The Care Bears Movie
|The Care Bears Movie|
Original theatrical poster
|Directed by||Arna Selznick|
|Produced by||Michael Hirsh
Clive A. Smith
|Screenplay by||Peter Sauder|
|Narrated by||Mickey Rooney|
|Music by||Patricia Cullen|
|Running time||75 minutes|
|Budget||at least US$2 million[nb 1]
(adjusted by inflation$:at least4340965)
The Care Bears Movie is a 1985 animated fantasy film, the second feature production from the Toronto animation studio Nelvana. One of the first films based directly on a toy line, it introduced the Care Bears characters and their companions, the Care Bear Cousins.[nb 2] In the film, orphanage owners tell a story about the Care Bears, who live in a cloud-filled land called Care-a-lot. Travelling across Earth, the Bears help two lonely children named Kim and Jason find new parents, and also save a young magician's apprentice named Nicholas from an evil spirit's influence. Deep within a place called the Forest of Feelings, Kim, Jason, and their friends soon meet another group of creatures, the Care Bear Cousins.
American Greetings Corporation, the owners of the Care Bears characters, began development of a feature film in 1981. Later on, the card company chose Toronto's Nelvana to produce it, granted them rights to the Care Bears characters, and financed the film along with cereal manufacturer General Mills and television syndicator LBS Communications. Nelvana's founders were on hand as producers, while fellow employee Arna Selznick directed. Production lasted eight months, cost no less than US$2 million, and took place in Canada, Taiwan, and South Korea. The voice cast included Mickey Rooney, Georgia Engel, Jackie Burroughs and Cree Summer. Two pop music stars, Carole King and John Sebastian, contributed several songs.
Although major U.S. studios passed on the project, newly established independent distributor The Samuel Goldwyn Company acquired it and soon spent a record US$24 million promoting it. The film premiered on March 24, 1985, in Washington, D.C. and entered wide release in around 1,000 North American theatres five days later.[nb 3] Another Nelvana work, Strawberry Shortcake Meets the Berrykins, played alongside the feature in theatres. The Care Bears Movie received mixed reviews from the outset; critics raised concern over its potential as a full-length advertisement for the title characters, among many other aspects. It went on to earn US$23 million domestically; as Canada's highest-grossing film during 1985 (with C$1.845 million), it won a Golden Reel Award. Nelvana's surprise hit also played in Europe, Australia, and Latin America. With over US$34 million in worldwide sales, it set a box-office record for Canadian and non-Disney animation, and has remained one of U.S. distributor Goldwyn's largest releases.
The movie's success saved Nelvana from closing, helped revive films aimed at children in the U.S. market, and has been cited as inspiring a spate of toy-based animated and live-action features. Nelvana produced two sequels in the next two years, A New Generation (1986) and Adventure in Wonderland (1987); neither surpassed the original financially or critically. The Care Bears franchise continues, and has included television series and specials, videos, and films. Box office was 20,00000
Mr. and Mrs. Cherrywood are a middle-aged couple who run an orphanage. Mr. Cherrywood tells the orphans a story about the Care Bears and Care-a-lot, their home in the clouds. In the story, Care Bears Friend Bear and Secret Bear travel looking for people to cheer up. They meet Kim and Jason, two lonely orphaned children. Friend and Secret introduce themselves and remind the children of their ambitions; neither of them takes interest.
At an amusement park, another Care Bear, Tenderheart, spots a magician's apprentice named Nicholas. While unloading a trunk of goods for his master, the "Great Fettucini", Nicholas finds an old book with a diary-style lock. When he unlocks the book, an evil spirit appears as a woman's face, and starts corrupting him. With Nicholas' help, the spirit lays waste to the amusement park, and begins a quest to remove all caring from the world.
Back at Care-a-lot, some of the other bears are working on their new invention: the Rainbow Rescue Beam, a portal that can send any Bear to Earth and back. The two youngest bears, Baby Hugs and Baby Tugs, interfere with the machine and bring forth a group of unexpected visitors—Friend Bear, Secret Bear, Kim, and Jason. The Bears introduce themselves to the children, and give them a tour of their home. Tenderheart returns before a "Cloud Quake", caused by the spirit, ruins Care-a-lot; he informs the others of Nicholas' troubles on Earth. Using the Rescue Beam, he sends Kim and Jason to the park, along with Friend Bear and Secret Bear; the four of them end up in the Forest of Feelings when the portal malfunctions. From a nearby river, the rest of the Care Bears begin searching for the group aboard a cloud ship.
Within the Forest, the children and their friends are introduced to Brave Heart Lion and Playful Heart Monkey, two of the Care Bear Cousins. Later on, the other Bears discover more of these creatures, among them Cozy Heart Penguin, Lotsa Heart Elephant, Swift Heart Rabbit, and Bright Heart Raccoon. During their stay, the spirit attacks them in several guises—as a spearfish, a tree, and an eagle. After the Care Bears and their Cousins defeat the spirit, the friends venture back to Earth to save Nicholas from its influence.
At the park, Nicholas obtains the ingredients for his spell against the children and the creatures. After he casts it, the Care Bears and company engage in a long battle. The bears shoot beams of bright light on him, forming their "Stare"; the Cousins help with their "Call". As the creatures' power drains away, Nicholas and the spirit briefly regain control. After Kim and Jason assist him, the apprentice finally realises his misdeeds; with Secret Bear's help, he closes the spirit's face back into the book and saves himself, the park, and the world. Nicholas thanks the group and reunites with Fettucini, while Tenderheart Bear inducts the Care Bear Cousins into the Care Bear Family, and Kim and Jason find new parents at one of Nicholas' shows.
As Mr. Cherrywood finishes his story, his wife reveals his first name: Nicholas. Tenderheart Bear, who has been listening from outside a window, returns to Care-a-lot in his Cloud Mobile. The film ends with every member of the Care Bear Family waving good-bye.
|Mickey Rooney||Mr. Nicholas Cherrywood / Narrator|||
|Jackie Burroughs||The Spirit|||
|Georgia Engel||Love-a-lot Bear|||
|Sunny Besen Thrasher||Jason|||
|Eva Almos||Friend Bear / Swift Heart Rabbit|||
|Patricia Black||Share Bear / Funshine Bear|||
|Melleny Brown||Birthday Bear|||
|Bob Dermer[nb 4]||Grumpy Bear|||
|Jayne Eastwood||Additional voices|||
|Anni Evans||Additional voices|||
|Gloria Figura||Additional voices|||
|Cree Summer[nb 5]||Kim|||
|Brian George||Additional voices|||
|Janet-Laine Green||Wish Bear|||
|Luba Goy||Lotsa Heart Elephant / Gentle Heart Lamb|||
|Terri Hawkes||Baby Hugs Bear|||
|Dan Hennessey||Brave Heart Lion|||
|Jim Henshaw||Bright Heart Raccoon|||
|Hadley Kay||Young Nicholas|||
|Marla Lukofsky||Good Luck Bear / Playful Heart Monkey|||
|Pauline Rennie||Grams Bear / Cozy Heart Penguin / Treat Heart Pig|||
|Billie Mae Richards||Tenderheart Bear|||
|Brent Titcomb||Additional voices|||
|Harry Dean Stanton||Brave Heart Lion (singing voice)|||
The Care Bears were created in 1981 by Those Characters from Cleveland (TCFC), a division of the Cleveland greeting card company American Greetings Corporation (AGC). That same year, the title characters made their debut on greeting cards by Elena Kucharik, while American Greetings began to develop a feature-length film using the characters. Kucharik, along with Linda Denham, Linda Edwards, Muriel Fahrion, Dave Polter, Tom Schneider, Ralph Shaffer, and Clark Wiley, created the original characters. Early in their tenure, the Bears appeared as toys from the Kenner company, and starred in two syndicated television specials from a Canadian animation studio, Atkinson Film-Arts of Ottawa: The Care Bears in the Land Without Feelings (1983) and The Care Bears Battle the Freeze Machine (1984).
Production of the first feature took place at another Canadian outlet, Toronto's Nelvana studio. This came in a period in the company's history which Nelvana co-founder Michael Hirsh refers to as its "dark years".[nb 6] At the time, Nelvana had just finished production of its first full-length film, 1983's Rock & Rule, which was produced using almost all of its resources (for around US$8 million), and failed to find proper distribution. The film put them on the verge of closing down. Soon after, the Nelvana team began doing work on television shows like Inspector Gadget (from DIC Entertainment), 20 Minute Workout (from Orion Television), and Mr. Microchip. During this period, they also made syndicated specials based on American Greetings properties: Strawberry Shortcake, The Get Along Gang, and Herself the Elf. "In some instances," noted Harvey Levin, vice-president of marketing and entertainment communications at TCFC, "their capabilities [on the Strawberry Shortcake specials] surpassed Disney quality." Various companies vied to produce a Care Bears feature, and Nelvana was the first to do so; Hirsh sought to seize the opportunity after hearing of its development. DIC Entertainment also expressed interest. Thanks to the Strawberry Shortcake specials and their experience on Rock & Rule, Nelvana acquired the rights to the characters and gained a contract from American Greetings to create the script. To convince the production partnership of TCFC and Kenner Toys, Hirsh held a competition inspired by Pepsi-Cola's "Pepsi Challenge" commercials of the time, in which he tested clips from Nelvana and other vying studios and checked the "animation quality, music, sound effects, and colour" of each. He then asked the producers to decide on the best demo, and Nelvana scored highest. Hirsh later recalled the words of his partners: "We know you've rigged this against everybody else because you've chosen the clips. But we like the approach."
Producers and crew
The Care Bears Movie was one of the first films to be based directly on an established toy line. It featured the ten original Bears, along with six additions to the lineup, and marked the media debut of the Care Bear Cousins. Produced for at least US$2 million,[nb 1] the film was financed by American Greetings, the owners of the Care Bears franchise; General Mills, the toys' distributor; and television syndicator LBS Communications.[nb 1] The Kenner company also took part in the production. Brought in under budget, The Care Bears Movie became Nelvana's second feature-length production, and was made over an eight-month period that lasted until February 1985. Michael Hirsh is quoted as saying in Daniel Stoffman's 2002 book, The Nelvana Story: "Nobody had ever made an animated movie for theatrical release for as little money and in as little time." In 2009 his partner, Clive A. Smith, told Canadian Business magazine: "I swear I grimaced at the thought of doing a Care Bears feature. But Michael [Hirsh] went out and actually brought that project in." Nelvana was responsible for the script, several special effects, including those for the "Care Bear Stare", and hired musicians and voice actors. With this project, Arna Selznick became the third of only four women ever to direct an animated feature;[nb 7] prior to this, she worked on several Nelvana productions, including Strawberry Shortcake and the Baby Without a Name. Nelvana's founders—Michael Hirsh, Patrick Loubert, and Clive A. Smith—participated as the main producers. The studio's roster included Charles Bonifacio, the director of animation, and supervising animator David Brewster, who previously took part in the animation courses at Ontario's Sheridan College. Dale Schott, who served as a storyboard artist, remarked that "Nelvana had a lot to do with reviving the low-budget feature" with its efforts on The Care Bears Movie.
Four employees of the film's financiers served as executive producers: Louis Gioia Jr., president of Kenner's Marketing Services division;[nb 8] Jack Chojnacki, co-president of TCFC; Carole MacGillvray, who became president of General Mills' M.A.D. (Marketing and Design) division in February 1984; and Robert Unkel, LBS' senior vice-president of programming. A fifth producer, American Greetings staffer W. Ray Peterson, went uncredited. Three associate producers worked on the film: Paul Pressler, another employee at Kenner; John Bohach, who later became LBS' executive vice-president; and Harvey Levin. Lenora Hume, the director of photography on Rock & Rule, was the supervising producer.
Along with Inspector Gadget, The Care Bears Movie was Nelvana's first foray into animation outsourcing. Production took place at Nelvana's facilities, Taiwan's Wang Film Productions (Cuckoo's Nest Studio), and the newly established Hanho Heung-Up and Mihahn studios in South Korea. Delaney and Friends, a Vancouver-based outlet, did uncredited work. Nelvana faced several problems with their Korean contractors, among them the language barrier between the Canadian crew and the overseas staff, and the unwieldy processes through which the film reels were shipped to the West. At one point, Loubert, Smith, and fellow staffer David Altman spent three days trying to persuade several unpaid animators to return important layout sketches. In exchange for the layouts, Nelvana gave them US$20,000 in Korean won. By then, the production was falling behind schedule, and an opening date was already set; Loubert sent half of the work to Taiwan (where Lenora Hume supervised), while the remainder stayed in Korea under Loubert's and Smith's watch.
Back in the Americas, Hirsh tried to promote the unfinished feature before its deadline; unable to get available footage, he instead managed to show potential marketers some Leica reels and a few moments of completed colour animation. According to him, it was the first time an animated "work in progress" was screened to exhibitors; this ploy has since been used by the Disney company, particularly in the case of Beauty and the Beast (at the 1991 New York Film Festival). "People loved the movie anyway," he said of this experiment. "I was told it was considered great salesmanship. It made [them] feel that they were part of the process because they were seeing unfinished work."
|The Care Bears Movie: Original Soundtrack Album|
|Soundtrack album by Carole King, John Sebastian, NRBQ, and the Tower of Power|
|Genre||Children's music / Soundtrack|
The music for The Care Bears Movie was composed by Patricia Cullen. The soundtrack album was released in LP and cassette format by Kid Stuff Records in the United States, and on Cherry Lane Records in the United Kingdom. Six songs were performed by Carole King, John Sebastian, NRBQ, and the Tower of Power; actor Harry Dean Stanton had a guest appearance as Brave Heart Lion for the song "Home is in Your Heart". The songs were produced by Lou Adler and John Sebastian, with additional lyrics and music by Ken Stephenson, Walt Woodward, and David Bird; Nelvana crewmember Peter Hudecki prepared the song sequences.
Before The Care Bears Movie, Sebastian contributed to several other Nelvana specials, including The Devil and Daniel Mouse (1978). When asked to compose three tracks for the film, he learned about the characters since he was unfamiliar with the franchise. Despite his misgivings on the marketing aspects, Sebastian said in April 1985, "I think their central theme—being candid about your feelings, sharing your feelings—is a very positive message for children."
Adele Freedman of Toronto's The Globe and Mail wrote positively about the music in the film:
A lot of caring has gone into the soundtrack. It doesn't attack the eardrum in the manner of so much current kids' stuff. It supposes that a child's ear can discriminate between good music and aural pollution as well as anybody else's. Carole King (of Tapestry fame) wrote and performed the theme song, "Nobody Cares Like A Bear". [sic] The remaining songs, written by John Sebastian, are likewise entertaining and imaginatively arranged. The music does a lot to make the kingdom of Care-a-lot, where the goody-goody bears hang out on clouds monitoring life below on their Caring Meter, a slightly less irritable place.
Other critics tended to differ. The Houston Chronicle's Stephen Hunter found that "the film integrates its music into the story very clumsily. It's not merely that the numbers are forgettable—they are—it's that they're shoe-horned so obviously into the story that they don't amplify it, they stop it cold." Likewise, Michael Blowen of The Boston Globe said that "the uninspired songs ... add nothing to the banal plot."
|"Care-a-lot"||Carole King||Carole King||Lou Adler|
|"Home Is in Your Heart"||Carole King||Carole King
Harry Dean Stanton
|"Nobody Cares Like a Bear"||John Sebastian||John Sebastian||John Sebastian|
|"When You Care, You're Not Afraid to Try"||John Sebastian||John Sebastian
|"Look Out! He's After You!"||Walt Woodward
Ken Stephenson (additional lyrics)
Anne Marie Prunty
Tower of Power
|"In a Care Bear Family"||John Sebastian||John Sebastian||John Sebastian|
In 1984, before the film's completion, Carole MacGillvray offered The Care Bears Movie for consideration to major studios in the U.S. Since they did not see the financial potential in a picture aimed strictly at children, they declined the offer. MacGillvray told Adweek magazine in April 1985, "I made several trips, and I was really disappointed. They kept telling me things like 'Animated movies won't sell' and 'Maybe we'd consider it if you were Disney,' but most just said, 'You're very nice, good-bye.' " When few takers were left, she took it to the Samuel Goldwyn Company. A newcomer in the independent market, it agreed to release the film. Comparing the title characters' appeal to Hollywood stars like Barbra Streisand and Robert Redford, founder Samuel Goldwyn, Jr. remarked: "Having my [two] children, I know these bears are stars, too."
According to the 1985 edition of Guinness Film Facts and Feats, the Samuel Goldwyn Company spent up to US$24 million on the publicity budget for The Care Bears Movie, the largest at that time. The film's advertising budget was US$4 million; Variety reported that "the beneficiaries of [its] merchandising tie-ins have earmarked [the remaining] $20,000,000 to promo Care Bear products in step with the film's release". For the film's promotion, Goldwyn's staff partnered with Kenner Toys and the fast food chain Pizza Hut; there were also tie-ins on Trix cereal boxes. Parker Brothers published two tie-in books, Meet the Care Bear Cousins and Keep On Caring, shortly after the film's release;[nb 9] both were reissued in October 1985 by Childrens Press.
The Goldwyn staff came up with two advertising strategies, which tested well with the company—one was aimed at the film's target audience of children as young as age five; another targeted grown-ups, parents, and older children. In the words of Cliff Hauser, the distributor's executive director of marketing, "We didn't want parents to think the movie was threatening. So the big debate was—although the formula for success in animated film is the triumph of good over evil—how can you do that in single-image ads?" Jeff Lipsky, vice-president of theatrical at Goldwyn, referred to the first one as "the cheery approach"; ads therein featured the Care Bears on clouds, and carried the tagline "A movie that'll make the whole family care-a-lot". Hauser said, "That's one that a mother can look at and know she can take the 2-year-old to it and not worry." The other campaign, which Lipsky called "more Disney-esque", featured an evil tree whose hands reached out to capture the Bears; its tagline, "What happens when the world stops caring?", was also seen on the official poster. Bingham Ray, Goldwyn's vice-president of distribution, was involved in the promotional efforts.
Around opening time, Hirsh predicted that The Care Bears Movie would be its decade's response to Pinocchio and Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, both from Walt Disney Productions. Loubert added, "These characters say something important to children. Our challenge has been to create a very distinct character for each Care Bear. A lot of effort went into bringing out their individuality." Some time afterward, Hirsh conceded that parents had to come to the film, out of respect for the dark content within. "Frightening scenes," he said, "are a necessity for the reality of the hero and villain—just as it works in nursery rhymes. Kids work out their fears this way." TCFC's Jack Chojnacki offered this vindication in the Wall Street Journal: "We consider a film one of the many products we license. When we started the whole Care Bears project we knew the importance of bears in the market but that there was a void. There were no specific bears. In the movie marketplace there was a void for good family-fare films." And, in the words of Carole MacGillvray, "Toy recognition drives this movie."
The Care Bears Movie premiered in Washington, D.C., on March 24, 1985, as part of a Special Olympics benefit; Georgia Engel, the voice of Love-a-lot Bear, attended this event. The film opened on March 29, 1985, in the United States and Canada, as Nelvana's first widely released feature. It became surprisingly successful at the North American box office, playing primarily at matinees and early evening showings. At the time, the North American film industry was bereft of children's and family fare; with The Care Bears Movie, Hirsh said, "There's such a large audience for a film that appeals primarily to 6-year-olds." He remarked later on, "What we've done [at Nelvana] is tailor the film to a pre-literate audience, the very young. It's interesting to see the audience. The kids are fixated on the screen. [It's] awesome to them." Clive A. Smith observed that some children came to showings with their Bears; long lineups held back its audience in several cities. Among those attending the matinee screenings was John Waters, a filmmaker known for Pink Flamingos and Polyester. The film made an appearance at the USA Film Festival in Dallas, Texas, during its release.
When shown in theatres, the feature was immediately followed by Nelvana's TV special, Strawberry Shortcake Meets the Berrykins. It was directed by Laura Shepherd and produced by Nelvana's founders along with Lenora Hume. The story involves Strawberry Shortcake and a tiny group of creatures called the Berrykins as they work to clear their home of Strawberryland of the "world's favourite perfume", a pungent odour which was unleashed from a purple cloud. LBS Communications syndicated it on U.S. television around the time of The Care Bears Movie's theatrical tenure; a video release from Family Home Entertainment soon followed.
The Care Bears Movie ranked fourth at the North American box office on its first two weekends, grossing US$3.7 million and US$3.2 million respectively.[nb 1] It was screened in 1,003 venues during its first four weeks. After three months, it grossed about US$23 million in the United States,[nb 10] and placed 40th among 1985's major films; it brought in US$9,435,000 in rentals for the Goldwyn company. In Canada, the film was released by Astral Films and Criterion Pictures Corporation, and made C$1,845,000 by the end of 1985. It was the year's highest-grossing release in that market, followed by Disney's One Magic Christmas and a Quebec production called Le Matou.
Several months after The Care Bears Movie, Walt Disney Pictures released its animated feature The Black Cauldron. Costing US$25 million, it was the most expensive animated film of its time, but grossed nearly as much as Nelvana's production (US$21.3 million). As a result, The Care Bears Movie's performance alarmed animators at the Disney Studios; Don Bluth, a former recruit, dismissed the "public taste" factor that it demonstrated. Another animator, Ron Clements, later reflected on this: "Everyone was kind of scared about the future of Disney animation. It wasn't a good time. It was really a terrible time." This sentiment was echoed in Waking Sleeping Beauty, Disney's 2010 documentary on the revival of its animation unit. While comparing The Black Cauldron with The Care Bears Movie, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution singled out the "putrid pastels" of Nelvana's production and commented that they "don't even deserve to be mentioned in the same review." Months afterward, a re-issue of Disney's One Hundred and One Dalmatians surpassed both The Care Bears Movie and The Black Cauldron, with over US$30 million in sales.
Sometime after the film's release, Children's Video Library (a division of Vestron Video) picked up the video rights to The Care Bears Movie for US$1.8 million. It was released in the United States on July 10, 1985, in VHS and Betamax formats. On August 10, 1985, it debuted in 26th place on Billboard's Top Videocassette Rentals chart. It ranked fourth on the first edition of the magazine's Top Kid Video chart (on October 5). It was tracked by Video Insider's children's chart (on August 30, 1985), as one of five toy-related titles on tape (along with two compilations of Hasbro's Transformers series; another with Hallmark Cards' Rainbow Brite; and the last with Strawberry Shortcake). By 1988, Vestron's edition sold over 140,000 copies. In 1990 Video Treasures reissued it on videocassette; on October 10, 1995, Hallmark Home Entertainment published another VHS edition as part of a six-title package from Goldwyn and Britain's Rank Organisation.
On September 5, 2000, MGM Home Entertainment re-released the film on video as part of its Family Entertainment Collection;[nb 11] the DVD edition premiered on August 6, 2002, and was packaged with the 1978 British family film The Water Babies. In 2003 the film was inducted into the MGM Kids line. In honour of the Care Bears' 25th anniversary, another DVD edition of the film was released on March 20, 2007, with restored picture quality; it contained the franchise's second Atkinson Film-Arts special, The Care Bears Battle the Freeze Machine, as an extra. American Greetings launched an official anniversary website and a Dodge Grand Caravan giveaway as part of the proceedings. By 2007, home video sales of The Care Bears Movie totalled over five million units.
The Care Bears Movie was scheduled to premiere on the U.S. premium television network, Disney Channel, in June 1986, but did so one month in advance. In September 1987, the film made its terrestrial broadcast premiere on the ABC network's Saturday morning schedule. It also aired on American Movie Classics in July 1991, and on Showtime and The Movie Channel in the 2000s. The film aired on Starz Entertainment's Encore channel in September 2007, as part of its "Big '80s" Labour Day marathon, chronicling various releases from that decade. It was among the first films shown on Canada's Moviepix channel in October 1994.
Amid the U.S. and Canadian success of The Care Bears Movie, Goldwyn took the film to the 38th edition of the Cannes Film Festival, where it was highly received; a group of costumed Care Bears strolled along the Croisette to promote the picture. Among its overseas distributors was Germany's Filmwelt, which released it on March 20, 1986, under the title Der Glücksbärchi Film. It sold 538,487 tickets in that territory, placing 47th among new releases, and grossed over DM4,013,000 (€2,051,600; US$2,868,000).[nb 12][nb 13] The film was released on VHS in October 1986 by the local division of CBS/Fox Video, and aired on national broadcaster ARD during the 1988 Christmas season.
The Care Bears Movie was released in the United Kingdom by Miracle Films in August 1985, and did well in matinee-only engagements; a video edition from Vestron's local branch came out some months later. In February 1986 the film was released by France's Artédis under the franchise name Les Bisounours; publishing rights were held by Hachette Livre. It opened on March 20, 1986, in the Netherlands as De Troetelbeertjes. On July 21, 1986, the Bermudez de Castro company opened the film in Madrid, Spain, as Los osos amorosos; it grossed over 23,728,000 Pts (€142,606; US$199,500) from 93,294 admissions. Among that country's Catalan speakers, it is known as Els Óssos Amorosos. The film was released in Czechoslovakia by Ústřední půjčovna filmů on December 1, 1988, as Starostliví medvídci. It was advertised in Italy as Orsetti del cuore, and in Poland as Opowieść o Troskliwych Misiach.
In Mexico, The Care Bears Movie was released on April 24, 1986, as Los ositos cariñositos. In Brazil, the film was promoted as As novas aventuras dos ursinhos carinhosos. Television airings occurred on Australia's Nine Network in 1987, and Malaysia's TV2 (in August 1993) and Disney Channel in April 2002.
As opposed to Rock & Rule (which Nelvana owned outright), the characters in The Care Bears Movie were the property of American Greetings, who paid Nelvana a service fee to work on the film. Nelvana, however, hardly received any profits from the production; this caused its founders to express regret about the situation. In The Nelvana Story, Patrick Loubert explained the catch-22 that they would face numerous times in the years to come: "We could have waived our fee and taken a big piece of the film. We were offered that deal. But if we had waived the fee, we couldn't have made the payroll. Once the picture was hugely successful, we thought we should have waived the fee. But we couldn't have." At the time of production, Nelvana had begun embarking on service work that other companies provided them, not only to help ease the debts the studio incurred after Rock & Rule, but also because it proved profitable in due time.
By 1989, The Care Bears Movie made over US$34 million worldwide, according to Maclean's magazine;[nb 14][nb 15] this made it the highest-grossing animated feature film to come from Canada. It became the highest-grossing animated film not produced by the Disney company, surpassing the US$11 million of Atlantic Entertainment Group's 1983 release The Smurfs and the Magic Flute; Don Bluth's An American Tail (1986) and The Land Before Time (1988) later took over this position. As of 2013, that title is held by DreamWorks Animation's Shrek 2 (2004), with US$441 million. The film virtually saved a fledgling Nelvana from going out of business, and was the company's highest-grossing venture;[nb 16] It is also among the highest-grossing releases from either incarnation of Samuel Goldwyn.
The Care Bears Movie received mixed reviews. During its original release, The Care Bears Movie had varying degrees of success with critics. The New York Times' Richard Grenier wrote, "[The film] recalls vintage Walt Disney, both in substance and in the style of hand animation." Rick Lyman of Knight Ridder News Services said in his review: "Any movie—even an animated one—that has characters with names such as Funshine Bear, Love-a-lot Bear, and Lotsa Heart Elephant is obviously going to rank quite high on the cute meter. And this one sends the needle right off the chart. You've never seen such cuteness." Adele Freedman also gave it a positive review, commenting: "[It] has a lot going for it if you can tolerate the Bears." Edward Jones of Virginia's The Free Lance-Star praised it, but stated that "More comedy would have helped broaden [its] appeal to older youngsters." The Deseret News of Utah gave it three stars out of four (a "Good" grade) with this comment: "Sticky sweet, but a nice message."
Michael Blowen began his review of the film by stating that "[it] satisfies the primary obligation of a bedtime story—before it's half over the children will be fast asleep." He added that "this sugar-coated trifle could only satisfy the most ardent Care Bears fan", and that "the characters themselves lack definition". The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette said, "Who except a callous scrooge would carp about the fact that The Care Bears Movie espouses a psychopop philosophy of 'sharing our feelings' that seems drawn straight from the pages on one of those insufferable self-motivation tomes? No one, that's who." In the words of The Washington Post reviewer Paul Attanasio, "The best cartoons recognize the dark side of kids, their penchant for violence, their fearful fantasies. [This movie] just patronizes them. It even has a child chortling, 'Aren't parents great!' Well, they are and they aren't, and kids know that."
The animation in the film received mixed reviews as well. Adele Freedman praised the style and backgrounds, and called the special effects "stunning". Likewise, John Stanley wrote that "The style is cartoonish and cute" in his 1988 film guide, Revenge of the Creature Features. While complimenting it as "a harmless film diversion", Stephen Hunter said that "the movie has the lustrous, glossy look of the very best in children's book illustrations". "On the other hand," he added, "the producers obviously couldn't afford an expensive [multiplane] camera, the staple of the Disney product, and so the scenes have a depressing flatness to them. And the backgrounds, so brilliantly developed in Disney, tend to be blurry and hastily done." Jim Moorhead of Florida's The Evening Independent said, "[Nelvana's] animation is not the best. Far from it. Everything's in pastels, fine details are largely missing, mouth movements are minimal and the motions of the figures are scarcely better than some of those awful Saturday morning cartoons on TV." The staff at Variety magazine stated that the "style ... tends towards a primer reading level." Halliwell's Film Guide called it "sluggishly animated and narrated". As with the Atlanta Journal Constitution, The New York Times' Janet Maslin found that the quality paled in comparison to Disney features (in this case, 1940's Pinocchio).
The Los Angeles Times' Charles Solomon (in his 1989 book Enchanted Drawings: The History of Animation), and Michael Janusonis of Rhode Island's Providence Journal, faulted the plot. The Evening Independent's Moorhead and Jim Davidson of the Pittsburgh Press noticed at least two parallel storylines in the film, one of which involved the magician Nicholas. The National Coalition on Television Violence counted at least 20 acts of violence throughout the picture.
Critics questioned its purpose as a feature-length advertisement for Care Bears merchandise; among them were Charles Solomon, Paul Attanasio, The Morning Call of Pennsylvania, and Bill Cosford of The Miami Herald. The Boca Raton News' Skip Sheffield commented, "I couldn't help being bothered by the blatant commercialism of this whole venture." The British magazine Films and Filming remarked: "The purpose of the film is presumably to sell more toys as it unashamedly pushes the message that without at least one Care Bear around life can be very lonely." Stoffman observed, "one of the youngest target audiences of any animated movie", as did the Halliwell's staff; film critic Leonard Maltin (in his Movie Guide); and Henry Herx (in his Family Guide to Movies on Video).
The 1986 International Film Guide called it "an elementary piece of animation lacking colour and character, with not much humour, quite lacking in charm, and indifferently scored". Maltin gave it two stars out of four in his Movie Guide; similarly, the Gale Group publication, VideoHound's Golden Movie Retriever, gave it two bones out of four in its 1997 edition.[nb 17] According to Derek Owen of Time Out's Film Guide, "Adults forced to accompany three-year-olds to the movie would have had a little moment of satisfaction when the time came to shovel the Care Bears toys out of the house into landfill sites."
The mixed reception carried on in the years ahead: in her 1995 book Inside Kidvid, Loretta MacAlpine said of the film and its subsequent follow-ups, "If you can hack the sugarcoated attitudes of this group of cuddly bears, more power to you! There's nothing insidious about the Care Bears, but their overbearing sweetness may not appeal to all viewers." She cautioned parents of the merchandising aspect behind the tapes. Dave Gathman of Illinois' Courier-News wrote in 1998, "One Care Bears Movie ... can give all G-rated entertainment a bad name." In 2003 the Erie Times-News acknowledged its financial success, but commented on its "lack of a creative title". Animation expert Jerry Beck wrote in his 2005 book, The Animated Movie Guide, "It's a simple, serviceable adventure with several standout sequences. ... There's no doubt about it, this is a children's film aimed at the under-seven crowd. But it's one of the better animated children's films produced during this period."
In his Christian Science Monitor review, David Sterritt observed that The Care Bears Movie was mostly influenced by The Sorcerer's Apprentice, a 1797 poem by German author Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, along with "a trace of H. P. Lovecraft "that probably wasn't intended". He went on to say, "I also noticed a subtle sexism at work. Why must it be the little girl [Kim] who dreams of being a nurse and the little boy [Jason] of being a jet pilot—and not the other way around, to stimulate young imaginations instead of echoing past patterns?" Blowen wrote that the two children both get turned "from cynics to idealists". Joe Fox of Ontario's The Windsor Star, and Stephen Hunter, compared the Bears' home of Care-a-lot to King Arthur's mythical castle of Camelot; Blowen commented that in this place, "altruism is king". Hunter noted that "the celestial physics are left vague", concerning Kim and Jason's trip from Care-a-lot to the Forest of Feelings. Critics compared at least two aspects of the film to Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs: the Spirit received similarities to the Magic Mirror and the Wicked Queen, but Charles Solomon felt that the Bears lacked the individual qualities of the Dwarfs. Solomon noted that in animated features of that era, villains such as the Spirit "lacked motivation—if the viewer accepts their evil intentions, it's only because he's been told to". According to Tom Ogden (in his 1997 book Wizards and Sorcerers: From Abracabadra to Zoroaster), the Bears' Stare against the Spirit serves as a kind of white magic.[nb 18] "Such a non-violent solution," wrote Bruce Bailey in The Montreal Gazette, "should sit well with peace lobbyists". According to a 2005 article in The Times of London, an Internet reviewer called The Care Bears Movie "a fine example of Christian socialism".
At the 1985 Genie Awards in its native Canada, The Care Bears Movie won the Golden Reel Award for being the country's highest-grossing film of the year. Ron Cohen, president of the Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television, presented the award to producers Hirsh, Loubert, and Smith. John Sebastian's "Nobody Cares Like a Bear" received a Genie nomination for Best Original Song; his performance was part of CBC's live telecast of the ceremony on March 20, 1986. The film received a Young Artist Award nomination for "Best Family Animation Series or Special", but lost to the CBS series The Charlie Brown and Snoopy Show. During its 21st annual award ceremony on October 17, 1985, Nashville's performance rights organisation SESAC honoured Woodward and Bird for their songwriting efforts.
In the words of Jerry Beck, "[The Care Bears Movie's] box-office gross signalled to Hollywood a renewed interest in animated features, albeit for children. This is something The Secret of NIMH tried to accomplish but failed to do." A plethora of children's and family film entertainment followed in its wake, such as Sesame Street Presents Follow That Bird from Warner Bros., and a re-issue of Universal Studios' E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial. Atlantic Releasing joined this movement by establishing Clubhouse Pictures, which showed G-rated films during 1986. Nelvana's film helped to bring back matinee engagements to prominence across North America.
Mentioning The Care Bears Movie as "the most recent example", Charles Solomon brought up the subject of feature-length toy adaptations in an April 1985 interview on Los Angeles' KUSC-FM.:130 He spoke to Warner Bros. animator Chuck Jones, who replied: "I feel that it's proper—after all, that's the way Alice in Wonderland was written: the dolls were all made first, then they made the picture about the dolls, right?":131 In July 1985 Sarah Stiansen of United Press International (UPI) called The Care Bears Movie "another licensing innovation for TCFC", following the department's previous endeavours. UPI's Vernon Scott (in 1985), and Bruce A. Austin (in his 1989 book Immediate Seating), observed how the merchandising arrived in advance of the film's release. In forthcoming years, several media adaptations based on established toy lines would follow a similar marketing tactic. Examples included films based on Hasbro's Transformers (in 1986 and 2007) and My Little Pony; features with Tonka's Gobots (Battle of the Rock Lords) and Pound Puppies (Legend of Big Paw); and a television series and feature with Hallmark's Rainbow Brite. The Care Bears Movie was parodied in "At the Movies", a 1991 episode of Nickelodeon and Klasky Csupo's animated series Rugrats. In that episode, the Pickles family goes to see The Land Without Smiles, starring the Dummi Bears (who are patterned after the Care Bears).
After the release of The Care Bears Movie, DIC Entertainment produced a syndicated 11-episode television series featuring the title characters. Another series, Nelvana's The Care Bears Family, premiered on ABC in the U.S. and Canada's Global in September 1986, and was subsequently broadcast in 140 countries. Nelvana followed the first film with another two theatrical instalments, Care Bears Movie II: A New Generation (1986) and The Care Bears Adventure in Wonderland (1987); neither made as much of a critical or commercial impact. A New Generation, released by Columbia Pictures, made over US$8.5 million in North America and US$12 million worldwide. Adventure in Wonderland was self-financed by Nelvana and released by Cineplex Odeon Films, and grossed US$2.608 million domestically; with worldwide earnings of US$6 million, it barely recovered its costs. Because of this, Michael Hirsh later declared, "It was just one sequel too many." The Bears returned for one more animated production, Care Bears Nutcracker Suite, which debuted on video and television in December 1988. The franchise's next feature film, 2004's Journey to Joke-a-lot, also premiered on video (via Lionsgate and Family Home Entertainment).
- Sources differ as to the actual cost of The Care Bears Movie.
- US$2 million: Foley (2003), Stewart (2005)
- US$3 million: Salamon (1985), Daniell (1985), Stoffman (2002)
- US$3.5 million: Adilman (1987), Lerch (1988)
- US$4 million: Harmetz (1985), Walmsley (1985), Englehardt (1986), Solomon (1986), Beck (2005)
- US$4.5 million: Thomas (1986)
- Introduced by American Greetings in 1984, the Care Bear Cousins are a group of animals who serve as relatives to the Care Bears. The group consists of different species, such as monkeys, elephants and penguins.
- In the U.S. and Canadian domestic market, wide release occurs when a film is playing in 600 or more theatres.
- Credited as Bobby Dermer.
- Credited as Cree Summer Francks.
- According to Michael Hirsh, this period lasted from 1983 to 1986.
- Before Selznick's Care Bears Movie, Lotte Reiniger of Germany directed 1927's The Adventures of Prince Achmed, and Great Britain's Joy Batchelor directed Halas and Batchelor's 1954 adaptation of Animal Farm. The fourth one, Brenda Chapman, was responsible for 1998's The Prince of Egypt, from DreamWorks Animation.
- Credited as Lou Gioia.
- ISBN 0-910313-98-9 (Meet the Care Bear Cousins); ISBN 0-910313-84-9 (Keep On Caring).
- Approximately US$49.8 million in 2013 dollars.
- In 1996, John Kluge of the Metromedia company acquired the Samuel Goldwyn Company for US$125 million. Metromedia sold its film units—Goldwyn, Orion Pictures, and the Motion Picture Corporation of America—to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) in April 1997.
- In 1986, the average price of a movie ticket in Germany was equivalent to €3.81.
- Filmwelt is abbreviated as "FW" on the InsideKino chart.
- Approximately US$73.8 million in 2013 dollars.
- In 1987, Long Island's Newsday newspaper gave a US$40 million figure for both this film and its sequel, A New Generation.
- In 1993, Hirsh and Loubert served as executive producers for the live-action thriller, Malice; its US$46.4 million domestic gross surpassed The Care Bears Movie's worldwide earnings. The Nelvana studio, however, is not credited in that film.
- The Golden Movie Retriever uses bones as its equivalent of stars. According to the staff's "Bone Ratings" system, a title given two bones "May be perfectly delightful for certain tastes. A waste of time for others. Usually uninspired genre flicks."
- According to Ogden's Wizards and Sorcerers, "White magic calls on natural forces or appeals to angelic spirits in order to provide benevolent results."
- Beck, Jerry (2005). The Animated Movie Guide. Chicago Reader Press. ISBN 1-55652-591-5.
- Flower, Joe (1991). "1985—The Year of Starting Over". Prince of the Magic Kingdom. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-52465-4.
- Ogden, Tom (1997). Wizards and Sorcerers: From Abracadabra to Zoroaster. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-3151-7.
- Rabkin, William (May 2, 1986). "Animated movies making comeback at the box office". The Palm Beach Post 78 (58). Entertainment News Service through Los Angeles Times Syndicate. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
- Stoffman, Daniel (2002). The Nelvana Story: Thirty Animated Years. Nelvana Publishing Limited/Kids Can Press. ISBN 1-894786-00-9.
- Wise, Wyndham, ed. (2001). Take One's Essential Guide to Canadian Film. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0-8020-8398-6.
- Woolery, George W. (1989). Animated TV Specials: The Complete Directory to the First Twenty-Five Years, 1962–1987. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-2198-2.
- Engelhardt, Tom (1986). "Children's Television: The Shortcake Strategy". In Gitlin, Todd. Watching Television: A Pantheon Guide to Popular Culture. Pantheon Books (Random House). pp. 82–83. ISBN 0-394-74651-1.
- Selznick, Arna (director) (1985). The Care Bears Movie (Animated film). The Samuel Goldwyn Company (distributor) / Nelvana Limited / American Greetings / CPG Products Corp.
- Kearney, Mark; Ray, Randy (1998). "What is the highest-grossing Canadian movie ever?". The Great Canadian Trivia Book: A Collection of Compelling Curiosities from Alouette to Zed 2. Dundurn Press. p. 80. ISBN 0-88882-197-2. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
- National Film Board of Canada; National Library of Canada; Moving Image and Sound Archives (Canada); Cinémathèque québécoise (1986). Film/Vidéo Canadiana, 1985–1986. National Film Board of Canada. p. 43. ISSN 0836-1002. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
- Staff (March 17, 1985). "Miscellaneous". The Washington Post. p. C2. "The District of Columbia Special Olympics will have a benefit screening of The Care Bears Movie at noon, March 24, at the Circle Avalon [theatre]."
- Foley, Doug (December 1, 2003). "Hamilton native animates the movies with passion" (Registration required to read article). The Hamilton Spectator (TDNG Inc.). p. G.09. Retrieved October 20, 2010. "[Animator David Brewster] ended up in Toronto at Leach and Rankin, an animation firm, and working on The Care Bears Movie [which] cost about $2 million to make and made more than $20 million at the box office."
- Stewart, James B. (2005). "The Wonderful World of Disney". DisneyWar. Simon & Schuster. p. 70. ISBN 0-684-80993-1.
- Salamon, Julie (April 16, 1985). "At the Movies: Care Bears Hit It Big, Onscreen and Off". The Wall Street Journal. p. 32 (W)/28 (E).
- Daniell, Tina (April 24, 1985). "Care Bear market is looking bullish". The Milwaukee Journal (Journal Communications). p. 7 (Part 3). Retrieved August 12, 2010.
- Stoffman 2002, p. 56.
- Adilman, Sid (April 5, 1987). "Nelvana taking its dream to the screen: Company has overcome $4 million hurdle to become one of Canada's top producers of movies and TV series" (Registration required to read article). Toronto Star. p. E.1. Retrieved October 21, 2010. "Among [Nelvana's] credits are: ... * The animated Care Bears movies whose third romp, The Care Bears' Adventure In Wonderland!, will be released in August. The first Care Bears movie, made for $3.5 million, took in $25 million at the box office and the second one grossed $12 million."
- Lerch, Renate (February 9, 1988). "Nelvana finds reel success in animated films". The Financial Post (Financial Post Ltd.). p. 17. "The first [Care Bears] movie, released in 1985, grossed $25 million at the box office. Its $3.5-million budget was financed by American Greetings in partnership with Kenner-Parker Toys Inc. of Beverly, Mass. The Americans also funded the sequel, which brought in $12 million. Nelvana financed the third movie itself and it has so far grossed $6 million."
- Harmetz, Aljean (May 1, 1985). "Video alters economics of movie animation" (Subscription required). The New York Times. p. C19. Retrieved October 18, 2010. "How animated films will do theatrically in 1986 and 1987 when theaters will be crowded with them is open to question. However, the $4 million The Care Bears Movie, which uses upscale television animation, has been a surprise success. 'To the 2- to 7-year-old, the Care Bears are like Redford and Streisand,' said Samuel Goldwyn Jr., who picked up the movie for distribution after it was turned down by most major studios."
- Walmsley, Ann (May 27, 1985). "A bearish movie with bullish results". Maclean's (Maclean Hunter Limited): 54.
- Solomon, Charles (July 27, 1986). "Movies of the 1980s: Animation—Mice Dreams". Los Angeles Times. p. Calendar 5. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
- Beck 2005, pp. 47–48.
- Thomas, Bob (November 21, 1986). "Theater owners bringing back matinees aimed at youngsters". Houston Chronicle. Associated Press (AP). p. 6.
- "Box office information for The Care Bears Movie". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 29, 2006.
- Hayden, Gene (August 7, 1989). "Babar's triumphs". Maclean's (Maclean Hunter Limited): 48. "Founded in 1972, [sic] the [Nelvana] company earned an international reputation in 1984, after American director George Lucas—best known for the Star Wars movie series—hired the studio to create two animated TV spin-off series, Ewoks and Droids. A year later, Ohio's American Greetings Corp. and Kenner Parker Toys Inc. commissioned Nelvana to produce the animated Care Bears Movie. Earning $34 million in 1985, it became at the time the world's most profitable non-Disney animated movie. Buoyed by that success, Nelvana made two sequels. But the last of the trilogy, the 1987 Care Bears Adventure in Wonderland, which Nelvana produced for just under $5 million, only broke even. Conceded Hirsh: 'It was just one [sequel] too many.'"
- Pecora, Norma Odom (2002). "The Industries: Television and Toy". The Business of Children's Entertainment. Guilford Press. pp. 52–55. ISBN 1-57230-774-9. Retrieved November 13, 2010.
- McLane, Mike (March 28, 1986). "The Care Bears don't disappoint". Gainesville Sun Scene Magazine. p. 20. Retrieved November 13, 2010.
- "About Movie Box Office Tracking and Terms". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 13, 2010.
- "Credits for The Care Bears Movie". Index to Motion Picture Credits. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Archived from the original on August 10, 2010. Retrieved September 25, 2010.
- Freedman, Adele (March 29, 1985). "Super-sweet Care Bears put on a dazzling show". The Globe and Mail (CTVglobemedia). p. E1.
- "Credits for The Care Bears Movie". Keyframe: The Animation Resource. Retrieved August 10, 2010.
- "Profile of Terri Hawkes". Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television. Gale/Cengage Learning. 2004. Retrieved September 25, 2010.
- Gardella, Peter (2007). American Angels: Useful Spirits in the Material World. University Press of Kansas. p. 29. ISBN 0-7006-1537-7. Retrieved August 12, 2010.
- "Sigma Sigma Sigma Sorority: Eta Alpha Chapter". Stephens College. Retrieved October 25, 2010.
- Ligue française de l'enseignement et de l'éducation permanente; Union française des œuvres laïques d'éducation par l'image et le son (1986). "Les Bisounours (The Care Bears Movie)". La Revue du cinéma (in French) 418. Ligue française de l'enseignement et de l'éducation permanente. p. 26. Retrieved October 16, 2010. "Les Bisounours (The care bears movie) USA. 1985. 1 h 15. VF. Couleurs. Dist. : Artedis. Réal. : Arna Selznick. Scn. : Peter Sauder, d'après les personnages créés pour Those Characters from Cleveland par Linda Edwards, Muriel Fahrion, Elena Kucharik, Dave Polter, Tom Schneider, Ralph Shaffer, Clark Willey."
- Steyer, James P. (2003). The Other Parent: The Inside Story of the Media's Effect on Our Children. Simon & Schuster. p. 100. ISBN 0-7434-0583-8. Retrieved July 20, 2010.
- Woolery 1989, pp. 57–60.
- Besen, Ellen; Glassman, Marc (September 22, 1996). "Three men and a bear: Nelvana at 25". Take One (Canadian Independent Film & Television Publishing Association) 5 (13): 18–23. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- Stoffman 2002, p. 50.
- Fitzgerald, James (May 1, 2001). "Nelvana 30th Anniversary Profile". Kidscreen (Brunico Communications): N1.
- Stoffman 2002, p. 52.
- Woolery 1989, pp. 4–6.
- Woolery 1989, pp. 388–389.
- Stein, Sarah E. (June 9, 1986). "Characters make the most of their short life spans". Advertising Age (Crain Communications, Inc.): S–5.
- Stoffman 2002, p. 55.
- Canby, Vincent (March 21, 1986). "Screen: Care Bears in a Sequel". The New York Times. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
- "Nelvana Animated Feature Films (Special Report: Nelvana 25th Anniversary)". Variety (Reed Business Information): 72. April 22–28, 1996.
- Castaldo, Joe (September 29, 2009). "The Great Strawberry Shortcake Custody Battle". Canadian Business (Rogers Publishing Ltd.) 82 (17): 52–58.
- Staff (November 16, 1985). "Nelvana cornering kid market" (Registration required to read article). Toronto Star. p. F.2. Retrieved October 16, 2010. "The picture opened to brisk business in the UK, also showing at matinees only, and soon will open through Europe and in Quebec. ¶ A sequel is now under way for release next year. ¶ Nelvana created the scripts for both, did all the animation and contracted for the voices and music score."
- "The Care Bears Movie Opens Today At Pinewood Cinema". Spartanburg Herald-Journal (The New York Times Company). March 29, 1985. p. D10. Retrieved October 23, 2010.
- Mallory, Michael (March 19, 2000). "Move Over, Old Men; Disney's fabled favourite artists weren't alone in the male-ruled animation world. Now women are in key jobs, and they aim to stay". Los Angeles Times. p. Calendar 8. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
- Wise 2001, p. 36.
- Wise 2001, p. 151.
- Tolusso, Susan (July 3, 1995). "Animation writing: 'You have to almost see it,' says Schott". Playback (Brunico Communications): 21.
- "Talk of the Town: Gag Me with a Smurf". The New Yorker (Condé Nast Publications) 61 (1–8): 27. February 25, 1985. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
- DeWolf, Rose (October 12, 1982). "Out to launch: Is there shelf life after Holly Hobbie? You bet" (Registration required to read article). Philadelphia Daily News. p. 33 (Features). Retrieved August 21, 2010. "Jack Chojnacki, copresident of Those Characters from Cleveland, a subidiary of American Greetings set up just to handle licensing, told a recent meeting..."
- Dougherty, Philip H. (February 16, 1984). "Advertising; People". The New York Times. Retrieved October 16, 2010.
- Enrico, Dottie (October 8, 1984). "Media Profiles". Adweek (A/S/M Communications, Inc.). "Robert Unkel was promoted to the new post of senior vice-president/programming at LBS Communications and David R. Smith was appointed to replace him as vp/programming. Unkel joined LBS last year from Grey Advertising. Smith was formerly director/creative affairs for Intermedia Entertainment"
- Staff (September 27, 1997). "W. Ray Peterson, worked for American Greetings". The Plain Dealer. p. 9B (Metro). "W. Ray Peterson was involved in the video and television movie productions for American Greetings Corp.'s Those Characters From Cleveland division in the 1980s before retiring as an executive with the greeting card company. ¶ He was the executive producer of the company's first full-length animated feature film, 'The Care Bears Movie,' according to his family."
- "Profile of Paul Pressler". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
- "For the Record". Advertising Age (Crain Communications, Inc.): 93. April 28, 1986. "LBS Communications, New York, has 'major' expansion plans, going well beyond barter TV syndication. Paul Siegel, president of the LBS Enterprises division, will start Kideo Matinee to co-produce and market children's theatrical movies. LBS exec vp John Bohach will expand acquisition and marketing of home video titles, manage character licensing and head international TV barter sales"
- Maslin, Janet (August 5, 1985). "Animated Duo". The New York Times. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
- Lent, John A. (2001). "James Wang and His Crazy Climb to Taiwan's Cuckoo's Nest". Animation in Asia and the Pacific. Indiana University Press. p. 125. ISBN 0-253-34035-7. Retrieved August 12, 2010.
- Staff (October 6, 1986). "Vanguard Financial Inc. signs letter of intent to acquire Chuck Glaser Productions Inc.". Business Wire. "Contracting the services of expert animators, Delaney and Friends of Vancouver, Canada, [Chuck Glaser Productions] will create characterizations for all aspects of 'Christopher the Christmas Tree.' ¶ Delaney's group has worked on other animation projects such as the Care Bear movie and for Walt Disney. Delaney's 2-1/2 minute music video 'Christopher' presently is in production for television market release in November 1986"
- Stoffman 2002, pp. 57–58.
- Stoffman 2002, pp. 56–57.
- Stoffman 2002, pp. 57.
- Stoffman 2002, pp. 58.
- Honan, William H. (August 19, 1991). "At the New York Film Festival, Works on Art". The New York Times. Retrieved June 25, 2011.
- Kresh, Paul (April 13, 1986). "Children's Audio: From Big Bird to Meryl Streep". The New York Times. p. H28. Retrieved October 31, 2010.
- "Album information for The Care Bears Movie". Soundtrack Collector. C&C Content and Creation. Retrieved October 23, 2010.
- Parish, James Robert; Pitts, Michael R. (2002). Hollywood Songsters: Singers Who Act and Actors Who Sing – A Biographical Dictionary. 3 (Parton to West) (2nd ed.). Routledge. p. 769. ISBN 0-415-94334-5.
- "Album information for The Care Bears Movie Original Soundtrack". Discogs. Retrieved September 27, 2010.
- Hinckley, David (April 5, 1985). "Writing Songs About Feelings Was 'Care Bears' Challenge". Chicago Tribune. New York Daily News. p. F27J. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
- Hunter, Stephen (April 6, 1985). "'Care Bears Movie' is a harmless film diversion". Houston Chronicle. p. 6.
- Blowen, Michael (March 29, 1985). "Care Bear Film Takes Over from Bedtime Bear" (Registration required to read article). The Boston Globe. p. 76. Retrieved July 2, 2007.
- Sharkey, Betsy (April 22, 1985). "Selling the Whole Family on Film That Cares-a-Lot". Adweek (A/S/M Communications, Inc.). Creative Solutions.
- Robertson, Patrick (1985). "The Industry: Publicity". Guinness Film Facts and Feats. Guinness Books. p. 27. ISBN 0-85112-278-7. "The largest publicity budget was the $24 million spent by the Samuel Goldwyn Co. on the launch of The Care Bears Movie (US 85)."
- "Publication information for The Care Bears Movie: Meet the Care Bear Cousins". WorldCat. Online Computer Library Centre (OCLC). Retrieved October 23, 2010.
- "Publication information for Keep On Caring". WorldCat. Online Computer Library Centre (OCLC). Retrieved October 23, 2010.
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- The Film Journal (Pubsun Corp.) 94 (7–12). 1991. "[Bingham Ray] served as general sales manager for New Yorker and distribution VP of Goldwyn. Among his successful campaigns have been Hester Street, Peppermint Soda, The Marriage of Maria Braun, My Dinner with Andre and The Care Bears Movie"
- Scott, Vernon (May 1, 1985). "Care Bears film a smash with sand pile set". Ottawa Citizen (Postmedia Network Inc.). United Press International (UPI). p. D16. Retrieved November 13, 2010.
- Bennett, Dan (April 30, 1985). "'Care Bears' are bringing back matinee memories". The San Diego Union-Tribune. p. D-1.
- Conconi, Chuck (March 26, 1985). "End Notes". The Washington Post. p. C3. "Actress Georgia Engel, the voice of Miss Care-A-Lot Bear [sic] in 'The Care Bears Movie,' was in town Sunday for a Special Olympics fundraiser showing of the film at the Avalon Theater. Engel said she grew up just a few blocks from the theater and attended the Washington School of the Ballet. After the movie she took a walk on her first visit home in 17 years ..."
- "Box office information for The Care Bears Movie". The Numbers. Nash Information Services LLC. Retrieved June 19, 2010.
- Deans, Laurie (April 19, 1985). "L.A. Clips: Care Bears hit puts Nelvana in Nirvana". The Globe and Mail (CTVglobemedia). p. E4.
- Vernon, Scott (May 2, 1985). "Is there a popcorn palace in your future?". Lodi News-Sentinel. United Press International (UPI). p. 11. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
- Solomon, Charles (1989). "The Captains and the Kings Depart, 1960–1989". Enchanted Drawings: The History of Animation. Alfred A. Knopf (Random House). p. 283. ISBN 0-394-54684-9. "The film itself was little more than a gargantuan commercial disguised as a story about 'sharing feelings.' Barefaced commercialism underlay the threadbare plot. The animation ranked a cut above Saturday-morning kidvid, but no higher. The various bears didn't embody the qualities they were supposed to represent, the was the Dwarfs did in 'Snow White'. ¶ Released at a time when virtually no other films for children were in the theatres, 'The Care Bears Movie' earned $23 million—besides stimulating untold millions of dollars in additional sales of Care Bears merchandise."
- Waters, John (2003). "John Waters' Tour of L.A. (1985)". Crackpot: The Obsessions of John Waters. Simon & Schuster. p. 11. ISBN 0-7432-4627-6. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
- Wuntch, Philip (March 22, 1985). "USA Film Festival". The Dallas Morning News (A.H. Belo Corporation). Retrieved October 29, 2010. "The Care Bears Movie: Full-length animated film with songs by Carole King ..."
- Blank, Ed (April 1, 1985). "'Care Bears' movie scores big at the box office; sequels expected". The Pittsburgh Press. p. B7. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
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