The Bootleg Series Vol. 9: The Witmark Demos: 1962–1964

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The Bootleg Series Vol. 9: The Witmark Demos: 1962–1964
A black-and-white photograph of Dylan sitting at a typewriter
Compilation album by Bob Dylan
Released October 19, 2010 (2010-10-19)
Recorded 1962–1964
Genre Folk
Length 138:28
Label Columbia
Producer Stan Berkowitz and Jeff Rosen
Bob Dylan chronology
Christmas in the Heart
(2009)
The Bootleg Series Vol. 9: The Witmark Demos: 1962-1964
(2010)
The Original Mono Recordings
(2010)
Bob Dylan Bootleg Series chronology
The Bootleg Series Vol. 8: Tell Tale Signs: Rare and Unreleased 1989–2006
(2008)
The Bootleg Series Vol. 9: The Witmark Demos: 1962-1964
(2010)
The Bootleg Series Vol. 10: Another Self Portrait (1969–1971)
(2013)

The Bootleg Series Vol. 9: The Witmark Demos: 1962–1964 is an album of demo recordings Bob Dylan made for his first two publishing companies, Leeds Music and M. Witmark & Sons, from 1962 to 1964.

The album, released on October 19, 2010,[1] features 47 tracks with Dylan accompanying himself on acoustic guitar, harmonica and occasionally piano. The recordings were only available as bootlegs until the 1991 release of The Bootleg Series Volumes 1–3 (Rare & Unreleased) 1961–1991, which included three of the demos.[2] A fourth demo, a version of "Don't Think Twice, It's All Right", was included on The Bootleg Series Vol. 7: No Direction Home: The Soundtrack, which came out in 2005. The remaining tracks on The Witmark Demos were officially released for the first time in 2010. While Dylan recorded subsequent versions of most of the songs, the album features 15 that were produced exclusively as demos and had never been heard before except as bootlegs.[3][4]

The Witmark Demos was released in two formats: a double CD and a 4 LP set. Both releases featured a booklet with an account on the album's significance by historian Colin Escott, along with photos of Dylan from the period when the demos were recorded. The album peaked at #12 on the Billboard 200 albums chart in its first week, becoming Dylan's 20th album to debut in the top 20.[5]

Background[edit]

Leeds Music demos[edit]

Dylan recorded his debut album, Bob Dylan, for Columbia Records in November 1961, when he was 20.[6] The album included two original tracks, "Song to Woody" and "Talkin' New York", the first songs he had written after arriving in New York City's Greenwich Village in January 1961.[7][8] In addition, Dylan recorded one other original during the Columbia sessions, "Man on the Street", which did not appear on the album.[9][10]

Based on the songs Dylan was writing, his producer at Columbia, John Hammond, arranged for the young artist to meet with Lou Levy at Leeds Music Publishing.[11][12] Dylan was offered a $1,000 advance and signed with a Leeds subsidiary, Duchess Music, on January 5, 1962.[13][14] In addition to agreeing to publish Dylan's songs and pay royalties on sales by other artists, Levy suggested the possibility of producing a songbook once they had enough material, a prospect that excited Dylan as much as anything else.[15] Dylan returned to Leeds the next week and recorded five songs in one demo session: "Poor Boy Blues", "Ballad for a Friend", "Rambling, Gambling Willie", "Talking Bear Mountain Picnic Massacre Blues", and "Standing on the Highway".[16][17] To this he added the two songs from the Columbia sessions that were not used on his album.[18] After signing with Leeds, Dylan pursued songwriting with a new vigor. As he reflected later, "I wrote wherever I happened to be. Sometimes I'd spend a whole day sitting at a corner table in a coffeehouse, just writing whatever came into my head."[12][19]

M. Witmark & Sons demos[edit]

In the spring of 1962, folk music manager Albert Grossman began to take an active interest in Dylan. One of the organizers of the first Newport Folk Festival in 1959 and manager of a small stable of folksingers, Grossman had recently launched a new act composed of three musicians he had handpicked, Peter, Paul & Mary.[20][21] Grossman had been watching Dylan from the sidelines for nearly year and played a peripheral part in some of the events leading up to his contract with Columbia.[22][23][24] While Grossman was negotiating Peter, Paul & Mary's contract with Warner Bros. Records, he closed a unique arrangement with Music Publishers' Holding Company, a Warner-owned operation that was the industry's leading publisher. The deal, finalized that spring, gave Grossman half of MPHC's royalties share for any artist he could sign to a publishing contract. Dylan became his first prospect.[25][26][27]

Grossman proposed that Dylan sign with the prestigious publisher M. Witmark & Sons, one of MPHC's eight subsidiaries.[28] After playing some songs for Witmark executive Artie Mogull, Dylan mentioned a complication: he was already under contract with Leeds/Duchess.[29] Dylan was given $1,000 in early July 1962 and approached Leeds about buying out his contract. Since the folksinger had yet to produce any sales, Leeds accepted the money and released Dylan from the agreement.[28][30] Dylan signed a new contract with Witmark on July 12 and immediately recorded a demo of what would become his breakthrough song, "Blowin' in the Wind".[28] Four months passed before Dylan returned to record another song, "Ye Playboys and Playgirls", but the next month, in December, he showed up with seven new compositions, including three that would become classics of his, "A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall", "Ballad of Hollis Brown", and "Tomorrow Is a Long Time".[31]

In all, Dylan visited Witmark about a dozen times, registering his last demos in mid-1964. He recorded a total of 39 songs for Witmark, all of which are included on The Bootleg Series Vol. 9: The Witmark Demos, along with the eight recordings originally registered with Leeds.[32][33][34] Besides early versions of many of his classics, as well as rarities that have appeared on other editions of The Bootleg Series, the set includes 15 songs, an album's worth of material, that had never been officially released in any form.[3][35]

Production[edit]

The recordings for the Leeds and Witmark demos were never intended for public consumption, but were made to sell Dylan's songs to other artists.[36][37] The demo sessions took place in a tiny 6-by-8-foot studio at Witmark's offices in the Look Building at 51st Street and Madison Avenue, where an engineer would capture the performances on a reel-to-reel. To save tape, the demos were recorded at 7.5 inches per second, half the speed used in professional studios. A Witmark copyist would then transcribe the lyrics and music from the tape, and song sheets would be printed and mailed to recording companies. When a company's artist expressed an interest in a song, Witmark would cut an acetate, a recording on inexpensive plastic, that would be sent to the artist for preview purposes. If acceptable, the song would be recorded.[30][38]

Royalties[edit]

Royalties from sales of the songs were paid to Witmark, which gave Dylan two cents per record and split its two-cent share with Grossman. In addition, Grossman received 25% of Dylan's payments under the terms of their management contract, which was signed on August 20, 1962, six weeks after the Witmark agreement.[28][30][39] Dylan and Grossman subsequently set up their own publishing company, Dwarf Music, in a contract signed in mid-1965 but back-dated to January of that year[40] By late 1965, more than a year after the last of the Witmark demos, Music Publishers' Holding Company reported in Billboard that at least 237 recordings had been made of Dylan's songs under the copyrights it held.[41]

Demo session dates[edit]

While the recording dates of the Leeds and Witmark Demos had previously been published, they were not included in the information distributed with the CD or LP. On disc 1, tracks 1–8 are from the demos recorded at Leeds Music on 2 February 1962. Track 9, a demo of "Blowin' in the Wind" and the first song recorded for Witmark is from July 1962. Track 10 was recorded on 1 November 1962, followed by tracks 11–17, which were recorded in December 1962. Tracks 18–22 were registered as recorded in winter 1963, probably February. Tracks 23–25 of disc 1 and Tracks 1–2 of disc 2 were recorded in March 1963. Tracks 3–6 date from April 1963, 7–9 from May 1963, and 10–15 were all recorded in August 1963. Track 16, "The Times They Are a-Changin'", was recorded in October 1963, and Track 17 is from December 1963. Tracks 18–19 were the last demos recorded at the Witmark studio, in January 1964. Tracks 20–22 were registered to Witmark in June 1964, though they had been recorded elsewhere.[42]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 4.5/5 stars[43]
The Guardian 4/5 stars[44]
Pitchfork Media 9.1/10[45]

Witmark Demos received positive responses from critics. It achieved an 86% positive ("Universal acclaim") at Metacritic based on reviews by 8 critics.[46] Allmusic critic Stephen Thomas Erlewine said about the songs on Witmark Demos, "...they’ve never been presented as completely and in as great fidelity as they are on this two-disc set."[47]

Track listing[edit]

All songs were written by Bob Dylan, except where noted.

Disc one
  1. "Man on the Street" (Fragment) – 1:07
  2. "Hard Times in New York Town" – 1:57
  3. "Poor Boy Blues" – 3:01
  4. "Ballad for a Friend" – 2:23
  5. "Rambling, Gambling Willie" – 3:38
  6. "Talking Bear Mountain Picnic Massacre Blues" – 3:42
  7. "Standing on the Highway" – 2:32
  8. "Man on the Street" – 1:30
  9. "Blowin' in the Wind" – 2:38
  10. "Long Ago, Far Away" – 2:29
  11. "A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall" – 6:49
  12. "Tomorrow Is a Long Time" – 3:46
  13. "The Death of Emmett Till" – 4:32
  14. "Let Me Die in My Footsteps" – 1:37
  15. "Ballad of Hollis Brown" – 4:08
  16. "Quit Your Low Down Ways" – 2:50
  17. "Baby, I'm in the Mood for You" – 1:36
  18. "Bound to Lose, Bound to Win" – 1:19
  19. "All Over You" – 3:52
  20. "I'd Hate to Be You on That Dreadful Day" – 2:00
  21. "Long Time Gone" – 3:46
  22. "Talkin' John Birch Paranoid Blues" – 3:17
  23. "Masters of War" – 4:23
  24. "Oxford Town" – 2:33
  25. "Farewell" – 3:58
Disc two
  1. "Don't Think Twice, It's All Right" – 3:38 previously issued in part on The Bootleg Series Volume VII
  2. "Walkin' Down the Line" – 3:23 previously issued on The Bootleg Series Volume I
  3. "I Shall Be Free" – 4:30
  4. "Bob Dylan's Blues" – 1:58
  5. "Bob Dylan's Dream" – 3:53
  6. "Boots of Spanish Leather" – 5:49
  7. "Girl from the North Country" – 3:09
  8. "Seven Curses" – 3:13
  9. "Hero Blues" – 1:36
  10. "Whatcha Gonna Do?" – 3:36
  11. "Gypsy Lou" – 3:45
  12. "Ain't Gonna Grieve" – 1:28
  13. "John Brown" – 4:19
  14. "Only a Hobo" – 2:25
  15. "When the Ship Comes In" – 2:56 previously issued on The Bootleg Series Volume I
  16. "The Times They Are a-Changin'" – 3:03 previously issued on The Bootleg Series Volume I
  17. "Paths of Victory" – 4:11
  18. "Guess I'm Doing Fine" – 4:08
  19. "Baby, Let Me Follow You Down" (Eric Von Schmidt, Reverend Gary Davis, Dave Van Ronk) – 1:56
  20. "Mama, You Been on My Mind" – 2:14
  21. "Mr. Tambourine Man" – 5:55
  22. "I'll Keep It with Mine" – 3:34

Limited Edition bonus disc: In Concert at Brandeis University 10/05/1963[edit]

In Concert at Brandeis University 10/05/1963 disc was given as a limited edition bonus with purchases of Bootleg Series Vol. 9 or Original Mono Recordings at a variety of retailers.

Charts[edit]

Chart (2010) Peak
position
Billboard 200 [5] 12
Australian Albums Chart [48] 36
European Albums Chart [49] 13
German Albums Chart [50] 24
UK Albums Chart [51] 18

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The Bootleg Series Volume 9—The Witmark Demos: 1962-1964. bobdylan.com. 2010-10-17. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ Heylin 2003, pp. 739–746
  3. ^ a b Corbett, Ben (October 22, 2010). "Album Reviews: Bob Dylan, Bootleg Series Vol. 9, The Witmark Demos 1962-1964 and The Complete Mono Recordings". Crawdaddy. Retrieved 2010-11-30. 
  4. ^ Love, Joshua (November 5, 2010). "The Bootleg Series, Vol. 9: The Witmark Demos: 1962-1964". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2011-02-23. 
  5. ^ a b Billboard 200, 24 October 2010
  6. ^ Dylan was born May 24, 1941 (Gray 2006, p. 192).
  7. ^ Sounes 2001, pp. 80, 94
  8. ^ Gray 2006, p. 70
  9. ^ Bauldie 1991
  10. ^ Bjorner 2010
  11. ^ Dylan, Chronicles: Volume One, pp. 288-291
  12. ^ a b Sounes 2001, pp. 109–110
  13. ^ Heylin 2003, pp. 94–95
  14. ^ Escott 2010, p. 19
  15. ^ Sounes 2001, p. 110
  16. ^ Heylin 2003, pp. 88–89
  17. ^ Escott 2010, p. 20
  18. ^ Olof, "The Yearly Chronicles", 1961
  19. ^ Heylin 2003, pp. 89–92
  20. ^ Sounes 2001, p. 117
  21. ^ Gray 2006, pp. 283–284
  22. ^ Scaduto 1973, pp. 126–127
  23. ^ Sounes 2001, pp. 102–107
  24. ^ Hajdu 2001, pp. 95–96, 102
  25. ^ Heylin 2003, p. 94
  26. ^ Sounes 2001, pp. 117–119
  27. ^ Gross, Mike (March 20, 1965). MPHC Grossing $1 Million Year in Its Folk Operation. Billboard. Retrieved 2010-11-18. 
  28. ^ a b c d Sounes 2001, pp. 118–119
  29. ^ Escott 2010, pp. 32–35
  30. ^ a b c Heylin 2003, p. 95
  31. ^ Heylin 1997, p. 19
  32. ^ Bjorner, Still on the Road, Witmark Demos, 1961-1964
  33. ^ Heylin 1997, pp. 19–29
  34. ^ Escott 2010, p. 55
  35. ^ Goodman, Dean (2010-08-25). "Early Bob Dylan demos released in new 'Bootleg' set". Reuters. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  36. ^ Fleming, Colin (October 2010). "How Bob Dylan Sounded Before He Was a Star". The Atlantic . Retrieved 2010-12-04. 
  37. ^ Escott 2010, p. 53
  38. ^ Escott 2010, pp. 40–43
  39. ^ Gray 2006, p. 284
  40. ^ Sounes 2001, pp. 209–210
  41. ^ Dylan in Pub Field; Artie Mogull Mgr.. Billboard. November 20, 1965. p. 12. Retrieved 2010-12-04. 
  42. ^ Bjorner, Still on the Road, 1962-64
  43. ^ Allmusic review
  44. ^ Maddy Costa (2010-10-14). "The Guardian review". London: Guardian. Retrieved 2012-09-29. 
  45. ^ "Pitchfork Media review". Pitchfork.com. 2010-11-05. Retrieved 2012-09-29. 
  46. ^ "The Bootleg Series, Vol. 9: The Witmark Demos: 1962-1964". Metacritic. Retrieved 2010-11-30. 
  47. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "The Bootleg Series, Vol. 9: The Witmark Demos: 1962-1964". allmusic.com. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  48. ^ Australian Album Charts, 14-November-2010
  49. ^ http://www.billboard.com/#/charts/european-albums?begin=11&order=position
  50. ^ "Music Albums, Top 200 Albums & Music Album Charts". Billboard.com. Retrieved 2012-01-17. 
  51. ^ Official UK Top 40 Albums Chart, 24 October 2010

References[edit]

External links[edit]