|Studio album by Radiohead|
|Released||13 March 1995|
|Recorded||1992 ("High and Dry")
August – November 1994 at Abbey Road Studios, RAK Studios, London and The Manor, Oxfordshire
|Singles from The Bends|
The Bends is the second studio album by the English alternative rock band Radiohead, released on 13 March 1995 by Parlophone. The Bends was produced by John Leckie at EMI's studios in London, and engineered by Nigel Godrich, who would go on to produce all future albums by the band. Featuring five charting singles, the album also marked the beginning of a shift in aesthetics and themes for the band, with greater use of keyboards, and more abrasive guitar tracks balancing subtler ones. The introspective grunge-influenced style of Pablo Honey evolved toward more multi-layered rock with cryptic lyrics and larger ideas, as the band and singer Thom Yorke reacted against the rigors of near-constant world tours.
My Iron Lung was released as an EP and later, "High and Dry" was released as an A-side with "Planet Telex" as the B-side. "Fake Plastic Trees" was released as the second single, with "Just" as the album's third. "Street Spirit (Fade Out)", the final single and last song on the album, became their first top five UK hit.
The album was subject to greater critical acclaim than their debut Pablo Honey (1993), receiving an enthusiastic critical reaction, and it reached number four in the UK Albums Chart. However, it failed to build on the commercial success of their single "Creep" outside the United Kingdom, and it peaked on the American charts at number 88. Although it lacked the instant success of later Radiohead albums, The Bends achieved triple platinum sales certifications in the UK and Canada and platinum sales in the United States and the European Union. In the years since its release, the album has frequently appeared in listener polls and critics' lists of best albums of all time.
By the time Radiohead began their first US tour in early 1993, their single "Creep" (1992) was in heavy rotation on MTV and had achieved top ten chart positions in the UK and the US when reissued in 1993. The grunge sound of their debut album Pablo Honey (1993) had led to the band being described as "Nirvana-lite", and neither the album nor the singles "Stop Whispering" and "Anyone Can Play Guitar" matched the chart success of "Creep".
Radiohead nearly broke up due to the pressure of sudden success as the tour extended into its second year. The band described the tour as a miserable experience, as towards its end they were "still playing the same songs that [they had] recorded two years previously... almost like being held in a time warp." Tensions were high, as the band felt smothered by both the success of "Creep" and the mounting expectations for a superior follow-up. The band sought a change of scenery, touring Australasia and the Far East in an attempt to reduce the pressure. However, confronted again by their popularity, Yorke became disenchanted at being "right at the sharp end of the sexy, sassy, MTV eye-candy lifestyle" he felt he was helping to sell to the world. The 1994 EP My Iron Lung, featuring the single of the same title, was Radiohead's reaction, marking a transition towards the greater depth they aimed for on their second album. The album is dedicated to the late comedian Bill Hicks.
Recording and production
At the start of 1994, Radiohead began working on song arrangements for The Bends. They were encouraged by both the material and their producer of choice, John Leckie, who had agreed to work with them on the album. Sessions were due to begin at London's RAK Studio in January; however, fellow Oxford band Ride asked Leckie to perform some last-minute emergency work on their forthcoming album Carnival of Light. Radiohead agreed to postpone the start of the album's sessions to 24 February to accommodate Leckie. The band used the extra time to practice their songs, but this later proved unsatisfactory to them – Yorke said, "We had all of these songs and we really liked them, but we knew them almost too well . . . so we had to sort of learn to like them again before we could record them, which is odd."
The band found the first two months of work on the album difficult. While they were pleased with Leckie and engineer Nigel Godrich, they felt pressured to follow up the success of Pablo Honey. The band's record label, EMI, had set an October 1994 release date for the record, which later proved unrealistic. EMI also suggested Radiohead should record the album's lead single first. No one could agree on what the lead single should be, so the band worked on four tracks they considered candidates: "Sulk", "The Bends", "Just", and "Nice Dream". The approach proved counter-productive; Leckie recalled, "Everyone was pulling their hair out saying, 'It's not good enough!' [. . .] We were trying too hard". The recording process slowed down further as guitarist Jonny Greenwood experimented with several rented guitars and amplifiers in order to discover "a really special sound" for his instrument, despite Leckie's belief that Greenwood already had one. According to Leckie, whenever a record company representative or the group's management came to check on the album's progress, all the band would have to show them was "a drum sound or something".
In an attempt to defuse tensions between Yorke and the rest of the band, which had begun over whether or not they should take a break from the sessions that April, Leckie suggested to Yorke that he record some songs by himself on guitar. The group had a tour lined up for May until mid-June, which meant that the album would not be completed by October as planned. By the end of the sessions at RAK, Radiohead had recorded several songs that would appear on the album, as well as most of the tracks that would appear on My Iron Lung extended play (EP). They resumed recording on 16 June at businessman Richard Branson's rural studio complex the Manor. Unlike the sessions at RAK, the group recorded material quickly; Leckie felt the break for the tour gave the group "confidence" in the songs again. The band completed recording the album at Abbey Road Studios in London, where Leckie also mixed some of the songs.
Due to the poor commercial performance of the My Iron Lung EP, EMI decided Pablo Honey producers Sean Slade and Paul Q. Kolderie would remix the album tracks in the United States. Leckie did not realise what was happening until EMI asked him for copies of the multi-track tapes. Leckie said EMI "had been going on about trying to get an American sound for the record from the minute I got involved". Kolderie insisted he and Slade did not lobby to remix the album, but EMI made the decision and the band supported it after hearing Pablo Honey play over a sound system during an in-store appearance. Leckie did not always like what Slade and Kolderie produced, but he has since stated that it was a sound decision to have others approach the music with a fresh approach.
"Just", Radiohead's fourth single from The Bends, reached number 19 in the UK charts in 1995.
"Fake Plastic Trees" was partly inspired by the commercial development of Canary Wharf"
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According to the band, The Bends marked the start of a gradual turn in Yorke's songwriting from personal angst to the more cryptic lyrics and social and global themes that would come to dominate the band's later work. Most of the album was seen to continue the lyrical concerns of Pablo Honey, although in more mature fashion. The songs "My Iron Lung" and "Bullet Proof..I Wish I Was" have been compared to the band's later work, namely "Paranoid Android" and "Subterranean Homesick Alien", respectively. "Fake Plastic Trees" was partly inspired by the commercial development of Canary Wharf, while "Sulk" was written as a response to the Hungerford massacre. According to Yorke, "Street Spirit (Fade Out)" was inspired by the book The Famished Road by Ben Okri as well as the music of R.E.M.
The lyrics to the songs on The Bends, particularly those of "My Iron Lung", were cited in the British music press as an example of Yorke's alleged depression. Melody Maker ran an article during The Bends period which suggested Yorke would be the next "rock 'n roll martyr" or suicide.
The Bends was the first of the band's full-length records with artwork by Stanley Donwood, in collaboration with Yorke, who went under the name "The White Chocolate Farm" (later shortened to Tchock). In an interview with NME, Donwood recalled taking on the album cover design in a time of poverty in his life. On creating the cover, Donwood remembered: "I got a CPR mannequin and filmed it on an old-fashioned video camera with a video cassette in it."
Reception and legacy
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
The Bends met with greater critical acclaim than Pablo Honey, appearing on many end-of-year lists in 1995. Within the UK, it assured Radiohead's role as a standard-bearer of "indie" Brit-rock bands. The album was released during the height of the '90s Britpop movement; however, in the band's home country, Radiohead's music was rarely grouped with Blur, Pulp and other so-called "Britpop" acts, instead receiving some acclaim for diverging from the fashionable aspects of the scene.
In the US, the album eventually reached number 88 on the Billboard 200 in 1996, Radiohead's lowest appearance on the chart. The single "High and Dry", on the other hand, reached number 78 on the Billboard Hot 100, one of their highest chartings there. In the UK, The Bends reached number four and stayed on the chart for 160 weeks. It was certified Triple Platinum in the UK and Platinum in the US. In mid-1995 Radiohead toured as an opening act for R.E.M., playing songs from The Bends and extending their popularity with a mass audience. Many bands, including Garbage, R.E.M., and k.d. lang began to cite Radiohead as their favourite band.
The Bends had an influence on the subsequent generation of British pop bands. In 2006, The Observer listed it as one of "the 50 albums that changed music", saying, "Radiohead's Thom Yorke popularised the angst-laden falsetto, a thoughtful opposite to the chest-beating lad-rock personified by Oasis's Liam Gallagher. Singing in a higher octave-range and falsetto voice to a backdrop of churning guitars became a much-copied idea, however, one that eventually coalesced into an entire decade of sound. Without this, Coldplay would not exist, nor Keane, nor James Blunt."
The Bends took second place behind Radiohead's OK Computer in both 1998 and 2006 reader polls of Q magazine for the best album of all time. In 2003, the album was ranked number 110 on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. The Bends was the highest entry of three Radiohead albums to make the list (OK Computer and Kid A being the others), until the release of the updated version of the list in 2012, in which Kid A was moved to number 67. In 2000, Virgin's "Top 1000 Albums of All Time" ranked The Bends at number two, second only to Revolver by The Beatles. In 2006, British Hit Singles & Albums and NME organised a poll of which, 40,000 people worldwide voted for the 100 best albums ever and The Bends was placed at number 10 on the list. Paste ranked the album 11th on its list of the greatest albums of the 1990s.
All songs written and composed by Radiohead (Colin Greenwood, Ed O'Brien, Jonny Greenwood, Philip Selway, Thom Yorke).
|3.||"High and Dry"||4:17|
|4.||"Fake Plastic Trees"||4:50|
|8.||"My Iron Lung"||4:36|
|9.||"Bullet Proof..I Wish I Was"||3:28|
|12.||"Street Spirit (Fade Out)"||4:12|
|"Collector's Edition"/"Special Collector's Edition" Disc 2|
|2.||"Punchdrunk Lovesick Singalong"||4:38|
|3.||"Lozenge of Love"||2:14|
|6.||"You Never Wash Up After Yourself"||1:42|
|10.||"How Can You Be Sure?"||4:20|
|11.||"Fake Plastic Trees" (Acoustic version)||4:41|
|12.||"Bullet Proof..I Wish I Was" (Acoustic version)||3:34|
|13.||"Street Spirit (Fade Out)" (Acoustic version)||4:26|
|14.||"Talk Show Host"||4:39|
|18.||"Just" (BBC Radio 1 session, 14/09/94)||3:44|
|19.||"Maquiladora" (BBC Radio 1 session, 14/09/94)||3:28|
|20.||"Street Spirit (Fade Out)" (BBC Radio 1 session, 14/09/94)||4:19|
|21.||"Bones" (BBC Radio 1 session, 14/09/94)||3:01|
|"Special Collector's Edition" DVD|
|1.||"High and Dry" (UK Version)|
|2.||"High and Dry" (U.S. Version)|
|3.||"Fake Plastic Trees"|
|5.||"Street Spirit (Fade Out)"|
|6.||"Bones" (Live at the Astoria, London, England, 27/05/94)|
|7.||"Black Star" (Live at the Astoria, London, England, 27/05/94)|
|8.||"The Bends" (Live at the Astoria, London, England, 27/05/94)|
|9.||"My Iron Lung" (Live at the Astoria, London, England, 27/05/94)|
|10.||"Maquiladora" (Live at the Astoria, London, England, 27/05/94)|
|11.||"Fake Plastic Trees" (Live at the Astoria, London, England, 27/05/94)|
|12.||"Just" (Live at the Astoria, London, England, 27/05/94)|
|13.||"Street Spirit (Fade Out)" (Live at the Astoria, London, England, 27/05/94)|
|14.||"My Iron Lung" (2 Meter Session, Holland, the Netherlands, 27/02/95)|
|15.||"High and Dry" (2 Meter Session, Holland, the Netherlands, 27/02/95)|
|16.||"Fake Plastic Trees" (2 Meter Session, Holland, the Netherlands, 27/02/95)|
|17.||"Street Spirit (Fade Out)" (2 Meter Session, Holland, the Netherlands, 27/02/95)|
|18.||"The Bends" (Later... with Jools Holland, 27/05/95)|
|19.||"High and Dry" (Later... with Jools Holland, 27/05/95)|
|20.||"High and Dry" (Top of the Pops, 09/03/95)|
|21.||"Fake Plastic Trees" (Top of the Pops, 01/06/95)|
|22.||"Street Spirit (Fade Out)" (Top of the Pops, 01/02/96)|
|Australian Albums (ARIA)||23|
|Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)||37|
|German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)||73|
|New Zealand Albums (Recorded Music NZ)||8|
|Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)||26|
|UK Albums (OCC)||4|
|Belgian Albums (Ultratop Flanders)||8|
|Belgian Albums (Ultratop Wallonia)||26|
|Canadian RPM Albums Chart||21|
|Dutch Albums (MegaCharts)||20|
|US Billboard 200||88|
|Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)||32|
- Rare CD: Radiohead "BONES.96" (Belgian), 15 June 2009
- Roberts, David, ed. (June 2006) , British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.), London: HiT Entertainment, p. 447, ISBN 1-904994-10-5
- The Bends at AllMusic
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- Randall, pp. 129-30
- Randall, p. 133
- Randall, p. 139
- Randall, p. 140
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- Fake Plastic Trees Lyrics, March 1995
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- "The 50 albums that changed music", The Observer, 16 July 2006, retrieved 15 October 2014
- Q Readers All Time Top 100 Albums (Q137 ed.), Q, February 1998
- "Q Magazine's Q Readers Best Albums Ever (2006 Readers Poll) Archived by Lists of Bests". Q. Retrieved 15 March 2012.
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