The Angle

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This article is about the Gettysburg battlefield. For other uses, see Angle (disambiguation). For other military engagements with similar names, see Bloody Angle (disambiguation).
Coordinates: 39°48.806′N 77°14.184′W / 39.813433°N 77.236400°W / 39.813433; -77.236400
The Angle
Bloody Angle
historic district contributing property[1]
TheAngle2.jpg
In addition to an 1896 cast iron ID marker and a plaque (depicted):
General Armistead and a few Confederate soldiers charged across this wall, reached the Union cannon behind it and were soon overwhelmed
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Adams
NPS unit Gettysburg National Military Park
Landform west slope of Cemetery Ridge
Location plaque near north end of north-south wall
& west end of 80 ft west-east wall
 - coordinates 39°48.806′N 77°14.184′W / 39.813433°N 77.236400°W / 39.813433; -77.236400
Entered - Documented January 23, 2004 [1]
Easiest access footpath (formerly Harrow Av)
Historic District
GNMP structure
Gettysburg Battlefield (75000155)
ID70 [1]

The Angle[1] (Bloody Angle colloq.) is a Gettysburg Battlefield area which includes the 1863 Copse of Trees used as the target landmark for Pickett's Charge, the 1892 monument that marks the high-water mark of the Confederacy, and several other Battle of Gettysburg monuments.

The area is where 1500 Confederate Virginians broke through the July 3, 1863, Union line on Cemetery Ridge,[2] and in 1922, the Marine Expeditionary Force of Camp Harding used The Angle in their reenactment of Pickett's Charge.[3] The proper noun "Bloody Angle" became common during the battlefield's commemorative era after being used as early as 1893.[4]

A copy of the Gettysburg Cyclorama was displayed in an 1894 tent at The Angle, and during reunions in 1887,[2] 1913 (50th battle anniversary), and 1938 (75th); battle veterans shook hands over the rock wall at The Angle. The nearby field along the Emmitsburg Road was also the site of Gettysburg Battlefield camps after the American Civil War such as Eisenhower's 1918 Camp Colt, the 1938 Army Camp with the Secretary of War's quarters, and a WWII POW stockade.

The Angle is one of the few places named after the battle that is not named for a person (cf. The Loop). As with Hancock Avenue along the east wall that extends northward, the original route planned for the 1893 Gettysburg Electric Railway was along the west wall of The Angle[4] that extends southward, and although the trolley line was moved along the Emmitsburg Road, the Gettysburg National Military Park did not acquire the trolley land at The Angle until congressional funding was appropriated in 1917.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Cope, Emmor (Bvt Lt Col) (1896 (preserved 1999)), The Angle - Cast Iron Site ID Tablet (NPS.gov webpage on List of Classified Structures), United States Department of War marker, retrieved 2011-02-11, "1 of 35 Site ID Tablets by War Dept's ... Designer ... Cope, E. B. ... Painted raised letter and border inscription tablet, 2'1"x1'8". Mounted on fluted post, 3' high."  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ a b "A Gettysburg Reunion" (Google News Archive). The Canaseraga Times. July 8, 1887. Retrieved 2011-02-11. "One of the dramatic incidents of the day took place at the bloody angle where 1,500 Virginians broke through the lines held by their hosts, and where the three monuments were dedicated on the 3d"  (of July 1887).
  3. ^ "Traffic Rules on Battlefield" (Google News Archive). The Star and Sentinel. July 1, 1922. Retrieved 2011-01-26. 
  4. ^ a b "Vandalism at Gettysburg". The New York Times. May 26, 1893. Retrieved 2011-02-11. "One photograph which appeared to-day showed the ground in front of the "Bloody Angle." The route of the railroad runs directly in front of the famous stone fence where Pickett's assaulting column was repulsed"