The Brown Daily Herald

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The Brown Daily Herald
Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet
Owner(s) The Brown Daily Herald, Inc.
Founded 1866
Language English
Headquarters Providence, Rhode Island
Circulation 4,000
Official website www.browndailyherald.com

The Brown Daily Herald is the student newspaper of Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island. It is financially and editorially independent of the University, and publishes Monday through Friday during the academic year with additional issues during commencement, summer and orientation.[1] Established in 1866 and published daily since 1891,[2] The Herald is the second-oldest student newspaper among America's college dailies.[3] The Herald is managed by a board of trustees comprising two editorial staffers, two business staffers and five Herald alumni.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The Herald first appeared on Wednesday, December 2, 1891. The first issue was printed during the night and copies were distributed to each door in the dormitories with no preliminary announcement. The secret planning for the paper was actually begun about a month earlier by Ted Baylies 1895 and George Hunter 1893, who, as readers of The Harvard Crimson and The Yale Daily News, were convinced that they could put out a daily newspaper at Brown. They enlisted the help of John 1893 and Edward Casey 1893, who were putting themselves through college in their printing shop at the foot of College Hill. Baylies and Steve Hopkins 1893 rounded up advertising for the whole year to insure the financial soundness of their proposed venture. Ben Johnson 1893, H. Anthony Dyer 1894, and Guy A. Andrews 1895 were also named to the board of editors. The approval of 8th University President Elisha Benjamin Andrews and other faculty members was obtained before the first issue appeared. The four-page paper was printed at the Casey shop on a single-cylinder press operated by a wheel, mostly by the labor of the editors after they discovered that the tramp printer they had hired was given to drinking. The price of the paper was two cents a copy or $1.50 per year. The Herald received a cool reception from the Brunonian, which in 1890 had welcomed the Brown Magazine as a new literary publication and devoted its own pages to news, but had rejected the idea of daily publication. A Brunonian editorial criticized the appearance of The Herald, and stated:

There is not sufficient news in a college of our size to support a first-class daily, and anything less is an expensive luxery [sic].

Nevertheless, The Herald survived and even began to have a social life, holding its first banquet at the Crown Hotel in 1903, and playing the first of a long series of annual baseball games against the Brunonian in 1907. As a supporter of Charles Evans Hughes 1881 for president in 1916, The Herald happily and in large print proclaimed his victory on November 8, 1916 before learning that he had actually lost the election.[4]

World War I[edit]

The Herald dropped the word "Daily" in May 1917 when publication was limited to three days a week. In the fall of 1918 the paper became a semi-weekly. On February 1, 1919, daily publication was resumed. During the war, letters from alumni in the service were featured.[4]

1920s[edit]

After the war, the paper turned its attention to other matters, printing a green issue for St. Patrick's Day in 1920, and on January 20, 1921, an editorial on the immoral behavior of Brown students and their dates, the "social buds", who came to Brown dances and checked their corsets with the hat-check attendant. The editorial provoked replies and received a whole page of coverage in the Boston American. The Literary Supplement of the Brown Daily Herald, a twelve-page collection of poetry and short pieces of prose, priced at fifteen cents, made two appearances, in April and May 1921, and then disappeared. For some reason, in December 1921, when The Herald was celebrating its thirtieth anniversary, the masthead began to include the words, "Founded in 1866, Daily since 1891." The reason for the determination of this date of "founding" is uncertain. Perhaps The Herald decided to adopt its rival, the Brunonian — with which it had coexisted – as an antecedent. The Herald would then be able to stretch its life back to 1866, when another Brunonian, this one a rival of the Brown Paper, appeared. On October 19, 1924, a newspaper appeared with the title, Brown Daily Drivel, a single issue printed by students as a travesty of The Brown Daily Herald. In later years, The Herald issued its own comic papers, often on April Fools' Day (a tradition that continues today[5]).

World War II[edit]

In 1933, The Herald caused a considerable stir by launching an editorial campaign urging students at Brown and at other colleges to sign petitions pledging "not to bear arms except when the country is invaded." An unexpected result was the appointment by the Rhode Island General Assembly of a committee "to investigate the University and to provide penalties for disloyalty to the State and Nation." The response of the students was to raise the number of pledges to 700. The peace drive spread to other colleges and soon an Intercollegiate Disarmament Council was inviting colleges across the country to join the peace movement. The university administration, while not in favor of the stand, did not interfere, and the legislative committee concluded that there was no need to suppress the movement as there was no evidence of a connection with disloyal organizations outside the University. When a destructive hurricane struck New England on September 21, 1938, during freshman week, eight upperclassmen who were on campus to greet the freshmen managed to get out by candlelight a mimeographed one-page edition of The Herald, followed by a similar two-page issue the next day. During World War II, The Brown Daily Herald again suspended publication on January 12, 1943. From March 10 to August 13, 1943 the paper was published weekly and called the Brown Herald. From August 20, 1943 to October 5, 1945 the weekly Brown Herald-Record replaced the Brown Herald and the Pembroke Record, and during that time had a woman editor, Audrey Mishel '44. In September 1947, when The Herald resumed daily publication, it published a magazine called Midnight, a manual of sorts for the Herald staff. The title came from the paper's deadline.[4]

1950s–1960s[edit]

Since September 1947, The Brown Daily Herald has been published regularly. However, its duration is not as long as its numbering suggests, having been inadvertently extended on January 18, 1959, when the volume number abruptly changed from 68 to 88, an error on which all subsequent numbering has been based. The Brown Daily Herald Supplement was first published on September 28, 1959. The contents of the first issue were an interesting assortment – a review of Lady Chatterley's Lover (recently reissued in the United States, where it had been banned), photographs of life on South Main Street (identified on the cover as "Slums"), an article on the prospects of the Ivy League season, an article on new chairman of the National Republican Congressional Committee, and a cartoon by Jules Feiffer. The Supplement continued to be a weekly (although not always on the same day of the week) publication until 1963. The Brown Herald Review, containing literary pieces, art, and book reviews, was published eight times during the academic year from October 1963 until January 1966. A hoax issue of the Herald which went wrong was that of December 6, 1965, with its oversized headline, "Pembrokers Get Apartments; Experiment Begins in Spring," and related stories. The next day, Editor-in-Chief M. Charles Bakst '66 and two managing editors resigned, stating that in conceiving the hoax issue they had believed that it "would be humorous in the short-run and conducive in the long run to a more thorough discussion of Pembroke's residential and social system." In fact, their stories had been taken at face value by some students, faculty, and administration, who were not amused. On March 27, 1964, a similar effort proclaiming "Pembroke No Longer 'Coordinate'; Corporation Makes Brown 'Co-ed'" and "Keeney Selects Special Committee to Supervise 'Herald'" had brought forth no more than a cheerful communication to the managing board from President Keeney, probably because of the proximity to April Fools' Day.[4]

1960s–1990s[edit]

In 1968, Beverly Hodgson '70 was acclaimed by the press as "First Woman Editor of Ivy League Daily" (and coincidentally later married the nephew of Audrey Mishel, the woman editor of the Herald-Record of World War II), and with her managing editor, another woman, Laura Hersh '70, got The Herald out from its new offices at 195 Angell Street. In 1973, The Brown Daily Herald Voluntary Publishing Association, which took in outside printing jobs as well as publishing The Herald, was facing financial difficulties after purchasing typesetting equipment. The solution was the founding of Fresh Fruit, a college-oriented tabloid with distribution to eight college campuses and the potential for generating advertising income. Its first appearance was in The Brown Daily Herald of February 15, 1973. In February 1975, an editorial staff separate from that of The Herald took over the publication of Fresh Fruit. The Herald, still in debt after a 1974 operating loss of $10,000, began an alumni subscription drive, filed claims against its creditors, and sought incorporation under the laws of Rhode Island. With the Commencement issue of 1975, The Brown Daily Herald Voluntary Publishing Association became The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. In 1985, The Herald entered into a contract with the Undergraduate Council of Students, in which UCS agreed to purchase 5,500 subscriptions at five dollars each for every member of the student body, though UCS later cancelled this contract and The Herald has been free since. A weekend insert called Good Clean Fun was added in 1986. In September 1989, a new supplement, intended to be monthly, appeared under the title, In Depth. Editor-in-chief of The Herald Amy Bach expressed the hope that the new supplement would serve as a forum for the thorough exploration of one topic each month. The first issue was devoted to articles on depression, the second to Providence's neighborhoods. On November 2, 1991, The Brown Daily Herald held a one-hundredth anniversary celebration, at which William Kovach was the keynote speaker.[4]


Today's Herald[edit]

Sections[edit]

The Herald is organized into seven sections:

1. University News 
The largest section of the newspaper, University News covers stories directly affecting the Brown community, from student protests,[6] to prominent speakers,[7] to administrative changes.[8]
2. City & State 
Appearing Tuesdays and Thursdays, the City & State section covers stories central to Providence and its surrounding cities. This can range from Rhode Island state legislation[9] to government-related student protest,[10] and can also include the goings on of local resaurants and shops.[11] Stories in the City & State section tend to link local and state news to the Brown community, letting students know how the changes will affect the University.[12]
3. Arts & Culture 
With reports and reviews of on-campus plays,[13][14] films,[15] and art exhibitions and installations,[16] the Arts & Culture section is a soft news alternative to the typically straightforward and sharp Campus News section. It appears Monday and Friday in the middle pages of the paper, beginning with page 3.
4. Sports 
A blend of opinion and match coverage, the Sports section appears on the back page of the paper. It covers intercollegiate competitions,[17] profiles individual players,[18] and offers opinions on professional sports teams and leagues.[19]
5. Opinions 
Comprising letters and op-eds, Opinions appear on the 10th and 11th pages of the paper (on days the paper runs its usual 12 pages). The 10th page contains a staff editorial,[20] as well as letters to the editor.[21][22]
6. Features 
The Features desk publishes a longer, softer story daily. Usually appearing on the front page, a feature can be a profile of an interesting Brown student or alumnus,[23] an inspiring story of perseverance or accomplishment,[24] an exposé of University policy,[25] or simply an observation of Brown University's quirks.[26]
7. Comics 
The BDH frequently features a few daily comics. On any given day there will be one to five comics. Titles include Fraternity of Evil, Dreadful Cosmology, and Unicomic, to name a few.
8. Science & Research 
The newest section of The Brown Daily Herald is the Science & Research section, established in 2011. The section covers research of both science and humanities professors as well as general science topics and news on campus.

Post- Magazine[edit]

Post- is The Herald's weekly arts and culture magazine, running each Thursday. Its name originally referenced the academic convention of using "post-" as a prefix — as in "post-modernism" and "post-structuralism" — to indicate transcending older modes of thought.

Post- regularly contains film,[27] television,[28] and music reviews,[29] editorials on Brown University's arts scene, and two sex columns called "Sexpertise," one written by a male[30] and one by a female.[31] It also includes colorful commentary on current events.[32]

One noteworthy feature of each issue is a nearly-nude picture of a campus group or person, with creative ways of covering up the subjects' private parts. Post- has its own website, post.browndailyherald.com

Herald style[edit]

The Herald has a unique style. The paper references academic departments, faculty titles, University campaigns, and organizations abbreviated by acronyms so regularly that it has several case-specific policies for references. The Herald does not employ the serial comma, and favors the word "said" after a quote over "mentioned", "pointed out", etc.

Generally The Herald defaults to the Associated Press style, and therefore keeps numerous copies of the AP Stylebook on hand in its office.

Staff[edit]

The Brown Daily Herald employs over 250 voluntary staff members, who work as editors, business managers, reporters, designers, photographers, and artists.[1] Eli Okun is the current Editor-in-Chief.

Editorial Board[edit]

The editorial board manages The Herald and is responsible for its daily production. Members usually serve for the spring of their junior year and the fall of their senior year. The board usually consists of between three and seven positions. In recent years, positions on the board have included Editors-in-Chief, Managing Editors and Senior Editors.

The Herald is currently under its 124th editorial board. For this reason, the members of the board are collectively referred to as "124" (pronounced "one-twenty-four"). The members of the 124th editorial board are: Editor-in-Chief Eli Okun '15, Managing Editors Mathias Heller '15, Sona Mkrttchian '15 and Adam Toobin '15 and Senior Editors Madeline Berg ’15 and Kate Nussenbaum ’15.[1]

Business[edit]

Because The Herald is independent of Brown University, it must generate revenue to sustain itself. The business staff does so mainly through soliciting advertisements in the paper. Additionally, The Herald offers daily and weekly subscriptions to the newspaper, and fills around 30 subscriptions each week. Currently, the staff consists of an executive management team, staff members, and three paid employees.[1]

Production[edit]

The production staff of The Herald is responsible for the technical aspects of putting out the day's paper. They design the layout of the paper with Adobe InDesign, copy edit the articles, and post content to the Web.

Section Editors[edit]

Each of The Herald's sections is managed by one or more section editors.[33]

Office[edit]

The Herald's office building is located at 195 Angell Street, between Thayer and Brook streets. The downstairs includes business offices, the newsroom, a conference room and the editorial office. The upstairs space includes a large staff lounge where post- magazine is produced.

The 9-Spot[edit]

Each Thursday night, The Herald's editorial board hosts a meeting at 9:00 p.m. for Herald section editors, senior staff writers and staff writers, at which staffers offer story ideas and talk about whatever is happening outside of the office. The editors spend much of their time at the Herald office, so they rely on the staff members at the 9-spot to contribute a number of story ideas.

Controversies[edit]

Accusations of Treason, Communism[edit]

In the early 1930s, The Herald began a pacifist movement called "War Against War." The paper launched an editorial campaign urging Brown students to sign petitions pledging "not to bear arms except when the country is invaded." The movement spread across the country and gained popularity in college papers large and small, which quickly endorsed The Herald's actions . When Rhode Island officials caught wind of the campaign, they immediately grew suspicious and appointed a committee "to investigate the University and to provide penalties for disloyalty to the United States."

The result was a resolution — passed unanimously by the Rhode Island General Assembly — accusing The Herald of treason and associating the paper with the Communist movement. Providence attorney William Needham, a Brown graduate himself of the class of 1915, called the War Against War campaign "a foreign movement of communistic tendencies."

Throughout the process, the Brown administration did not interfere in the legislative action, citing freedom of expression and freedom of the press.

In the end, the committee concluded that The Herald and its campaign were not serious enough threats to warrant suppression or any further action, as there was no connection between The Herald and disloyal organizations.[1][4]

David Horowitz Advertisement[edit]

In 2001, The Herald ran an advertisement placed by conservative writer and activist David Horowitz, entitled "Ten Reasons Why Reparations for Blacks is a Bad Idea for Blacks – and Racist, Too!" The advertisement had circulated around many college newspapers, but most rejected it, including The Harvard Crimson and the Columbia Daily Spectator. The Herald's editors at the time – Katherine Boas, Brooks King, Patrick Moos, and Jahred Adelman – decided that if the ad was sent to them, they would run it.

The ad appeared in the March 13, 2001 edition of The Herald, and was met with shock and criticism. Among its ten points, the ad stated that Americans should be the last to pay reparations because slavery had existed worldwide for centuries before white American Christians intervened. It also stated that African-Americans were the richest and most privileged black people alive.

On March 14, over 60 students came to the Herald office demanding to speak to the newspaper's leadership, and met face to face with the Herald editors. The following day, a coalition of student groups distributed a petition around campus that condemned the Herald's decision to print the ad and demanded that the paper give $725 – the amount they believed Horowitz had paid for the ad – to minority groups on campus. In addition, the petition called for The Herald to give the coalition a free full-page ad to "educate the greater Brown community on related issues."

The editors refused to give in, setting off a chain reaction of events that shook the University.

On the morning of March 15, coalition members took 4,000 copies of The Herald from 10 distribution points. In place of the newspapers, they left a flyer stating: "We are using this action as an opportunity to show our community at Brown that our newspaper is not accountable to its supposed constituents. It is a newspaper run by Brown-student opportunists and careerists who are completely unaccountable to the University's aims and its student body."

The Herald responded on March 16, a Saturday, by reprinting 1,000 copies of the stolen Friday paper. Herald staffers distributed them by hand to students in the lobby of the Sharpe Refectory (a.k.a. the Ratty), the largest dining hall on campus.

That same day, the University issued a statement supporting The Herald: "Consistent with its commitment to the free exchange of ideas, the University recognizes and supports The Herald's right to publish any material it chooses, even if that material is objectionable to members of the campus community." Sheila Blumstein, then Interim President of the University, later told The Herald that she supported the free exchange of ideas and that The Herald had a right to print the ad. But she said Herald staff may not have handled the issue as diplomatically as they could have.

National newspapers caught wind of the controversy and covered the story. The New York Times,[34] The Washington Post,[35] and ABC News,[36] all ran stories about events on campus.

The furor surrounding the events later died down, with neither party reaching an agreement. The Herald still maintains that its actions were protected under freedom of the press.

A Slavery and Justice Committee was formed a few years after. Though Jim Campbell, chairman of the Committee, was one of The Herald's detractors, and the Committee considered reparations as part of its agenda, there is no official connection between the Committee and the events surrounding the advertisement.[37][38][39][40]

In March 2011, on the 10th anniversary of the reparations advertisement, an ad about the Israeli-Palestinian conflicts for Horowitz' website www.walloflies.org was published in the The Herald leading to another campus-wide controversy. Though the controversy quickly died down, graffiti stating "The BDH is racist" remained on sidewalks on and around campus.

Notable Herald alumni[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e The Brown Daily Herald Online — About The Herald
  2. ^ Student Groups at Brown
  3. ^ Lasica, J.D. (April 8, 2003). "Birth of an alumni association – and an independent Targum". jdlasica.com. Archived from the original on October 18, 2006. Retrieved February 10, 2007. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Mitchell, Martha (1993). "Brown Daily Herald". Encyclopedia Brunonia. Providence, Rhode Island: Brown University Library. Retrieved February 10, 2007. 
  5. ^ Schuettler, Glen (April 3, 2006). "Brown offers Kim Jong-Il honorary degree in bid to one-up Yale". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 10, 2007. 
  6. ^ Lehmann, Debbie (October 2, 2006). "Students and alums rally at Faunce against police brutality". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 10, 2007. 
  7. ^ Wootton, Anne (October 13, 2006). "Obama dismisses cynicism, advocates hope". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 10, 2007. 
  8. ^ Firestone, Chaz (February 7, 2007). "Banner launch pushes ahead amid mounting student criticism". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 10, 2007. 
  9. ^ Ho, Thi (February 6, 2007). "Medical Marijuana Act up for review". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 14, 2007. 
  10. ^ Aujla, Simmi (February 6, 2007). "Students to march to State House for campaign finance reform". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 14, 2007. 
  11. ^ Aujla, Simmi (January 30, 2007). "Au Bon Pain reopens with new decor". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 14, 2007. 
  12. ^ Molinaro, Sara (February 1, 2007). "Trans fatty? Soon, perhaps not the Ratty". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 14, 2007. 
  13. ^ Doob, Gabriella (December 6, 2006). "PW show to unleash 30,000 fruit flies on stage". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 14, 2007. 
  14. ^ Gidwitz, Lydia (November 11, 2006). "'Hot 'N' Throbbing' leaves audience panting for more". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 14, 2007. 
  15. ^ Ehrich Bernstein, Allison (October 24, 2005). "To Cannes via Kyoto". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 14, 2007. 
  16. ^ Wickham, Allison (September 11, 2006). "Installation explores art within space". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 14, 2007. 
  17. ^ Harris, Jason (February 9, 2009). "M. and w. squash both trample Tufts". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 10, 2007. 
  18. ^ Santini, Marco (February 9, 2009). "M. icers' Garbutt '09 gabs about growing up in Canada". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 10, 2007. 
  19. ^ Rochelson, Ellis (February 1, 2009). "The State of Red Sox Nation". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 10, 2007. 
  20. ^ "An hour well-spent with Cornel West". The Brown Daily Herald. February 5, 2007. Retrieved February 10, 2007. 
  21. ^ Quigley, Sean (September 15, 2006). "No one knows what really happened Sunday". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 10, 2007. 
  22. ^ Frank, Gill (September 18, 2006). "Letter by Quigley '10 unconstructive, racist". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 10, 2007. . The Brown Daily Herald. February 2, 2007 http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2007/02/02/Editorial/Diamonds.And.Coal-2694035.shtml?sourcedomain=www.browndailyherald.com&MIIHost=media.collegepublisher.com. Retrieved February 14, 2007.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  23. ^ Levintova, Hannah (February 6, 2007). "Haxton '08 amasses $1.3 million playing poker". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 14, 2007. 
  24. ^ Firestone, Chaz (October 25, 2006). "Undergraduate research contributed to BrainGate". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 14, 2007. 
  25. ^ Woo, Stu (February 12, 2007). "A look at the University's animal testing". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 14, 2007. 
  26. ^ Firestone, Chaz (October 31, 2006). "Getting clean in the CIT". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 14, 2007. 
  27. ^ Lennard, Daniel (March 1, 2007). "the far eastwood: clint goes east, lands back in hollywood". post- Magazine. Retrieved March 1, 2007. 
  28. ^ Saraiya, Sonia (March 1, 2007). "you're everywhere to me: an exposé on rachel ray, sweet gourmet". post- Magazine. Retrieved March 1, 2007. 
  29. ^ Kinsey, Katherine (March 1, 2007). "they will, they won't: the broken west defies indie stereotypes". post- Magazine. Retrieved March 1, 2007. 
  30. ^ Quiñones, Martin (March 1, 2007). "i wanna f*ck you like an animal... please?: how to get what you want". post- Magazine. Retrieved March 1, 2007. 
  31. ^ Littlefield, Amy (March 1, 2007). "flex your jaw muscles: a different kind of endurance training". post- Magazine. Retrieved March 1, 2007. 
  32. ^ Cutler, Aaron (March 1, 2007). "the post- mortem: our film editor worships in the house of oscar". post- Magazine. Retrieved March 1, 2007. 
  33. ^ Brown Daily Herald Online — Home
  34. ^ Schemo, Diana (March 21, 2001). "Ad Intended to Stir Up Campuses More Than Succeeds in Its Mission". The New York Times. Retrieved February 15, 2007. 
  35. ^ Ferdinand, Pamela (March 21, 2001). "Free-Speech Debate Splits Liberal Brown". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 15, 2007. 
  36. ^ "Campus Roiled Over Slave Reparations Ad". ABC News. March 19, 2001. Retrieved February 15, 2007. 
  37. ^ Lesley, Kira (May 31, 2004). "Paying for controversy". The Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved February 15, 2007. 
  38. ^ Lewis, Richard. "Brown Protest Targets Ad". Associated Press. Retrieved February 15, 2007. 
  39. ^ Golodny, Andy (March 21, 2001). "Amid ongoing protests, Brown U. backs off criticism of Herald theft". UWIRE. Archived from the original on December 31, 2006. Retrieved February 15, 2007. 
  40. ^ Horowitz, David (November 18, 2003). "My Visit to Brown". FrontPageMagazine.com. Archived from the original on December 31, 2006. Retrieved February 15, 2007. 
  41. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/13/books/review/young-money-by-kevin-roose.html?_r=0
  42. ^ http://www.browndailyherald.com/author/kevinroose/