The British Columbia Dragoons
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|The British Columbia Dragoons|
|Branch||Primary Reserve (Militia)|
|Part of||Royal Canadian Armoured Corps|
|Motto||Chinook Jargon: Quansem ilep (always first)|
|March||Quick: "Fare Ye Well Inniskilling (5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards)"
Pipe bands: "Scotland the Brave"
The British Columbia Dragoons (BCD) is a Primary Reserve armoured reconnaissance regiment of the Canadian Forces. It is based in Kelowna and Vernon, British Columbia. The British Columbia Dragoons are part of 3rd Canadian Division's 39 Canadian Brigade Group.
The British Columbia Dragoons trace their origins to the formation of the Canadian Mounted Rifles, two independent squadrons of horse in Kamloops and Vernon in 1908. In 1910 two additional squadrons were raised and the regiment was renamed the British Columbia Horse. In 1912 the unit was renamed again as the 30th Regiment, British Columbia Horse. 1914 saw the formation of the Victoria Independent Squadron on Vancouver Island.
In the Great War the regiment was not mobilized, but in December 1914 many volunteers from the regiment joined the newly formed 2nd Regiment Canadian Mounted Rifles. After some limited service in France as cavalry, the unit was reroled to infantry as 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion on January 1, 1916. The battalion became part of the 8th Canadian Infantry Brigade, and fought with great luck and success on the Western Front. Despite being trained as cavalry but deployed as infantry, the regiment managed the war well. Captain "Jock" MacGregor was awarded the Victoria Cross for actions taken in the battle at Cambrai on September 29, 1918. The actions and awards of the 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles are perpetuated today by the British Columbia Dragoons, their direct descendants.
In the post war reorganization, the regiment was renamed The British Columbia Mounted Rifles in 1920, and then to the name still carried today, The British Columbia Dragoons in 1929. Part of the reason for the change was to forever divorce the regiment from infantry duties. When the Second World War loomed, the regiment once again stepped forward.
The regiment was designated the 5th Motorcycle Regiment (BCD), and later an armoured car unit. Finally made into an armoured regiment, the 9th Armoured Regiment (BCD), they were deployed to Italy as part of the 2nd Armoured Brigade, 5th Canadian (Armoured) Division. The regiment saw heavy action in the Liri Valley, were the first unit to break through the Gustav Line in Italy, 1944, and helped smash the Gothic Line, holding Point 204 right in the centre of the line. Part of the "Spaghetti League", a term used by soldiers fighting in Italy after D-Day, they continued to fight until orders were given to move the regiment to the northwest Europe area. They served with distinction until the end of the war, at which point the regiment was demobilized and returned to Militia service.
The regiment has since seen many ups and downs, with losses of manpower and funding, hostile popular attitudes, and the ever changing nature of Canada. The 1970s and 1980s saw the deployment of individual members to Cyprus as part of the UN operations there as part of larger Canadian formations. The 1990s and the new century has seen numerous members deploy to Bosnia as part of NATO operations with IFOR and SFOR. With the Global War on Terror, members are now serving overseas as part of NATO operations with ISAF in Afghanistan.
Lineage of the British Columbia Dragoons:
|1908||Independent cav. sqns|
|1911||1st Regt, "British Columbia Horse"|
|1912||30th Regt, British Columbia Horse|
|1914||2nd Regt, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF||11th Regt, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF||Victoria Independent Sqn|
|1916||2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles Bn, CEF||11th "Overseas" Canadian Mounted Rifles Bn, CEF|
|1917||Absorbed by 24th Reserve Bn, CEF|
|1920||Disbanded||The British Columbia Mounted Rifles|
|1929||The British Columbia Dragoons|
|1940||5th Canadian Motorcycle Regt, CASF (BCD)|
|1941||The British Columbia Dragoons, CASF||2nd (Reserve) Regt, The British Columbia Dragoons|
|1941||9th Armd Regt (The British Columbia Dragoons), CASF||9th (Reserve) Armd Regt, (The British Columbia Dragoons)|
|1943||9th Armd Regt (The British Columbia Dragoons) CAC, CASF|
|1945||9th Armd Regt (The British Columbia Dragoons) RCAC, CASF|
|1946||Disbanded||9th Recce Regt (The British Columbia Dragoons), RCAC|
|1949||The British Columbia Dragoons (9th Recce Regt)|
|1958||The British Columbia Dragoons|
|CAC||Canadian Armoured Corps|
|CASF||Canadian Active Service Force|
|CEF||Canadian Expeditionary Force|
|RCAC||Royal Canadian Armoured Corps|
Those battle honours in bold type are emblazoned on the regiment's guidon.
The Great War
- SOMME, 1916
- Ancre Heights
- ARRAS, 1917, '18
- Vimy, 1917
- HILL 70
- Ypres 1917
- Scarpe, 1918
- HINDENBURG LINE
- Canal du Nord
- Cambrai, 1918
- PURSUIT TO MONS
- FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915-18
Second World War
- LIRI VALLEY
- Melfa Crossing
- Gothic Line
- Pozzo Alto Ridge
- LAMONE CROSSING
- Naviglio Canal
- Fosso Munio
- ITALY, 1944-1945
- Delfzijl Pocket
- NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1945
War in Afghanistan
The Freedom of the City was granted by the City of Kelowna on February 11, 1963.
There are several Royal Canadian Army Cadets units spread across British Columbia which are affiliated to the British Columbia Dragoons. Cadets are not soldiers; they are part of an organization dedicated to developing citizenship and leadership among young men and women aged 12 to 18 years of age with a military flavour, and are not required to join the Canadian Forces.
Cadet units affiliated to the British Columbia Dragoons receive support from the regiment and also are given permission to wear traditional regimental accoutrements on their uniforms.
- Sinews of Steel: The History of the British Columbia Dragoons" by R[eginald] H. Roy (1965)
- Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003/AF-001 -- Part One: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments
- "2nd CMR". Canadian Expeditionary Force Study Group. Retrieved 2009-12-08.
- "The British Columbia Dragoons". Official Lineages, Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments – Armour Regiments. Directorate of History and Heritage. June 11, 2010. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- Freedom of the City
- British Columbia Dragoons, Department of National Defence website
- British Columbia Dragoons, Regimental Website
Order of precedence
The King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC)
|The British Columbia Dragoons||Succeeded by
The Fort Garry Horse