The Andromeda Strain (film)
|The Andromeda Strain|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Robert Wise|
|Produced by||Robert Wise|
|Screenplay by||Nelson Gidding|
|Based on||The Andromeda Strain
by Michael Crichton
|Music by||Gil Mellé|
|Cinematography||Richard H. Kline|
|Edited by||Stuart Gilmore
John W. Holmes
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Release date(s)||March 12, 1971|
|Running time||130 minutes|
The Andromeda Strain is a 1971 American science-fiction film, based on the eponymous novel by Michael Crichton. The film is about a team of scientists who investigate a deadly organism of extraterrestrial origin that causes rapid, fatal blood clotting. Directed by Robert Wise, the film starred Arthur Hill, James Olson, Kate Reid, and David Wayne. With a couple of exceptions, the film follows the book closely. The special effects were designed by Douglas Trumbull.
After a U.S. government satellite crashes near the town of Piedmont, New Mexico, almost all of the town's inhabitants die instantly. Suspecting the satellite brought back an alien germ, the military activates an elite scientific team it had previously assembled for just this type of emergency.
Dr Jeremy Stone, the team leader, and Dr Mark Hall, the team surgeon, are dropped in Piedmont by helicopter, where they search the town for the project "Scoop" satellite in space-suit-type protective uniforms. In a primitive medical office, they find the town's doctor had opened the satellite out of curiosity. Stone and Hall retrieve the Scoop and find two survivors in the town — a sixty-two-year-old man and a six-month-old infant.
The entire team of four core research scientists, including Dr Charles Dutton and Dr. Ruth Leavitt, are summoned from their academic and research appointments to arrive at a massive, secret, high-tech underground laboratory in Nevada, named Wildfire, where they undergo a full day of decontamination procedures, descending through several disinfection levels of the lab.
After searching with a powerful electron microscope, the team discovers the microscopic life form responsible for the deaths. The greenish, throbbing, new life form is assigned the code name Andromeda. Andromeda kills organisms almost instantly and appears to be highly virulent. While most of the team studies the organism in an attempt to figure out how it works, the team's doctor, Dr Mark Hall, tries to find a cure by figuring out why the old man and the baby survived.
Meanwhile Dr. Stone, the creator of the Wildfire Lab, is accused by Dutton and Leavitt of designing Wildfire for purposes of biowarfare research. In another development, unknown to other members of the team, Ruth Leavitt's research on the germ is impaired by her epilepsy, which is set off by flashing, red computer lights in the facility.
Just as Hall comes up with the answer, Andromeda mutates into a form which degrades synthetic rubber and plastics and thus escapes from the containment room adjacent to where Dr Dutton is doing his research work. Once all the lab's seals start decaying from the Andromeda germ's escape, this triggers an automatic self-destruct mechanism designed to set off a nuclear explosion beneath the Wildfire complex, intended to incinerate all infectious agents before they can reach the open environment above.
Hall rescues Leavitt from an epilepsy attack set off by Wildfire's alarm system. Meanwhile, the team members studying Andromeda have learned the alien microbes - having evolved in the harsh environment of outer space - would thrive on the energy of a nuclear explosion and would consequently be able to mutate into a supercolony of the germ, an action which could wipe out all life on Earth.
Having been entrusted with the only key which can shut down the self-destruct sequence before the five-minute countdown is up, Dr Hall races against the clock and the lab's automated defenses to reach a substation before it is too late. Hall endures an attack by automated lasers as he crawls through the lab's central core, until at last he finds a working substation and disables the nuclear bomb with his key.
Eventually, the scientists realize the latest mutation of Andromeda which is now being carried by weather in the Earth's atmosphere, will be destroyed by alkalinity when rain carries it into the Pacific Ocean.
Film rights were bought by Universal for $250,000.
The cast of characters in the novel was modified for the film, most notably by replacing the male Dr Peter Leavitt in the novel with the female Dr Ruth Leavitt. Screenwriter Nelson Gidding suggested the change to Wise, who at first was not enthusiastic, as he initially pictured the sex-changed Dr Leavitt as a largely decorative character reminiscent of Raquel Welch's character in the 1966 film Fantastic Voyage. When Gidding explained his take on Leavitt, Wise resolved the question by asking the opinion of a number of scientists, who were unanimously enthusiastic about the idea. Eventually Wise came to be very happy with the decision to make Leavitt female, as Kate Reid's Dr Leavitt turned out to be, in his words, "the most interesting character" in the film. Another minor change was the character of Burton in the novel, who became Charles Dutton in the film; no reason was given for this name change.
The Andromeda Strain was possibly the first to use advanced computerized (or optical) photographic visual effects for its time, with work by Douglas Trumbull, who had pioneered effects for 2001: A Space Odyssey and Silent Running, along with James Shourt and Albert Whitlock who have worked on The Birds. $250,000 of the film's budget of $6.5 million was reportedly used to create the special effects.
The film contained possibly the first use of computer rendering (in the mapped view of the rotating 2-D structure of the massive, hi-tech, top secret 5-story, cylindrical underground laboratory in the Nevada desert named Project Wildfire). Biologist Dr Jeremy Stone (Arthur Hill) turned on the animated computer simulation of the "electronic diagram which rotates to afford an overall view, or it can be stopped at any section. Detailed plans of the various levels and labs are also stored in the system...."
The opinion of critics is generally mixed, with some critics enjoying the film for its dedication to the original novel and with others disliking it for its drawn-out plot. Overall, the film has earned a 67% "Fresh" rating from the film review site Rotten Tomatoes, based on 24 reviews.
Box office performance
The Andromeda Strain was a moderate box office success. Produced on a relatively high budget of $6.5 million, the film grossed $12,376,563 in North America, earning $8.2 million in US theatrical rentals. It was the 16th highest grossing film of 1971.
- Best Art Direction (Boris Leven, William H. Tuntke, Ruby R. Levitt); lost to Nicholas and Alexandra
- Best Film Editing (Stuart Gilmore, John W. Holmes); lost to The French Connection
American Film Institute Lists
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrills - Nominated
- AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores - Nominated
- AFI's 10 Top 10 - Nominated Science Fiction Film
- Greatest Visual and Special Effects - Milestones in Film. AMC's FilmSite. Retrieved May 17, 2014.
- Hollywood Today: Mike Crichton, a Skyscraper in Any Form Norma Lee Browning. Chicago Tribune (1963-Current file) [Chicago, Ill] 30 Aug 1970: s2 says $6 million
- Box Office Information for The Andromeda Strain. The Numbers. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
- Michael Crichton (rhymes with frighten): Michael Crichton By ISRAEL SHENKER. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 08 June 1969: BR5
- The Making of The Andromeda Strain, DVD documentary.
- Movie Reviews for The Andromeda Strain. Rotten Tomatoes. Accessed May 17, 2014.
- The Andromeda Strain, Overview. Retrieved May 17, 2014.
- Box Office Information for The Andromeda Strain. IMDb. Retrieved May 17, 2014.
- "NY Times: The Andromeda Strain". NY Times. Retrieved 2008-12-28.
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrills Nominees
- AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores Nominees
- AFI's 10 Top 10 Ballot
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: The Andromeda Strain (film)|
- The Andromeda Strain at the Internet Movie Database
- The Andromeda Strain at AllMovie
- The Andromeda Strain at the TCM Movie Database
- The Andromeda Strain at Rotten Tomatoes
- The Andromeda Strain film trailer on YouTube
- The Andromeda Strain film review at Taint The Meat.com