List of Sesame Street Muppets

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Jim Henson, creator of The Muppets, in 1989.

The Muppets are a group of puppet characters created by Jim Henson, many for the purpose of appearing on the children's television program Sesame Street. Henson's involvement in Sesame Street began when he and Joan Ganz Cooney, one of the creators of the show, met in the summer of 1968, at one of the show's five three-day curriculum planning seminars in Boston. Author Christopher Finch reported that director Jon Stone, who had worked with Henson previously, felt that if they could not bring him on board, they should "make do without puppets".[1]

Jim Henson was initially reluctant, but he agreed to join Sesame Street for its social goals. He also agreed to waive his performance fee for full ownership of the Sesame Street Muppets and to split any revenue they generated with the Children's Television Workshop, the series' non-profit producer[2] (renamed to the Sesame Workshop in 2000). The Muppets were a crucial part of the show's popularity and it brought Henson national attention.[3] In early research, the Muppet segments of the show scored high, and more Muppets were added during the first few seasons. The Muppets were effective teaching tools because children easily recognized them, they were stereotypical and predictable, and they appealed to adults and older siblings.[4]

During the production of Sesame Street '​s first season, producers created five one-hour episodes to test the show's appeal to children and examine their comprehension of the material. Not intended for broadcast, they were presented to preschoolers in 60 homes throughout Philadelphia and in day care centers in New York City in July 1969.[5] The results were "generally very positive";[6] children learned from the shows, their appeal was high, and children's attention was sustained over the full hour.[5] However, the researchers found that although children's attention was high during the Muppet segments, their interest wavered during the "Street" segments, when no Muppets were on screen. This was because the producers had followed the advice of child psychologists who were concerned that children would be confused if human actors and Muppets were shown together. As a result of this decision, the appeal of the test episodes was lower than the target.[6][7]

The Street scenes were "the glue" that "pulled the show together",[8] so producers knew they needed to make significant changes. The producers decided to reject the advisers' advice and reshot the Street segments; Henson and his coworkers created Muppets that could interact with the human actors,[8][9] specifically Oscar the Grouch and Big Bird, who became two of the show's most enduring characters.[10] These test episodes were directly responsible for what writer Malcolm Gladwell called "the essence of Sesame Street—the artful blend of fluffy monsters and earnest adults".[8]

Since 2001, the full rights for the Muppets created for Sesame Street have been owned by Sesame Workshop.[11]


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Abby Cadabby Leslie Carrara-Rudolph[12] (2007–present) A three-year-old fairy-in-training with tiny wings, pink fur, a magic wand, and sparkles in her hair who was created to increase the number of the female Sesame Street Muppets. Daughter of the fairy godmother (who is spoken about but never seen), she "has her own point of view and is comfortable with the fact that she likes wearing a dress". She was designed by Ed Christie and built by Rollie Krewson.[13]
Adam T. Glasser Jerry Nelson A Fat Blue Anything Muppet in the "Old West" sketches who does various odd jobs like baker, doctor, dentist, firefighter, lawyer, and zookeeper that he often gets them confused due to the amount of jobs that he has.
Alice Snuffleupagus Judy Sladky (1988–present) Baby sister of Aloysius Snuffleupagus ("Snuffy"). She has "luxurious, pale-golden fur", long eyelashes, and a blue-checkered hair ribbon, and was introduced to model sibling rivalry. She was one of the first Muppets controlled by remote control.[14]
Alistair Cookie Frank Oz (1978–2001) Played by Cookie Monster, he appeared in the "Monsterpiece Theater" sketch (a parody of Masterpiece Theater). At first, he appeared with a pipe that he later ate. The pipe was removed because according to executive producer Carol-Lynn Parente, it "modeled the wrong behavior".[15] He is a parody of Alistair Cooke.[16]
Amazing Mumford Jerry Nelson A "W.C. Fields-esque" magician made from a Live-Hand Large Lavender Anything Muppet whose magic tricks often go awry. His catch phrase, and most-often used to produce his tricks, is "À la peanut butter sandwiches". He was designed by Jim Henson and built by Don Sahlin.[17]
Anne Phibian Fran Brill A newt made from a Green Anything Muppet who is the host of the game show "Find the Amphibian" which was played by Elmo and Abby Cadabby in episode 4201.[18]
Anything Muppets Various Performers (1969–present) Writer Christopher Finch called Anything Muppets "unadorned puppet torsos and heads"[19] used for a single role or purpose. This ever-expanding troupe of Muppets came in all shapes, sizes, and appearances. The Anything Muppets portray humans, specific animals, and occasional aliens.[20]
AM Monsters Various Performers (1970–present) Short for "Anything Muppet Monsters," the AM Monsters are customizable Muppet Monsters like the Anything Muppets and the Whatnots from The Muppet Show. Like the Anything Muppets, the AM Muppets come in all shapes, sizes, and appearances. According to writer Louise Gikow, Elmo started out as an AM Monster.[21]
Aristotle Richard Hunt[22] A blind monster created to increase inclusiveness of people and puppets with disabilities on the show. He was designed by Michael K. Frith and built by Ed Christie.[23]
Arlene Frantic Fran Brill (1970) Appeared in the Sesame Street sketch "What's My Part". She is a parody of Arlene Francis.[24]


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Baby Bear David Rudman "The character from that Goldilocks story, in Muppet form". Rudman uses a "babyish lisp" when he voices Baby Bear.[17]
Barkley Toby Towson (1977–1978),[25] Brian Muehl,[26] Bruce Connelly[27] Originally named "Woof-Woof", he is a "large, friendly, shaggy dog" owned by Linda and knows a few words in American Sign Language.[17] Barley once traveled to China with Big Bird. He was designed by Michael K. Frith and built by Susan Moore.[28]
Beautiful Day Monster Jim Henson, Frank Oz, Caroll Spinney Originally appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show, this puppet was used interchangeably with Cookie Monster the first season of Sesame Street.[29]
Bennett Snerf Jerry Nelson (Monster version), Caroll Spinney (Anything Muppet version) (1970) An Anything Muppet who appeared in the Sesame Street sketch "What's My Part". The first version seen was a monster made from a Fat Blue Anything Muppet. The second version was made from a Lavender Anything Muppet. He is a parody of Bennett Cerf.[24]
Benny Rabbit Kevin Clash The "irascible" rabbit who works as a bellhop at the Furry Arms Hotel (which was part of the Around-the-Corner set expansion of the 1990s).[30]
Bert Frank Oz (1969–present),[31] Eric Jacobson (1997–present)[32] Ernie's best friend, he collects paper clips and is fascinated by pigeons. His sketches were made by Jim Henson and he was built by Don Sahlin.[33]
Betty Lou Jim Henson, Caroll Spinney, Frank Oz (Episode 67), Marilyn Sokol (voice, Episodes 808 and 810), Lisa Buckley (1993), Fran Brill A Hot Pink Anything Muppet girl. "With her blonde braided hair, [she] is friendly and unassuming".[34] She collects dolls of various shapes and ethnicities.[35]
Biff Jerry Nelson[36] One-half of the Muppet construction worker duo, Biff is an "Archie Bunker-style blue-collar loudmouth" who was made from a Live-Hand Large Lavender Anything Muppet. He and his partner Sully made for a "classic comedy team". Whenever they encountered a problem, Biff would ask for Sully's opinion but interrupt him before Sully could answer, and then Sully would be the one to come up with the solution.[37]
Big Bad Wolf Jerry Nelson (1971–2012), Kevin Clash (1980s), Joey Mazzarino (1990s–2006, episode 4309), David Rudman (episodes 3001, 4411), Martin P. Robinson (1990s–2006), Tyler Bunch (episodes 4145 and 4266), Matt Vogel (episode 4318) The Big Bad Wolf of fairy tales who appears occasionally. Although the Big Bad Wolf had started out blue, there had been other variations of the Big Bad Wolf with the color either being green, purple (the current one), orange, brown, and gray.[38]
Big Bird Caroll Spinney (1969–present),[39] Matt Vogel (understudy)[40] A large yellow bird who was developed during the 1968 curriculum seminars. Designed by Jim Henson and built by Kermit Love and Don Sahlin, Big Bird is an 8-foot-2-inch tall big yellow bird with a slightly quirky and naive outlook on the world. Residing in a large nest alongside the "123 Sesame Street" building, he was the first Muppet to appear on the show[41] and represents a 6-year-old child who questions everything.[42][43]
Big Jeffy Jim Henson (puppeteer), Jerry Nelson (puppeteer), Kevin Clash (puppeteer, 1980s), Jeff Moss (voice) A bearded hippie made from a Fat Blue Anything Muppet who is a member of the band "Little Jerry and the Monotones". He sometimes appears as a member of "Little Chrissy and the Alphabeats". Big Jeffy's name was dedicated to Jeff Moss.
Billy Fran Brill (episode 271), Jim Henson (episode 678) A small monster made from a Hot Pink Anything Monster who appeared in different sketches.
Billy Idle Steve Whitmire A Lavender Anything Muppet punkster who sang Rebel L. He is a parody of Billy Idol and the song is the spoof of Rebel Yell.
Bip Bippadotta Jim Henson, Martin P. Robinson (Episode 4203) The wild-haired puppet featured in the Muppet segment "Mah Nà Mah Nà". He resembles Mahna Mahna from The Muppet Show, but sports sunglasses and is made from different Anything Muppets.[44]
Blue Bird Unknown Performer A giant superhero bird who appeared in two skits. Big Bird created the comics of the character for his everyday problem. He speaks in a deep superhero-type voice.
Brad Richard Hunt Bert's nephew.
Bruce Various Performers A grayish-blue monster with a pink nose who appears in different sketches.
Bruce Stringbean Christopher Cerf (voice) A Lavender Anything Muppet lead singer of the band Bruce Stringbean and the S Street Band. He is a spoof of Bruce Springsteen.
Bruno the Trashman Caroll Spinney Created by Spinney as a way to allow Oscar to move around and talk at the same time, Bruno is a silent trashman who doesn't talk much.[34][45]
Busby Twins Joe Busby: Jerry Nelson
Moe Busby: Frank Oz
Two Hot Pink Anything Muppet twins who were around in the 1970s. The Busby Twins were known for sharing everything including their conversations, speaking one word or syllable at a time.
Bushman Bill Brian Muehl A Large Lavender Live Hands Anything Muppet radio DJ who is the host of The Hit Parade. He introduces the disco song "Be My D" by Didi O'Dey and the Dew Drops. His loud voice and design is based on Wolfman Jack.
Buster the Horse Martin P. Robinson Forgetful Jones intelligent horse, who often helps his master get out of difficulties.[34][46]


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Captain Breakfast Brian Muehl[47][48] (episode 2159) An Orange Gold Anything Muppet superhero who helps promote breakfast.
Captain Vegetable Jim Henson (1982–83), Richard Hunt (1983–1984) A strange pink rabbit superhero who encourages people to eat their vegetables. His home base is a garden somewhere in New Jersey. He was made from a Lavender Anything Muppet during Jim Henson's portrayal and later made from a Live Hand Large Lavender Anything Muppet for Richard Hunt's portrayal.[49]
Cereal Girl Monster Ivy Austin (voice) An orange furry monster who sings "Cereal Girl" (a parody of Madonna's "Material Girl" that details about having cereal for breakfast) in Episode 2687. She later sang "It's in His Kiss" (which detailed her finding her hairbrush) in Episode 3053.
Chicago the Lion David Rudman A vegetarian lion. He was designed and built by Ed Christie.[50]
Chip and Dip Chip: Kevin Clash
Dip: Richard Hunt (1980s–1992), David Rudman (1992)
Two cats who appear occasionally.[51][52]
Chuckie Sue A real hamster Telly's pet hamster who was originally named Chuckie until Telly discovered she was pregnant. Afterwards, he renamed her Chuckie Sue but has continued to call her Chuckie.
Clancy Richard Hunt, Brian Muehl (Episode 1405), Frank Oz, Martin P. Robinson A dark-green Monster who appears occasionally.
Clementine Brian Muehl (1979–1984), Kevin Clash (1985–1988), Camille Bonora (1988–1992) A cowgirl made from a Green Anything Muppet who is Forgetful Jones' girlfriend. She will tend to get frustrated with Forgetful Jones' bad memory.[53]
The Cobblestones Mick Swagger: Christopher Cerf (voice)
Keyboardist: Brian Muehl
An Anything Muppet rock group. They are a parody of the British rock band The Rolling Stones with Mick Swagger being modeled after Mick Jagger.
Colambo Joey Mazzarino A black lamb detective who is inspired by Columbo. Joey Mazzarino originated this character in his audition script for "Sesame Street."[34][54]
Cookie Monster Frank Oz (1969–2001),[55] David Rudman (2001–present),[56] Caroll Spinney (episode 89) As Sesame Street Unpaved says, "At first glance, Cookie Monster appears to be a monster with a one-track mind. He is deeply, emotionally, physically and spiritually attached to cookies". He was designed by Jim Henson and built by Don Sahlin.[57] He also likes to eat healthy foods.[58]
Count von Count Jerry Nelson (1972–2012), Matt Vogel (2013–present) Count von Count is a number-obsessed vampire who craves counting with a single-focused passion. He was made from a Live Hand Large Lavender Anything Muppet. He has lavender-fleece skin, bat-shaped ears, a flat black hairpiece, a red spade tongue, and wears caped formalwear. Nelson based the Count's character and exaggerated European accent on Bela Lugosi's Count Dracula.[59] An "impressive crack of thunder and flash of lightning", along with his trademark laugh, accompany his counting.[60]
The Countess Fran Brill (1980) Count von Count's actress girlfriend who was made from a Live Hand Large Lavender Anything Muppet. She has a dog named Masha and is modeled after Marlene Dietrich.[34][61]
Countess von Backwards Fran Brill (early 1990s) Camille Bonora (1996–1997) A Live Hand Large Lavender Anything Muppet who counts everything backwards. A loud wolf howl usually accompanies her counting.[62]
Curly Bear Stephanie D'Abruzzo[63] (2003–present)[64] Baby Bear's little sister. Created to address the issue of sibling rivalry, Curly calls her brother "Bebo" and has a very loud growl. She was designed by Ed Christie and built by Rollie Krewson.[64][65]


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
David Letterguy Matt Vogel (episode 4125) An Orange Gold Anything Muppet who is the host of "The Alphabet Roadshow". His name is a reference to David Letterman.[66]
Deena Karen Prell A red and pink monster. Described as "hyper-active", Karen Prell reported that her performance was deemed "over-the-top", so the character didn't last long. She was designed and built by Ed Christie.[67]
Dexter Kevin Clash A large monster juggler. Being a Live-Hand Muppet, Kevin Clash was assisted in performing Dexter by Fred Garver who performed Dexter's hands.
Dicky Tick Martin P. Robinson A Small Orange Anything Muppet who hosted various shows including "Lifestyles of the Big and Little" in Episode 2580 and "Dicky Tick's In, On, and Under" in Episode 2970. He is a spoof of Robin Leach.
Didi O'Dey and The Dew Drops Various Performers A trio of disco-singing Anything Muppet girls where it wasn's specified which one is Didi O'Dey. They sang "Be My D" (as introduced by Bushman Bill) in Episode 2256. They also appeared with Cookie Monster in "Cookie Disco" in Episode 1093 and "Me Lost Me Cookie at the Disco" in Episode 2680.
Dingers Various Performers Like the Honkers, the Dingers communicate only through the noises they make from the service bells on top of their head. At least one Honker works as a "service bell" at the Furry Arms Hotel.[68]
Don Music Richard Hunt An Orange Gold Anything Muppet. He is a piano-playing composer who required assistance from Kermit the Frog to complete the lyrics to his songs. When frustrated, he would say, "Oh, I'll never get it! Never, never, never!" and bang his head on the keyboard. He had a bust of Ludwig van Beethoven on his piano, and as an inside joke, a framed photo of Joe Raposo hanging on the wall. He was designed by Jim Henson.[37]
Donald Grump Martin P. Robinson A Grouch who is modeled after billionaire real-estate developer Donald Trump.[69]
Dorothy A real fish Elmo's pet goldfish (born 1998). Dorothy is featured mostly on "Elmo's World".[70]
Dr. Feel Steve Whitmire (episodes 4073 and 4077) A Pumpkin Anything Muppet who is a spoof of TV personality and author Dr. Phil McGraw.[69]
Dr. Nobel Price Brian Muehl (1979–1984), Kevin Clash (1984–1988) (1979–1988) A Live Hand Large Lavender Anything Muppet who works as an inventor. Price's inventions consisted of things that are either no use (like a rain-producing machine and a flying cupcake) or have already been invented. Author Louise Gikow called Price a "misguided inventor" and the "bane of reporter Kermit's existence.[68]


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Elizabeth Stephanie D'Abruzzo A pig-tailed Green Anything Muppet with a Brooklyn accent who loves the number 732 and her cat Little Murray Sparkles.[63]
Elmo Brian Muehl (1979–1984), Richard Hunt (1984–1985), Kevin Clash (1985–2012),[71] Peter Linz (Sesame Street Spaghetti Space Chase), Ryan Dillon (2013–present) A furry three-and-a-half-year old red monster. He was created in 1979 and called "Little Monster", Elmo was performed by several people when he started out as an AM Monster. It wasn't until Clash took over the role that Elmo became a "phenomenon" according to Clash. He was designed by Caroly Wilcox.[72][73]
Ernestine Unknown Ernie's baby cousin who was made from a Pumpkin Orange Anything Muppet. Her laugh sounds like Ernie's laugh.[74]
Ernie Jim Henson (1969–1990),[75] Steve Whitmire (1993–present),[76] Billy Barkhurst (Episodes 4502, 4508) Orange-colored, oval-headed, and always grinning, Ernie is a "free spirit" and a "trickster". His best friend is Bert where they share a basement apartment at 123 Sesame Street and his signature song is "Rubber Duckie". His sketches were made by Jim Henson and he was built by Don Sahlin.[77][78]


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Farley Jerry Nelson A Green Anything Muppet boy with short orange spiked hair and a yellow sweater.[79]
Fenwick LaTouche Richard Hunt A Lavender Anything Muppet man who lives in Moose Patrol, Maine. He appeared as a contestant on What's Prairie's Problem? He guessed the answers incorrectly and loses the game.
Flo Bear David Rudman[80] A bear writer.[81]
Fluffy the Elephant Martin P. Robinson (puppeteer) Oscar the Grouch's pet elephant whose trunk is only seen sticking out of the trash can.[82]
Forgetful Jones Michael Earl Davis (1979–1981), Richard Hunt (1981–1992) A "simpleton cowboy" made from a Live Land Large Lavender Anything Muppet.[37] Forgetful Jones is the "most forgetful cowboy in the Wild Wild West".[83]
Frazzle Jerry Nelson, Martin P. Robinson (episode 3156), Joey Mazzarino (episode 4419) A large orange monster Muppet with big teeth. He started out as an Anything Muppet before a permanent puppet was made for the character. Frazzle owns a pet Hot Pink Anything Muppet named Pickles.[79]
Fred the Wonder Horse Jerry Nelson A horse who was ridden by Grover in the "Marshal Grover" sketches. Buster is wiser than Grover and often resolves Grover's problems such as finding water in the desert, rescuing animals, and counting backwards.


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Gladys the Cow Richard Hunt (1973—1992), Jennifer Barnhart (2003—present) A cow. With her "piercing operatic voice", Sesame Street Unpaved calls her "a theatrical ham (even though she's a cow)".[84]
Googel Stephanie D'Abruzzo A purple monster who is a member of the Monster Clubhouse. She was built by Michael Schupbach.[85]
Granny Bird Caroll Spinney (voice) Big Bird's grandmother who had watched over him when he was a little bird.[86]
Granny Fanny Nestlerode Caroll Spinney, Jim Henson (Episode 406) An old lady Muppet who appeared in season 2 and is made from a Live Hand Large Lavender Anything Muppet.[87]
Grover Frank Oz (1969–2001), Eric Jacobson (2001–present),[88] Jim Henson (episode 57) A "valiant, caring blue monster".[89] Sesame Street Unpaved describes Grover as "the Muppet we'd all like to be—self-confident, furry, cute, capable, and intelligent. Well, self-confident, furry, and cute, at least".[90]
Grundgetta Brian Muehl (1982—1984), Pam Arciero (1984—present)[91] A Grouch who is Oscar the Grouch's "trashy girlfriend.'[91] While Grundgetta calls Oscar by the name "Oskie", he calls her by the name Grungie on different occasions. Like Oscar, she likes all things trashy and rainy.[92] She wears tattered hats and veils.[34]
Gulliver Joey Mazzarino A Seagull pen pal of Big Bird whose bigotry and fear towards Snuffy resulted in being confronted by Big Bird in episode 4021. Gikow states that his episode was inspired by the events of 9-11.[93]
Guy Smiley Jim Henson (1969–1990),[94] Eric Jacobson (2005–present)[88] An Orange Gold Anything Muppet who is the "Extremely enthusiastic"[95] game show host with a "wide, grinning mouth and his desire to explore the lives of others without revealing his own" as Sesame Street Unpaved describes him.[96]


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Harry Monster Jerry Nelson (episode 3087) A light green monster who appears in different sketches.
Harvey Kneeslapper Frank Oz, Matt Vogel (2010) A blonde and wild-eyed Live Hand Large Lavender Anything Muppet. Harvey likes puns and playing practical jokes on others.[97]
Harvey Monster Jim Henson, Richard Hunt, Jerry Nelson, Frank Oz An AM Monster who appears occasionally. He appeared in the sketch "Near and Far" with Elmo, Clancy, and Kermit the Forg.[98]
Herbert Birdsfoot Jerry Nelson A bespectacled Lavender Anything Muppet. He is a lecturer who often appeared with Grover.[99]
Herry Monster Jerry Nelson (1970–2003),[100] Tyler Bunch (2013–present) (1970—present)[101] Herry is blue, big, and burly monster who doesn't know his own strength and speaks in the style of Jimmy Durante. He appears in many unscripted scenes with children, and "is written to represent a monster with the psychological age of a six-year old".[102] At first, Herry's nose was covered with light-blue fur. But in 1971, it was replaced with a non-furry blue nose and finally with a "recognizable" purple one.[101]
Hippie Frank Oz (Episode 3), Caroll Spinney (Episode 28), Jim Henson (Episode 69, 116) A nameless bearded hippie character that appeared during the first season of Sesame Street where he was often accompanied by other Anything Muppet hippies. His puppet is a reworked version of the early Grump (used in The Ed Sullivan Show sketches, the Sesame Street Pitch Reel, and the Muppet Meeting Films) with a shaggy brown beard and a pair of glasses added on.
Homer Honker Kathryn Mullen (1983), Tim Gosley (1985) A green Honker with blue hair.[103]
Honkers Various Performers Like the Dingers, they communicate only through noises by hitting their noses where noise comes out of the horns on their heads.[68]
Hoots the Owl Kevin Clash[104] Sesame Street writer Mark Saltzman described Hoots as "the saxophone-playing jazz owl".[44] His signature song is "Put Down the Duckie". Kevin Clash based Hoots the Owl's voice after Louie Armstrong.[104]
Horatio the Elephant Joey Mazzarino An often-dancing elephant who walks on two legs. He was designed and built by Ed Christie.[105]
Howie Fran Brill A purple rabbit with pink ears and a buck tooth who was made from a Lavender Anything Muppet. Rarely featured on Sesame Street."[103]
How Now Brown Cow Christopher Cerf (voice only) A Green Anything Muppet who is the lead singer of the rock group "How Now Brown Cow and the Moo Waves" Many of their songs were written by Christopher Cerf.
Humphrey Richard Hunt (1990–1992), David Rudman (1992–present) (1990–present) A monster who is the father of Natasha. He and his wife Ingrid are the hotel managers of the Furry Arms Hotel which was part of the Around-the-Corner set from 1993 to 1998.[106]


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Ingrid Joey Mazzarino A monster who is the mother of Natasha. She and her husband Humphrey are the hotel managers of the Furry Arms Hotel.[106] She is a recycled version of Mona Monster and is named after Ingrid Bergman.
Irvine Martin P. Robinson A Grouch who is Oscar the Grouch's niece.


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
J.P. Kevin Clash A mouse made from a Green Anything Muppet who appears in the "Miami Mice" sketch (a spoof of Miami Vice) and is the partner of Tito. He is modeled after Don Johnson's character Sonny Crockett.
Jackman Wolf Jerry Nelson A purple wolf DJ who is the host of "The Sesame Street Rock and Roll Request Show" and is a parody of Wolfman Jack. Jackman Wolf appeared in the Rock & Roll home video special, the 'Sing, Hoot, and Howl! video, and the Kids Favorite Songs video. His puppet is the same as the purple version of the Big Bad Wolf.
Jamie Fox Joey Mazzarino (episode 4111) A fox whom along with Elmo and Jamie Foxx try to figure out who is the real "Jamie Foxx" and sing the alphabet together.[107]
Jeanette Karen Prell A Green Anything Muppet who sang with Nelson in the song "I'm in Love with U" in Episode 1804.
Joe Hundred Guy Joey Mazzarino (episode 4063) An Orange Gold Anything Muppet who is a spoof of the reality show Joe Millionaire.[108]
Joey and Davey Joey: Joey Mazzarino
Davey: David Rudman
Two monkeys who appear occasionally. They are known to quote "bananas."[109][110]
Juliet M. Elizabeth Houston (1986–1987), Camille Bonora (1987–1991) A monster who is Telly's friend. She is a recycled version of Mona Monster.


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Kathleen the Cow Marilyn Sokol (voice, episode 2784), Richard Hunt (A Muppet Family Christmas), Stephanie D'Abruzzo (Elmo's Magic Cookbook), Jennifer Barnhart (episode 4083) A cow who would often appear with Gladys and the other cows.
Kermit the Frog Jim Henson (1955–1990), Steve Whitmire (1990—present) A frog who is one of the first Muppets designed and built by Jim Henson.[111] Borgenicht called Kermit "funny, ironic, and always the voice of reason amidst the insanity around him; the calm in the eye of the storm".[112] Gerald S. Lesser, CTW's first Advisory Board chairman, called him "the saturnine but gentlemanly puppet frog".[113] He is currently part of The Walt Disney Company's Muppets Studio, who have given Sesame Workshop permission to continue using him in the show.
Kingston Livingston III Kevin Clash A young African-American boy made from a Brown Anything Muppet who is smart and cool, and who prefers to do his own thing.[17] He is named after his father and grandfather.[114]


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Lefty the Salesman Frank Oz,[115] Caroll Spinney (Episode 126, 129) A shady-looking salesman who speaks with a whispery voice and was made from a Green Anything Muppet. Lefty is shown to have connections with the Sesame Street Gangsters. He is usually performed by Frank Oz except in two sketches of Season 1 where he was performed by Caroll Spinney.
Little Bird Jim Henson (1969–1970), Fran Brill Wise, soft-spoken, and matter-of-fact little bird who is good at explaining concepts for his friend Big Bird. He is a refurbished version of the Kenner Gooney Bird from the Kenner Toys commercial.[17][116]
Little Chrissy Jim Henson (puppeteer), Christopher Cerf (voice) A Fat Blue Anything Muppet who is the lead singer of "Little Chrissy and the Alphabeats," he was one of the earliest Muppets based upon an actual person (Cerf).[117] Little Chrissy was also the lead Frazzletone member on the song "Frazzle" with Frazzle and the Aristocrats. The puppet variant was designed with the early version of Harvey Monster, but uses darker lenses on his glasses.
Little Fish Dude Steve Whitmire A fish who couldn't swim in the ocean because it was full of trash as he complained to Annette Monster and Frankie Monster during the "Love the Ocean" song in Episode 2680.
Little Jerry Jerry Nelson A Green Anything Muppet who is the lead singer of the rock group "Little Jerry and the Monotones". Many of their songs were written by Jeff Moss.[117]
Little Murray Sparkles Stephanie D'Abruzzo (1998) Elizabeth's beloved pet cat.[63]
Liz Lemon Stephanie D'Abruzzo (episode 4168) A lemon who is a parody of Tina Fey's 30 Rock character of the same name.[118]
Louie Bill Barretta (Sesame Beginnings), Tyler Bunch (Sesame Street resource videos) Elmo's dad. He made his first onscreen appearance in Sesame Beginnings.[119]
Lulu Stephanie D'Abruzzo A young monster who was seen in 2000 to 2003. In Season 31, Lulu had grayish blue fur and blonde hair. In Season 32, Lulu appeared with blue fur and blonde hair. Since Episode 4008, Lulu was seen with indigo fur and purple hair. She was designed by Ed Christie and built by Rollie Krewson.[120]


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Mama Bear Alice Dinnean (1991–2002), Jennifer Barnhardt (2003–present) Baby Bear's mother and part of The Three Bears family from the fairy tale. She is the least frequently appearing member of the family. She is a recycled version of Flo Bear.
Maurice Monster Jim Henson, Richard Hunt (episodes 1836, 3087), Jerry Nelson (episode 1157) A light blue shaggy monster with a light green nose. He is the only Muppet to have been around that long without becoming a main character.
Mel Kevin Clash A gibberish-speaking blue monster with a mop of hair and yellow horns who is a member of the Monster Clubhouse.[85]
Merry Monster Joey Mazzarino A yellow monster with orange hair who is known for being loud and sometimes obnoxious. She has a roar that is loader than Chicago the Lion's roar.
Meryl Sheep Camille Bonora A sheep who is a spoof of Meryl Streep. She was built by Richard Termine.[121]
Mona Monster Cheryl Blaylock A monster who is Telly Monster's older sister. She was designed and built by Cheryl Blaylock.[122]
Monty Martin P. Robinson An Orange Gold Anything Muppet. He pays a tribute to Monty Python's Flying Circus.[68]
Mr. Chatterly Jerry Nelson A Live Hand Large Lavender Anything Muppet who is the genial host of "Alphabet Chat." His name is a reference to the D.H. Lawrence novel Lady Chatterley's Lover.
Mr. Essex Jim Henson (Episode 2291), Jerry Nelson (Episode 3073) A Large Lavender Live Hands Anything Muppet school teacher who taught the class on rhymes. The students (one of them is Prairie Dawn) suddenly break it into song about rhymes. He later made a cameo as a DJ at the Prince's party in the "Numberella" story.
Mr. Johnson Jerry Nelson Also called "Fat Blue", Mr. Johnson is a Fat Blue Anything Muppet who usually appears with Grover in restaurant skits as his harried customer (usually at Charlie's Restaurant).[123] Grover made up this rhyme about him: "In a hurry to be fed, beady eyes and big, blue head!"[124]
Mrs. Crustworthy Fran Brill An elderly woman made from a Fat Blue Anything Muppet who made recurring appearances.
Mrs. Grouch Martin P. Robinson (1992–1993), Leslie Carrara-Rudolph (2010) A Grouch who is Oscar the Grouch's mother. She will literally drop in on occasion to make sure her son is still grouchy.
Murray Monster Joey Mazzarino The host of the "Word on the Street" segment.[125] Murray is an energetic, quick-witted, outgoing, inquisitive, furry and orange monster.[126]


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Narf Joey Mazzarino An orange monster with a blue nose and googly eyes who is a member of the Monster Clubhouse.[85]
Natasha Kevin Clash An infant monster who speaks only in gurgles. Natasha's parents are Humphrey and Ingrid.[17][127]
Nelson Steve Whitmire An Orange Gold Anything Muppet Mounty who is a spoof of Nelson Eddy. He sang song "I'm in Love with U" with Jeanette in Episode 1804.
Nick Normal Jerry Nelson A Green Anything Muppet who is the lead singer of "Nick Normal and the Nickmatics." They sang "The Letter N" in Episode 2176.
Norah Nicks Fran Brill A Small Orange Anything Muppet VJ who is the hostess of NTV and is a parody of Nina Blackwood. She introduced the Nick Normal and the Nickmatics' music video.


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Oinker Sisters Ivy Austin, Heidi Berg, and Cheryl Hardwick (voices) (1985–present) A trio of pigs based off The Pointer Sisters who sing and dance to numerous "original" songs. Their lead singer is Sooey Oinker. "The Days of Swine and Roses" is the title of an Oinker Sisters album. The pigs are known to wear sparkly green dresses with green roses on them and a sequined green bow on their 1960's style hair. They have great noses.
Oscar the Grouch Caroll Spinney (1969–present) Sesame Street's resident Grouch who lives in a trash can outside of 123 Sesame Street. Oscar is the ultimate pessimist, but has a soft spot for his worm Slimey.[128] One of the first Muppets created for Sesame Street, Oscar gives kids "permission to feel grouchy—and to demonstrate differing opinions". He was designed by Jim Henson and originally built by John Lovelady.[129]
Osvaldo, el Gruñón Richard Hunt (puppeteer, episode 1316), Norberto Kerner (voice, episode 1316), Gabriel Velez (1980s), Peter Linz (1990s) An orange Grouch who is Oscar the Grouch's Puerto Rican counterpart.
Ovejita Carmen Osbahr (2008–present) A little lamb, Ovejita accompanies Murray to various schools in the segment "Murray Had a Little Lamb."[130]
Over the Top Lead Singer: Jerry Nelson
Drummer: David Rudman
An Anything Muppet rock band that sang "ZZ Blues" in Episode 2356. They are a parody of the Texas rock band ZZ Top.


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Papa Bear Joey Mazzarino Baby Bear's father and a member of The Three Bears family from the fairy tale. He works at the Honey Factory.
Pat Playjacks Jim Henson A Large Lavender Live Hands Anything Muppet who is the host of Squeal of Fortune. He is a parody of Wheel of Fortune host Pat Sajak. Although not mentioning Guy Smiley, He is "America's 2nd favorite game show host".
Pearl Brian Muehl A brown monster with orange hair who is Deena's caretaker.[131]
Phil Harmonic Jerry Nelson A Large Lavender Live Hands Anything Muppet who is the host of "Pretty Great Performances."
Phoebe Alice Dinnean (2001), John Tartaglia (2002) A green monster who is a member of the Monster Clubhouse. She was originally called Groogel in Season 32, but was later called Phoebe in Season 33.[85]
Placido Flamingo Richard Hunt An operatic flamingo who sings at the Nestropolitan Opera. He was designed and built by Richard Termine.[132]
Polly Darton Fran Brill A parody of Dolly Parton.
Prairie Dawn Fran Brill A little Hot Pink Anything Muppet girl whose psychological age is that of a precocious three-year old,[133] Prairie is methodical, driven, and a natural leader. She is famous for writing and directing the "Sesame Street Pageants" featuring her friends (with the pageants mostly featuring Ernie, Bert, Grover, Herry Monster, and Cookie Monster).[134]
Preposterous Kevin Clash A Groucher Spaniel who is owned by Oscar the Grouch.
Preston Rabbit Jim Martin A rabbit who often gives presents to everyone which don't normally help the person.
Prince Charming Frank Oz, Martin P. Robinson (episode 3542) An Orange Gold Anything Muppet who resembles "Guy Smiley in prince's clothing". he is the "self-involved" prince who appears in Muppet fairy tales.[36] Another one was a Large Lavender Live Hand Anything Muppet who appeared in episode 3542.
Professor Hastings Frank Oz A bespectacled and old Fat Blue Anything Muppet professor with white hair who gives comically confused lectures, losing track of the subject and falling into short naps. Kermit often acts as his assistant, keeping him awake and reminding the absent-minded professor of the topic of his lecture.[135] He was dropped from the show because he was too dull.[136]


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Ralphie Martin P. Robinson, Joey Mazzarino Baby Bear's pet parrot.
Rick Jerry Nelson An Orange Gold Anything Muppet who appeared in the Casablanca parody in the "Great Movie Classics segment. He is based on the character by Humphrey Bogart. He said to Sam "Play it again, Sam!"
Roosevelt Franklin Matt Robinson (voice) A little Reddish-Magenta Anything Muppet who attended Roosevelt Franklin Elementary School and was so popular, he recorded his own album. He was dropped from the show because "he was thought by some to be a negative cultural stereotype."[136]
Roosevelt Franklin's Mother Loretta Long (voice) A Purple Anything Muppet who is the mother of Roosevelt Franklin.[136]
Rosita Carmen Osbahr (1991—present) The first bilingual Muppet on Sesame Street, Rosita speaks both English and Spanish. She is a "good-natured, intelligent turquoise Muppet" and her full name is Rosita, la Monstrua de las Cuevas (translated as "Rosita, the Monster of the Caves").[17] Rosita was originally envisioned as a fruit bat, but later redesigned as a normal monster. She was designed and built by Ed Christie.[137]
Roxie Marie Fran Brill A Lavender Anything Muppet who is the niece of Biff.[68]
Ruby Camille Bonora A yellow monster who is always curious and loves to conduct experiments. She also likes to play with toy trucks.[138]


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Sam Kevin Clash A Fat Blue Live-Hand Anything Muppet pianist who sang "The Letters of the Alphabet" in a Casablanca parody in the "Great Movie Classics" segment. He is based on the Dooley Wilson character from the film.
SAM the Robot Jerry Nelson A robot who is supposedly perfect, SAM is prone to silly mistakes. His name is an acronym for "Super Automated Machine". He was designed by Jim Henson.[47]
Same Sound Brown Northern Calloway (voice) A character based on the Hipsters of the 1940s. Uses rhymes to teach children how to read.
Segi Kevin Clash (puppeteer, 2010–2011), Chantylla Johnson (voice) A brown Anything Muppet who was known for her song "I Love My Hair." She made other appearances in the show since then.
Sherlock Hemlock Jerry Nelson Based on Basil Rathbone's movie portrayal of Sherlock Holmes, He is a Green Anything Muppet detective who solves mysteries by "concentrating on the little clues and overlooking the big ones" that his dog Watson tends to find.[34]
Sherry Netherland Julianne Buescher (1993–1996), Alice Dinnean (1996–1998) The "Leona Helmsley of the Furry Arms Hotel" where she is its owner. She rules with "an iron fist, a heart of gold, and a brain of oatmeal". Her name is a reference to the Sherry-Netherland Hotel in New York City. She was designed and built by Mark Zeszotek.[36]
Shivers the Penguin Caroll Spinney A penguin who appeared on Sesame Street a few times during the late 1970s to early 1980s. The puppet for Shivers the Penguin was designed so that Shivers could be carried by Big Bird or sit on Big Bird's lap allowing Caroll Spinney to perform Big Bird and Shivers at the same time with his left hand manipulating Shivers' mouth while his right hand worked Big Bird's mouth. Shivers has since made appearances as a regular Sesame Street Penguin (an example being a singing penguin in Episode 4038).[139]
Simon Soundman Jerry Nelson (1970) A Fat Blue Anything Muppet who first appeared in season 2. He uses sounds in sentences. Example: "I'd like to buy a "POUND! POUND! POUND!" (referring to a hammer). In one sketch at Charlie's Restaurant where Simon Soundman was waited on by Grover, it was implied that Simon Soundman is Mr. Johnson's brother.[87]
Sinister Sam Jim Henson A Large Lavender Live Hand Anything Muppet toughest cowboy who appeared on many "Old West" skits on Sesame Street. One of the skits had him going into a café because he needs to look for Doc Holiday because he has "An Itchy Trigger Finger".
Slimey the Worm Jerry Nelson (1970–1978), Michael Earl Davis (1978–1980), Martin P. Robinson (1980–present),[140] Dick Maitland (voice)[141] A worm who is the smallest and smartest character on Sesame Street. When he first appeared, he spoke in just squeaky sounds. He later became the only Muppet not voiced by a puppeteer.[142]
Aloysius Snuffleupagus (AKA "Snuffy") Jerry Nelson (1971–1978), Michael Earl Davis (1978–1980), Martin P. Robinson (1980–present), Bryant Young (rear end)[140] (1971–present) Created to represent the psychological age of a four-year old, Snuffy at seven feet tall and twelve feet wide is the largest Muppet on Sesame Street. He was Big Bird's "imaginary friend" until 1985, when he was finally revealed to the adult cast.[143][144]
Sonny Friendly Richard Hunt (1986–1992), David Rudman (1992–2000) A Large Lavender Live Hands Anything Muppet who is "America's Friendliest Game Show Host".[36] His catch phrase is "Are we having a nice day or what?"[145]
The Squirrelles Rhonda: Julianne Buescher (puppetry and singing voice), Lillias White (voice)
Darlene: Lisa Buckley
Crystal: Pam Arciero
A trio of singing squirrels that live in a tree in the park as part of the "Around the Corner" expansion. They consist of Rhonda (a pink squirrel that is the lead singer of the group), Darlene (a lavendar squirrel), and Crystal (a dark purple squirrel). They are a parody of The Shirelles and most of their songs are based on 1960's pop hits.
Stinky the Stinkweed Joey Mazzarino A talking stinkweed plant who lives in the garden part of Sesame Street's Arbor. Despite being a stinkweed plant, he is actually very friendly and does not mind asking for a favor.
Stuie Monster Richard Hunt A maroon and yellow monster who appears in the song "Fur" in episode 812.
Sully Richard Hunt (1973–1992), David Rudman (1992–present) A Pumpkin Anything Muppet who is one-half of the Muppet construction worker duo and Biff's silent counterpart. He is one of Richard Hunt's most "understated and complex" characters.[37]
Super Grover Frank Oz (1974–2002), Eric Jacobson (2002–present) Grover's superhero alter ego who often more well-meaning than helpful.[89]


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Telly Monster Bob Payne (1979), Brian Muehl (1979–1984), Martin P. Robinson (1984–present) Originally named "the Television Monster" because he was obsessed with TV, his name was changed to Telly and his obsession became triangles. Telly is "the Woody Allen of Muppets: the neurotic one, the one who overthinks everything, the worrier". The original Telly Monster puppet was built by Bob Payne.[146]
Tito Martin P. Robinson A Spanish-accented mouse made from a Purple Anything Muppet who appears in the "Miami Mice" sketch (a spoof of Miami Vice) and is the partner of J.P. He is modeled after Philip Michael Thomas's character Ricardo Tubbs.
The Twiddlebugs Thomas Twiddlebug: Jim Henson (1973–1990)
Tessie Twiddlebug: Frank Oz (1973–1990)
Tina Twiddlebug: Jerry Nelson (1973–1990)
Timmy Twiddlebug: Richard Hunt (1973–1990)
(1973–) A family of cute and innovative insects (consisting of Tina, Thomas, Timmy, and Tessie) made from different Anything Muppets that live in a flower box on Ernie's windowsill.[36] They use tiny found objects as their furniture and toys. The Twiddlebugs later appeared in CGI by 2006 where they were animated by Magnetic Dreams Animation Studio and were all voiced by Rickey Boyd.[147]
Two-Headed Monster Right Head: Richard Hunt (1980–1992), David Rudman (1992–present)
Left Head: Jerry Nelson (1980–2002), Joey Mazzarino (2003–present)[36][80]
A purple monster with two heads. They teach young viewers how to cooperate while speaking in a baby-like, gibberish language. They were designed by Jim Henson and built by Caroly Wilcox.[36]


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Velma Blank David Rudman Pat Playjacks' co-host of "Squeal of Fortune" who was seen in episode 2579. She is a spoof of Vanna White.
Vincent Twice Martin P. Robinson An Orange Gold Anything Muppet who is the host of "Mysterious Theatre." He is a spoof of Vincent Price.


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Wanda Cousteau Fran Brill A fish explorer in a water-filled diving helmet who explores the land.
Watson Kevin Clash Sherlock Hemlock's faithful dog. He is named after Dr. Watson.
Wolfgang the Seal Kevin Clash An excitable seal who goes into a frenzy whenever he hears the word "fish." He was designed by Richard Termine.


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
Yip Yips (1971)[48] Jim Henson, Frank Oz, Jerry Nelson, Richard Hunt, Martin P. Robinson, Kevin Clash, David Rudman, Julianne Buescher, John Tartaglia, Eric Jacobson, Matt Vogel, Leslie Carrara-Rudolph The nickname for the Martians with a jellyfish-like appearance who speak in simple, declarative phrases that are a mixture of Martian and English.[148] They "valiantly explore our world despite their frequent terrifying encounters with everyday objects like telephones, clocks, radio, fan, book, and computers".[149]


Character Actor/Muppet Performer Description
The Zizzy Zoomers Jim Henson, Frank Oz, Jerry Nelson Three Muppet blobs that sang the silly Z song.
Zoe Fran Brill (1993—present) Introduced to increase the number of strong female Sesame Street Muppets, Zoe is an orange monster who is "simultaneously dainty and strong, practical and impulsive".[150] She loves dancing and ballet and usually wears a bright tutu since 2000. She was designed by Ed Christie and built by Rollie Krewson.[151]
Zostic Joey Mazzarino An evil monster alien and ruler of the planet Enormous who is the primary antagonist of the "Super Morphin Mega Monsters" segments (which is a parody of Mighty Morphin Power Rangers). He would use his power to cause young monsters to do bad things until it is undone by the Super Morphin Mega Monsters (consisting of Elmo as Elmosaurus, Rosita as Rosita Raptor, Telly as Telly Dactyl, and Zoe as Zoeceratops).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Finch, p. 53
  2. ^ Davis, p. 5
  3. ^ Morrow, p. 93
  4. ^ Morrow, pp. 94—95
  5. ^ a b Lesser, p. 164
  6. ^ a b Fisch, p. 39
  7. ^ Gladwell, p. 105
  8. ^ a b c Gladwell, p. 106
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  10. ^ Fisch & Bernstein, p. 40
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  13. ^ Dominus, Susan (August 6, 2006). "A Girly-Girl Joins the 'Sesame' Boys". The New York Times. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  14. ^ Hellman, Peter (November 23, 1987). "Street smart: How Big Bird & Co. do it". New York Magazine 20 (46): 48. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  15. ^ Heffernan, Virginia (November 18, 2007). "Sweeping the Clouds Away". The New York Times Magazine. p. 634. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
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  20. ^ Lesser, p. 127
  21. ^ Gikow, p. 100
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  33. ^ Finch, p. 61
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  60. ^ "Countess Darling von Darling". Sesame Retrieved 2011-03-27. 
  61. ^ "Countess Von Backwards". Sesame Retrieved 2011-03-27. 
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  73. ^ "Ernestine". Sesame Retrieved 2012-04-10. 
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  134. ^ "Professor Hastings". Retrieved 2011-12-12. 
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  144. ^ "Sonny Friendly". Sesame Retrieved 2011-04-11. 
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  • Borgenicht, David (1998). Sesame Street Unpaved. New York: Hyperion Publishing. ISBN 0-7868-6460-5
  • Clash, Kevin, Gary Brozek & Louis Henry Mitchell (2006). My Life as a Furry Red Monster: What Being Elmo Has Taught Me about Life, Love and Laughing Out Loud. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-7679-2375-8
  • Davis, Michael (2008). Street Gang: The Complete History of Sesame Street. New York: Viking Penguin. ISBN 978-0-670-01996-0
  • Finch, Christopher (1993). Jim Henson: The Works: the Art, the Magic, the Imagination. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-41203-4
  • Fisch, Shalom M.; Lewis Bernstein, "Formative Research Revealed: Methodological and Process Issues in Formative Research". In Fisch, Shalom M. & Truglio, Rosemarie T.. G" is for Growing: Thirty Years of Research on Children and Sesame Street. Mahweh, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers. ISBN 978-0-8058-3394-2.
  • Gikow, Louise A. (2009). Sesame Street: A Celebration—Forty Years of Life on the Street. New York: Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers. ISBN 978-1-57912-638-4.
  • Gladwell, Malcolm (2000). The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference. New York: Little, Brown, and Company. ISBN 0-316-31696-2
  • Lesser, Gerald S. (1974). Children and Television: Lessons from Sesame Street. New York: Vintage Books. ISBN 0-394-71448-2

External links[edit]