The Beach Boys Today!
|The Beach Boys Today!|
|Studio album by The Beach Boys|
|Released||March 8, 1965|
|Studio||United Western Recorders, Gold Star Studios, and RCA Victor Studios, Hollywood|
|The Beach Boys chronology|
|The Beach Boys UK chronology|
|Singles from Today!|
The Beach Boys Today!, also known simply as Today!, is the eighth studio album by the American rock group the Beach Boys, and their first of three 1965 releases. It peaked at number four on US record charts and was preceded by the top 10 singles "When I Grow Up (To Be a Man)" and "Dance, Dance, Dance", along with "Do You Wanna Dance?" which reached number 12.
The album marked a major transition point for the band through Brian Wilson's sophisticated, orchestral approach. In December 1964, Wilson suffered through a nervous breakdown while on a plane, and was introduced to marijuana as a stress reliever. He then became a regular user after he realized the profound effect it had on the way he perceived music, subsequently resigning from touring with the group in order to focus solely on songwriting and producing.
The tracks on the first half of Today! feature an electric guitar-rock oriented sound that contrasts the second half consisting of ballads, showing an increased mature lyrical depth that would foreshadow future efforts like Pet Sounds. The second side marks Wilson's continuing maturation as a recording artist; all the songs showcase creatively developed vocal & instrumental arrangements, complex Wall of Sound production, and lyrically introspective subject matter.
In 2012, the album was voted 271 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". In 2005, it was included in the musical reference book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.
By the end of a particularly stressful 1964, the Beach Boys had released four albums in 12 months, dismissed the Wilsons' father Murry from his managerial position and recorded the advance hit singles "When I Grow Up (To Be a Man)" and "Dance, Dance, Dance." Mid-1964 also saw the divorce of Mike Love from his first wife Frances St. Martin whom he had married in 1961. During the album's recording sessions, Love told Melody Maker that he and the band wanted to look beyond surf rock, wanting to avoid living in the past or resting on the band's laurels. Brian Wilson had written his last surf song in April 1964, intending All Summer Long (released July 1964) to be the group's final statement on beach-themed music.
Wilson became physically and emotionally exhausted to a point that he suffered an anxiety attack on December 23, 1964. During the recording sessions of Today! in January 1965, he informed the band that he intended to retire from touring and solely focus his attention on creating and producing music, to which the band reluctantly agreed. Wilson expressed regret over not having done this sooner so that he could do "justice" to the band's recordings, saying "I was run down mentally and emotionally because I was running around, jumping on jets from one city to another on one-night stands, also producing, writing, arranging, singing, planning, teaching – to the point where I had no peace of mind and no chance to actually sit down and think or even rest."
Music and lyrics
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Today! marked a maturation in the Beach Boys' lyric content by abandoning themes related to surfing, cars, or teenage love. Some love songs remained, but with a marked increase in depth, along with introspective tracks accompanied by adventurous and distinct arrangements. According to author Scott Schinder, "Today! 's suite-like structure, with the album divided into a side of fast songs and a side of ballads, presented an early manifestation of the rock album format being used to make a cohesive artistic statement – an idea that Brian would soon explore more fully." It was thus the band's first flirtation with the album-as-art form. Brian's recent introduction to marijuana greatly influenced the album's writing, as he would later claim: "Pot made the music grow in my head."
PopMatters notes that even though the A-side is filled with uptempo numbers, "it would be a mistake to assume that the ballads are more sophisticated. ... Wilson proves that he can be just as harmonically and structurally inventive with catchy dance songs as he can with emotional ballads."
The front cover lists nine of the album's tracks, followed by "plus three great new songs written by Brian Wilson." However, of the remaining three tracks, only "In the Back of My Mind" was another original composition. In the book Yeah Yeah Yeah: The Story of Modern Pop, Bob Stanley of Saint Etienne wrote of the song's lyricism:
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"[The narrator's] emotions, whatever really was in the back of his mind, seemed to come out without any filter for what was deemed cool, or appropriate, or even musically acceptable ... The same album's 'She Knows Me Too Well' opened with 'Sometimes I have a weird way of showing my love', a line that wouldn't shock in the catalogues of Nick Cave or the Jesus and Mary Chain, but was pretty unsettling in the hands of the car-crazy Californians. Brian was aiming for Johnny Mercer but coming up proto-indie."
"Help Me, Ronda" would later be re-recorded as "Help Me, Rhonda" to deliver the Beach Boys their second number one hit in May.
Recording and production
Begun on June 22, 1964 in between sessions for The Beach Boys' Christmas Album, "Don't Hurt My Little Sister" was the earliest song tracked for the album. August was devoted to the singles "When I Grow Up (To Be a Man)" and "She Knows Me Too Well"; followed by "I'm So Young", the outtake "All Dressed Up for School", and "Dance, Dance, Dance" in September.[nb 1] Only one session occurred in October for a remake of "Dance, Dance, Dance", being the first session date labelled for Today!, and the only session which was conducted at RCA Victor Studios.[nb 2] "Kiss Me Baby" was then tracked two months later in December. Following Brian's return to the studio on January 7, 1965, the rest of the album was completed in less than two weeks, ending on January 19. As documented by Craig Slowinski, the extent of the album's instrumentation features:
In comparison to previous albums, Today! necessitated Brian's use of session musicians to a greater extent. Despite this, Carl Wilson was still employed on lead guitar for many of the album's tracks, and usually played alongside these session musicians which would later be informally known as the Wrecking Crew, comprising many of the same musicians whom played on Phil Spector's Wall of Sound productions that Wilson idolized. The recording process typically involved recording an instrumental on two tracks of 3-track tape with one remaining track left for the first vocal overdub. This tape was then dubbed down to a second tape for an additional layer of vocal overdubs. The LP was finally issued in mono, their first album not to be issued in stereo since Surfin' U.S.A. (1963).
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
Despite being a departure from the Beach Boys sound that pervaded prior efforts, the album was a commercial success; Today! climbed to number four in the US chart during a chart stay of 50 weeks and also reached number six in the British chart during the summer of 1966. Singles "Do You Wanna Dance?", "When I Grow Up (To Be a Man)" and "Dance, Dance, Dance" had all charted.
The album is often described as a foreshadowing of the later Beach Boys' album Pet Sounds. Alice Bolin writes: "Pet Sounds was released only a little over a year after Today!, and it can be hard to separate Today! from the masterpiece it led to—so much so that Today! can feel like a rehearsal for Pet Sounds, with its themes and ideas repeated and perfected in the later album." PopMatters adds "Pet Sounds is about growing up and moving on, and as such, it’s melancholic and reflective. But Today! is about the optimism, not the sadness, of leaving adolescence. Even on the more sentimental b-side songs, there’s a sense of excitement and longing for what the future has in store."
In 2005, Today! was included in Robert Dimery's 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. In 2007, The Guardian named it one of "1000 Albums to Hear Before You Die". In 2012, a variety of musicians and writers voted the album at 271 for Rolling Stone's "500 Greatest Albums of All Time" list, with it stating: "The Beach Boys were still into cars, girls and surfboards, [sic] but Brian Wilson was already a genius. He writes sweet California tunes here, and the haunting 'She Knows Me Too Well' hits Pet Sounds-deep."
In the early 1980s, as part of Capitol Records' repackage series of their Beach Boys albums, Today! was retitled Dance Dance Dance and had two tracks deleted: "In the Back of My Mind" and "Bull Session with the 'Big Daddy'". This was one of several Beach Boys releases not to be issued in true stereophonic sound. Originally, Capitol issued the album in mono, as well as "duophonic". In 2012, a complete stereo mix of Today! was finally released for the first time.
|1.||"Do You Wanna Dance?" (Bobby Freeman)||Dennis Wilson||2:19|
|2.||"Good to My Baby"||B. Wilson with Love||2:16|
|3.||"Don't Hurt My Little Sister"||Love with B. Wilson||2:07|
|4.||"When I Grow Up (To Be a Man)"||Love with B. Wilson||2:01|
|5.||"Help Me, Ronda"||Al Jardine||3:08|
|6.||"Dance, Dance, Dance" (B. Wilson/Carl Wilson/Love)||Love with B. Wilson||1:59|
|1.||"Please Let Me Wonder"||B. Wilson with Love||2:45|
|2.||"I'm So Young" (William H. "Prez" Tyus, Jr.)||B. Wilson||2:30|
|3.||"Kiss Me, Baby"||B. Wilson with Love||2:35|
|4.||"She Knows Me Too Well"||B. Wilson||2:27|
|5.||"In the Back of My Mind"||D. Wilson||2:07|
|6.||"Bull Session with the 'Big Daddy'" (The Beach Boys)||none (spoken word)||2:10|
|2001 CD reissue bonus tracks|
|13.||"The Little Girl I Once Knew"||B. Wilson, Jardine with C. Wilson||2:40|
|14.||"Dance, Dance, Dance (Alternate take)" (B. Wilson, C. Wilson, Love)||Love with B. Wilson||2:02|
|15.||"I'm So Young (Alternate take)" (Tyrus)||B. Wilson||2:29|
|16.||"Let Him Run Wild (Alternate take)"||B. Wilson||2:18|
|17.||"Graduation Day" (J. Sherman/N. Sherman)||Love with B. Wilson||2:18|
Sourced from Musician's Union AFM contract sheets and surviving session audio, documented by Craig Slowinski.
- The Beach Boys
- Al Jardine – lead, harmony and backing vocals; electric rhythm guitar; bass guitar; handclaps
- Mike Love – lead, harmony and backing vocals; handclaps
- Brian Wilson – lead, harmony and backing vocals; four and six-string bass guitar; grand, upright and tack piano; baldwin harpsichord; hammond organ; handclaps
- Carl Wilson – harmony and backing vocals; lead, rhythm and twelve-string guitar; six-string bass guitar; handclaps
- Dennis Wilson – lead, harmony and backing vocals; drums, tambourine, handclaps
- Additional musicians and production staff
- Hal Blaine – drums, woodblocks, sleigh bells, triangle, tambourine, castanets, temple block
- Chuck Britz – engineer
- Glen Campbell – guitar
- Peter Christ – English horn
- Steve Douglas – tenor saxophone
- David Duke – French horn
- John Gray – grand piano
- Carl Fortina – accordion
- Plas Johnson – tenor saxophone
- Carol Kaye – bass guitar
- Barney Kessel – classical nylon rhythm guitar, twelve-string guitar
- Larry Knechtel – bass
- Larry Levine – engineer
- Carrol Lewis – double-reed harmonica
- "Louie"[nb 3] – castanets
- Jack Nimitz – saxophone
- Jay Migliori – baritone saxophone
- Earl Palmer – drums, timbales
- Don Randi – tack upright piano, organ
- Bill Pitman – electric guitar, acoustic guitar
- Ray Pohlman – bass guitar
- Billy Lee Riley – harmonica
- Leon Russell – piano, organ
- Billy Strange – electric guitar, electric mandolin
- Ron Swallow – tambourine
- Tommy Tedesco – autoharp, electric guitar, mandolin
- Russ Titelman – percussion (microphone boom hit with screwdriver)
- Julius Wechter – vibraphone, bell-tree, timpani, tambourine, congas
- Jerry Williams – vibraphone, timpani
- Marilyn Wilson – backing vocals
- unknown – oboe, cellos, violins, violas, English horn
|1965||German Albums Chart||14|
|1965||US Billboard 200 Albums Chart||4|
|1965||UK Top 40 Album Chart||6|
|1964||"Dance, Dance, Dance"||US Billboard Hot 100 Singles Chart||8|
|1964||"When I Grow Up (To Be a Man)"||US Billboard Hot 100 Singles Chart||9|
|1965||"Do You Wanna Dance?"||US Billboard Hot 100 Singles Chart||12|
|1965||"Please Let Me Wonder"||US Billboard Hot 100 Singles Chart||52|
- The September sessions for "I'm So Young" and "Dance, Dance, Dance" were discarded alternate versions. The versions of these songs which appear on the album were recorded in January 1965.
- The album was mainly recorded at United Western Recorders with some exceptions at Gold Star Studios.
- Last name unknown.
- Craig Slowinski (2007). "The Beach Boys - The Beach Boys Today!". Retrieved October 27, 2012.
- "Today!". Rolling Stone. Rolling Stone. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
- Unterberger, Richie. "Today!". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-10-28.
- Leaf, David (1990). Today/Summer Days (CD Liner). The Beach Boys. Capitol Records.
- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time: The Beach Boys, 'The Beach Boys Today'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 12, 2012.
- Doe, Andrew G. "1964". Bellagio 10452. Endless Summer Quarterly.
- Welch, C 1964, 'Beach Boys Brought their own vegetables - so audiences beware!, Melody Maker, 14 November, p.10
- Carlin 2006, p. 51.
- Unterberger, Richie. "All Summer Long". AllMusic. Retrieved 2015.
- Nolan, Tom (October 28, 1971). "The Beach Boys: A California Saga". Rolling Stone (94).
- Priore 2005.
- Schinder 2007, p. 111.
- Howard 2004, p. 58.
- Bolin, Alice (July 8, 2012). "The Beach Boys Are Still Looking at an Impossible Future". PopMatters.
- Hoskyns 2009, pp. 104–105.
- Interrante, Scott (March 31, 2014). "When I Grow Up: 'The Beach Boys Today!'". PopMatters.
- Interrante, Scott (June 9, 2014). "When I Grow Up: The Beach Boys - "She Knows Me Too Well"". Popmatters.
- Stanley 2013, pp. 219–220.
- Whitburn, Joel (2002) "Top Pop Singles 1955-2001"
- Doe, Andrew G. Doe. "GIGS64". Bellagio 10452. Endless Summer Quarterly.
- Doe, Andrew G. Doe. "GIGS65". Bellagio 10452. Endless Summer Quarterly.
- Blender review
- The Virgin Encyclopedia Of Popular Music, Concise (4th Edition), Virgin Books (UK), 2002, ed. Larkin, Colin.
- Today! - The Beach Boys: The Guardian review, Saturday 17 November 2007
- The Rolling Stone Album Guide (3rd Edition) Random House (US), 1992, ed. Anthony DeCurtis ISBN 0-679-73729-4
- "Today! - The Beach Boys: Awards". AllMusic.
- "The Official Charts Company - Beach Boys Today by The Beach Boys Search". The Official Charts Company. 6 May 2013.
- Brown, Tony (2000). "The Complete Book of the British Charts"
- Dimery, Robert (2005). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. Universe. New York, NY. p. 910. ISBN 0-7893-1371-5.
- 1000 Albums to Hear Before You Die, The Guardian, Saturday 17 November 2007
- "Review: The Beach Boys Remasters, Part Two: The Album-by-Album Guide « The Second Disc". Theseconddisc.com. Retrieved 2012-11-09.
- "Album Search: The Beach Boys – The Beach Boys Today!" (in German). Media Control. Retrieved April 14, 2013.
- "UK Top 40 Hit Database". EveryHit.
- Carlin, Peter Ames (2006). Catch a Wave: The Rise, Fall, and Redemption of the Beach Boys' Brian Wilson. Rodale. ISBN 978-1-59486-320-2.
- Hoskyns, Barney (2009). Waiting for the Sun: A Rock 'n' Roll History of Los Angeles. Backbeat Books. ISBN 978-0-87930-943-5.
- Howard, David N. (2004). Sonic Alchemy: Visionary Music Producers and Their Maverick Recordings (1. edition. ed.). Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Hal Leonard. ISBN 9780634055607.
- Priore, Domenic (2005). Smile: The Story of Brian Wilson's Lost Masterpiece. London: Sanctuary. ISBN 1860746276.
- Schinder, Scott (2007). "The Beach Boys". In Schinder, Scott; Schwartz, Andy. Icons of Rock: An Encyclopedia of the Legends Who Changed Music Forever. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0313338458.
- Stanley, Bob (2013). Yeah Yeah Yeah: The Story of Modern Pop. Faber & Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-28198-5.
- The Beach Boys Today! (Adobe Flash) at Radio3Net (streamed copy where licensed)
- The Beach Boys Today! (2001 - Remaster) (Adobe Flash) at Myspace (streamed copy where licensed)