcore pornographic film. Ofcom said " it includes material which should not be transmitted at any time under any circumstance on British television" ref>http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2005/feb/11/business.broadcasting</ref>. In 2009 the station was once again fined by Ofcom for breaches of its licence, by broadcasting "sexually explicit material unencrypted". In January 2013 it was fined again for making sure potentially harmful pornographic material was protect from children. Ofcom says "there wasn't a system in place on Playboy's on-demand programmes services and they didn't have "acceptable controls in place to check that users were aged 18 or over"
Playboy TV is also available in Finland and Scandinavia through Canal Digital (in Norway also through Get). In Belgium through Telenet Digital TV, in Switzerland through Cablecom Digital TV, in Africa, and also in New Zealand through SKY Network Television.
- http://i48.tinypic.com/2eedi1l.jpg Broadband Cable 10th Anniversary, Fiber Optics Cable Weekly 1994
- Bains, Geoff. "Double Shift" What Satellite TV January 1995 pp42
- "PLAYBOY ENTERTAINMENT TO ACQUIRE FULL OWNERSHIP OF UK CHANNEL". PR Newswire. http://www.prnewswire.co.uk/cgi/news/release?id=34631. Retrieved 2009-10-27.