The Adventures of Pinocchio (1936 film)

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The Adventures of Pinocchio
Le Avventure di Pinocchio (1936).jpg
An original screeshot from the film.
Directed by Raoul Verdini
Umberto Spano
Based on The Adventures of Pinocchio 
by Carlo Collodi
CAIR (Cartoni Animati Italiani Roma)
Distributed by De Vecchi
Release dates
1936 (Never released)
Running time
105 mins.
Country Italy
Language Italian

The Adventures of Pinocchio (Italian: Le avventure di Pinocchio) was an Italian animated film directed by Raoul Verdini and Umberto Spano. Italian artist Mario Pompei did the scenography of this black-and-white film. Created and produced by Cartoni Animati Italiani Roma (CAIR) and distributed by De Vecchi, this cartoon was based on the famous children's book The Adventures of Pinocchio by Carlo Collodi. The film was intended to be the first animated feature film from Italy, but was never completed; if the film was finished, it also would have been the first animated film adaptation based on the novel of the same name. It is now considered lost, only the original script and a couple of still frames are all that survived of the film.


The first page of the original script.

In January 1935 the political Alfredo Rocco decided to commission the first Italian animated movie at the newly formed CAIR. The study chose to faithfully adapt the novel by Collodi and, after having bought the rights from the publisher R. Bemporad & Figlio, began to work. To date is not clear who were the director of the film. Some sources cite Umberto Spano and Raul Verdini,[1] while others Romolo Bacchini and his son Carlo, also as authors of the photography.[2]

The animators of the film.

The model sheet was made by Verdini and Barbara Mamelli (Italian designers of the satirical newspaper Marc'Aurelio). Romolo Bacchini was also the producer and the artistic director with Verdini. The scenography was entrusted to Mario Pompei with Franco Fiorenzi and Gioacchino Colizzi. As composer, is sometimes cited Umberto Giordano.[3] Among the employees of the inking, together Carlo Bacchini, there were Ettore Ranalli, Ennio Zedda and Amerigo Tot.[4]

Was planned the construction of about 110 000 drawings for a year of work, with an estimated budget of 1 million, and the international distribution by De Vecchi was scheduled for fall 1936.[5]

Geppetto in a frame of the film.

However, the production of the film was very troubled due to various technical problems, as recalled Barbara in June 1992. At the end of the year, CAIR, having exhausted the financing, ceased the activities, and the material was left unused. The film included about 150 000 drawings and 2,500 feet of film (some have argued that it lasted 105 minutes). Later, Raoul Verdini attempted to finish the film, trying to convert it in color with the Catalucci system, but he failed, and the film remained unfinished.[6]
However in the same year Disney has bought the rights of the book for make its second film, Pinocchio. Some argue that the Verdini, Barbara and Colizzi's movie is now in the archives of the American study.

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^,com_lastampa/task,search/mod,libera/action,viewer/Itemid,3/page,6/articleid,1137_01_1935_0037_0006_24910796/
  3. ^,com_lastampa/task,search/mod,libera/action,viewer/Itemid,3/page,6/articleid,1137_01_1935_0037_0006_24910796/
  4. ^,com_lastampa/task,search/mod,libera/action,viewer/Itemid,3/page,6/articleid,1137_01_1935_0037_0006_24910796/
  5. ^
  6. ^

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