The Center for Public Policy Analysis
The Center for Public Policy Analysis (CPPA), or Centre for Public Policy Analysis, was established in Washington, D.C. in 1988 and describes itself as a non-profit, non-partisan, think tank and research organization. The CPPA is a non-governmental organization (NGO) focused on foreign policy, national security, human rights, refugee and international humanitarian issues.
The CPPA focuses on key domestic and international public policy issues, including those in the United States, Asia, Europe, the Middle East and the Americas. It has frequently raised concerns about international security, counter-terrorism, civil society, the environment, international trade and tariffs, press and internet freedom, human rights, and religious freedom issues, including the plight of political asylum seekers and refugees, in Southeast Asia and Southwest Asia.
Concerned about environmental issues, the CPPA has raised awareness about illegal logging, and environmental degradation, in Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and elsewhere.
The CPPA also focuses on economic, political, human rights, religious freedom and humanitarian issues in Indochina. The organization is described as an "outspoken supporter" and human rights proponent for ethnic, minority Laotian and Hmong people in Laos and Vietnam.
From 1998 to 2013, the CPPA in cooperation with members of the U.S. Congress has hosted the U.S. Congressional Forum on Laos, in the U.S. Congress, in Washington, D.C. The U.S. Congressional Forum on Laos brings together policy experts, diplomats, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), human rights and environmental groups, community leaders, business leaders, Members of the U.S. Congress, political and religious dissidents and others to discuss current issues of concern regarding the nation of Laos and the region.
The CPPA says it conducts public policy events and briefings in the US Congress and Washington DC on a range of public affairs issues. It says it organizes research and fact-finding missions in the United States and abroad with US policymakers to gain first-hand information about key issues, developments and events.
The CPPA also researches military and national security history issues regarding World War I, World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War (First and Second Indochina Wars), the first and second Gulf War (U.S.-Iraq War) and the "War on Terrorism," (both before and after the terrorist attacks in New York City on September 11, 2001). The CPPA is concerned about the plight of veterans, including minority veterans, of these conflicts, and is active in policy research and debate on key issues.
From 1993 to 2013, the CPPA took a leadership role in organizing major national veterans' recognition ceremonies at Arlington National Cemetery, the Vietnam War Memorial in Washington, D.C. and the U.S. Congress, especially to honor Laotian and Hmong veterans, and their American advisers, who served in the clandestine theater of the Royal Kingdom Laos during the Vietnam War.
The CPPA also works to honor Vietnam War veterans of the First and Second Indochina War who served in Vietnam, the Kingdom of Laos, Cambodia and The Kingdom of Thailand, including American, South Vietnamese, Royal Laotian, Cambodian and French military and clandestine veterans.
- 1 Press and internet freedom
- 2 Persecution of journalists in the Philippines
- 3 Environmental issues in Southeast Asia
- 4 Human trafficking in Southeast Asia
- 5 Cambodia
- 6 U.S. Congressional Forum on Laos
- 7 Religious freedom violations
- 8 Laos and the U.S. Congressional Forum
- 9 Political prisoners
- 10 Communiques on imprisoned Laotians
- 11 Humanitarian appeals
- 12 Thailand and repatriation of refugees
- 13 Persecution of Viet Hmong protestors
- 14 Historical research and veterans memorial ceremonies
- 15 Honorary U.S. citizenship and burial honors
- 16 References
- 17 External links
Press and internet freedom
Persecution of journalists in the Philippines
The CPPA has repeatedly raised concerns about freedom of the press and the plight of journalists in the Philippines and ongoing press and internet freedom violations. The intimidation, persecution and killing of journalists in Mindanao and the restive Southern areas of the Philippines have been give special attention by the CPPA in recent years.
Environmental issues in Southeast Asia
The upswing in illegal logging in Southeast Asia has caused concern in many quarters about environmental destruction and human rights violations against minority jungle-dwelling peoples. The CPPA conducts extensive research regarding ongoing illegal logging in Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and elsewhere in Asia.
The role of Vietnam People's Army (VPA), and VPA owned companies, in illegal logging in the Lao People's Democratic Republic, Laos, and Cambodia continues to be documented by the CPPA and other human rights and environmental NGOs and advocates.
Human trafficking in Southeast Asia
The CPPA conducts research and raises concerns about human trafficking and sex slavery in Laos, Vietnam and Southeast Asia, especially by some government and military officials. It issues statements about the plight of abused and trafficked women and children from minority groups in Southeast Asia, including ethnic Montagnard, Hmong and Laotians.
The CPPA researches issues regarding Cambodia. It has expressed concerns about widespread election irregularities and fraud in the July 28, 2013 elections in Cambodia and Prime Minister Hun Sen's decision to deploy army troops, tanks, heavy weapons, armored personnel carriers and security forces to the capital of Phnom Penh following the contested elections.
On September 5–6, the CPPA and its Executive Director Philip Smith issued a statement, and international appeal, urging Prime Minister Hun Sen to remove the army, tanks and security forces from Phnom Penh in light of August 19, 2013, protests in New York City at the United Nations headquarters by over 1500 Cambodians and Buddhist monks and mass protests in Cambodia by the Cambodian people and opposition groups, including Sam Rainsy's Cambodian National Rescue Party, Sam Rainsy Party and others, in opposition to the widely-contested July 28 election results.
U.S. Congressional Forum on Laos
From 1998-2013, the CPPA in cooperation with Members of the U.S. Congress has hosted the U.S. Congressional Forum on Laos, in the U.S. Congress, in Washington, D.C. The U.S. Congressional Forum on Laos brings together policy experts, diplomats, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), human rights and environmental groups, community leaders, business leaders, Members of the U.S. Congress, political and religious dissidents and others to discuss current issues of concern regarding the nation of Laos and the region.
Expert witnesses and speakers at the U.S. Congressional Forum on Laos have included senior Democratic and Republican Members of the US Congress,including U.S. Congressman Patrick Kennedy, U.S. Congressman Frank Wolf, U.S. Congressman Tom Lantos, U.S. Congressman Tim Holden, U.S. Congressman Mark Andrew Green, U.S. Senator Paul Wellstone, U.S. Senator Russell Feingold, U.S. Congressman Dana Rohrabacher, U.S. Congressman Bruce Vento, U.S. Congressman Dan Burton, U.S. Congressman Devin Nunes, U.S. Congressman Duncan Hunter, U.S. Congressman Jim Moran, and others, as well as U.S. Congressional staff members. Expert testimony has also been provided by Arthur J. Dommen, Laos and Southeast Asia scholar, and former Los Angeles Times journalist during the Vietnam War, T. Kumar, of Amnesty International, Scott Flipse, David Dettoni and other officials and staff of the US Commission on International Religious Freedom, Kerry and Kay Danes of the Australia-based Foreign Prisoners Support Service, Dr. William R. Hawkins, Senior Fellow in National Security Studies, U.S. Business and Industry Council and US Congressional adviser, Bounthanh Rathigna, of the United League for Democracy in Laos,Inc., Albert Santoli, Albert Santoli, author, writer and U.S. Congressional special adviser on national security and foreign policy issues, Wangyee Vang, President of the Lao Veterans of America Institute, Oudong Saysana, of the Laos Students Movement for Democracy, Professor Stephen Vang, of the University of Wisconsin, Dr. Vang Pobzeb and Vaughn Vang of the Lao Human Rights Council, Khampoua Naovarangsy of the Laos Institute for Democracy, Sheng Xiong, wife of missing Hmong-American Hakit Yang, Michael Benge former U.S. Foreign Service officer and POW/MIA, Dr. Philip McGrowen, Laos and Laotian expert, Khambang Sibeounhang, President, Laos National Reform Party, and Zong Khang Yang, Hmong human rights and refugee advocate.
Religious freedom violations
The CPPA conducts research, and develops awareness about, religious freedom violations, and religious persecution, in the Marxist Lao People's Democratic Republic (LPDR), the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV) and other countries, including the killing of independent and dissident Buddhists, Christians and Animist religious believers.
The CPPA has provided information about the Lao People's Army and Vietnam People's Army military attacks against minority Lao and Hmong Catholics, Protestant Christians in Vietnam and Laos including the killing of religious believers in various provinces in Laos and in Dien Bien Phu Province, and other places, in Vietnam.
In 2003, the CPPA raised awareness about the plight of St. Paul, Minnesota, Protestant, Christian Hmong-American pastor Naw Karl Moua (Mua)'s arrest in Laos by Lao military and security forces, along with independent journalists, investigating Lao and Hmong Christians suffering persecution and military attacks under the Pathet Lao government.
Following the Vietnam People's Army (VPA) massive military crackdown and attacks against Catholic and Protestant Christians in Vietnam's Dien Bien Province and along the Laos - Vietnam border area, in 2011, Philip Smith wrote an editorial in the Minneapolis, Minnesota, Star Tribune entitled "A new era of abuse in Southeast Asia" raising concerns about religious persecution in Southeast Asia, especially in Vietnam and Laos, directed against minority Christian and Animist religious believers, especially the Hmong people. Smith's stated: "After deploying the military and sealing off the area to journalists last month, VPA special forces have pursued ethnic Hmong involved in mass protests.... Hmong demonstrators, including many honoring the beatification of Pope John Paul II last month in Vietnam's largest Catholic diocese, Hung Hoa, have fled a violent army crackdown that continues in northeastern Vietnam's Dien Bien Province, along the border with Laos."
The CPPA has raised concerns about the persecution of Catholic, Protestant and other believers in Vietnam, including efforts to curtail or halt the celebration of Christmas and Easter ceremonies by the secret police and security forces in Vietnam, especially from 2003-2013.
In 2014-2015, according to news reports and editorials in The Diplomat, Wall Street Journal and other sources, the CPPA and others issued reports about violent attacks by Hanoi-backed police and security forces in Laos, including Lao People's Army and Vietnam People's Army military forces, to seek to brutalized independent Laotian and Hmong believers, including Christians, Animists and Buddhists seeking to worship independently of government monitors and official state approval. Lao authorities, reportedly backed by the Socialist Republic of Vietnam security forces reportedly sought to prevent Laotian and Hmong Christians from celebrating Christmas worship services and Christmas celebrations in their homes. Some of the religious believers were reportedly brutally attacked, arrested and tortured, and killed by authorities over the Christmas 2014 holiday season.
Laos and the U.S. Congressional Forum
From 1998-2013, the CPPA in cooperation with members of the U.S. Congress has hosted the U.S. Congressional Forum on Laos in Washington, D.C. The U.S. Congressional Forum on Laos brings together policy experts, diplomats, non-governmental organizations, human rights and environmental groups, community leaders, Members of the U.S. Congress and others to discuss current issues of concern regarding the nation of Laos and the region.
The CPPA is concerned about reports by Amnesty International, independent journalists and others regarding brutal and deadly attacks by the Lao People's Army (LPA), and VPA against Lao and Hmong civilians, and political and religious dissident groups, in Laos.
The CPPA accused Laos and Vietnamese troops of killing four Christian Hmong women in Xiangkhouang Province, Laos in 2011. CPPA executive director Philip Smith said Laotian and Vietnamese forces were hunting down Christian and animist believers.
The organization also campaigns for the release of three Hmong American men, from St. Paul, Minnesota, including Mr. Hakit Yang, it said in April 2011 had been falsely imprisoned for four years. In Washington, D.C., the CPPA organized international events urging the release of the three Hmong American men from St. Paul and Minneapolis, Minnesota. International human rights advocate and former political prisoner Kay Danes served as one of the key note speakers along with Hmong-American advocate Sheng Xiong, wife of Hakit Yang. The three Hmong-American citizens include Mr. Hakit Yang, Mr. Congshineng Yang, and Mr. Trillion Yunhaison. As of 2013, the three Americans are still missing in Laos, according to their families, NGOs and human rights advocates.
In addition to the three Hmong-Americans, Laos security forces continue to harshly imprison, without charge, political and religious dissidents and they have isolated thousands of ethnic Hmong refugees forced back by the military of Thailand and Laos, according to an international joint communique released by the CPPA and others.
The CPPA has raised concerns about egregious human rights violations in Laos by the Lao military and has been critical of granting Most Favored Trade Status (MFN), or Normalized Trade Status (NTR), to the communist regime in Laos, the Lao Peoples Democratic Republic. It has also criticized efforts to remove Laos from the trade "blacklist" while it engaged in military attacks against Laotian and Hmong political and religious dissidents, and unarmed Laotian and Hmong civilians.
On 23 December 2000, just prior to Christmas Kerry and Kay Danes were arrested by Lao security forces and unjustly imprisoned under harsh conditions and tortured in Phonthong Prison in Vientiane by the Lao government while seeking to facilitate major foreign business investment in Laos, according to the Government of Australia who came to their assistance. Following their release from the Lao government, Kay Danes and here husband were invited to testified in Washington,D.C., and the U.S. Congress, at the U.S. Congressional Forum on Laos, and at policy events on current policy issues in Laos, including human rights violations, torture, religious persecution, extrajudicial killing and other issues.
Kay Danes was repeatedly invited to testify at the U.S. Congressional Forum on Laos, along with T. Kumar of Amnesty International, and Members of Congress, including U.S. Congressman Frank Wolf, U.S. Congressman Patrick Kennedy, U.S. Congressman Dana Rohrabacher, foreign policy experts, including Philip Smith of the CPPA and others, where Mrs. Danes shared crucial information about human rights violations and torture. She also testified about the arrest and disappearance of three Hmong-Americans from St. Paul, Minnesota, who were arrested in Laos by the Lao People's Army (LPA) and detained, tortured, and disappeared in Laos' notorious Phonthong Prison in Vientiane at the hands of Laos' security forces. This is the same prison where Kay Danes and her husband had previously been detained under harsh and deplorable conditions, and tortured, several years prior in Laos under extremely harsh conditions along with other foreign prisoners. Mrs. Sheng Xiong a Hmong-American human rights advocate, also testified with Kay Danes about the arrest, imprisonment and torture of the three Hmong-Americans. These three Hmong-Americans, Mr. Hakit Yang, Mr. Congshineng Yang, and Mr. Trillion Yunhaison, are still missing in Laos, following their arrest and imprisonment by the Lao People's Army and Lao military and security forces.
In 2009, Kay and Kerry Danes published Standing Ground: An Imprisoned Couple's Struggle for Justice..., a book about their ordeal in Laos under the communist government, including their arrest, imprisonment and torture. The CPPA and its Executive Director Philip Smith were asked to write the foreword to the book by the Danes prior to its international release in Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the U.S. In April 2009, the CPPA hosted a policy event and discussion at the National Press Club in Washington where Members of the U.S. Congress and Congressional staff, Kay Danes, Amnesty International, Sheng Xiong, the United League for Democracy in Laos, the Lao Human Rights Council and others spoke about human rights violations, political prisoners and refugee issues in Laos.
In 2014, the government of Australia awarded Kay Danes the Medal of the Order of Australia (OAM) for her international humanitarian and human rights work, including her work with foreign prisoners in Laos and Southeast Asia. In statements after the award was announced for Danes by officials in Canberra, Mrs. Danes cited the CPPA as one of the reasons for her continued efforts on behalf of social justice, human rights, foreign prisoners and humanitarian assistance.
Communiques on imprisoned Laotians
The CPPA has issued a number of high-level joint international communiques, and appeals, with leading non-governmental organizations, especially regarding the plight of political and religious dissidents and Indochinese refugees and asylum seekers.
In 2005, the Laos National Federation, the Center for Public Policy Analysis, the Lao Veterans of America, Inc., the United League for Democracy in Laos, Inc., the Lao Association of Washington, D.C., Lao Huam Phao Association, Free Laos Campaign, Inc., the Laos Institute for Democracy, and others, issued a joint communique about human rights violations in Laos involving the Lao government and military as well as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV). The communique raised concerns about United Nations findings about racial discrimination against the ethnic Hmong minority in Laos and violations of the Viet-Lao “Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation" by the government and military leaders in Hanoi.
In 2010, the Center for Public Policy Analysis (CPPA), the United League for Democracy in Laos (ULDL) and a coalition of Lao and Hmong non-governmental organizations released a twelve-point joint communique in Bangkok, Thailand, New York, and Washington, D.C., about the egregious religious persecution of minority Christian and Animist believers in Laos, and military attacks upon them, as well as the plight of imprisoned Laotian student leaders, political prisoners and Hmong refugees in Laos. The communique also decried the Lao People's Army attacks on Laotian and Hmong hiding in the jungle and mountains of Laos.
On Christmas Day 2011, the Paris, France-based Lao Movement for Human Rights, the CPPA and a coalition of NGOs issued a joint international communique about the increased arrest, persecution, torture and killing of minority Laotian and Hmong Christians, including Catholic and Protestant believers in Laos by the government and military. The communique raised concerns about intensified and deepening religious freedom violations in Laos by the Lao government and military.
In 2011, the CPPA issued a joint international statement and appeal, with key NGOs, urging Laos to release political and religious dissidents, and jailed American citizens, prior to a key meeting of the communist party congress in Vientiane.
In early 2013, the CPPA, and its Executive Director, Philip Smith, issued numerous international appeals and statements urging the Pathet Lao government in Vientiane to release information and free international humanitarian advocate and Magsaysay Award-winning civic activist Sombath Somphone who was arrest by Lao policy and security officials in Vientiane in December 2012 and disappeared into the Lao prison system.
In February 2013, Smith and the CPPA wrote and editorial published by The Nation newspaper in Bangkok, Thailand, (Thailand's 2nd largest English Language Daily) urging the Lao government to abide by resolutions passed by the European Parliament calling for the release of Sombath Somphone and Hmong and Laotian political prisoners, dissidents and refugees.
In March 2013, the CPPA and Philip Smith accused the Lao government and communist officials of obstructing the investigation into the arrest, abduction and disappearance of Sombath Somphone at the hands of Lao security forces.
In the context of Sombath Somphone's disappearance, and other current matters in Laos, Smith and the CPPA also provided research and information about extrajudicial killings in Laos by the Lao military and security forces of political and religious dissident and opposition group leaders as well as ongoing human rights violations in Laos and serious religious freedom violations as reported by the US Commission on International Religious Freedom and others. Smith also provided information about the Lao government's ongoing persecution of the Hmong people, including the 2013 killing of Hmong school teachers by soldiers of the Lao People's Army in cooperation with the Vietnam People's Army advisers.
Thailand and repatriation of refugees
The CPPA has a long and successful track-record of work with Indochinese refugees and asylum seekers in Southeast Asia. It played a leading role regarding the plight of Lao Hmong refugees and asylum seekers who sought refugee in camps along the Mekong River and Thai-Lao border, Wat Tham Krabok and the camps and detention center at Ban Huay Nam Khao, White Water, Petchabun Province, Thailand.
From 1989-2013, Philip Smith and the CPPA were involved in major efforts to halt, stop, and reverse the forced repatriation of tens of thousands of Laotian and Hmong political refugees and asylum seekers in Southeast Asia, and were successful in having tens of thousands granted political asylum in the United States and in other third countries, including Canada, France, Australia, New Zealand and elsewhere. The CPPA also played a major international role in raising human rights concerns about the thousands of Lao Hmong refugees that were forcibly repatriated from these camp in Thailand back to the communist regime in Laos that they fled.
Persecution of Viet Hmong protestors
The CPPA said that Vietnamese troops had killed 28 Hmong Catholic and Protestant Christian protesters, during one period, in Dien Bien Phu area of Vietnam, with hundreds more missing, following multi-day anti-government protests in Vietnam near the Laos border in 2011.
The CPPA and others claim more Vietnamese Hmong were killed, wounded, or "disappeared" by Vietnamese and Laotian security forces during the long anti-government protest which involved issues of religious freedom, religious freedom violations, land reform, illegal logging, and concerns about government corruption.
According to the CPPA and others, many of the peaceful protestors involved in the protests who were arrested, disappeared or killed were Hmong Catholics and Christians.
The Vietnamese government acknowledged there had been clashes but denied anyone had been killed.
Independent journalists and human rights organizations raised serious concerns. The SRV sealed of the area to journalists during the military crackdown against the Vietnamese Hmong protesters in Dien Bien Province area which involved the deployment of VPA troops and helicopter gunships.
Historical research and veterans memorial ceremonies
The CPPA has taken a leadership role in organizing major national veterans' recognition ceremonies at Arlington National Cemetery, the Vietnam War Memorial in Washington, D.C. and the U.S. Congress, especially to honor Laotian and Hmong veterans, and their American advisers, who served in the clandestine theater of the Royal Kingdom Laos during the Vietnam War.
In 1995, the Center for Public Policy Analysis played a key role in commemorating the 20th Anniversary of the end of the Vietnam War at ceremonies held with the Southeast Asian-American and Lao- and Hmong-American community in the Central Valley and Fresno, California. The events were recognized and memorialized by the U.S. Congress 
The CPPA works with major veterans organizations, including the Lao Veterans of America, Inc. the Lao Veterans of America Institute, the U.S. Special Forces Association, and others, to seek to honor Lao and Hmong veterans who served in the "U.S. Secret Army" in Laos during the Vietnam War. In May 1997, the CPPA worked with these organization to help dedicate the Laos and Hmong Memorial in Arlington National Cemetery Laos Memorial.
The CPPA's Philip Smith has commented publicly, on a number of occasions, about U.S. intelligence community and Central Intelligence Agency figures, and operations, including Vietnam and Cold War era figures and activities, undertaken by both Democratic and Republican Administrations, including such officials as William Colby, Tony Poe, Lawrence Devlin and others. 
The CPPA also works to honor Vietnam War veterans of the First and Second Indochina Wars who served in Vietnam, the Kingdom of Laos, Cambodia and the Kingdom of Thailand, including American, South Vietnamese, Royal Laotian, Cambodian and French military and clandestine veterans.
In 2011, the CPPA campaigned for former Hmong leader and Royal Lao Army Lieutenant General Vang Pao to be given a memorial service in Arlington Cemetery after US authorities refused to grant him the right to be buried there. Pao was arrested in the US in 2007 on charges of plotting to overthrow the one-party, communist Laos' Government, the Lao People's Democratic Republic (LPDR); The charges against General Vang Pao were later dropped. The CPPA's Executive Director, Philip Smith, wrote an editorial in the Minneapolis Star Tribune outlining Vang Pao's contribution to U.S. national security interests during the Vietnam War following the Lao-Hmong leaders death in 2011.
The CPPA's Philip Smith persisted in his efforts, and the CPPA, along with the Lao Veterans of America, Inc., the Lao Veterans of America Institute, and others, helped to organize national veterans ceremonies in May 2011 to officially honor Vang Pao at Arlington National Cemetery 
Honorary U.S. citizenship and burial honors
The CPPA worked with Members of the U.S. Congress beginning in the early 1990s, and with Colonel Wangyee Vang and Cherzong Vang of the Lao Veterans of America, and other community leaders, to research and propose efforts to grant honorary U.S. citizenship to Lao- and Hmong-American veterans of the U.S. Secret Army in Laos. As a result, bipartisan legislation was introduced by U.S. Congressman Bruce Vento (D-MN) and Senator Paul Wellstone (D-MN) of Minnesota, " The Hmong Veterans' Naturalization Act of 2000". After a ten-year effort by the Center for Public Policy Analysis, the Lao Veterans of America, the Lao Veterans of America Institute and others, the legislation was passed by the Republican-controlled Congress, at the time, and signed into law by U.S. President Bill Clinton in 2000.
The CPPA continues to engage and educate U.S. policymakers and Members of Congress about the plight of many of the Lao and Hmong-American veterans. Significant numbers of the veterans, estimated to be about 10,800 in the United States, are seeking the passage of burial honors and benefits legislation so they can be buried in U.S. national veterans cemeteries administered by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. U.S. Congressmen Jim Costa (D-CA) and Paul Cook (R-CA) of California, and U.S. Senators Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) and Mark Begich (D-AK), introduced legislation seeking to grant burial honors to the Lao- and Hmong-American veterans.
In 2014, Laotian- and Hmong-American community leaders and Vietnam war veterans, and their refugee families, from California, Alaska, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Rhode Island, North Carolina, Arkansas and other states,participated in national memorial ceremonies at Arlington National Cemetery. They also engaged in high-level meetings in the U.S. Congress and Washington, D.C. with the CPPA regarding pending Lao Hmong veterans burial honors legislation. Consequently, the Hmong and Lao Veterans of the Vietnam War, and their families, continue to be recognized and honored by the U.S. Congress, White House, Obama Administration, and Arlington National Cemetery. Moreover, despite delays and some setbacks, the Lao Hmong veterans burial honors legislation continues to gather support and co-sponsors, including official co-sponsorship by U.S. Senators Bernard Sanders (I-VT), Barbara Boxer (D-CA), Dianne Feinstein (D-CA), Amy Klobuchar (D-MN), Al Franken (D-MN), Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI), Carl Levin (D-MI), Tammy Baldwin (D-WI) and others.
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- Business Wire, Washington, D.C. & Hanoi, Vietnam, www.businesswire.com ( 2 November 2013) "Vietnam, Laos: Officials Involved in Abduction, Trafficking, and Sex Slavery of Women, Children" http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20131102005033/en/Vietnam-Laos-Officials-Involved-Abduction-Trafficking-Sex#.Uxj9T4ViZF8
- Business Wire, Washington, D.C. and Phnom Penh, Cambodia (6 September 2013), "Cambodia, Buddhist Monks’ Rally at United Nations: Prelude to Upcoming Phnom Penh Demonstrations" http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20130906005612/en/Cambodia-Buddhist-Monks%E2%80%99-Rally-United-Nations-Prelude
- The Telegraph (UK), (16 April 2011) "Laos, Vietnam troops kill Hmong Christians" http://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/laos-vietnam-troops-kill-hmong-christians/story-e6freuyi-1226040033388
- Lourdes Medrano, Leslie Star Tribune, Minneapolis, MN, (24 June 2003) "St. Paul family worries, awaits word on pastor jailed in Laos."http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-104248750.html
- Associated Press,(24 June 2003), "Jailed pastor becomes symbol for human rights activists" http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-74831503.html
- Agence France Press (AFP),(15 April 2011)"Laos, Vietnam troops kill four Hmong Christians: NGO" http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Laos,+Vietnam+troops+kill+four+Hmong+Christians%3A+NGO-a01612449350
- Star Tribune, Minneapolis, Minnesota, (26 June 2011) "A new era of abuse in Southeast Asia" http://www.startribune.com/opinion/commentaries/124518218.html
- Fowler, Timothy, Ecumenical News, (19 July 2013) "Vietnamese Catholics fleeing to Australia 'to avoid persecution'" http://www.ecumenicalnews.com/article/vietnamese-catholics-fleeing-to-australia-to-avoid-persecution-22345
- Hunt, Luke, The Diplomat, (6 January 2015) "Laos’ Holiday Crackdown: The government chose the holiday season to crack down on its ethnic Hmong population."http://thediplomat.com/2015/01/laos-holiday-crackdown
- Wall Street Journal, (8 January 2015) "Silent Night in Laos: The communist government in Laos uses the holiday season to pursue a violent crackdown on Christians of the Hmong ethnic minority"http://www.wsj.com/articles/silent-night-in-laos-1420758189
- Wiser, Daniel, The Washington Free Beacon,(9 January 2015) "Christians Tortured, Killed in Communist-Controlled Laos : Global persecution of Christians on the rise" http://freebeacon.com/national-security/christians-tortured-killed-in-communist-controlled-laos/
- Scoop Independent News, Auckland, New Zealand, (15 January 2009) "Hmong Civilians Suffer Attacks, Atrocities in Laos" http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/WO0901/S00347.htm
- BUSINESS WIRE, businesswire.com, (4 March 2013) "Laos: Attacks Intensify Against Lao, Hmong People" http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20130304006755/en/Laos-Attacks-Intensify-Lao-Hmong-People
- The Telegraph (16 April 2011). "Laos, Vietnam troops kill Hmong Christians".
- The Straits Times (16 April 2011). "Laos, Vietnam troops kill four Hmong Christians: NGO".
- Businesswire, Businesswire.com, Laos Communique Urges Release of Jailed Americans, Dissidents, Hmong Refugees
- Minnesota Public Radio (MPR), (4 April 2011) "St. Paul Families Plea for Release of Families Held in Laos"</a>Minnesota Public Radio (21 April 2011). "St. Paul families plea for release of relatives held in Laos".
- BUSINESS WIRE, businesswire.com (23 April 2011), "Laos, Obama Urged By Rights Groups, Hmong, to Free 3 Americans" http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20110423005016/en/Laos-Obama-Urged-Rights-Groups-Hmong-Free
- Business Wire, www.businesswire.com, (8 December 2009) [href="http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Laos%2c+Hmong+Refugee+Crisis%3a+Thailand%27s+PM+Abhisit%2c+Anupong+Should...-a0213797815" Laos, Hmong Refugee Crisis: Thailand's PM Abhisit, Anupong Should Stop Forced Returns.]
- Agence France Press, AFP, & Asia One News, www.asiaone.com, (13 June 2009) "US removes Laos, Cambodia from trade blacklist" http://news.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Story/A1Story20090613-148206.html
- Kay Danes, www.kaydanes.com
- Politics and Government Week, Washington, D.C. (12 May 2011) "Laos, Obama Urged By Rights Groups, Hmong, to Free 3 Americans" http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-255856858.html
- Xiong, Chao, Minneapolis Star Tribune, "Waiting, `not knowing if they are even alive'; ...3 St. Paul men thought to be imprisoned in Laos"http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-168640538.html
- Scoop Independent News, Auckland, New Zealand, (22 April 2011), "Laos: Appeal for Release of 3 Hmong-Americans " http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/WO1104/S00536/laos-appeal-for-release-of-3-hmong-americans.htm
- Morrison, James, Washington Times, Washington, D.C. (27 April 2011) "Appeasement Toward Laos" http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-254848413.html
- New Holland Publishers, Australia, 2009
- New Holland Publishers, Australia, "Standing Ground", Press Release & Book Release Announcement (March 2009)http://www.newholland.com.au/product.php?isbn=9781741107579
- PressZoom, (2 April 2009) "Standing Ground: Kay Danes tours U.S., Elucidates Laos, Hmong Gulag in New Book" CPPA Press Release http://presszoom.com/story_148273.html
- Business Wire, Washington, D.C. & Canberra, Australia, www.businesswire.com (30 January 2014) "Australia Announces Award to Laos, Hmong Human Rights Activist" http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20140130006717/en/Australia-Announces-Award-Laos-Hmong-Human-Rights#.UxkCwYViZF8
- Scoop Independent News, Auckland, New Zealand, (9 February 2005)"Joint Communiqué on Laos" http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/WO0502/S00231.htm
- Businesswire, Businesswire.com, Bangkok, Thailand and Washington, D.C. (3 August 2010) "Laos Communique Urges Release of Jailed Americans, Dissidents, Hmong Refugees." http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Laos+Communique+Urges+Release+of+Jailed+Americans%2c+Dissidents%2c+Hmong...-a0232797867
- The Christian Telegraph, Christiantelegraph.com (25 December 2011) "International Communique: No Christmas in Laos for Christians" http://www.christiantelegraph.com/issue15049.html
- Businesswire, Businesswire.com (3 March 2011) "Laos, Hmong Crisis: Rights Groups Make International Appeal." http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Laos,+Hmong+Crisis%3A+Rights+Groups+Make+International+Appeal.-a0251583234
- Smith, Philip, The Nation, (Editorial) Bangkok, Thailand (15 February 2013)"Laos must abide by European resolution" http://www.nationmultimedia.com/opinion/Laos-must-abide-by-European-resolution-30200012.html
- Scoop Independent News,Auckland, New Zealand, (19 March 2013) "Laos Officials Criticized for Obstructing Investigation" http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/WO1303/S00169/laos-officials-criticized-for-obstructing-investigation.htm
- Asia Times, atimes.com, (13 June 2008), "The Wrong Way to End A Secret War" http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Southeast_Asia/JF13Ae01.html
- Business Wire, businesswire.com (19 July 2010) "Laos Communique Urges Release of Jailed Americans, Dissidents, Hmong Refugees"
- Agence France Press (AFP), (12 January 2010) US lawmakers see no ill-treatment of Hmong
- Asia Business Newsweekly (12 January 2010) "Senate Questions U.S.-Thailand Military Funding as Anupong, Abhisit Move To Force Hmong to Laos" http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-215986631.html
- America (Magazine), (23 May 2011) "Dozens reported killed in Hmong protest" http://americamagazine.org
- Bloomberg (6 May 2011). "Protests in Vietnam".
- America: National Catholic Review (Magazine) (23 May 2011) "Dozens Reported Killed in Hmong Protest" http://americamagazine.org/issue/777/signs/dozens-reported-killed-hmong-protest
- Scoop Independent News, Auckland, New Zealand, (10 May 2011) "Vietnam: 14 Die as Troops Converge On Hmong" http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/WO1105/S00181/vietnam-14-die-as-troops-converge-on-hmong.htm
- UCA News, ucanews.com, (9 May 2011) "Christians killed in Dien Bien Phu protests" http://www.ucanews.com/news/christians-killed-in-dien-bien-phu-protests/15807
- Scoop Independent News, Auckland, New Zealand, (7 May 2011) "Vietnam Crackdown: More Hmong Killed As Army Deploys" http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/WO1105/S00147/vietnam-crackdown-more-hmong-killed-as-army-deploys.htm
- Thomson Reuters News, (6 May 2011) "Rare rally tests Vietnam's religious tolerance" http://www.trust.org/item/?map=rare-rally-tests-vietnams-religious-tolerance
- Deutsche Press Agency (6 May 2011). "Ethnic Hmong hold mass protest in Vietnam".
- Human Rights Watch (17 May 2011) "Vietnam: Investigate Crackdown on Hmong Unrest" http://www.hrw.org/news/2011/05/17/vietnam-investigate-crackdown-hmong-unrest
- Radio Free Asia (RFA) (15 March 2012) "Rights Groups Slam Hmong Conviction" http://www.rfa.org/english/news/vietnam/hmong-03152012144659.html
- Scoop Independent News, Auckland, New Zealand, (21 May 2011)"Vietnam, Laos: Attack Helicopters Unleashed Death on Hmong"http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/WO1105/S00509/vietnam-laos-attack-helicopters-unleashed-death-on-hmong.htm
- BBC News (6 May 2011 ) "Vietnam 'seals ethnic Hmong protest site'" http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-13306362
- Radio Free Asia (RFA) ( 15 March 2012) "Rights Groups Slam Hmong Conviction" http://www.rfa.org/english/news/vietnam/hmong-03152012144659.html
- BUSINESS WIRE, businesswire.com , Washington, D.C., (12 May 2013) "Laos, Hmong Veterans of Vietnam War Honored At National Ceremonies" http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20130512005048/en/Laos-Hmong-Veterans-Vietnam-War-Honored-National
- U.S. Congressional Record, U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, D.C. "U.S. CONGRESSIONAL SUPPORT FOR THE LAO AND HMONG VETERANS COMMEMORATION CEREMONY IN FRESNO, CA, MARKING THE 20TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE FALL OF SOUTHEAST ASIA TO COMMUNISM" (13 June 1995)https://www.congress.gov/congressional-record/1995/06/13/extensions-of-remarks-section/article/e1228-4
- Lao Veterans of America, Inc. http://www.laoveteransofamerica.org
- Washington Times, (8 May 1996) "Refugees from Laos mourn a friend, Colby: Tribe worked closely with ex-CIA leader" http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=WT&p_theme=wt&p_action=sea
- Erhlich, Richard, Asia Times,Hong Kong, atimes.com, (8 July 2003)"Death of a dirty fighter" http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Southeast_Asia/EG08Ae02.html
- Erhlich, Richard, Bangkok Post, OBITUARY / TONY POSHEPNY (POE) - CIA operative stood out in `secret war' in Laos" July 7, 2003.
- Asia One News (13 May 2011). "Vietnam vet to get US honors after burial snub".
- Star Tribune, Minneapolis, Minnesota ( 7 March 2011), "Vang Pao Burial Decision A Disgrace: Lao Hmong veterans who fought in America's covert war should be fully honored" http://www.startribune.com/opinion/commentaries/117551498.html
- Agence France Press (AFP) & Asia One News, (13 May 2011) "Vietnam vet to get US honors after burial snub" http://news.asiaone.com/News/AsiaOne%2BNews/World/Story/A1Story20110513-278644.html
- China Weekly News (10 August 2010) "Laos, Hmong Veterans of Vietnam War Honored by Congress with National Burial Bill." http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-234438009.html
- Scoop Independent News, New Zealand, (21 October 2011) "Laos, Hmong Veterans of Vietnam War Fight For Burial Honors" http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/WO1110/S00673/laos-hmong-veterans-of-vietnam-war-fight-for-burial-honors.htm
- China Weekly News (19 February 2013) "Laos, Hmong Veterans Burial Honors Bill Introduced in U.S. Senate" http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-320483452.html
- The Business Journal (08 February 2013)"Murkowski, Costa introduce Lao and Hmong veterans bill" http://www.thebusinessjournal.com/news/government-and-politics/4920-murkowski-costa-introduce-lao-and-hmong-veterans-bill
- China Weekly News (30 July 2013) "Senate Slated to Address Laos, Hmong Veterans Burial Honors" http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-339279014.html
- Health & Beauty Close-Up (19 November 2013)"Events Nationwide Recognize Lao, Hmong Veterans of Vietnam War" http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-349506835.html
- Politics & Government Week (28 November 2013) "Laos, Hmong Veterans Honored with Ceremonies, U.S. Congressional Legislation" http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-352917871.html
- China Weekly News (27 May 2014) "Laotian, Hmong-Americans Join U.S. Senators, CPPA, in Renewed Offensive in Congress" http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-370580019.html
- Defense & Aerospace Week (4 June 2014),"Arlington National Cemetery, U.S. Congress, Officials Honor Lao, Hmong-American Veterans" http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-371064468.html
- Businesswire (24 October 2014), Washington, D.C., www.businesswire.com "Vietnam Veterans of U.S. Secret Army in Laos Urge Congress to Act" http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20141024005848/en/Vietnam-Veterans-U.S.-Secret-Army-Laos-Urge
- Swann, Kirsten, Mountain View Press & Anchorage Press, Anchorage, Alaska (5 November 2014)"Due Respect" http://www.anchoragepress.com/news/1/due-respect
- The Centre for Public Policy Analysis (CPPA)
- The Center for Public Policy Analysis, Washington D.C. Offices