The Big Red One

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Big Red One
Big red one post.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Samuel Fuller
Produced by Gene Corman
Written by Samuel Fuller
Starring Lee Marvin
Mark Hamill
Robert Carradine
Bobby Di Cicco
Kelly Ward
Siegfried Rauch
Stéphane Audran
Music by Dana Kaproff
Cinematography Adam Greenberg
Edited by Morton Tubor
Production
company
Distributed by United Artists (original release)
Warner Bros. (reconstruction)
Release dates July 18, 1980
Running time

113 minutes (1980 Theatrical Version)

162 minutes (2004 Restored Version)
Country United States
Language English
Budget $4,000,000
Box office $7,206,220

The Big Red One is a World War II war film starring Lee Marvin and Mark Hamill, released in 1980. It was written and directed by Samuel Fuller.

It was heavily cut on its original release, but a restored version, The Big Red One: The Reconstruction, was premièred at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival, seven years after Fuller's death. Fuller wrote a book, with the same title, which was more a companion novel than a novelization of the film, although it features many of the scenes that were originally cut.

Background[edit]

Patch of the United States Army's 1st Infantry Division.

Fuller was a World War II veteran and served with the 1st Infantry Division, which is nicknamed The Big Red One for the red numeral "1" on the Division's shoulder patch. He received the Silver Star, Bronze Star and Purple Heart during his service. He was present at the liberation of the Falkenau concentration camp.[1]

Plot[edit]

The film begins in black and white in November 1918 at the end of World War I. A private (Marvin), using his trench knife, kills a German soldier who was approaching with his arms raised and muttering in German. When he returns to his company's headquarters, the private is told that the war ended "about four hours ago." The 1st Division patch is shown in color.

The film then moves to November 1942, when the soldier, now a sergeant (Sgt. Possum) in the 'Big Red One', leads his squad of infantrymen through North Africa. Over the next two years the squad serves in campaigns in Sicily, Omaha Beach at the start of the Battle of Normandy, the liberation of France and the invasion of western Germany.

Throughout the film, the Sgt. Possum's German counterpart, Schroeder, participates in many of the same battles and displays a murderous loyalty to Hitler and Germany. At different times he and the sergeant express the same sentiment that soldiers are killers but not murderers.

During the advance across northern France the squad crosses the same field where the sergeant killed the surrendering German at the start of the film, where a memorial now stands. The following short conversation takes place:

Johnson: Would you look at how fast they put up the names of all our guys who got killed?
Sgt. Possum: That's a World War One memorial.
Johnson: But the names are the same.
Sgt. Possum: They always are.

The squad's final action in the war is the liberation of Falkenau concentration camp in Czechoslovakia. Shortly after this, the sergeant is in a forest at night, having just buried a young boy he had befriended after liberating a concentration camp. Schroeder approaches, attempting to surrender, but the sergeant stabs him. His squad then arrives and informs him that the war ended "about four hours ago." This time, as the squad walks away, Pvt. Griff (Mark Hamill) notices that Schroeder is still alive; the sergeant and his men work frantically to save his life as they return to their encampment.

Cast[edit]

Restored scenes[edit]

  • Extended scene after the beach landing in North Africa when the squad is resting and eating, more quirky scene involving an Arab boy.
  • The Sarge and the 'Horsemen' are trapped in an ancient Roman colosseum, and are relieved by French Spahi Moroccan cavalry. The scene ends with the Moroccan Goums cutting off the ears of dead Germans.
  • Extended Sicilian landings where the squad engages a machine-gun nest.
  • Omaha Beach, D-Day, extended scene in which the whole infantry company, including Zab, encounter casualties (this was how director Fuller earned his Silver Star on D-Day).
  • Schroeder receives a massage from a French woman whose husband has been killed by German soldiers.
  • Aftermath of the attack on the lunatic asylum, where Griff has sex with a Walloon.
  • Belgian innkeeper uncovers a German infiltrator as the squad eats a meal.
  • Scene showing the Sarge's World War I commander, now the Big Red One's commanding general, giving an interview to a war correspondent (played by Sam Fuller). While this scene was not in the original 1980 release, the actor, Charles Macauley, was credited as "Captain/General".
  • Tree-shelling scene extended to include the German artillery piece being destroyed by a Bazooka.
  • Schroeder booby-trapping a castle, then killing the Frau of the house after he finds that she hates Hitler.
  • The squad approaches a derelict castle, losing one man to a sniper. They capture the sniper, only to discover him to be an adolescent boy, a so-called "Hitler-Jugend".
  • The squad encounters a protest march of old Germans who refuse to let the squad pass until the Sarge threatens to shoot their leader.
  • Schroeder removing his equipment and thus ending his responsibility to fight.

Production[edit]

Warner Brothers Studio was interested in filming The Big Red One in the late 1950s, sending Fuller on a trip to Europe to scout locations. Fuller directed Merrill's Marauders as a dry run for the film. When Fuller argued with Jack Warner and his studio over cuts they made to Merrill's Marauders, the plans for the film The Big Red One were dropped.[1]

Originally, John Wayne was to play The Sergeant, but Fuller felt that he was not right for the role.[1]

Peter Bogdanovich helped set the film up at Paramount Pictures who paid Fuller to write a script. However when Paramount head Frank Yablans left the studio, the project was in turnaround. It shifted over to Lorimar with Bogdanovich to produce (he says Fuller wanted him to play the Robert Carradine part) but then Bogdanovich pulled out and brought in Gene Corman to produce.[2]

The film was shot on location in Israel and Ireland, with some snow scenes featuring Marvin shot in and around Big Bear National Park. Trim Castle in Trim, County Meath was used as the derelict castle where the adolescent sniper kills one of the GIs (Boyne) as he crosses the river.

Originally rated PG by the MPAA, the film reconstruction by Brian Jamieson and Richard Schickel was re-rated R for "war violence and some language"[citation needed].

Reception[edit]

The Big Red One ranks 483rd on Empire magazine's 2008 list of the 500 greatest movies of all time.[3] Terry Lawson of the Detroit Free Press called it the greatest war movie of all time.

The film was entered into the 1980 Cannes Film Festival.[4]

In his review of the original, theatrical version of the film, Roger Ebert wrote:

While this is an expensive epic, he hasn't fallen to the temptations of the epic form. He doesn't give us a lot of phony meaning, as if to justify the scope of the production. There aren't a lot of deep, significant speeches. In the ways that count, "The Big Red One" is still a B-movie -- hard-boiled, filled with action, held together by male camaraderie, directed with a lean economy of action. It's one of the most expensive B-pictures ever made, and I think that helps it fit the subject. "A" war movies are about War, but "B" war movies are about soldiers.[5]

It is currently listed 'Certified Fresh' by the critical website Rottentomatoes.com with a 91% rating and aggregate score of 7.7 based on 44 reviews.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Fuller, Samuel A Third Face Alfred A. Knopf (2002)
  2. ^ John Gallagher, "Between Action and Cut", August 2004 accessed 3 June 2013
  3. ^ "Empire's 500 Greatest Movies Of All Time". Empire Online. 2006-12-05. Retrieved 2012-12-09. 
  4. ^ "Festival de Cannes: The Big Red One". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-05-25. 
  5. ^ "The Big Red One." Chicago Sun-Times.

Bibliography[edit]

  • The Fighting First: The Untold Story of The Big Red One on D-Day by Flint Whitlock - 2004. ISBN 0-8133-4218-X
  • The Big Red One (novel version) by Samuel Fuller - 1980; republished in 2004.

External links[edit]