The Catholic Telegraph
11×12 in (280×300 mm)
|Owner(s)||Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cincinnati|
|Publisher||Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cincinnati|
|Founded||October 22, 1831|
|Sister newspapers||Der Wahrheitsfreund (defunct)|
The Catholic Telegraph is a monthly newspaper published by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cincinnati, which covers the Cincinnati metropolitan area, the greater Dayton area and other communities in the southwest region of Ohio, with a total diocesan population of approximately 500,000. The Telegraph has published continuously since 1831, except for a brief period in 1832, making it the first diocesan newspaper and second oldest Catholic newspaper in the United States. It published weekly until September 2011.
The Telegraph was established on October 22, 1831, by Bishop Edward Fenwick, O.P., the Archdiocese's first bishop. Its first editor put the paper on a short hiatus the next fall to care for victims of a cholera outbreak. The paper's use of the word "telegraph" predated the invention of the communication device by over a decade. As one of the first Catholic newspapers in the nation, the Telegraph was sold in cities throughout the country's middle section, including Louisville, Kentucky, Baltimore, Maryland, Washington, D.C., St. Louis, Missouri, and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. From 1849–1861, The Catholic Telegraph and Advocate also served as the Diocese of Louisville's official newspaper.
Early in the episcopal reign of John Baptist Purcell, the Telegraph fell into significant financial difficulties. As its closure appeared imminent, large numbers of common Catholics formed the Roman Catholic Society for the Diffusion of Knowledge, with its primary purpose being the rescue of the Telegraph. Their goal being accomplished, the Society's success became famous throughout the American Catholic Church, and a similar organization, patterned after the one in Cincinnati, was established in the Archdiocese of Baltimore.:180
During the Civil War, the Telegraph took a difficult position on the questions of slavery and union. Under Archbishop Purcell, who emphasized the "prudential motives" that made the abolition of slavery inadvisable, the Telegraph stridently opposed slavery, secession, and initially abolition. Its antislavery stance stood in stark contrast to other Catholic newspapers, particularly the New York Freeman's Journal. In an editorial, the Telegraph condemned the New Orleans Catholic newspaper, Le Propagateur Catholique, for running an advertisement about a mulatre who was available for rent or sale. The Telegraph opined that "It is not necessary to be an abolitionist... to condemn a practice so repugnant to Catholic feeling." In April 1861, the month the Civil War started, the paper continued to urge accommodation with the slave states so strongly that an abolitionist, Unionist bishop condemned its editorial stance as "aid of treason." However, in 1863, it became the first prominent Catholic newspaper to advocate emancipation.
In 1937, the Telegraph renamed itself The Catholic Telegraph Register and joined the Denver-based Register System of Newspapers, which would later become the National Catholic Register. In 1961, the Archdiocese of Cincinnati assumed control of the Telegraph.
The Telegraph switched from a broadsheet format to a tabloid format in the 2000s. It switched from weekly to monthly publication in September 2011. Beginning with its October 2013 issue, the Telegraph will "move towards a less 'newsy' mode".
On March 1, 2013 The Catholic Telegraph sent out its 1,000th Tweet and announced significant growth in attracting readers to the online product.
- Paluszak, Mary Cecilia, C.PP.S. (1940). The opinion of the Catholic telegraph on contemporary affairs and politics, 1831–1871 (M.A.). The Catholic University of America. OL 17845409M.
- Connaughton, Mary Stanislaus (1943). The editorial opinion of the Catholic telegraph of Cincinnati on contemporary affairs and politics 1871–1921 (Ph.D.). The Catholic University of America. OCLC 1973221. OL 185286M.
- "History". The Catholic Telegraph. Archdiocese of Cincinnati. 2009. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
- Merkowitz, David J. (2006). "Back to the Beginning". The Catholic Telegraph (Archdiocese of Cincinnati). Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
- Merkowitz, David J. (2006). "The end of the Civil War brings no end to the violence". The Catholic Telegraph (Archdiocese of Cincinnati). Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved October 21, 2007.
- McCann, Mary Agnes. "The Most Reverend John Baptist Purcell, D.D., Archbishop of Cincinnati (1800-1883). Catholic Historical Review 6 (1920): 172-199.
- McGreevy, John T. (2003). Catholicism and American Freedom: A History. New York City: W. W. Norton & Company. p. 82. ISBN 0-393-04760-1. "In an 1838 speech [Archbishop Purcell] had condemned 'slavery in the abstract' while emphasizing 'prudential motives' that hindered abolition."
- Merkowitz, David J. (2006). "The Civil War era". The Cincinnati Telegraph (Archdiocese of Cincinnati). Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
- Trosley, Steve (September 2013). "Catholic New Evangelization means reaching out". The Cincinnati Telegraph (Archdiocese of Cincinnati). Retrieved September 6, 2013.