The Cedars (Columbus, Mississippi)
||This article relies entirely upon a single source, the National Register Information System (NRIS) database or one of its mirrors. Articles based solely on the NRIS may contain errors. (January 2014)|
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (May 2013)|
|Location||1311 Military Road
|Area||4 acres (1.6 ha)|
|NRHP Reference #||79001328|
|Added to NRHP||March 29, 1979|
The Cedars is an historic building in Columbus, Mississippi.
It began as a two-room log cabin whose exact date is unknown but is presumed to be around 1810-20. By this time, most Chickasaws living in the area were living in log cabins so it is also thought that the log cabin was constructed and lived in by a Chickasaw.
Vardry McBee received a patent on the land in 1825 and sold the log cabin and 18 acres to Capt. Edward Brett Randolph in 1825, the same day that he sold his plantation in New Hope to William Ethelbert Ervin. Capt. Randolph was from Virginia and settled near Caledonia, MS in 1825 on a plantation that he named Goshen. In 1835, after attending a Methodist Revival, he realized the evils of slavery and freed all of his slaves. He joined the Colonization Society and offered to send any of his slaves that were agreeable and had accepted the Christian faith to settle in Liberia.
He and his wife, Elizabeth Bland Beverly, added one room to the log cabin in 1836. This room served as their bedroom, parlor, and dining room. Capt. Randolph died in 1848. In 1850, Mrs. Randolph sold 15 acres off of the property and used the money to contract with a Mr. Lewis to add a dining room and a bedroom to the back of the house with a kitchen room in the basement. She also contracted for a colonnade to be added to the front of the house. Their daughter Virginia (named after their Old Dominion) married George Wormsley Sherman in 1850 and they lived with Mrs. Randolph for a while. She died in 1879 and the house passed to her son George, jr. who built the “modern” kitchen in 1880 and they then used the basement kitchen as a wine cellar and summer dining room. His granddaughter, Mary Ita Sherman, married Thomas Bailey Hardy in 1914 and they moved to The Cedars in 1945 when their home (Itawold) in the nearby prairie section had burned.
They enclosed the area between the two sections of the house and made it their living room. They exposed one wall of logs along the staircase in the original section of the house. The house passed to Mary Ita’s niece, Elizabeth Sherman Yard, when Mary Ita died. Mrs. Yard sold the house to Bailey Hardy’s nephew, Robert B. Hardy, and his family in 1980.
- Nomination for National Register of Historic Properties
- What Is The Oldest House In Columbus? Rufus Ward, The Commercial Dispatch
- Oldest home in Columbus, MS
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