The American Hebrew

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The American Hebrew
Glynnartikel.png
Article from The American Hebrew, October 31, 1919, by Martin H. Glynn.
Publisher Philip Cowen
First issue November 21, 1879 (1879-11-21)
Country United States
Language English

The American Hebrew was a weekly Jewish magazine published in New York City.

History[edit]

It began publication on November 21, 1879, in New York City. It was founded by F. de Sola Mendes and its publisher was Philip Cowen. The weekly's publisher was The American Hebrew Publishing Company.

Its third issue declared its policy: "It is not controlled by one person, nor is it inspired by one. Its editorial staff comprises men of diverse shades of opinion on ritualistic matters in Judaism, but men who are determined to combine their energies for the common cause of Judaism." To maintain impersonality pertaining to the paper, the names of board members were never been published. The turn-of-the-century Jewish Encyclopedia also says that, "Editorially, The American Hebrew stands for conservatism in Judaism. Nevertheless, the columns of this journal are ever open to the discussion of views with which it can in no way accord, but which may be of interest to its readers. Nearly all the prominent Jewish writers and communal workers in the United States have been contributors to its pages."[1]

From the time of its founding, The American Hebrew covered many topics of intense Jewish interest internationally. It covered the persecutions of Romanian Jews that followed the signing of the Treaty of Berlin (1878), and published a number of important letters on the subject from European writers, which led the American Jews to exercise their influence on behalf of their suffering coreligionists abroad.[1] The periodical covered the persecution of the Russian Jews following the May Laws in 1881. The paper reported on the large influx of Jewish immigrants that followed these latter events, and which significantly changed the demographics of Jewish-Americans; it also covered the rise of institutions to deal with this influx, including the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society and the Hebrew Technical Institute for their modern education.[1]

In literary terms, The American Hebrew also introduced leading figures in Jewish life, including the writing career of poet Emma Lazarus, who was covered extensively at the time of her death in 1887;[1] she later became famous for her sonnet The New Colossus, which was inscribed on the base of the Statue of Liberty in 1912.

Timeline[edit]

By the twentieth century, The American Hebrew had absorbed several other regional and religious Jewish periodicals, including The Jewish Chronicle of Baltimore, Md., in 1880; The Jewish Reformer, a weekly journal published for a time by Kaufmann Kohler, I. S. Moses, and Emil G. Hirsch, in 1886, and Jewish Tidings of Rochester, N. Y., in 1895.[1]

Over the years, the journal experienced a number of mergers and changes of name.[2]

  • The English language Jewish weekly first appeared as The American Hebrew from Nov. 21, 1879 to Dec. 26, 1902.
  • After merging with The Jewish Messenger, it next appeared as The American Hebrew & Jewish Messenger from January 2, 1903 to April 21, 1922.
  • It then reappeared as The American Hebrew between April 28, 1922 and January 29, 1932.
  • After merging with the New York Jewish Tribune, it appeared as American Hebrew and Jewish Tribune from February 5, 1932 to Oct. 24, 1935.
  • It again reappeared as The American Hebrew between November 1, 1935 and September 14, 1956.
  • Following its merger with The Examiner (Brooklyn), it dropped its specifically Jewish title and was renamed the American Examiner; it continued publishing from September 20, 1956 to October 15, 1970.

The Crucifixion of Jews Must Stop![edit]

Martin H. Glynn( Governor of New York from 1913 to 1914)'s article "The Crucifixion of Jews Must Stop!" was published in the October 31, 1919, issue of The American Hebrew; in it he lamented the poor conditions for European Jews after World War I. Glynn referred to these conditions as a potential "holocaust" and asserted that "six million Jewish men and women are starving across the seas".[3][4][5] Because of these coincidences, the article has been used by Holocaust denial groups in support of their arguments.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e The American Hebrew, Jewish Encyclopedia (1901-1906)
  2. ^ "Library of Congress, Endowment of the Humanities". Chroniclingamerica.loc.gov. Retrieved 2012-04-29. 
  3. ^ html of complete text
  4. ^ image of the text
  5. ^ reference to article in Jewish Virtual Library
  6. ^ Proctor, Robert N. (2000). The Nazi War on Cancer. Princeton University Press. p. 11.

External links[edit]