The Band Wagon (musical)
|The Band Wagon|
Sheet music cover (cropped)
|Book||George S. Kaufman and Howard Dietz|
For the film, see The Band Wagon
The Band Wagon is a musical revue with book by George S. Kaufman and Howard Dietz, lyrics by Howard Dietz and music by Arthur Schwartz. It first played on Broadway in 1931, running for 260 performances. It introduced the song "Dancing in the Dark" and inspired two films.
The revue opened on Broadway at the New Amsterdam Theatre on June 3, 1931 and closed on January 16, 1932, running a total of 260 performances. Produced by Max Gordon, staging and lighting were by Hassard Short, choreography by Albertina Rasch, and scenic design by Albert R. Johnson. The cast included Fred Astaire, Adele Astaire, Helen Broderick, Tilly Losch, and Frank Morgan.
According to Steven Suskin, "very few people are around who saw The Band Wagon, but they all seem to insist that it was the finest Broadway revue ever."  According to Furia and Lasser, The Band Wagon is "arguably the greatest of the 'little' revues of the 1930s". Ken Bloom states that The Band Wagon "is considered the greatest of all revues."
The show introduced one of the best  Schwartz-Dietz songs, "Dancing in the Dark", which was also the title of one of the two motion pictures made from this show. (The other was The Band Wagon.) This was the first New York production to use the double revolving stage for the songs and sketches. Although it had incomparable dancing by Fred and Adele Astaire, it was the last time the brother and sister team appeared together.
Songs and scenes
A parody of the set pieces of the typical show, involved moonlight seranade, the waltz number, and the overworked blackout ("Where Can He Be?") and ("Nanette"). In the "Pour le Bain" sketch, Helen Broderick is a Westchester matron shopping for bathroom fixtures in an expensive store, including bathtubs and washbowls. Noting that there was no mention of the "other fixture," the salesman replies with a line of poetry from Keats -- "Heard melodies are sweet, but those unheard/ Are sweeter," followed by a blackout. Frank Morgan, a Southern colonel in "The Pride of the Claghornes," throws his daughter out because she never did anything wrong, thereby going against Southern tradition. Percy Hammond repeatedly noted about the attractive chorus girls "They look, as Miss Laurette Taylor used to say, as if they all had mothers." In "Good Old Nectar," instead of cheering the football star, the old graduates cheer the history champion (Adele Astaire, Fred Astaire, John Barker, Phillip Loeb, Frank Morgan, Francis Pierlot, Roberta Robinson, Jay Wilson).
In October 5, 1931, RCA Victor pressed a two-sided record (program transcription) cut at 331⁄3 RPM of the Band Wagon score, featuring Fred and Adele Astaire, composers Dietz and Schwartz, and Leo Reisman's Orchestra (including jazz trumpeter Bubber Miley). This record (L-24003) was one of the first commercially recorded at that speed. (This was part of the new long playing "Program Transcription" series requiring a special 2-speed phonograph. Due to the Depression, they were never good sellers.)
- Suskin, Steven. Second act trouble (2006), Hal Leonard Corporation, ISBN 1-55783-631-0, p. 248
- Furia and Lasser, p. 94
- Bloom, Ken. Broadway (2004), Taylor & Francis, ISBN 0-415-93704-3, p. 132
- Furia and Lasser, p. 94
- Jasen, David A. Tin Pan Alley (2003), Taylor & Francis, ISBN 0-415-93877-5, p. 358
- Green, Kay. Broadway musicals, show by show (1996), Hal Leonard Corporation ISBN 0-7935-7750-0, p. 74.
- Smith, Cecil Michener and Litton, Glenn. Musical comedy in America (1987), Routledge, ISBN 0-87830-564-5, p. 149
- Atkinson, Brooks. "Beginning a New Era", The New York Times, June 4, 1931, p. 34
- "Overview:Inside U.S.A./The Band Wagon" allmusic.com, accessed August 9, 2009
- Furia, Philip and Lasser, Michael L. America's songs (2006), CRC Press, ISBN 0-415-97246-9
- The Band Wagon at the Internet Broadway Database
- Digital Gallery, The Band Wagon, New York Public Library