The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas (film)
|The Boy in the Striped Pajamas|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Mark Herman|
|Produced by||David Heyman|
|Screenplay by||Mark Herman|
|Based on||The Boy in the Striped Pajamas
by John Boyne
|Music by||James Horner|
|Editing by||Michael Ellis|
|Distributed by||Miramax Films|
|Running time||94 minutes|
The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas, released in the United States as The Boy in the Striped Pajamas, is a 2008 historical-drama film based on the novel of the same name by Irish writer John Boyne. Directed by Mark Herman and produced by David Heyman, it stars Asa Butterfield, Jack Scanlon, David Thewlis, Vera Farmiga, Amber Beattie and Rupert Friend.
This film is a Holocaust drama, and it explores the horror of a World War II Nazi extermination camp through the eyes of two 8-year-old boys; one the son of the camp's Nazi commandant, the other a Jewish inmate.
The film opens in Berlin in Nazi Germany during the Holocaust where a little boy named Bruno (Asa Butterfield) is seen playing with his three friends. After arriving home he learns that his father Ralf (David Thewlis) has been promoted to SS-Obersturmbannführer Commandant. After a party to celebrate the promotion, Bruno, his father, Bruno's mother Elsa (Vera Farmiga) and older sister Gretel (Amber Beattie) relocate to another part of Germany. Bruno hates his new home as there is nobody to play with and very little to explore. Bruno is also forbidden from playing in the back garden.
Bruno and Gretel get a tutor, Herr Lizt (Jim Norton), who pushes an agenda of antisemitism and nationalist propaganda. Gretel becomes increasingly fanatical in her support for the Third Reich, covering her bedroom wall with Nazi propaganda posters, much to the confusion of Bruno. She flirts with SS-Obersturmführer Lieutenant Kurt Kotler (Rupert Friend), her father's subordinate, as her budding sexuality becomes fixated on the ideal of the German soldier. Bruno remains skeptical of Nazi Propaganda, because all of the Jews Bruno knows, including the family's servant Pavel (David Hayman), do not resemble Lizt's teachings.
Bruno one day disobeys his parents and sneaks off into the back garden. He eventually arrives at an extermination camp which Bruno thinks is a "farm" and befriends a boy his own age named Shmuel (Jack Scalon) who lives on the other side of a barbed wire fence. Shmuel, Pavel and the other prisoners all wear striped uniforms which Bruno thinks are "pajamas". Bruno meets Shmuel every day sneaking him food and playing games. Bruno learns Shmuel is a Jew and that he was brought to the camp along with his father.
One day Elsa discovers Ralf's true colors after Kotler lets slip that the black smoke is really burnt corpses of dead Jews. Elsa confronts and argues with Ralf and is broken-hearted. At dinner that night, after Bruno claims Herr Liszt won't let him read adventure books and that he teaches them history, Kotler admits history was his favorite subject but that didn't please his father, who left for Switzerland. Ralf, upon hearing this, tells him he should have told of his father's past as it was his duty. Kotler then presumably beats Pavel to death after Pavel accidentally spilled Kotler's wine glass. The next morning the maid, Maria, is seen cleaning up the blood stains.
Later that day Bruno sees Shmuel is Pavel's replacement, and finds him cleaning glasses. Bruno offers him some cake and they talk to each other. However Kotler interferes and mistakes Shumel for "stealing food". Shmuel though tells him Bruno offered him the cake. Scared of Kotler, Bruno frames Shmuel by lying he has never seen him before. Believing Bruno, Kotler orders Shmuel to finish cleaning the glasses and they will have a "little talk" about what to happens to "rats that steal". Bruno goes to his room distraught and decides to apologize to Shmuel, but Maria is seen cleaning the glasses instead. Every day Bruno returns to the same spot but does not see Shumel. One day Shmuel is seen behind the fence with a black eye. Despite Bruno's betrayal, Shmuel forgives him and renews his friendship.
After the funeral of his grandmother, who was killed in Berlin by bombing, Ralf (after another argument with Elsa) decides Bruno and Gretel are to stay with a relative while he "finishes his work" at the camp, accepting that it is no place for the children to live in. Shmuel has problems of his own as his father has gone missing in the camp. Bruno decides to redeem himself by helping Shmuel find his father. The next day Bruno, who is due to leave, arrives back at the camp, and digs under the fence disguised as a Jew. Bruno soon discovers the true nature of the camp after seeing many sick and weak looking Jews. At one of the huts the boys are taken on a march with other inmates by Sonderkommandos.
At the house, Bruno's absence is noticed. After Gretel and Elsa discover the open window Bruno went through and the remains of a sandwich Bruno was taking for Shmuel, Elsa bursts through Ralf's meeting to alert him that Bruno is missing. Ralf and his men mount a search to find him. They enter the camp, searching for Bruno. Bruno, Shmuel and the inmates stop inside a changing room and are told to take their clothes off for a "shower". They are packed into the gas chambers, where Bruno and Shmuel hold each other's hands. An SS soldier pours some Zyklon B pellets into the chamber. The prisoners start yelling and banging on the metal door. Ralf, still with his men, arrives at an empty dormitory, signalling to him that a gassing is taking place. Ralf cries out his son's name, and Elsa and Gretel fall to their knees. The film ends by showing the closed door of the now-silent gas chamber.
- Vera Farmiga as Elsa (Mother)
- David Thewlis as Ralf (Father)
- Amber Beattie as Gretel
- Asa Butterfield as Bruno
- Rupert Friend as Kurt Kotler
- David Hayman as Pavel
- Jack Scanlon as Shmuel
- Sheila Hancock as Nathalie (Grandma)
- Richard Johnson as Matthias (Grandpa)
- Cara Horgan as Maria
- Jim Norton as Herr Liszt
- "Boys Playing Airplanes" – 4:13
- "Exploring the Forest" – 2:36
- "The Train Ride to a New Home" – 3:34
- "The Winds Gently Blow Through the Garden" – 5:57
- "An Odd Discovery Beyond the Trees" – 2:51
- "Dolls Aren't for Big Girls, Propaganda is..." – 3:43
- "Black Smoke" – 1:43
- "Evening Supper – A Family Slowly Crumbles" – 7:53
- "The Funeral" – 1:54
- "The Boys' Plans, From Night to Day" – 2:36
- "Strange New Clothes" – 9:53
- "Remembrance, Remembrance" – 5:30
The film has a 64% with a 6.2/10 average rating on Rotten Tomatoes. James Christopher in The Times referred to it as "a hugely affecting film. Important, too". Conversely, Manohla Dargis of The New York Times summed it up as "the Holocaust trivialized, glossed over, kitsched up, commercially exploited and hijacked for a tragedy about a Nazi family".
Some critics have called the very premise of the book and subsequent film—that there would be a child of Shmuel's age in the camp—an unacceptable fabrication. Reviewing the original book, Rabbi Benjamin Blech wrote: "Note to the reader: There were no nine-year-old Jewish boys in Auschwitz—the Nazis immediately gassed those not old enough to work." But, according to statistics from the Labour Assignment Office, Auschwitz-Birkenau contained 619 living male children from one month to fourteen years old on August 30, 1944. On January 14, 1945, 773 male children were registered as living at the camp. "The oldest children were sixteen, and fifty-two were less than eight years of age." "Some children were employed as camp messengers and were treated as a kind of curiosity, while every day an enormous number of children of all ages were killed in the gas chambers." However, American critic Roger Ebert declared that the film is not attempting to be a forensic reconstruction of Germany during the war, but is "about a value system that survives like a virus".
- British Independent Film Award
- Young Artist Awards
- Dargis, Manohla (November 7, 2008). "Horror Through a Child's Eyes". The New York Times. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- Ebert, Roger (November 5, 2008). "The Boy in the Striped Pajamas". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
- Vilkomerson, Sara (March 31, 2009). "On Demand This Week: Lost Boys". The New York Observer. Retrieved July 4, 2011.
- Christopher, James (September 11, 2008). "The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas Review". The Times. Archived from the original on August 30, 2009. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- Blech, Benjamin (October 23, 2008). "The Boy in the Striped Pajamas". Aish.com. Archived from the original on August 30, 2009. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- Hermann Langbein People in Auschwitz, translated by Harry Zohn, Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, c.2004. ISBN 0-8078-2816-5
- Thomas Buergenthal A lucky child : a memoir of surviving Auschwitz as a young boy. London : Profile, 2009. ISBN 1-84668-178-2.
- BIFA 2008 Nominations at British Independent Film Awards
- 2009 Goya Awards at Alt Film Guide
- 2009 Winners—Film Categories at The Irish Film & Television Academy
- 2009 Nominations & Recipients at Young Artist Awards
- Official website
- The Boy in the Striped Pajamas at the Internet Movie Database
- The Boy in the Striped Pajamas at Box Office Mojo
- Production notes